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ILLUSTRATIONS OF UNIVERSAL PROGRESS. A some of his chapters, is towards the

Series of Discussions. By HERBERT SPEN- general notion of Positivism. CER, author of 'First Principles,' etc. etc. Although he does not discard the idea etc. New-York: D. Appleton & Co. of a personal God, the Creator, and per1864.

haps, though undesignedly, lays the • Discussions,' in the classical, radical foundation for a stronger positive theoidea of the word, is a very appropriate logical structure, yet, in carrying out denomination of the chapters of Uni- his theory of evolution, he uses lanversal Progress' striking asunder. It is guage adapted to throw grave doubt on fitting, because the author dissects all the inspiration of the Bible and the things, and finds the law of development wonted interpretation of the Genesis, or in the ever and universally becoming of the Cosmogony. 'Must we receive,' he the heterogeneous out of the homogene- asks, the old Hebrew idea that God ous, or reversed, the transition, or evo- takes clay and moulds a new creature ?' lution rather, of homogeneity into het- the interrogation here being figurative erogeneity. It is also fitting, because and equivalent to a strong negation. Mr. Spencer has unwonted analytic pow- In chapter ninth, from which the quoer, whilst in synthetic he is quite equal. tation is made, the author represents

A profound thinker and rare observer, the idea of special creations,' as of ani. he accumulates facts, bidding science mals and man, as ‘having no fact to supand history lay them at his feet, or at port it,' and as not at all conceivable; the beck of his brain, and then selects, the notion of man's evolution, in proarranges, and makes them utter his own

cess of time, from the simplest monad, thoughts, confirm his own high general- is only ludicrous to the uneducated, and ization.

the opposite belief inexcusable in the He is lucid, consecutive, forceful, and physiologist or the man of science ; it does one good, intellectually at least, for 'if a single cell,' from the semen, to read him. No one pretending to 'may become a man in twenty years, a philosophy can afford not to read him; cell may, in the course of millions of no one can fail to be profited by reading years, give origin to the human race. The him. Merely as a treasury of facts, and two processes are generically the same.' of the relativity of knowledges, the book It would, moreover, be 'next to an inwere valuable; and as a dissertation and sult to ask a leading geologist or physia genuine philosophy of progress, it is ologist whether he believes in the Mosaic invaluable.

account of the Creation.' Having said thus much, it is not to be In all this reasoning there is the represumed that we assent to all his rea- jection of the fact of the revelation of sonings, or to his law of progress as the Mosaic account of creation, because definitely established on a scientific or it is said to have no fact to support it, unanswerable basis.

and there is, certainly, the doctrine of The author has taken pains, with evolution, even of man, out of original some success, to disabuse himself of the cells, without any creative power becharge of Positivism, so popular now yond that of making these original cells with scientificists. In so far as that is or monads, if even that, by a personal supposed to be the equivalent of Comte- power. It is clearly intimated, also, that ism, he has exonerated himself quite; this man-monad probably required milyet the tendency of his reasonings, in lions of years to develop itself, under

modifying influences, into the present THIRTY POEMS. WILLIAN CULLEN BRYANT. humanity.

New-York : D. Appleton & Co. 1864. Some would here say,

"Then we

To announce were enough. Has our must expect monkeys to be evolved own Bryant, first poet of our country, into men, in the processes of years ; ' but put forth Thirty Poems'? Then is Mr. Spencer would reply to that, proba- America ready to read. Allow a passing bly: "The man-monad and the monkey- word of commendation of his ‘Translamonad are originally or specifically dif- tion of the Fifth Book of the Odyssey.' ferent.' Yet, on the other dogma of Having often read it in the original, we transmutation, why not the specific are free to say that this rendering into monkey-monad be transmuted into the

our idiomatic English brings the reader man-monad ?

