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ployer” means every person carrying on any employment in the District of Columbia, and the term "employee" means every employee of any such person.

(c) The said act does not apply in respect to the injury or death of (1) & master or member of a crew of any vessei; (2) an employee of a common carrier by railroad when engaged in interstate or foreign commerce or commerce solely within the District of Columbia; (3) an employee subject to the provisions of the act entitled “An Act to provide compensation for employees of the United States suffering injuries while in the performance of their duties, and for other purposes," approved September 7, 1916, as amended; (4) an employee engaged in agriculture, domestic service, or any employment that is casual and not in the usual course of the trade, business, occupation, or profession of the employer; and (5) any secretary, stenographer, or other person performing any services in the office of any Member of Congress or under the direction, employment, or at the request of any Member of Congress, within the scope of the duties performed by secretaries, stenographers, or such employees of Members of Congress. (1950 Reorg. Plan No. 19, 81, 8 CFR, 1949– 1953 Comp., p. 1010; 64 Stat. 1271) (4 F.R. 1699, Apr. 27, 1989, as amended at 25 F.R. 10794, Nov. 16, 1960) 8 41.2 Report by employer of injury

or death. Within 10 days from the date of any injury or death or from the date that the employer has knowledge of a disease or infection in respect of such injury, or from the date the employer has knowledge of the injury or of any disease proximately caused by the employment or of death of an employee within the purview of said act, the employer shall send to the deputy commissioner, upon a form prescribed for that purpose by the Bureau, a report of such injury or disease, giving the particulars thereof. Where the injury or disease results in death, the employer, immediately upon learning of the death, shall furnish, on a form prescribed by the Bureau for that purpose, a supplemental report of the death. The employer shall, at the times and in the manner required, submit such additional reports in respect of the injury or death of his employee as the deputy commissioner may request.

8 41.3 Notice of injury or death.

within 30 days after the date of injury or death, notice thereof shall be given by the person claiming compensation or by some one on his behalf to the deputy commissioner, and for such purpose a form has been adopted by the Bureau which shall be furnished upon application therefor made to the deputy commissioner, & 41.4 Claims for compensation.

A claim for compensation may be filed with the deputy commissioner at any time after the first seven days of disability following any injury, or at any time after death. The right to compensation for disability shall be barred unless a claim therefor is filled within 1 year after the injury, and the right to compensation for death shall be barred unless a claim therefor is filed within one year after the death, except that if payment of compensation has been made without an award on account of such injury or death, a claim may be filed within 1 year after the date of the last payment, and except that where the said act provides for the running of the said year limitation from any other date, the provisions of said act shall apply. For the purpose of filing such claims the Bureau has provided separate forms for use in injury and death cases which shall be furnished to any person desiring to file such a claim, upon application therefor made to such deputy commissioner. (Sec. 19(a), 44 Stat. 1486; 38 U.S.O. 919(a)) $41.5 Notification of employer; action

thereafter by employer. Within 10 days after the filing of a claim for compensation for injury or death under said act the deputy commissioner shall give written notice to the employer or insurance carrier, served personally or by registered mail, that such claim has been filed and shall call upon such employer or carrier to provide for the payment of compensation in accordance with the provisions of section 14 of said act, as well as to furnish other benefits provided for by said act, or, if the claim will be controverted, to give notice to that effect as provided by section 14(d) of said act (44 Stat. 1433; 33 U.S.C. 914(d)) upon the form provided for that purpose by the Bureau, and to file answer to the claim upon the form provided by the Bureau for that purpose, such answer, properly executed, to be Alled with the deputy commissioner with in 10 days from the date the employer or carrier receives such notice. The answer shall be made in duplicate, the original to be Alled with the deputy commissioner and the duplicate to be served upon the claimant either personally or by mailing it to the address given in the claim. (Sec. 19 (b), 44 Stat. 1436; 33 U. 8. O. 919 (b)) 8 41.6 Withdrawal of claim for compen

sation. Any claimant not desiring to proceed with a claim filled in case of injury or death pursuant to said act and the regulations in this subchapter, may apply for withdrawal of the claim to the deputy commissioner, stating the reason for such withdrawal. The deputy commissioner, whose jurisdiction has been invoked by the filing of such claim, shall in consideration of such application determine whether such withdrawal is for a proper purpose and for the claimant's best interest prior to authorizing such withdrawal. Any claim so withdrawn is withdrawn without prejudice to the filing of another claim subject to the provisions relating to the limitation of time in section 13 of said act. (Sec. 32, 44 Stat. 1439; 33 U. 8. C. 982) § 41.7 Prehearing conferences.

