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(2) He has been married to such anmutatt, o pensioner for at least one 73 prestag the date on which an apDiction for a sporse 3 annivity is filed, * the month before his marriage was

de tor insurance annuity under 3 731 4497 02 3337410 of this chapter or, on the basis of disability, 237.409 of Uus chapter, Or is the natural father of ker son or daughter, and

(b) As of the date on which an appiscation for a spouse's annuity is filed, he was a member of the same household as such annuitant or pensioner, or she was contributing toward his support regularly, Or she had been ordered by kry court to contribute to the support of such husband, and

(0) He was receiving at least one-hall of his support from such annuitant or pensioner on the day her annuity or pension began to accrue. [Beard Order 66-89, 20 P.R. 3711, May 27, 1956, as amended by Board Order 62-33, 27 F.R. 3822, Apr. 7, 1982) Subpart B Conditions of Entitlement $ 232.201 Statutory provisions.

A spouse who would be entitled to an anpuity under subsection (e) 11 she or he had attained the age of 65 may elect upon or after attaining the age of 62 to receive such annuity, but the annuity in any such case shall be reduced by one one-hundred-andeigntieth for each calendar month that the spouse is under age 65 when the annuity beging to accrue (section 2(b) of the act). (Board Order 60-18, 25 F.R. 1678, Feb. 26, 19601 $ 232.202 Eligibility for an annuity.

The gpouse of a retirement annuitant or pensioner shall be eligible for a spouse's annuity when such annuitant or pensioner has attained age 65 if:

(a) The spouse has also attained age 65; or

(b) The spouse is at least age 62, but the amount of the annuity shall be re

3 232 203 Relinquishment of rights.

A spouse's annt may not be certified for payment until the applicant has established to the satisisetion of the Board that he or she has relinquished all rights which such spplicant may have had to return to the service of:

(a) An employer;

(b) Any person whether or not an employer by whom he or she was most recently employed when the annuity be. gins to accrue;

(C) Any person with whom he or she held, at the time the annuity begins to accrue, any rights to return to service;

(d) Any person with whom he or she ceased service in order to have the annuity begin to accrue. [Board Order 55-89, 20 PR. 8712, May 27, 1955) & 232.204 Filing of application.

(a) No spouse, irrespective of his or her qualifications, shall receive an annuity unless, on or before the date of death of the spouse, his or her duly executed application upon such form as the Board may from time to time prescribe is filled with the Board.

(b) An application, filed in the manner and form prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section, shall be considered filed with the Board on the date that it is received at an office of the Board, or the date that it is delivered to a field employee of the Board specifically authorized by a regional director to receive applications in the area where delivery is made, whichever date is earlier; or, in a case of an applicant who is not residing in the United States, the date his application is received at an office maintained outside the United States by the U.S. Foreign Service: Provided, however, That if in the adjudication of an application for an annuity it is determined

that the applicant died on a day observed by the Board as a non-work day and that his application was received through the mail at an office of the Board on the first business day following such nonwork day, the application shall be deemed to have been filed with the Board on such non-work day if it is established to the satisfaction of the Board that the application was mailed in suficient time to have been received by the Board in the ordinary course of the mail on such nonwork day had that day been a business day.

(c) The provisions of $8 210.2(b), 210.4, 210.5, 210.7 through 210.13 of this chapter shall be applied to an application for a spouse'; annuity in the same manner as applied to an application for an employee annuity. (Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1673, Feb. 26, 1960, as amended by Board Order 62-33, 27 F.R. 3322, Apr. 7, 1962] § 232.205 Annuity beginning date.

(a) A spouse's annuity shall begin to accrue as of the date specified in the application: Provided, however, That such date is not earlier than the latest of the following dates:

(1) The date following the last day of compensated service.

(2) The date on which all eligibility requirements are met.

(3) Twelve months prior to the filing date of the application.

(b) Where the date on which the annuity could otherwise begin falls on the thirty-first day of any month, the annuity shall begin to accrue on the first day of the following month. (Board Order 55-89, 20 F.R. 3712, May 27, 1955, as amended by Board Order 62–33, 27 F.R. 3323, Apr. 7, 1962) Subpart C—Computation of Annuity § 232.301 Statutory provisions.

