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the present price per mile is inadequate; particularly at the present rate of gold, which, it must be borne in miud, is the basis of business in this State. These suiveys are also of a difficult and expensive character, as th-y will encroach upon uneven ground, and heavily timbered and exceedingly brushy districts. Much of this is the running or vine maple, a most stubborn enemy of operations in the field. Another difficult class of brush is the fir, and there will be extensive tracts of this to coutend with. Where growing from six to ten feet high it is often almost as thick as hemp. Much of these surveys cannot be done without cutting out a path. In fact, it is almost useless to think about extending these surveys at present rates, unless the government should reach specie payments, a thing for some time to come scarcely hoped for.
Since making our diagram of last year, we have received more ample information in regard to the Jobn Day river and its tributaries, and our present diagram, therefore, may be regarded as the closest approximation to the correct that may be had short of an actual survey.
I have for some time contemplated running a standard line from the Deschutes meridian east far enongh to reach the settlements along the valley of the middle fork of the John Day river, below and in the vicinity of Canyon City, but am now satisfied that the most economical and practicable method to accomplish that purpose will be to run a new guide meridian from the base line south into those valleys and establish upon that the necessary standard lines upon which to base those surveys, and they are much needed to be made, as has been before reported. To this important necessity I would respectfully call your attention in making your recommendation for appropriation to extend the work in the field.
I have contracted for the continuation of the base line east to the intersection of Snake river, and do not doubt but that it will be completed during the summer. This has been attended to in view of the perfection of the diagram of the district, and out of respect to your suggestions of March 16, 1866.
We have made it a point to be as (conomical and prudent m the expenses of the oflice as possible. The heavy financial burdens of the government are not forgotten, and nothing is purchased unless positively needed and cannot be dispensed with. Our furniture is old and plain, and, with the exception of a few articles, has served since the establishment of the office. It has been our aim to keep our official conduct in all these things above censure, and are glad to be able truthfully to say, with success. In this manner we hope to do our part in sustaining the honor and reputation of this important branch of the public service. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
E. Z. APPLEGATE,
Surveyor General of Oregon. Hon. Joseph S, Wilson,
Commissioner of General Land Offire.
A.-Statement of surveying contracts made since June 30, 1867.
17 00 00
114 July 2 Wm. H. Odell
40 20 65
$255 00 Contract clo'd;
reporte 1 for
Second standard parallelsouth f on the south
west cori er of township 10 south, range 8
west, west to the Pacific ocean.
east, townships 3 and 4 north, ranges 35,
east, to the l-ft bank of Snake viver.
townships 35 and 36 south, through ranges
115 July 23 D. P. Thompson, B.
J. Pengra, J. W.
34 00 00 155 21 62 846 23 31 10,836 15 Contract clo'd ;
H.-Statement of plats made in the office of the United States surreyor general for California during the fiscal year of 1866-'67.
I.-Statement of examinations and reports made to the department for patent of all subdirisional surrrys pre-empted or selected under
the acts of Congress relating thereto during the fiscal year of 186667.
RFPORT OF LAND OFFICES IN 1865.
REPORT OF LAND OFFICES IN 1866.
REPORT IN 1867.
Names of land
K.-Statement showing the numbers and present condition of surveys of private land claims in California under instructions from this
office during the fiscal year of 1866-'67.
No. of sur
No, in land commission.
Name of rancho.
Name of confirmees.
58 Mallacomes .
Lands near Santa Cruz..
J.S. Berreyesa . ,
L.--List of lands surveyed in California from June 30, 1866, up to June 30, 1867.
Mount Diablo meridian.
11 N., range 9 E... 23, 256.48
10, 674.36 N., range 1 E...
17, 640.22 N., range 15
3,904, 44 N., rango 16 E......! 19,011.30