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(a) An original certificate of dis-charge or release to inactive duty from * a branch of the armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of an individual's active military service; or a certified copy of such a certificate made by the State, county or municipal agency or department in which the original certificate is recorded; or

(b) A certification from a branch of the armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of an individual's active military service; or

(c) A photocopy of the document described in paragraph (a) or (b) of this section. (Board Order 59–189, 24 F.R. 9002, Nov. 6. 1959)

(b) Any period of military service in & war period, providing the individual entered military service in such war period, and

(c) Any period of military service immediately following a war period, whether or not such service was entered upon voluntarily, and prior to discharge from such service or reenlistment therein, providing the individual entered milltary service in such war period, and

(d) Any period after September 7, 1939, with respect to which a state of national emergency was duly declared to exist which requires a strengthening of the national defense. (Board Order 65–89, 20 F. R. 3707, May 27, 1965) 8 209.13 War period.

A war period begins on the date on which the Congress of the United States declared war, or on the date as of which the Congress of the United States declared a state of war to have existed, or on the date on which war was declared by one or more foreign states against the United States, or on the date on which any part of the United States or any territory under its jurisdiction was invaded or attacked by any armed force of one or more foreign states, or on the date on which the United States engaged in armed hostilities for the purpose of preserving the Union or of maintaining in any State of the Union a republican form of government, whichever date is the earliest. A war period ends on the date on which hostilities shall have ceased.

(a) Spanish-American War. The war period of the Spanish-American War began April 21, 1898, and ended August 13, 1898.

(b) Philippine Insurrection. The war period of the Philippine Insurrection began February 4, 1899, and ended April 27, 1902.

(c) World War 1. The war period of the World War began April 6, 1917, and ended November 11, 1918.

(d) World War II. The war period of World War II began December 7, 1941, and ended December 31, 1946. (Board Order 55–89, 20 F.R. 3707, May 27, 1955) $ 209.14 Verification of military service

claimed. Military service claimed, to be credIted, shall be verified to the satisfaction of the Board by the following proof:

PART 210—EXECUTION AND FILING

OF AN APPLICATION FOR AN

ANNUITY Sec. 210.1 Statutory provisions. 210.2 Application to be flled. 210.3 Filing date. 210.4 Signature on application form. 210.5 Presumptions from application. 210.6 Application pled with the Social

Security Administration. 210.7 Application where individual 18 in

competent. 210.8 When an application 18 considered

fully exhausted. 210.10 Alteration of application. 210.11 Cancellation of an application. 210.12 Effect of cancellation. 210.13 Applicant's file to be conddential.

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part 210 issued under secs. 2, 10, 50 Stat. 809, 88 amended, 314, as amended; 45 U.S.C. 228b, 228). $ 210.1 Statutory provisions.

An annuity shall begin to accrue as of a date to be specified in a written application (to be made in such manner and form as may be prescribed by the Board and to be signed by the individual entitled thereto) ... (Sec. 2(c), 50 Stat. 310; 45 0.8.0. 228b(c)) [4 F.R. 1486, Apr. 7, 1939] $ 210.2 Application to be filed.

(a) No individual, irrespective of his qualifications, shall receive an annuity unless, on or before the date of his death, his duly executed application upon such form as the Board may from time to time prescribe is filled with Board: Provided, however, That a claim or application filed with the Social Security Ad

ministration, whether before or after the adoption of this section, for monthly insurance benefits under title II of the Social Security Act (except an application for a disability insurance benefit where such benefit was terminated before the 120th month of railroad service was performed), based in whole or in part on service of an employee for an employer under the Railroad Retirement Act, shall be considered an application for an annuity duly filled with the Board.

(ba) Where an individual has notified the Board in writing of his intention or desire to file an application for an annuity, but has been deterred to his detriment by action of the Board or of its employees from filing an application upon the form prescribed by the Board, such writing of the individual, if subsequently supplemented by an application duly executed upon the prescribed form, shall be considered by the Board as a proper and sufficient application within the meaning of paragraph (a) of this section: Provided, however, That:

(1) The action of the Board or of its employees in deterring the individual from filing an application on the prescribed form shall have consisted of:

(i) Failure to advise the individual properly as to the necessity for filing an application on such prescribed form; or

(ii) Failure to furnish the individual with the appropriate application form;

$ 210.3 Filing date.