The spouse of an individual, ... shall be entitled to a spouse's annuity equal to one-half of such individual's annuity or pension, but not more, with respect to any month, than 110 per centum of an amount equal to the maximum amount which could be paid to anyone, with respect to such month, as a wife's insurance benefit under section 202(b) of the Social Security Act as amended from time to time: Provided however, That if the annuity of the individual is awarded under paragraph 3 of subsection (a), the spouse's annuity shall be computed or recomputed as though such individual had been awarded the annuity to which he

would have been entitled under paragraph 1 of said subsection: Provided further, That, 11 the annuity of the individual is awarded pursuant to a joint and survivor election, the spouse's annuity shall be computed or recomputed as though such individual had not made a joint and survivor election: And provided further, That any spouse's annuity shall be reduced by the amount of any annuity and the amount of any monthly insurance benefit, other than a wife's or husband's insurance benefit, to which such spouse is entitled, or on proper application would be entitled, under subsection (a) of this section or subsection (d) of section 5 of this Act or section 202 of the Social Security Act; except that if such spouse is disentitled to a wife's or husband's insurance benefit, or has had such benefit reduced, by reason of subsection (k) of section 202 of the Social Security Act, the reduction pursuant to this third proviso shall be only in the amount by which such spouse's monthly insurance benefit under said Act exceeds the wife's or husband's insurance benefit to which such spouse would have been entitled under that Act but for said subsection (k) (Section 2(e) of the act). (Board Order 10–18, 25 F.R. 1674, Feb. 28, 1960] 822 $ 232.302 Amount of annuity.

(a) (1) A spouse's annuity for a month shall be equal to one-half of the annuity or pension of the retired employee, but not more than 110 per cent of an amount equal to the maximum amount which could be paid to anyone, with respect to such month, as a wife's insurance benefit under section 202(b) of the Social Security Act as amended from time to time,

(2) The maximum spouse's annuity for a month may be exceeded where the employee's annuity is computed as prescribed in § 225.6 of this chapter.

(b) Where the annuity of the retired employee was awarded on a reduced basis because such individual had not attained the age of 65, the spouse's annuity shall be computed as though the employee's annuity had been awarded under section 2 (a) 1 of the act after such annuitant had attained age 65.

(c) Where the annuity of the retired employee was awarded and reduced pursuant to a joint and survivor election, the spouse's annuity shall be computed as though such joint and survivor election had not been made. (Board Order 55-89, 20 F.R. 8712, May 27, 1955, as amended by Board Order 60–13, 26 F.R. 1674, Feb. 26, 1960; Board Order 62–98, 27 F.R. 3328, Apr. 7, 1962]

232.303 Reduction because of other

benefits. The spouse's annuity of an individual Tho is entitled, or on proper application vould be entitled, to a retirement annuty or parent's insurance annuity under he Railroad Retirement Act, or to any nonthly insurance benefit under the Social Security Act, other than a wife's or husband's insurance benefit, shall be reduced by the amount of such other benefits: Provided however, That where a spouse has not been awarded a wife's or husband's insurance benefit, or be comes disentitled to a wife's or husband's insurance benefit after having been awarded such benefit, or has had a wife's or husband's insurance benefit reduced because the spouse is or on proper application would be entitled to any other monthly insurance benefit under the Social Security Act, the reduction shall be limited to the amount by which such other monthly insurance benefit exceeds the wife's or husband's insurance benefit to which the spouse would otherwise be entitled. (Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1674, Feb. 26, 1960] § 232.304 Reduction because of age.

Where eligibility for a spouse's annuity is based on age 62 to 65, the amount of the annuity as computed under § 232.302 shall be reduced by one onehundred-and-eightieth for each calendar month during all of which the spouse is less than 65 years of age when the annuity begins to accrue. [Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1674, Feb. 26, 1960] & 232.305 Rounding annuity.

When awarded on or after September 6, 1958, a monthly spouse's annuity that is computed under this part and that is not a multiple of $0.10, shall be rounded to the next higher multiple of $0.10. (Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1674, Feb. 26, 1960] 8 232.306 Commutation of annuity.

When awarded on or after September 6, 1958, a monthly spouse's annuity that is less than $5 may be paid quarterly or in a lump sum equal to its commuted value as determined by the Board. [Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1674. Feb. 28. 1960)

Subpart D-Payment of Annuities § 232.401 Statutory provisions.

