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of him as a very careful and sober master, ers blasphemies, and the faith of the although somewhat eccentric; and when primitive church a chimera.' Nor is they found that he had put the ship back there any thing which militates phiwithout any reason for so doing, the chief losophically against this fundamental mate remonstrated with him, and endeavored doctrine of Christendom. The creation to take charge of the ship, which the captain of the first man and woman, for inresisted by placing him in irons. The captain was examined, and he solemnly declared that stance, of our planet could not have after what had appeared to him, he could been a whit less miraculous, but rather not go on. It was the vision of the Lord, more so than the birth of the SAVIOUR. and he was bid not to go on.

If the father of all mankind, whom

The result of the inquiry was that his certificate was can

we call Adam, in the beginning received celled. A new master was appointed to the the influx of life directly through the ship, and she sailed a second time on the breath of the Holy Spirit, why should voyage. On Saturday a dispatch was re- not such a man as our author bas paintceived from the British Consul at Coquimbo ed JEsus of Nazareth, the regenerator of by the Secretary of the Board of Trade, an- His race, the great originator of a new nouncing the destruction of the "Usk' by dispensation, the man who alone was fire, while on a voyage from Swansea for perfect in His generation, why should Huasco. The mate, six of the crew, and a He too not have received the divine elepassenger arrived at Coquimbo on the twen- ment of His nature direct from God? ty-first of November, having been picked up Again, as it is now admitted by the by a schooner; and the master and remainder of the crew reached Caldera on the each individual precedes the natural or

highest science that the soul-germ of twenty-fourth of the same month. The fire is supposed to have been caused by sponta-ganization, and descends from a world neous combustion.'

of archetypal ideas, or spiritual causes, Our author's great dislike to the su- lowing the same analogy, may not the

to be inwrought into humanity; so, folpernatural has, of course, led him to re- INFINITE archetypal form, through whom count the birth of Jesus as merely an . the miracles were made manifest, deevent in the course of nature. He states scend and be clothed with visible subthat He was one of a large family, hav- stance, thus to constitute a germ through ing many brothers and sisters. But he which the Divine Spirit may be made offers no proofs to support an assertion known? “Behold a virgin shall conwhich is contrary to the received opin- ceive and bear a son, and His name ion of the whole Christian Church in shall be called IMMANUEL — God WITH all ages. Now at the time Jesus lived

US — God

FLESE.' in Judea, all family connections, includ- Not the second person in a Trinity noing cousins of many removes, were where mentioned or even alluded to in commonly styled brethren. This M. the SCRIPTURES, but the divine, mysteriRenan himself admits; therefore, as he ous being, perfect God and perfect man, himself has thrown a doubt on the sub- receiving in consequence of His pure ject, we will allow the Church the benefit nature perpetual influx — the SPIRIT of that doubt, and state that in all without measure' — from the FATHER. probability Jesus was the only son of Plato, though a heathen philosopher, His mother.

was a more correct thinker than M. RéWith regard to the doctrine of the nan, for he too believed in the reality, Incarnation, says a learned and highly and longed for the coming incarnation intellectual writer,* ' Christianity stands of the Divine Man. A most extraordior falls, as stands or falls this doctrine; nary and interesting work, "The Arcana without it the Gospels are a tissue of in- of Christianity,' by the author before alcoherencies, the statements of its teach- luded to — the Rev. T. L. Harris — con* Sermons by Rev, T. L. HARRIS.

tains some remarkable and novel ideas




concerning the doctrines of the divine transmitted only the HOLY SPIRIT, and Trinity and Incarnation. On page 213, was the unimpeded forth-going of the Mr. Harris says: “FATHER, Son, and GODHEAD.' We must now permit our HOLY SPIRIT -- Esse, Existere, and Pro- author to declare his own belief as to cedere. Divine Good, Divine Truth, the divine character and mission of and Divine Operation -- Infinite Mascu- JESUS : linity, Infinite Feminity, and Infinite 'A Lofty idea of divinity, which he did Effectuality, denote one and the self- not owe to Judaism and which seems to same God, in His three Infinite, discrete have been entirely the creation of His degrees. There is but one true God in great soul, was the foundation of all His the universe, called Jesus in His hu- power.' manity, and Jesus Christ in His Divine Again, on page 104 is a most striking Humanity.' Speaking also of the In- passage: carnation, Mr. Harris divides the life of Jesus has no visions; God does not Jesus into periods, and says that 'for a speak to Him from without; God is in period of seven years, commencing with HIM; He feels that He is with God, and HE the descent of the Infinite soul-germ

