The Curse of Ham: Race and Slavery in Early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

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Princeton University Press, Apr 11, 2009 - Religion - 472 pages

How old is prejudice against black people? Were the racist attitudes that fueled the Atlantic slave trade firmly in place 700 years before the European discovery of sub-Saharan Africa? In this groundbreaking book, David Goldenberg seeks to discover how dark-skinned peoples, especially black Africans, were portrayed in the Bible and by those who interpreted the Bible--Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Unprecedented in rigor and breadth, his investigation covers a 1,500-year period, from ancient Israel (around 800 B.C.E.) to the eighth century C.E., after the birth of Islam. By tracing the development of anti-Black sentiment during this time, Goldenberg uncovers views about race, color, and slavery that took shape over the centuries--most centrally, the belief that the biblical Ham and his descendants, the black Africans, had been cursed by God with eternal slavery.


Goldenberg begins by examining a host of references to black Africans in biblical and postbiblical Jewish literature. From there he moves the inquiry from Black as an ethnic group to black as color, and early Jewish attitudes toward dark skin color. He goes on to ask when the black African first became identified as slave in the Near East, and, in a powerful culmination, discusses the resounding influence of this identification on Jewish, Christian, and Islamic thinking, noting each tradition's exegetical treatment of pertinent biblical passages.


Authoritative, fluidly written, and situated at a richly illuminating nexus of images, attitudes, and history, The Curse of Ham is sure to have a profound and lasting impact on the perennial debate over the roots of racism and slavery, and on the study of early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

 

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Had read a few pages and then had to stop. He simply distort the literal meaning and established interpretations of the scriptures in order to agree to his own views.

Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
IMAGES OF BLACKS
15
THE COLOR OF SKIN
77
THREE HISTORY
129
AT THE CROSSROADS OF HISTORY AND EXEGESIS
139
JEWISH VIEWS OF BLACK AFRICANS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANTIBLACK SENTIMENT IN WESTERN THOUGHT
195
WHEN IS A KUSHITE NOT A KUSHITE? CASES OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY
201
KUSHETHIOPIA AND INDIA
211
NOTES
213
GLOSSARY OF SOURCES AND TERMS
379
SUBJECT INDEX
395
INDEX OF ANCIENT SOURCES
413
INDEX OF MODERN SCHOLARS
431
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

David M. Goldenbergis Isidore and Theresa Cohen Chair of Jewish Religion and Thought at the University of Cape Town, and Visiting Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania. He was formerly President of Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning, Associate Director of the Annenberg Research Institute for Judaic and Near Eastern Studies, and Editor of The Jewish Quarterly Review.

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