into a closer communion with the spirit It is not intended to pronounce Mr. of the original than any other extant. Spencer's evolution theory positively atheistic, for it still leaves a place for a God, far back of all organisms, to create HINTS TO RIFLEMEN. By H. W. S. CLEVEthe cells, from which are evolved all LAND. D. Appleton & Co. 1864. moulds and plants, animals and man. This, as might be presumed, is not a This may be all that God did, and it book for only riflemen; for, whilst it is, may be as sublime a manifestation of at present, a work of great national power and of wisdom to create minute, utility, it also imparts knowledge adapthomogeneous monads capable, by innered to interest every intelligent mind. It forces and external circumstances, of is by a practical sportsman, experienced rolling themselves out and up into the in the use of the rifle, and contains de highest intellectual specimens of hu- scriptions of various kinds of rifles, manity; but it is not, at least, an idea their characteristics, and comparative of power so appreciable by the evolved merits. humanity in general, as the old one of the old Revelation.


ters of Trial and Travel. By a Lady. AMERICA AND HER COMMENTATORS. By HEN

New-York: D. Appleton & Co. 1864. RY T. TUCKERMAN. New-York: Charles This is one of those books coming up Scribner. 1864.

out of the seething-pot of this terrible MR. TUCKERMAN has, in this volume, tribulation which is worthy of all confidone the reading public a good service, dence, and interesting to every reader. and more especially the student of There is no fiction about it; but the American history. It is a serviceable lady tells her unvarnished tale of Careaid to the investigator to be able, at Life in Vicksburgh in so simple and once, to go to some bibliotheca, in which Christian a way as to make us see and he shall find the titles of those works feel the events of each passing day. Of sujted to his wants.

this book it may safely be said: “Truth And if these be accompanied by a

is stranger than fiction.' We heartily little judicious criticism, all the better. recommend it to all. Such is the present volume. Its chief end is to be a guide to authentic sources CARISTIAN MEMORIALS OF THE WAR; or of information in regard to the United Scenes and Incidents illustrative of ReStates, and the author has, on the whole, ligious Faith and Principle, Patriotism well accomplished his object.

and Bravery in our Army. With HisWe might object a little, perhaps, to

torical Notes. By HORATIO B. HACKETT. its one-sidedness in some respects, and

Boston: Gould & Lincoln. 1864. to its incompleteness; yet it is worthy PROFESSOR HACKETT is already known of general approbation and circulation. to many of us as the author of "Illustrations of Scripture' and 'A Commen- DANGERFIELD's Rest; or, Before the Storm. tary on the Acts of the Apostles.' The New-York: Sheldon & Co. 1864. present volume is quite in keeping with This is a well-written novel, in style his theological professorship, and a above the ordinary run of fiction; charChristian, patriotic testimony to the acters well conceived and well reprelife of faith and prayer of many a brave sented, and abounding in sage, philosoldier, and to the triumphant death on sophic reflections on social life. It the battle-field and in the hospital of portrays well much of the social life or such as were there called to sleep in death existing among us prior to the Jesus.

war, and indeed yet prevalent; and The author has done a good work in whilst some might object to a very few selecting what are believed to be truth- of its implications, it is, on the whole, ful incidents, and stereotyping what superior in its truthful delineation of otherwise might have been utterly lost manners and morals, though rather sento the historians of the war. It is like sational and crime-disclosing. daguerreotyping the passing ripples of the lake, or the floating motes in the

MUSIC. sunbeam. Yet great care and caution PUBLISHED by HORACE WATERS, 481 are requisite for the verification. Broadway: There are chapters on Soldiers of the

*This Hand Never Struck Me, Mother.'

"The Little Ballad-Girl.' Cross in the Army, Courage Promoted

* The Dying Drummer.' by Trust in God, Happy Deaths of * Heart Chimings.' Brave Men, Incidents of the Camp and "Yacht Club Polka Redowa.' Battle-Field, etc.

'The Sanitary Fair Polka.'