draws from His heart what He says of His into the womb of the Virgin, the child Father. He lives in the bosom of God by Jesus was unconscious that He was the uninterrupted communication ; He does not

see Him, but He understands Him without manifestation of God in ultimates.' He need of thunder and burning bush like adds, that it was not till His twenty- Moses, of a revealing tempest like Jos, of first year that Jesus knew that He was an oracle like the old Greek sages, of a fa*the Son of Man in an universal sense, miliar genius like SOCRATES, or of an angel bearing within Him the Infinite soul. GABRIEL like MOHAMMED. The imagination germ.' The subject is too vast and too and hallucination of a Sr. THERESA, for exlengthy to pursue further in this essay; ample, here go for nothing. The intoxicawe therefore shall content ourselves by tion of the Soufi proclaiming himself idenrecommending the perusal of this work tical with God is also an entirely different to our thoughtful readers, especially thing. Jesus never for a moment enounces those who have been frequently puz- the sacrilegious idea that He is God. He zled when denounced in Episcopal with God ; He believes Himself the Son of

believes that He is in direct communion churches as reprobates because they

God. The highest consciousness of GOD cannot and do not believe that there are

which ever existed in the breast of humanithree distinct individualities or person- ty was that of Jesus.' alities comprised in one Being, a doc

' Ir is probable that from the very first trine which is to be sought in vain in He looked to God in the relation of a son to the Bible, though St. Athanasius ap- a father. This is His great act of originalipeared to think otherwise. One other ty; in this He is in no wise of His race.* authority I will cite on this subject, Neither the Jew nor the Moslem has learnwhich has been made so much more ob- ed this delightful theology of love. The scure than needful. 'By assuming our God of Jesus is not the hateful master who nature,' says Sears in his admirable kills us when He pleases, damns us when work on regeneration, 'CHRIST became He pleases, saves us when He pleases. The conscious of all propensities to wrong

God of Jesus is Our FATHER. We hear which assail us, and by resisting them Him when we listen to a low whisper' within in His own person His nature was glo- Jesus is not the partial despot who has

us which says: 'Father.'The God of rified till all its powers were the perfect chosen ISRAEL for His people and protects media of the indwelling Divinity, so

* The beautiful soul of PHILO met here, as on so that when the conflict ceased He could many other points, with that of JESUS. De confus. say, 'I and MY FATHER are One' ling. $ 14; De Migr. Abr. $1; Do somniis, ii, Now is the Son of Man glorified, and 41; De agric. Noe, 12; De mutatione nomiit in the face of all and against all. He is manity will return to these words, as to the the God of humanity.'

num, $ 4. But Philo bas hardly a Jewish mind. God in Him,' for then His humanity + Gal. 4:6.

immortal expression of its faith and its

hopes.' (Pp. 214–15.) "THERE were then some months, perhaps a year, during which God really lived upon Notwithstanding all the fulness of the earth. The voice of the young carpen- these passages, the author, moved by ter suddenly assumed extraordinary sweet- his rabid horror of the supernatural, ness. Infinite charm exhaled from His actually condescends to insinuate that person, and the companions of His youth no Jesus was but a sincere, self-deluded enlonger recognized Him.' * (P. 107.)

thusiast, or worse, one who wilfully 'An idea absolutely new, the idea of a

misled others. See, for example, page kvorship founded upon purity of heart and 164: human fraternity, made through Him its en- "SOMETIMES JEsus made use of an innotrance into the world, an idea so elevated

cent artifice, which Joan of Arc also emthat the Christian Church was upon this

ployed. He would aver that He kney point completely to betray His intentions,

something intimately concerning him whom and that, in our days, but few souls are ca

He wished to win, or He would recall to pable of comprehending it.' (P. 114.) him some circumstance dear to his heart.