The spouse's annuity provided in subsection (e) shall, with respect to any month, be subject to the same provisions of subsection (d) as the individual's annuity, and, in addition, the spouse's annuity shall not be payable for any month if the individual's annuity is not payable for such month (or, in the case of a pensioner, would not be payable if the pension were an annuity) by reason of the provisions of said subsection (d). Such spouse's annuity shall cease at the end of the month preceding the month in which (1) the spouse or the individual dies, (ii) the spouse and the individual are absolutely divorced, or (iii), in the case of a wife under age 65 (other than a wife who is receiving such annuity by reason of an election under subsection (h)), she no longer has in her care a child who, if her husband were then to die, would be entitled to an annuity under subsection (c) of section 5 of this Act (section 2(g) of the act). (Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1674, Feb. 26, 1960) $ 232.402 Loss of annuity with respect

to any month. A spouse's annuity shall not be paid with respect to any month in which an individual in receipt of an annuity under section 2(e) of the act shall:

(a) Render compensated service to an employer or to the last person by whom such spouse annuitant was employed prior to the date on which the annuity began to accrue, or

(b) The retirement annuity of the employee annuitant is not payable, or in the case of a pensioner such pension would not be payable if it were an annuity subject to the provisions of section 2(d) of the act. (Board Order 55-89, 20 F.R. 3712, May 27, 1955] $ 232.403 Entitlement ends.

Entitlement to a spouse's annuity under the act shall cease at the end of the month preceding the month in which any of the following events occurs:

(a) The spouse annuitant dies.

(b) The wife or husband of the spouse annuitant dies.

(c) The marriage of the spouse annuitant and the annuitant or pensioner is ended by absolute divorce.

(d) A wife annuitant under age 65 (other than a wife who is receiving the annuity by reason of an election under section 2(h) of the act) no longer has

in her care a child who, if her husband were then to die, would be entitled to an annuity under section 5(c) of the act. (Board Order 55-89, 20 F.R. 3712, May 27, 1955, as amended by Board Order 60–13, 25 F.R. 1674, Feb. 26, 1960)

PART 234—ANNUITIES DUE BUT

UNPAID AT DEATH Sec. 284.1 Employee annuities due but unpaid at

death. 284.2 Spouse annuities due but unpaid at

death, 234.3 Insurance annuities due but unpaid

at death. 234.4 Joint and survivor annuities due but

unpaid at death. 234.5 Time of filing application. 234.6 Escheat.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 234 issued under sec. 10, 50 Stat. 314, 45 U.S.C.

1050 Stat. 314. 45 U.S.C.

228).

SOURCE: The provisions of this Part 234 contained in Board Order 60-40, 25 F.R. 2419, Mar. 23, 1960, unless otherwise noted. $ 234.1 Employee annuities due but un

paid at death. (a) Annuities which will have become due an employee but will not have been paid at the employee's death, if such death shall have occurred after September 1958, shall be paid to the person, if any, who will have been determined by the Board to be such employee's widow or widower and to have been living with (see $ 239.6 of this chapter) the employee at the time of the employee's death and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities.

(b) If there is no such widow or widower, then such annuities shall be payable to: (1) Any person or persons, equitably entitled thereto, to the extent and in the proportions that he or they shall have paid the burial expenses of the employee and to the extent that he or they will not have been reimbursed under section 5(f) (1) of the act for having paid such expenses. If there is no such person or persons or if the total of such annuities exceeds the amount payable under this subparagraph, such total, or the remainder thereof, as the case may be, shall be paid in the order named and in equal shares to the person or persons in the following groups whose relationship to the employee will have been de termined by the Board and who will not have died before receiving payment of

such annuities; (2) children; (3) grand. children; (4) parents; (5) brothers and sisters. $ 234.2 Spouse annuities due but un

paid at death. (a) Annuities which will have become due a spouse but will not have been paid at the spouse's death, if such death shall have occurred after September 1958, shall be paid to the employee from whose employment such spouse's annuity derived and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities.

(b) If the employee died before receiving payment, such annuities shall then be paid as provided in $ 234.1(b) as if they were annuities due the employee but unpaid at the time of such employee's death. & 234.3 Insurance annuities due but un

paid at death. (a) Insurance annuities which will have become due a survivor of an employee but will not have been paid at the survivor's death, if such death shall have occurred after September 1958, shall be paid to the person, if any, who will have been determined by the Board to be such employee's widow or widower and to have been living with (see $ 239.6 of this chapter) the employee at the time of the employee's death and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities.