DEAR KNICK : I am unaccustomed to prairie blossom. This "wreath' is very writing ‘Knick ’-names, being an offshoot choice to me, and therefore I offer one of of that stiff old school which required every its flowers to you. I have selected an Adonis syllable in a name to be pronounced, and Rutumnalis, expression of the sweet sadness being a STRANGER to you, I know I should of her gentle spirit. not take the liberty of a familiar friend, and But I have not told you the name of my divesting myself of all ceremony call you sweet prairie flower—it is STELLA—and her

DEAR KNICK.' But what I have written, I soft blue eye ever reminds me of the modest have written; and now why.

star-flower Forget-me-not: I have had a great many choice dainties from your "Table;' my tastes have been I love the plaintive strains gratified both with its fruits and flowers, and

Of blue-eyed Stella, I feel like returning you a small thank-offer- That o'er her harp-strings sweep. ing. As I am a very humble individual, with

Oh! breathe them o'er again out ‘name or fame,' I have brought my offer

And still my soul to sleep,

Gentle Stella! ing timidly to you in the darkness, so that you may not observe how very humble I

Oh! touch their richest chord, really am, and reject both me and it.

Gifted Stella, It is only a simple flower, taken from a

And wake their saddest tone: "Wreath of Wild Flowers from the West,'

Such music will accord woven for me by a lovely and charming lit- With the sadness of my own, tle maiden, herself a fragrant, beauteous

Plaintive Stella.

In Memoriam.

worthy of a place in the Table of the • Thou art gone home, 0 early crowned

American Monthly. And blest! thou takest our summer hence

the Flower, the tone, the music of our being, all in one It is the fifth and last act to which I now Depart with thee.'

allude. Oh! the ceaseless, ceaseless sleeping

It partakes of both the tragic and the of the eyes ne'er dimm'd with weeping,

comic. Where the dew-drops fall;

'I refer to that funny but capital underOh! the purple sunset dying, And the lapwing sadly flying

ground by-play, as it might be called in Over Jimmie Hall.

theatrical language, where some of the prinRains have wildly fallen above him,

cipal actors disappeared from the confederate But their patter ceased to move him,

stage, in a most mysterious manner, through Or disturb his sleep:

a trap-door. Flowers have sweetly bloomed around him, "Some of your friends here, particularly Yet this slumber long hath bound him, your Railroad friends in this vicinity, are Where the myrtles creep.

extremely anxious to have a talk with you, Ah! what sweetly-chanted numbers

and if there has been a discovery of a new Can awake him from the slumbers

and improved mode of excavating and sucThat have bound him so ?

cessfully removing earth by the use of iron We have waited for his coming,

spoons, case-knives and spittoons, they might But where spirit-bands are roaming, perhaps adopt it. He has gone, I know.

“But there has been some wonder expressAh! how bright the sun was shining ed, Willie, as to your new Southern mode of Where the myrtle vines were twining using that valuable domestic article known to Onward to the stream:

us as a tunnel. The ordinary use of that Near where they had laid another, There they laid our blue-eyed brother

ingenious implement is to turn good spirits Gently down to dream.

in. By the improved Southern mode it

seems to be slightly reversed, namely, to Sadly now the winds are sighing

let choice spirits out ; and that, too, without Round the spot where he is lying, Still, and cold, and white;

calling to your immediate aid the old family Bearing from that other summer,

Butler ; a new kind of Habeas Corpus, very Dream, and gush, and moan, and murmur, difficult to be suspended: not being much of Through the air to-night.

a Latin scholar, I should call it a sacred writ And the soft and gentle misting,

of Scapeas Corpus ; a patent mode of exThrough the maple boughs a-twisting,

change of prisoners; a new style of cartel, Lights upon my head :

for which I am inclined to believe there is And a voice, like some sweet lisper, not to be found any precedent in Vattel's Stirs the night-winds with the whisper: Law of Nations or in any of the other ele. Jimmie Hall is dead!'

mentary works which you used to pore over All the trees were gently flinging when a student at law in the classic city of Shadows where the birds were singing

Flint. Londly in their joy,

A principle the Rebels call atrocious, And a soft Æolian murmur

Not to be found in Paffendorf or Grotius.' Whispers : 'Ah! no more the summer

‘But whether it was according to precedent Blooms for thee, dead boy!'

or not, Willie, you came out, as you deservOh! the ceaseless, ceaseless sleeping ed, at the big end of the tunnel. Of the eyes ne'er dimmed with weeping, You never came out at the little end of the Where the dew-drops fall;

horn in your life, and we have the audacity Oh! the purple sunset dying,

to say that you never will. And the lapwing sadly flying Over Jimmie Hall.