(a) In order to expedite and simplify formal administrative proceedings, in all cases in which there are issues of fact or law, and, whenever practicable, no formal hearings will be set until after prehearing conferences. Such conferences may be held by the deputy commissioner, assistant deputy commissioner, a claims examiner or other person designated for such purpose by the deputy commissioner or the assistant deputy commissioner.

(b) The purposes of such prehearing conferences are (1) amicably to dispose of controversies wherever possible; (2) to narrow issues; and (3) to simplify the subsequent methods of proof.

(c) Prehearing conferences may be set upon 10 days' notice to the parties in interest (or a longer period if the circumstances require, or shorter period if agreed upon by the parties). They shall be kept characteristically informal, and shall not be stenographically reported. It shall be the duty of the deputy commissioner, assistant deputy commissioner, claim examiner or other person in charge of the conference to guide the discussion toward the achievement of the purposes of such conference, giving

the parties the benefit of his specialized knowledge and experience.

(d) At the termination of such conferences the person in charge thereof shall prepare stipulations, for the signatures of the parties, covering agreements as to all or part of the facts, admissions, narrowing of issues, or simplification of methods of proof. Such stipulations when signed by the parties in interest shall be made and become part of the formal record of the case. Where stipulations relate to evidence to be used at a later formal hearing such evido later formal hearing, such evidence may then be received as such evidence and appropriately identified by marking such evidence, respectively, as claimant's or respondent's exhibits, consecutively numbered in each respect. At the termination of such a conference, the person in charge thereof shall prepare for the file in the case a memorandum setting forth the purpose for which the conference was held, the matters discussed and the results achieved. Should a conference terminate without complete achievement of the purpose thereof, and the remaining issue or issues be of such character as not to present a difficult basis for adjustment by amicable agreement of the interested parties, the person in charge, after review of the record of the case, may by letter addressed to the parties in interest make his recommendation to dispose of the matter in controversy, setting a date for reply thereto. Every such letter should advise the interested parties that the purpose thereof is to recommend a basis for agreement, upon such issue or issues, as appears from review of the information contained in the current record of the case, and that such recommendation is not a “decision" in the case and will not affect or prejudice the rights of any party, or the further adjustment of the case, should the recommendation not be accepted by such parties and a later hearing be found necessary. (sec. 23 (b), 44 Stat. 1437; 33 U. 8. C. 928 (b)) (18 P.R. 7670, Dec. 10, 1948] $ 41.8 Preparation of record of hearing

before deputy commissioner. Hearings before the deputy commissioner shall be open to the public and shall be stenographically reported. One original and one copy (first carbon) of the transcript of testimony taken at & hearing will be made for oficial purposes; the deputy commissioner shall file the original with the record of the case and

shall transmit the copy to the Bureau. The transcript of testimony shall conform with specifications prepared by the Bureau and the original and the copy, at the end thereof, shall contain the certification of the reporter as to the date and place of the reporting and that the transcript contains a true and full report of the particular proceedings. All testimony and colloquy at a hearing shall be reported unless the deputy commissioner otherwise directs, in which event he shall state for the record the reason for the omission. The reporter shall receive instructions only from the deputy commissioner as to the testimony to be reported, the making-up of the record, adjournment, and like matters. (Sec. 23 (b), 44 Stat. 1437; 33 U. S. C. 923 (b)) & 41.9 Contents of record of hearings;

issues. The transcript of testimony shall show at the outset the basis for the hearing; that is, whether upon the claim of the beneficiary for compensation, whether upon an application for review under section 22 of said act (44 Stat. 1437; 33 U. S. C. 922), whether for a supplementary compensation order under section 18 of said act (44 Stat. 1434; 33 U. S. C. 918), or otherwise, with the date thereof. The names of the parties and the particulars of the claim or application shall be stated in the record. The transcript shall then show the admissions and denials of record, and the respective parties shall be required to state the issues with respect to which they desire to be heard. The evidence to be received shall be material to such issues. Any party confronted at a hearing with an issue with respect to which he has not received at least 10 days' notice may upon request to the deputy commissioner be granted a continuance with respect to a hearing of such issue. No witness shall testify except upon oath or affirmation All evidence upon which the deputy commissioner relies for his action shall be contained in the transcript of testimony either directly or by appropriate reference, and exhibits, medical reports, and other papers, either in whole or in material parts, shall when practicable be incorporated into such record, preferably as appendices. When evidence is given by sign, symbol, or gesture, the deputy commissioner shall state fully for the purposes of the record the import of such evidence. The deputy commissioner shall conduct the hearing so as

