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pass the line of company officers eight or ten paces, come to the right about, and again command-Present-ARMS.
Seeing this executed, he will face about to the commander, salute and report, “ Sir, the parade is formed." The adjutant will then, on an intimation to that effect, take his station on the lef. of the commander, a pace retired, and put up sword.
The commander will draw sword, after acknowledging the salute of the line, and command, Shoulder-ARMS, Eyes—RIGHT, Eyes-LEFT, FRONT ; and such other exercises as he may think proper, concluding with order-ARMS ; stand-at-EASE.
On an intimation to call rolls, the adjutant will draw sword, advance upon the line, halt at a proper distance, and order, First sergeants, to the front, MARCH. At the first word, they will advance arms, at the second, march four paces to the front, and halt; when the adjutant will add, Call-Rolls; at this word, the captains and first sergeants will face to the right about, and the latter execute the command, each under the inspection of bis captain. Both captains and sergeants will then resume their proper fronts.
The adjutant will continue, First sergeants, inwards–FACE; To the centre—MARCH. When they meet and close on the centre (halting as they close), he adds, Front-FACE; REPORT. At the last word, each in succession, beginning at the right, will bring his firelock to a recover, and report distinctly, “ all present or accounted for," “one absent," or the like, according to the fact.
The adjutant again: First sergeants, Outwards--FACE. TO your posts—MARCH. At this word each will resume his place and order arms. The adjutant will now face to the commander, salute and report the result of the roll call: then on an intimation to that effect, face about to the line, and read such orders as he may have for the purpose, after the caution-attention to orders; when he will put up his sword.
The reading ended, the adjutant again draws sword, faces to the commander, salutes and reports; when, on an intimation from the commander, he will face again to the line, and announce" The parade is dismissed." At this, all the officers put up their swords; the first sergeants will close ranks, and march off their respective companies; the adjutant places himself in the centre, in the rank of company officers; the latter face inwards, and close on the adjutant, when the senior captain orders : Front—FACE: Forward—MARCH. When within six or eight paces of the commander, they salute him with the hat and disperse.
The signal will again be given, in the winter at eight, in the summer at nine o'clock, p. m. and the music will again assemble for tattoo ; after which the roll will be called the fifth time, as at reveille. As soon as dismissed, the chiefs of squads will cause the lights to be extinguished, when the men will remain at rest and perfectly quiet.
GUARDS. 273. All guards should be turned off at noon ; thirty minutes before that hour, a signal will be given, and those detailed for duty will turn out and be inspected by their first sergeant ; in ten minutes he will conduct the details to the regimental parade in open order, and report them to the adjutant.
The guard being formed with open ranks, the officers take post twelve paces in front of the centre, with swords drawn ; the sergeants four paces in their rear, and the corporals four paces in rear of them. The adjutant will dress the line, count the files, tell off the guard, assign duties, &c. after which he will command: officers and non-commissioned officers, outwardFACE, inspect your guards- MARCH. The inspection is performed as directed under that article (see 2761 ; after it is ended, the officers and non-commissioned officers will take post, considering each guard as a company of a battalion, in open order under review. The adjutant then orders the troop-BEAT OFF; when the music will pass down the line to the left, and back to the right : it will then cease to play, and resume its position. At the last order, the new officer of the day will take up his position in front of the parade, having the old officer of the day on his right, one pace retired :
The adjutant will order : ATTENTION; shoulder---ARMS ; rear ranks, close order-MARCH; present-ARMS ! at which he will face to the new officer of the day, drop sword and report, “ Sir the guard are ready to receive your orders.” After acknowledging the salute, the new officer of the day, will direct what is next to be done. After performing such exercise as he thinks proper, the adjutant will again command, guard, right wheel MARCH ; column, support-ARMS; guide to the right—MARCH ; when the whole pass the officer of the day in the manner directed under the article of review (see 275].
When the column has passed, the guards break off under their respective commanders, and take route to the several posts assigned them. Music ceases, and the old officer of the day salutes and gives the standing instructions to the new.
Guards are relieved daily, and centinels every two hours. All guards are under charge of the officer of the day, under whom they mount, who will visit every post and centinel before sunset, and again between midnight and day-break-he will call at proper head quarters before mounting, for new instructions. He will have a roll of his guard divided into three reliefs, the reliefs numbered first, second and third, and each man and each post that is to be occupied by sentinels, also numbered.
On the opproach of a new guard, the old will parade for relief, and receive them at present arms; the new guard march past and take a position near the old, both at shouldered arms; the officers and non-commissioned officers will advance to meet each other respectively, when the new will take the instructions of the old. The officer of the new guard will order, first relief, two vaces to the front-MARCH; the corporal (or sergeant) of that
relief will then take charge of it, and go to the relief of the sentie nels, accompanied by the relief corporal of the old guard ; the sentinel on post at the body of the guard will be first relieved and left behind-the one most distant, next, and the others returning.
The guard will turn out under arms for inspection and roll call as often as relief is detached, and remain formed until the old relief returns, when the officer will report what has occurred..
A sentinel never quits his post nor his arms, which he carries habitually at support ; never sits down; converses with no one ; observes every thing that takes place within sight or hearing ; calls out the GUARD! or fires his musket, as the case may require, on any disorder or emergency; but never leaves his post until relieved, except according to orders.
A patrol should visit the guard every relief.
The officer of the day will receive the patrol and countersign and issue them before retreat ; immediately after receiving them, the sentinels commence challenging ; they will permit no person to approach without calling out, who comes there? If he is answered, Friend, with the countersign, he will reply, advance, friend, and give the countersign ; but suffers no one to approach nearer than the point of his bayonet, brought to a charge for that purpose. If on challenging, he be answered, Relief, Patrol, &c. he will reply, Stand! advance, corporal, and give the countersign. If the correct countersign is not given, or any embarrassment occurs, he will call out, the guard! and detain the person or party until they arrive.