(b) If there is no such widow or widower, such annuities shall be paid in the order named and in equal shares to the person or persons in the following groups whose relationship to the employee will have been determined by the Board and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities: (1) Children; (2) grandchildren; (3) parents; (4) brothers and sisters. $ 234.4 Joint and survivor annuities due

but unpaid at death. Survivor annuities pursuant to an election which will have become due a survivor of an employee but will not have been paid at the survivor's death, if such death shall have occurred after September 1958, shall be paid in the order named and in equal shares to the person or persons in the following groups whose relationship to the employee will have been determined by the Board and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities: (a) Children; (b) grandchildren; (c) parents; (d) brothers and sisters. $ 234.5 Time of filing application.

An application for annuities due but unpaid at death must be filed with the Board on its prescribed form no later than the second anniversary of the death of the person to whom such annuities were originally due. § 234.6 Escheat.

If there is no person to whom can be made all or part of a payment described in 88 234.1, 234.2, 234.3, and 234.4, such payment or part thereof shall escheat to the credit of the Railroad Retirement Account.

PART 236_PAYMENTS OF BENEFITS

OF $1,000 OR LESS Sec. 236.1 Payment with or without formal ad

ministration. 236.2 Waiver and release by creditor. 236.3 Direction of payment to other indi

viduals. 236.4 Selection under State allowance or

exemption laws. AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 236 issued under sec. 10, 50 Stat. 314, as amended; 45 U.S.C. 228). $ 236.1 Payment with or without for

mal administration. When the amount payable under the Railroad Retirement Act to the estate of a deceased individual is $1,000, or less, and no administrator or executor has been or is expected to be appointed, or where the estate of the deceased has been closed and reopening thereof is not expected, the director of retirement claims, and any employee designated by him for the purpose, is hereby authorized to require formal administration of the estate in the first case, or reopening of the estate in the other; or to make certifi. cation for payment, without such requirements, to such person or persons and in such proportions as would be the case if the estate were administered under the laws of the state of last domicile of the deceased. [Board Order 48-437, 14 F.R. 294, Jan. 20, 1949) $ 236.2 Waiver and release by creditor.

If, in the judgment of the Board, any creditor of the estate of the deceased possesses rights superior to those of his

surviving spouse or kindred, payment shall not be made without formal admin. istration unless and until such creditor has, on a form prescribed by the Board, waived and released his claim against such estate with the same effect as if it had heretofore been paid and fully satisfied: Provided, however, That payment may be made to a creditor or creditors, on a proportionate basis, for burial expenses or medical expenses of the last illness of the deceased in the order of priority under the applicable law: Provided further, That where several persons are creditors by virtue of having contributed small amounts of $25 or less each to a fund administered by a custodian for payment of the burial expenses of the deceased, payment may be made to such custodian without requiring formal assignments or waivers signed by each such person. (Board Order 55-89, 20 F. R. 8718, May 27, 1955) 8 236.3 Direction of payment to other

individuals. If it is determined by the Board that the benefit is payable to two or more individuals mentioned in § 236.1, any one or more of such individuals may, if he wishes, upon a form approved by the Board, direct the payment of his interest to any other of such individuals. 14 F.R. 1493, Apr. 7, 1939, redesignated by Board Order 47-1, 12 F.R. 469, Jan. 23, 1947] & 236.4 Selection under State allowance

or exemption laws. Whenever, under the laws of the State in which the deceased was last domiciled, the surviving spouse or kindred is, in the judgment of the Board, entitled to allowance or exemption, the benefit may become payable without court proceedings, in accordance with the provisions of such allowance or exemption laws, if such spouse or kindred executes and files with the Board a prescribed form in which he selects and accepts the benefit as a first payment toward the allowance or exemption, and agrees in the event of any proceedings concerning the administration or distribution of assets of the estate of the deceased to notify the probate court or other proper authority of such selection and acceptance. 14 F.R. 1493, Apr. 7, 1989, redesignated by Board Order 47–1, 12 F.R. 469, Jan. 23, 1947]

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