An application, filled in the manner and form prescribed in $ 210.2, shall be considered filed with the Board on the date that it is received at an office of the Board, or the date that it is delivered to a field employee of the Board specifically authorized by & regional director to receive applications in the area where delivery is made, whichever date is earlier; or, in a case of an applicant who is not residing in the United States, the date his application is received at an office maintained outside the United States by the United States foreign service; or, in a case in which a claim or application filed with the Social Security Administration is, by virtue of $ 210.2, an application for an annuity filed with the Railroad Retirement Board, the date on which such claim or application was filed with the Social Security Administration: Provided, however, That if in the adjudication of an application for an annuity it is determined that the applicant died on a day observed by the Board as a non-work day and that his application was received through the mail at an office of the Board on the first business day following such non-work day, the application shall be deemed to have been Aled with the Board on such non-work day if it is established to the satisfaction of the Board that the application was mailed in sufficient time to have been received by the Board in the ordinary course of the mail on such non-work day had that day been a business day. (Board Order 62–33, 27 F.R. 3321, Apr. 7, 1962) $ 210.4 Signature on application form.

The application form shall be signed personally by the applicant in his usual manner: Provided, however, That if the applicant is unable to sign his name because of physical inability or illiteracy, he shall then make his mark (X) and a witness shall affix the applicant's name. In every case the signature or mark shall either be executed and authenticated in such manner as the form provided may indicate or shall be executed before and authenticated by an employee of the Board duly designated and authorized to perform such services. In the event that the signature or any written portion of the application form is, within the judgment of the Board, substantially illegible

or

(iii) Furnishing of correct information that under an existing ruling (which was subsequently reversed during the individual's lifetime) entitlement was precluded: And further provided, That:

(2) The individual, upon being correctly advised by the Board as to the necessity for filing an application on the prescribed form, or as to a changed ruling affecting his entitlement, and/or upon being supplied with such prescribed form, shall file said form with the Board during his lifetime and within 3 months after the date on which such correct advice was given him and/or such form was mailed to him (whichever is the later), or within such additional time as the Board may deem reasonable. (For regiuations governing applications for insurance annuities and lump sums for survivors, see Part 237 of this chapter.) (12 F.R. 1136, Feb. 19, 1947, as amended by Board Order 60–7, 25 F.R. 864, Feb. 2, 1960; Board Order 62–33, 27 F.R. 3321, Apr. 7, 1962)

or of doubtful authenticity, or, if in the subsequent to the individual's 120th judgment of the Board there are sub- month of railroad service shall be recovstantial omissions in the application ered from accrued annuities under the form, the Board may require its reexe Railroad Retirement Act. cution or correction: Provided, further, (b) By an individual's spouse. (1) That an application form that is re The date on which the spouse of the inexecuted because the previous form was dividual described in paragraph (a) of either not signed or improperly signed this section files a claim or application shall be returned and shall be received with the Social Security Administration by the Board within 30 days after notice for a wife's or husband's insurance beneto correct such deficiency is mailed to the fit, shall be considered the date on which applicant; otherwise, the filing date of the spouse files an application with the the application shall be the date on Board for a spouse's annuity. which such reexecuted application form (2) In any such case, receipt of the is received by the Board.

following information from the Social (Board Order 60-7, 25 F.R. 884, Feb. 2, 1960) Security Administration shall denote the $ 210.5 Presumptions from application. filing of a spouse's application under the The receipt by the Board of a duly

Railroad Retirement Act: The name and executed application form on or prior address of the individual's spouse; the to the date of death of the applicant

amount of insurance benefits, if any, in the absence of evidence to the contrary paid by the Social Security Administrashall be conclusive evidence of the filling tion to the individual's spouse; and the thereof by the applicant or in his behalf date the individual's spouse filled the by his authority.

claim or application with the Social Se[4 F.R. 1485, Apr. 7, 1989)

curity Administration. $ 210.6 Application filed with the Social (3) The payments, if any, made by Security Administration.

the Social Security Administration to (a) By an individual. (1) The date

such individual's spouse for and after the on which an individual files a claim or individual's 120th month of railroad application with the Social Security Ad

service shall be recovered from accrued ministration for old-age or disability

spouse's annuities under the Railroad insurance benefits based on less than ten

Retirement Act. years (120 months) of railroad service

(Board Order 60-7, 26 F.R. 864, Feb. 2, 1960;

