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valley of the Truckee river to the Big bend; thence, across the Humboldt and Truckee desert, to the Humboldt lake, following up the valley of the Humboldt river to its source at the Humboldt hills, a distance of 370 miles from the Nevada State line and 636 miles east from San Francisco. As the grading will be light through the valley of the Humboldt, the road will, in all probability, be completed and in running order to the Utah line within the next eighteen months. Should the eastern end of the line continue to advance with the same vigor that is now being manifested, by that time a small gap of but a few hundred miles will be left remaining to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by iron bands.

There is a succession of valleys extending from the line of the Central Pacific railroad, on the Humboldt river, to the southern extremity of the State, and connecting the above railroad with the navigable waters of the Colorado river. The expense of grading would be light, and the building of a road through this portion of the State would accommodate the rich silver districts of Lander, Nye, and Lincoln counties, and be the means of causing hundreds of mines to be worked at profit that are now lying idle, besides enhancing the profits tenfold of those already in successful operation.

A road called the Virginia and Truckee railroad has already been surveyed, connecting the cities of Virginia and Gold Hill with the Central Pacific railroad. It is the intention of the company to commence grading the road at once, and have the same completed and in running order within fourteen months' time from its commencement. It will be twenty-two miles in length, and is estimated to cost in the neighborhood of $1,100,000.

To show the effect these roads will have upon the State, I have compiled the following statements, the estimates having been carefully made, and will be found substantially correct; they relate only to business connected with the Comstock lode :

“At the present time about 30,000 tons of general merchandise are brought to Nevada from California, annually, for consumption in this district, at a cost of transportation of about $1,800,000. Through railroad communication with Sacramento a saving will be made of upwards of $900,000 per annum. The daily consumption of wood by mills is...

223 cords. Do.

do.
mines.

72
Do.
do. domestic use.

60

Total.....

355

In the summer time the average price is $16 per cord; in the winter from $25 to $30; and has reached as high as $50. On the completion of the railroads it can be furnished at profit for $10, making a daily saving on wood of at least $3,000.

There is used in the Comstock mine annually, of lumber and timber, about 18,000,000 feet, and in the mills and for domestic use there is consumed about 1,400,000 feet, the average cost of which is $29 per thousand. By a railroad connection with the forests of the Sierra Nevada mountains it can be furnished at a profit for $21 per thousand.

It is thought by competent judges that one thousand tons of low-grade ore can be raised from the Comstock lode daily, that will pay from twelve to fifteen dollars per ton, that cannot now be worked at profit; and it is estimated that by the erection of water mills upon the Truckee river (which has great capacity for propelling machinery) this class of ore can be worked profitably at a cost of $10 to $12 per ton. This estimate being correct, a grade of ores can be worked at profit that are now of no value ; and, estimating the yield of 1,000 tons to be $15 per ton, there will be brought into circulation from this mine alone, annually, an income of bullion amounting to over $5,000,000 The effect

of railroad communication will be even greater upon the more remote portions of the State, for the reason that lumber, machinery, and merchandise has to be drawn much further, and at an expense of nearly or quite double the price of freights to Virginia.

Hoping the above will meet with your approval, I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. P. K. SAFFORD,

United States Surveyor General for Nerada. Hon. Jos. S. WILSON,

Commissioner General Land Office, Washington, D. C.

A.-Statement of contracts entered into by the United States surveyor general

of Nevada with deputy surveyors during the fiscal year 1866–67.

Contract.

Name of deputy.

Work embraced in con

tract.

[blocks in formation]

No.

Date.

1867. Feb. 14 J. S. Henning - Humboldt Canal Com

pany grant. Mar. 23 D. B. Scott..... N. 1 section 2, township

17 W., range 20 E.,

Mount Diablo base. 1 June 12 | Wm. Epler..... Humboldt river guide

meridian.
2 June 25 R R. W. Norris. Exterior and subdivis.

ion lines of townships
16, 17, and 18 N.,
range 21 E., Mount
Diablo base.

Special deposit.

(Closed.) Special deposit.

(Closed.) $2,430 00 | Not closed.

1,736 00 Not closed.

B._Statement of account of appropriation for survey of public lands in Nevada during the fiscal year 1866–67.

DR.

CR.

1866-'67.

1866–67.
July 1.......

No surveys yet returned.

By balance of appropriation, March 1, 1862.
By balance of appropriation, July 2, 1864 .
By appropriation of April 7, 1866.
By appropriation of July 28, 1866
By appropriation of March 2, 1867

$1,913 74

5, 137 81
15, 000 00
15, 000 00
20,000 00

57,051 55

1867.
$57,051 55 | July 1...

By balance

57,051 55

0.-Statement of account of appropriation for compensation of the United States surveyor general and the employés in his office during
the year 1866–67.

CR.
DR.

1866-'67.

1816-'67.