not to burden the record with extraneous evidence or discussions, and shall elimi. nate reporting of legal or other argument; the parties in interest, however, may state for the record in a succinct manner their position as to any question of law or fact. At the close of the hearing the deputy commissioner shall state whether the hearing is adjourned sine die or otherwise. (Sec. 23 (b), 44 Stat. 1437; 33 U.S. C. 923 (b)) § 41.10 Certification of record for use

in court proceedings. Whenever the record of a case before the deputy commissioner shall be required for review or otherwise by any court having jurisdiction under said act, the deputy commissioner shall transmit such record with a certification thereof over his signature as the record in his official custody. Such certification shall list each transcript of testimony and other papers included in the certification. (Sec. 23 (b), 44 Stat. 1437; 33 U.S. C. 923 (b)) § 41.11 Form of compensation orders ;

service thereof. (a) Orders adjudicating claims for compensation or suspending payments of compensation shall be designated by the term “compensation order” followed by a descriptive phrase designating the particular type of such order, such as "award of compensation", "rejection of claim", "suspension of compensation”, "modification of award”. All compensation orders shall contain the name of the Bureau and Agency, the designation of the compensation district, the names of the parties in interest, a statement of the basis for the order (that is, whether upon a claim, an application for suspension of compensation, an application for modification of award, etc., with a statement by whom made, and whether a hearing was held or applied for), findings of fact, an award, rejection, or other appropriate paragraph containing the action of the deputy commissioner, and appended thereto shall be a paragraph headed "proof of service", containing the certification of the deputy commissioner that a copy of the compensation order was on a date stated sent by registered mail, with the names and addresses of the parties to whom sent. Compensation orders shall be signed by the deputy commissioner at two places, (1) following the action paragraph, and (2) following the certification under the "proof of service",

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(b) Copies of compensation orders shall be served personally or by registered mail upon the claimant, the employer and the insurance carrier at the last known address of each. § 41.12 Contents of findings of fact.

(a) All original compensation orders shall contain, in the paragraph headed “findings of fact”, findings with respect to the names and addresses of the parties in interest, the date and place of injury or alleged injury, the circumstances surrounding the accident or alleged accident, the nature and extent of the injury or alleged injury, notice of injury or death, the average weekly wage and such other facts as may be necessary to determine all of the issues raised before the deputy commissioner upon the hearing of the case or otherwise, but in case of rejection of the claim the deputy commissioner may in his discretion omit any finding unnecessary to support such action. In all death cases the dates of birth of each claimant shall be found in the compensation order; in such cases involving aliens, findings with respect to such alienage shall be made. In cases in which the claim is rejected, the ground for such rejection shall be stated in a paragraph following the findings of fact. Where failure to give notice of injury or death is excused pursuant to the provisions of section 12 (d) of said act (44 Stat. 1432; 33 U. S. C. 912 (d)), the fact of such excuse together with the ground thereof shall be stated in the compensation order.

(b) In compensation orders other than the original order the statement of the basis for the order shall contain reference to all prior compensation orders with the dates thereof. In such orders the findings of fact shall relate only to the immediate issues before the deputy commissioner, without restatement of facts found in any prior compensation order relating to the same injury or death, unless necessary for the completeness of the compensation order.

(c) Findings of fact shall be stated positively; that is, without equivocation or qualification. All ultimate facts necessary to support the action of the deputy commissioner shall be found. Recitals of evidence, statements of opinion, and citations to authorities shall be avoided in a compensation order.

(d) The findings of fact may contain in addition to the ultimate facts necessary to support the action of the deputy

commissioner upon the issues before him, findings relating to services rendered on behalf of the claimant by his authorized representative, and relating to the approval of bills for medical treatment and other attendance or treatment authorized to be obtained by an employee under the provisions of section 7 of said act (44 Stat. 1427; 33 U. S. C. 907). & 41.13 Supplementary compensation

orders. (a) In any case in which the employer or insurance carrier is in default in the payment of compensation, due under any award of compensation, for a period of 30 days after the compensation is due and payable, the person to whom such compensation is payable may, within 1 year after such default, make application in writing to the deputy commissioner for a supplementary compensation order declaring the amount of the default. As a part of the procedure prescribed in section 18 of said act (44 Stat. 1434; 33 U. S. C. 918), the deputy commissioner shall serve notice upon the employer or insurance carrier of such application and at the same time shall call upon such employer or carrier for submission to the deputy commissioner, under the provisions of section 14 (1) of said act (44 Stat. 1434; 33 U. S. C. 914 (1), of evidence of the payment of compensation, in the form of receipts or otherwise, for inspection by the deputy commissioner. This evidence or copies or transcripts thereof may be incorporated in the record of the case as basis for action upon the application.