25 F.R. 1898, Feb. 17, 1960 as amended by shall be considered the date on which an

Board Order 62-33, 27 F.R. 8322, Apr. 7, 1962) application is filed with the Board if the individual subsequently acquires 120

$ 210.7 Application where individual is months of railroad service.

incompetent. (2) In any such case, receipt of the In the event that an individual is following information from the Social mentally incompetent, a person recogSecurity Administration shall denote nized by the Board pursuant to g 266.5 the filling of an application under the of this chapter, & duly appointed guardRailroad Retirement Act: the name and ian, conservator, committee, or other address of the applicant; the name of legal representative shall execute and file each employer involved who may be cov- the application on his behalf. In the ered by the Railroad Retirement Act; the event that the mentally incompetent amount of benefits, if any, paid by the individual has himself filed an applicaSocial Security Administration on the tion form the person recognized by basis of service with such employers; the Board pursuant to $ 266.5 of this and the date the claim or application was chapter, the duly appointed guardian, filled with the Social Security Adminis- conservator, committee, or other legal tration,

representative shall execute and fille (3) The payments made by the So another application form and when this cial Security Administration on the basis has been done, the filing date of the of compensation that had been used as application may be the date on which the wages are not erroneous for months prior first application form was received by to the time the individual acquired his the Board. 120th month of railroad service; such (Board Order 46–204, 10 F.R. 7159, June 18, payments, however, if any, made for and 1946)

$ 210.8 When an application is consid- in writing thereto, and (3) there is repayered fully exhausted.

ment of the annuity or annuities pre(a) An application for an annuity

viously paid because of such application. shall be considered fully exhausted on

Recoupment of the annuity or annuities the date of notice of the initial deci

previously paid may be effected by one sion denying the applicant's claim if

or more of the methods described in the notice of decision was dated after

$$ 255.5, 255.6, and 255.8 of this chapter. September 7, 1961, and was not appealed

(Board Order 65–36, 30 F.R. 4061, Mar. 27, as prescribed in Part 260 of this chapter.

1965) If a timely appeal is taken from such 8210.12 Effect of cancellation. an initial decision, the annuity applica

The effect of the cancellation of an intion shall be considered fully exhausted

dividual's application shall be the same on the date of notice of the decision of

as though he had not filed an applicathe referee unless a timely appeal from

tion, and in the event of his death there that decision is filed with the Board.

are no greater rights than if he had never Where such an appeal is filed, the an

filed. The individual whose application nuity application shall be considered

has been canceled may reapply by filing fully exhausted on the date of notice

a new application with the Board. of the decision of the Board

(Board Order 62–33, 27 F.R. 3322, Apr. 7, (b) After an application is considered

1962) fully exhausted, the individual shall be entitled to receive an annuity only upon $ 210.13 Applicant's file to be confidenthe filing of a new application in the

tial. manner and form prescribed in this (See $ 262.16.) part.

14 F.R. 1486, Apr. 7, 1939) (26 F.R. 9071, Sept. 27, 1961, as amended at 35 F.R. 14543, Sept. 17, 1970]

PART 214—ANNUITY BEGINNING $ 210.10 Alteration of application.

DATE An application filed with the Board

Sec.

214.1 cannot be changed or altered in any re

Statutory provisions.

214.2 Annuity beginning date. spect except by the applicant or by his

214.3 Beginning date in month of appliduly authorized agent or guardian, con

cant's sixtieth, sixty-second, or servator or committee. The authority of

sixty-fifth birthday. an agent or guardian, conservator or 214.4 Clarification of beginning date. committee to change or alter an appli 214.5 Effect of death. cation shall be evidenced in such manner

214.6 Beginning date following cancellaand to the extent required by the Board.

tion of application.

214.7 Effect of service performed through (4 F.R. 1486, Apr. 7, 1939)

or after designated beginning date. $ 210.11 Cancellation of an application.