When a sentinel sees the relief approach, he will face to it and halt. At six paces the corporal will command, carry-ARMS; HALT; and add, No 1, or the like, recover-ARMS. At this word, the two sentinels approach, when the old will whisper the instruction of the post to the new sentinel; the old will then pass in quick time to his place in the rear of the relief, the new sentinel facing the relief, the corporal commands, No. 1, or the like, shoulder-ARMS; relief, support-ARMS; MARCH. .
For compliments of guards, see next No.
COMPLIMENTS. 274. Compliments as Individuals.- Inferiors accost superiors; superiors return the salutation. Salutation, when in uniform, is by touching the hat or cap with the right hand; when out of uniform, by uncovering the head, the inferior is the last to re-cover. If with arms in hands, the sword or firelock is brought to the recover by the inferior. In reporting or receiving orders addressed to an individual, officer or soldier, arms at recover. Guards or sentinels, carry arms to officers, generally-present arms to the officer of the day, and officers with two epaulets and a sword, or to an armed body of men passing near the sentinel.
A sentinel being approached, will halt, face to his proper front, and support-ARMS. From this position the salute is given, if the officer or armed body of men, approaching in a direction to
be seen without turning his head. A guard observes the same rule
All guards are to be under arms when an armed party ap. proach their posts-to parties commanded by a commissioned officer, they will present-ARMs and beat a march; officers salute.
Colours in passing are always saluted. » · When two corps meet on a march and pass, if it be necessary for one to halt, the inferior in rank will halt, fornı and salute, but if one have colours and the other not, the one having colours is entitled to precedence.
Columns meeting each other will each incline to its left, and pass as in review, each paying the other the bighest compliments; colours salute only the colours. Officers salute as they pass the commander of the other column.
Officers or corps passing in rear of another, are not entitled to salutation, nor will they face about, but stand with shouldered arms.
No compliments will be paid by a sentinel on guard, between sun-set and sun-rise-guards turn out and stand at shouldered arms on an official visit from officers after sun-set.
ARTILLERY.-National Salutes-One gun for each state of the Union, to be fired on the 4th July (at 1 o'clock, p. m.) and on a visit by the President or Vice President; fifteen guns for secretary of war, governor of state, or major general, &c.; eleven guns for a brigadier general.
Ships of War are never saluted but in return, and then gun for gun as may be agreed upon, but never more guns than constitutes a national salute. United States' ships under a frigate, not entitled to a salute.
Flags must be flying and troops under arms whilst salutes are fired.
REVIEW. 275. Compliments by troops under review.-A battalion being in order of battle, the commander will give the caution the battalion will prepare for review ; when the ranks will be opened.
2. At the word march, the field and staff officers dismount; all the company officers, the colours, and the sergeant between them, will advance four paces to the front of the first rank, and place themselves opposite their respective positions in the order of battle: the surgeon, paymaster, quartermaster and adjutant, on the right of the rank of company officers in the order here mentioned, and at intervals of one pace from each other—the adjutant who is on the right will dress the entire rank; at the same time the music advance through the centre and take post midway between the colours and the line-the colour-guard will replace the colours, and the quarter-master-sergeant and sergeant-major, will place themselves on the right of the front rank of the battalion. If a battalion be reviewed singly with a view to an extended
front, the music, &c. may be placed next the sergeant-major on the right of the front rank.
3. The field officer will superintend the execution of these movements, and on giving the word front, the colonel will place himself eight paces, the lieutentant-colonel and major, six paces each, in front of the first rank, opposite their respective places in the order of battle.
In this order the battalion awaits the approach of the personage who is to review, for whose guide a camp colour will be placed eighty paces in front of the colours. When he reaches midway between this colour and the colonel, the latter will face about and command, battalion, present—A'RMS; resuming immediately his proper front, when the whole will salute, the last motion of the sword corresponding with the last motion of the firelock. The drums or bands will beat or play, according to the rank of the reviewing personage; if it be the President of the United States, a march; it the secretary of war, or a major general, two ruffles ; if a brigadier general, one ruffle. The regimental colour alone will be dropped to a brigadier general; both colours to the secretary of war or a major general; and all the colours and standards, to the President or Vice President of the United States.
If the reviewing officer be under the rank of brigadier general, no compliment will be paid by either the colours or music; neither will arms be presented to him, if he is inferior in rank to the commandant of the parade. In the latter case he will be received with arms carried.
When the reviewing personage, who has halted till the proper compliments are paid, advances, the colonel will bring his sword to a carry, face to the line, and order, battalion, shoulder-ARMS; when the whole will remain perfectly steady, except the colonel, who resumes his proper front.
The reviewing personage now turns off to the right of the battalion, passes thence, in front of all the officers, to the left, around the left, and behind the rank of file-closers to the right again.Whilst he is passing around the battalion, no matter what his rank, the drums or band will play, and when he turns off to take his station near the camp colour, the music will cease.
When the music ceases, the coloriel will face about, and command, battalion, rear ranks, close order—MARCH. At the third word, all persons, except the colonel, who are in advance of their proper places in the order of battle, will face about, and at the word march, the whole battalion will return to that order, the proper officers remounting.
The reviewing person having taken bis position near the camp colours, the commander of the line will cause the battalion to break into column, the music six paces in front of the colonel, and to pass in review, first in common time, when the officers, colours and music, salute as they arrive within six paces of his front, according to the foregoing directions, as to his rank. The commander of the column having saluted, will place himself near