It was a fair business transaction, having many features of strict commercial usage,

and can be easily so proved. The obligaWelcome to Colonel Wam. B. McCreery:

tion of digging and working, it is so reWho tunnelled his way out of Libbyported, lasted some sixty days with you, Prison. An extract from Hon. C. P. just as we dig and work to meet our sisty. Avery's speech on the occasion, is day promissory notes. The only difference


being that, with us, under such circumstances, sessed still greater power. Ptolemy dethe two months seem most inconveniently scribes instruments of great power and short.

sweetness of the flute kind, which are un* By adding the usual grace, God's grace in known to the moderns. The violin was your case, Willie, before they could get per known among the Romans, and it is probable sonal service in the suit or pursuit, just the moderns have not improved it, in any enough time elapsed, after maturity, to material point. There were many kinds of place you safe and sound in God's country, flute known among the ancients, some of when and where you could say in the lan. them in a state of perfection equal to those guage of the famous Rob Roy MacGregor, of the modern. Tertullian mentions an who, unlike you, fled as a bold depredator organ invented by Archimedes, which must from justice, while you could court the have rivalled the modern organ. He speaks scrutiny of the world for the purity of your of it as composed of a great number of motives and the honor of your life - pieces, each consisting of so many different

“My foot is on my native heath, and my parts, connected together by such a quantity name is '-Willie McCreery.

of joints, and containing such a variety of * But I am sorry, very sorry to say, Col. pipes for the imitation of voices, conveyed onel McCreery, that a complaint has been in such a multitude of sounds, modulated preferred against you.

into such a diversity of tunes ; and yet, all 'It is gravely alleged, Sir, that you be- taken together, constitute but one single incame captive to a distinguished Southern strument.' On an obelisk at Rome, erected lady, sometimes known as “Libby,' (her last by Sesostris, four hundred years before the name I cannot now call to mind,) and that Trojan war, there is represented a musical after a loving and delicious attachment instrument of two strings, with a neck to it, through a long honeymoon, you ceased to which much resembles one in common use be attached and became detached ; that, in at Naples in the seventeenth century. The short, you left her bed and bored, most single flute was invented in Egypt. The mysteriously dropping away from your loy- first instruments used by the early Christians alty to ‘Libby' through a trap-door, leaving in worship, were the cithera, the lyre, and her to be encircled within the arms of the the psaltery with ten strings; organs, about F. F. V.s; a flagrant case, perhaps, of that A.D. 364. The organ was introduced into grave offence known in the old law-books as Rome in the seventh century, and into Misprison. We hope you will explain.' France in 735. The first upright harpsi

chord was made by Shudi, about the year

1770; the first horizontal grand piano by A FRIEND has sent us the following Bacchus, in 1777; the first organized pianosuccinct memoranda, which it might be forte was made at the manufactory of Longwell to store away in the sanctum of man and Broderip; the first upright grand memory, for topics of conversation at piano-forte was made by Robert Stoddard, the Academy or Irving Hall :

in 1780; and the first cabinet piano-forte

by Southwell, in 1790. Musical Instruments.

'It is wonderful to note the changes which, "It is interesting to notice the difference in the progress of time, have been made in between the musical instruments of our musical instruments, as well as to observe time and those of antiquity. We read in their ups and downs in the scale of fashion. the Bible of the timbrel, the reed, the harp, In 1600, the violin was hardly known in silver trumpets, and other rude inventions. England, and where known it was considered From later classical writers, we learn the a vulgar instrument; but viols of six strings existence of the pipe and tabor, the lyre, the fretted like the guitar, were admitted into lute, and others. The lyre in the time of chamber concerts. In 1530, at a mask given Plato, must have been an instrument of un- by Cardinal Wolsey, at his palace at Whiteusual sweetness. He mentions it as danger. hall, Henry the Eighth was entertained with ous, so powerful was its tendency to relax a concert of fifes and drums. Queen Elizathe mind from the pursuits of study or busi- beth used to be regaled, while at her dinner, ness. In the time of Anacreon it had with a band of twelve trumpets, two kettlereached forty strings, and consequently pos- drums, with fife, cornets, and side-drums,

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