214.8 Applicant's general right to change

date. An individual (or a person who is au 214.10 Cessation of service to a local lodge thorized to act in his behalf pursuant to

or division. $ 266.4 or § 266.5 of this chapter) may

AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 214 cancel his previously filed application

Issued under sec. 10, 50 Stat. 314, as amended; under the following conditions:

45 U.S.C. 2283. (a) Before the annuity is awarded.

$ 214.1 Statutory provisions. An application may be canceled before the annuity is awarded if (1) he files a

An annuity shall begin to accrue as of written request for cancellation, (2)

a date to be specified in a written applicasuch individual is alive at the time the

tion (to be made in such manner and form

as may be prescribed by the Board and to request for cancellation is filed, and (3)

be signed by the individual entitled thereto), the request for cancellation is filed on or but before the date the annuity is awarded. (1) Not before the date following the last

(b) After the annuity is awarded. day of compensated service of the applicant, An application may be canceled after

and the date the annuity is awarded if (1)

(2) Not more than twelve months before

the filing of the application. (Section 2 the conditions enumerated in subpara

(c), 50 Stat. 310, as amended; 45 U. 8. C. graphs (1) and (2) of paragraph (a) of 228b.) this section are met, (2) any other per Any individual who, prior to the date son whose entitlement would be rendered of the enactment of this Act, relinquished all erroneous by such cancellation consents rights to return to the service of a carrier 50-080 0–71— 10

155.

as defined in the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 or ceased to be an employee representative as defined in such Act, and who ls not eligible for an annuity under that Act but who would have been eligible for an annuity under the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 had such Act been in force from and after August 29, 1985, shall have his right to an annuity adjudicated under the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937: Provided, however, That no such annuity shall begin prior to the date of the enactment of this Act. (Section 203, 50 Stat. 318; 45 U. S. C. 215 Note.) (Board Order 65–89, 20 F. R. 8708, May 27, 1956) $ 214.2 Annuity beginning date.

(a) An annuity shall begin to accrue as of the date specified in the application: Provided, however, That such

hopever. That such date is not earlier than that permitted by the provisions of the act quoted in § 214.1, nor prior to the date upon which the applicant attains eligibility for an annuity.

(b) The filing of an application in accordance with the proviso in $ 210.2 (a) of this chapter shall be the specification as an annuity beginning date of the date following the last day of compensated service, or of the date on which the applicant attains eligibility for an annuity, or of the date twelve months before the filing date, whichever date is the latest: Provided, however, That where such date falls on the thirty-first day of any month the annuity shall begin to accrue on the first day of the following month, and that where an application is filed on February 28 or 29 the annuity may begin as early as February 28 of the preceding year. (Board Order 60–7, 25 F.R. 865, Feb. 2, 1960) & 214.3 Beginning date in month of ap

plicant's sixtieth, sixty-second, or

sixty-fifth birthday. When an individual is not eligible for an annuity until the attainment of age 60, 62, or 65, the annuity cannot begin to accrue before the day on which the required age is attained, except that an individual who is eligible for the annuity described in § 208.7(a) (2) of this chapter in the same month in which he attains age 65 may have his annuity begin without reduction as of the first day of such month. (Board Order 80–7, 25 F.R. 865, Feb. 2, 1960) $ 214.4 Clarification of beginning date.

In any case wherein an applicant has made an unintelligible designation

of the beginning date of his annuity, he shall be notified of the earliest beginning date permitted by law. Non-action in response to the notification from the Board of the earliest permissible beginning date for a period of 30 days after the date of the notification shall operate to designate the earliest permissible date specified in such notification. (Board Order 66-89, 20 F. R. 8708, May 27, 1955] $ 214.5 Effect of death.

If the applicant dies before a beginning date has been designated, or prior to the date upon which his annuity would have begun to accrue, no annuity shall accrue and any election of a joint and survivor annuity shall be inoperative. [4 F.R. 1486, Apr. 7, 1989) $ 214.6 Beginning date following can

cellation of application. In the event an annuity beginning date is designated and, because of a cancellation of the application, such date becomes ineffective, the annuity thereafter cannot begin to accrue earlier than twelve months before the filing date of a new application, nor until the date following the last day of compensated service, whichever date is later: Provided, however, That the applicant may, in filing a new application, designate & later date. (Board Order 62–33, 27 F.R. 3322, Apr. 7, 1962) $ 214.7 Effect of service performed

through or after designated begin

ning date. (a) By individuals whose eligibility is not based upon disability. If such an individual renders compensated service to any person, whether or not an employer, through, or within 6 months after, the designated beginning date but prior to relinquishment of rights in accordance with Part 216 of this chapter, his annuity cannot begin to accrue earlier than the date following the last date of such compensated service. If the individual renders such compensated service after having relinquished rights in accordance with Part 216 of this chapter the beginning date of the annuity shall not be affected but no annuity shall be payable with respect to any month in which such service is performed if it is within the terms of Part 217 of this chapter.

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