$250 00

$3,000 00

To amount paid surveyor general, second

quarter..
To amount paid surveyor general and clerks,

third quarter
To amount paid surveyor general and clerks,

fourth quarter.

By appropriation of July 28, 1866, (“com

pensation surveyor general"). By appropriation of July 28, 1866, ("com

pensation of clerks") By appropriation of March 2, 1867

1, 200 00

5, 000 00
7,000 00

599 99

15, 000 00

2, 049 99 1867. 12, 950 01 July 1.

Balance

By balance

12,950 01

15, 000 00

In the report for the quarter ending June 30, 1867, the messenger's account ($23 32) was charged to the account of " appropriation for compensation surveyor general," &c. In the accompanying annual report it will be found charged to "appropriation for rent of office, incidental expense,” &c.

D.-Statement of account of appropriation for rent of office, fuel, books, sta

tionery, and other expenses, including pay of messenger, for the fiscal year 1866–67. 1866–67.

DR. To amount paid in second quarter

$53 00 To amount paid in third quarter...

75 00 To amount paid in fourth quarter

1, 371 35

[blocks in formation]

NOTE. -Messenger's account included in the fourth quarter.

E.-Statement of plats made in the office of the United States surveyor general

of Nevada for the fiscal year 1866–67.

[blocks in formation]

F.- List of lands surveyed in Nevada during the fiscal year 1866–67.

Description.

Acres.

Grant of the Humboldt West section 36, township 33 N., range 34 E.; sec

Canal Company under tion 31, township 33 W., range 35 E. ; south 1
act of Congress granting section 30, township 33 N., range 35 E. ; southwest
certain lands to said section 29, township 33 N., range 35 E.; south-
company.

west ; section 29, township 33 N., range 35 E.;
northwest 1 section 32, township 33 N.,

range 35
E.; section 16, township 35 N., range 34 E. ; south-
west 1 section 25, township 36 N., range 38 E.;
southeast section 26, township 36, range 38 E.;
northeast 1 section 35, township 36 N., range 38 E.;
northwest 1 section 36, township 36 N., range 38
E. ; section 22, township 34 N., range 35 E. ; Mount
Diablo base and meridian, and land embraced in
canal......

4,093.75 Surveyed by special de North 4 section 2township 17 N., range 20 E.; Mount posit. Diablo base and meridian....

318.29

Total......

14,412.04

G.- Estimate for the surveying service in the district of Nevada for the fiscal

year ending June 30, 1869. For surveying subdivision lines in Paradise valley, and on the Humboldt river adjoining...

$9,000 00 For survey ing township exteriors and subdivisions near Walker river... 9,000 00 For surveying standards, exteriors, and subdivisions on the Humboldt river, on the line of the Central Pacific railroad..

20,000 00 For surveying subdivisions in the Reese river district

7,000 00 For surveying standards, exteriors, and subdivisions in Ruby valley..

5,000 00 Rent of office, stationery, and incidental expenses, including messenger For compensation of surveyor general

4,700 00

3, 000 00 For compensation of clerks

8, 400 00 Total.....

66,100 00

No. 18 H.

SURVEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Boise City, Idaho Territory, August 1, 1867. Sir: In accordance with your instructions, under date of March 26, 1867, I herewith submit the following report, in duplicate, of the surveying service in this district, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1867, together with the following statements appertaining to the office and field work :

A.-Estimate of expenses incident to the survey of the public lands in the Territory of Idaho, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1869.

B.-Statement showing the condition of surveying contracts, entered into since the office was opened.

C.-Statement of expenditure of appropriation for compensation of surveyor general, and clerk in his office, for the fractional fiscal year ending June 30, 1867.

D.-Statement of the office expenditure for the fractional fiscal year ending June 30, 1867.

E.-Statement of original plats or diagrams of standard lines.

F.-Account of appropriation for extension of public surveys for the fractional fiscal year ending June 30, 1867.

G.-Diagram of Idaho, compiled from the best information at our command, and showing the lines actually run prior to 30th June, 1867.

The office was opened on the seventh day of November last, but as your instructions governing the office and field work were not received until January 18, 1867, I did not think proper to let any contracts for surveying, or to make any arrangement for a permanent office, and as we had a very severe winter and late spring, it was impossible for surveying parties to take the field until April.

The initial point of surveys for this surveying district was fixed upon the summit of a rocky butte, standing isolated upon the plain, between Snake and Boise rivers, bearing south 2910 west, and distant nineteen miles from Boise City, and the initial, as given by solar compass, is in latitude 43° 26' north. Having no instruments with which to make observations for longitude, it was not determined.

The extension of the base line, Boise meridian, and standard parallels has demonstrated that the initial was well selected, as all these lines are where they should be to meet the present and future agricultural interests of the country, as well as the basis of the survey of the mineral lands, when the same may be required.

Two contracts were let on the 8th April, one to P. W. Bell, to survey the base line east one hundred miles, and west thirty-six miles; also, the Boise meridian south to the southern boundary of the district, and the first standard

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