(b) Such a supplementary compensation order shall show (1) as the basis for the order a recital relative to the application and date thereof, (2) a recital that upon due notice to the parties in interest an investigation or hearing with respect to the application was had or made, or that no hearing was applied for or deemed necessary by the deputy commissioner, (3) a recital, in the findings of fact, of the fact and date of filing of the compensation order upon which the application is based, quoting the award paragraph thereof, (4) a finding that the employer and insurance carrier failed to comply therewith (in whole or in part as found by the deputy commissioner), (5) a finding that a stated aggregate amount of compensation covering a stated period of disability was not paid within 30 days after it became due and payable under the award, and is, therefore, declared to

be in default for more than 30 days, (6) (in the discretion of the deputy commissioner as indicated in said section 18) & recital that as provided under section 18, the whole of the award, namely, $-----(which will be the sum of all the installments as found in the prior compensation order), is declared in default, and (7) (when applied for) a further recital that compensation in the sum of $-----was not paid within 10 days after it became due under the terms of the award, and that therefore pursuant to the provisions of section 14 (f) there is due and payable to the claimant by the employer and carrier 20 percent of such sum, or the sum of $------, which is in addition to such compensation. The findings of fact shall be followed by an award embodying the action of the deputy commissioner, and the statement relating to proof of service as provided for compensation orders in § 41.11. § 41.14 Interlocutory matters to be dis

posed of without formal orders. Compensation orders or other formal orders shall not be made or filed with respect to interlocutory matters of a procedural nature arising during the pendency of a compensation case. $ 41.15 Application for review of a

compensation case for modification

of award; procedure. (a) Every application to the deputy commissioner for review of a compensation case for modification of an award shall state specifically the ground or grounds under section 22 of said act (44 Stat. 1437; 33 U.S.C. 922) upon which the applicant relies, with the particulars in respect of the application of such ground or grounds in his case. Such application shall be supported by medical reports, affidavits or other appropriate evidence. Such applications and supporting papers shall be submitted in duplicate so that one copy thereof may be transmitted to the opposing party. Both original and duplicate shall be signed by the applicant and by his attorney or representative if he has one, and the duplicate shall be transmitted by the deputy commissioner to the opposing party.

(b) The procedure in respect of an application for review of a compensation case for modification of an award shall be the same as that prescribed in respect of claims in section 19 of said act (44 Stat. 1435; 33 U.S.C. 919).

§ 41.16 Commutation of payments.

Applications for commutation of future payments of compensation shall be made to the deputy commissioner on the form provided by the Bureau for that purpose. If the deputy commissioner determines that an award of a lump sum payment of such compensation would be in the interest of justice, he shall submit such application, together with the reasons in support of such determination, to the Bureau for its consideration. Commutation of such payments will be approved in disability cases only where the quality of the disability is permanent or the compensation period is determinable and will be made only in cases in which a compensation order has been filed which finds the character and quality of the disability. Commutation of death benefits will be approved in death cases only when it appears that the rights of all probable or potential beneficiaries have been determined and after a compensation order has been filed fixing the right of the beneficiary on whose behalf such compensation is sought. The computation of all commutations of such compensation will be made by the Bureau and for such purpose the deputy commissioner shall transmit his file in the particular case. For this purpose the deputy commissioner shall ascertain and furnish to the Bureau the date of birth of the person on whose behalf commutation is sought, as well as the date upon which such commutation shall be effective. § 41.17 Same; aliens not residents or

about to become non-residents. Applications under section 9(g) of said act (44 Stat. 1430; 33 U.S.C. 909(g)) for commutation of future payments of compensation awarded to aliens not residents (or about to become non-residents) of the United States or Canada shall be made to the deputy commissioner, who shall in turn transmit such application promptly to the Bureau. Such commutation shall be made as of the date such application is received by the deputy commissioner, or such later date as the application may show to be proper. No such commutation shall be made with respect to a person journeying abroad for a visit who has previously declared a definite intention to return and has stated a time for returning. No such commutation shall be made except upon

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