* Jesus responded to her: "The hour. It is thus that He touched NATHANAEL, cometh when ye shall worship neither in

Peter, † and the Samaritan woman. † Disthis mountain nor yet at Jerusalem, but

sembling the true cause of His power, I when the true worshippers shall worship the

mean His superiority over those around Father in spirit and in truth.'t

Him, He suffered them to believe, in order On the day when He pronounced these

to satisfy the ideas of the times, ideas which words, He was indeed the Son of God. He

were moreover entirely His own, that a refor the first time gave utterance to the idea

velation from on high discovered to Him upon which shall rest the edifice of the ever

their secrets and opened their hearts. All lasting religion. He founded the pure wor

thought that He lived in a sphere superior ship, of no age, of no clime, which shall be

to that of humanity. It was said that He

conversed upon the mountains with MOSES that of all lofty souls to the end of time. Not only was His religion, that day, the be

and Elias; § it was believed that, in His nign religion of humanity, but it was the

moments of solitude angels came to pay absolute religion; and if other planets have

their homage to Him, and established a su. inhabitants endowed with reason and moral.

pernatural intercourse between Him and

heaven.' 1 ity, their religion cannot be different from that which Jesus proclaimed at Jacob's This is, after previous passages cited well. Man has not been able to abide by

above, puerile and most uncandid. Had this worship; we attain the ideal only for a

not Jesus been more than man, He was moment. The words of Jesus were a gleam

a blasphemer, and deserved to die on in thick night; it has taken eighteen hundred years for the eyes of humanity (what

the cross; and had His work been that do I say! of an infinitely small portion of of a mere mortal, it would not have humanity) to learn to abide it. But the stood the test of ages. The disciples, gleam shall become the full day, and, after

too, who sealed their testimony with passing through all the circles of error, hu

their blood, could not have promulgated

falsehood, nor could these illiterate men * Matt. 13:54 seqq. ; Mark 6:2 seqq. ; John 6:42.

have invented a character of such ideal † John 4: 21-23. Verse 22, at least the last clause, which expresses a thought opposed to that of verses perfection as M. Rénan confesses to 21-23, appears to bave been interpolated. We can- have been embodied in the person of not insist very strongly upon the historic value of such a conversation, since Jesus alone, or the woman

Christ, for they indeed own to not harcould have related it. But the anecdote of chapter ing comprehended Him till after His 4 of John certainly represents one of the most characteristic ideas of Jesus, and the greater part of the

* John 1 : 48 seqq. + John 1:42. John 4:17 seqq. circumstances of the recital have a striking stamp $ Matt. 17:3; Mark 9:3; Luke 9:30-31. of truth.

| Matt. 4:11: Mark 1 : 13.

death. Still less could the sublime and peace, the infinite result of Tuy acts. At philosophic teachings of the Saviour — the price of a few hours of suffering, which doctrines unknown to the most learned did not even reach Tuy grand soul, THOU sages of antiquity-have originated from hast bought the most complete immortality. a mere mortal, the unlettered son of a For thousands of years, the world will decarpenter. No; the Regenerator of the pend on Tues! Banner of our contests,

Thou shalt be the standard about which the human race must have been unlike our

hottest battle will be given. A thousand selves, without the taint of original sin, a Divine Man. Let us conclude this ar: loved, since Tuy death than during The

times more alive, a thousand times more beticle by a quotation from the final para passage here below, Thou shalt become the graph of the twenty-fifth chapter of M.

corner-stone of humanity so entirely, that Rénan's work:

to tear The name from this world would be REPOSE now in Thy glory, noble Found- to rend it to its foundations. Between THEE er. The work is finished ; Thy Divinity is and God, there will no longer be any disestablished. Fear no more to see the edifice tinction. Complete conqueror of death, of Tay labors fall by any fault. Hence- take possession of Thy kingdom, whither . forth, beyond the reach of frailty, Thou shall follow THEE, by the royal road which shalt witness from the heights of divine Thou hast traced, ages of worshippers.'



Waen Day her golden gates unbars,
The mussels of the ocean rise,
And catch the tear-drops of the stars
That issue from their closing eyes;
And then, 't is said, they sink again,
And fix their sea-shells to the sod,
And guard, in silence, 'neath the main,
Those dew-drops from the skies of God.
The looks down through all the days,
And bright illumes the parent shell,
And nourished by his genial rays,
The little jewels shine and swell,
Till all their mystic growth is done,
And joined and freed from baser things,
These lovely offsprings of the Sun
Become the pride of courts and kings.
And thus I caught, in days of youth,
Thy truths and precepts, which, sublime,
Were nurtured by the rays of Truth,
And moistened by the dews of Time ;
And now, when years with onward roll
Have passed me in Life's mazy whirl,
I ope the casket of my soul,
And lo! thy precepts are a pearl.

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In the following pages, the terms eracy, on their own account, constitute North and South are used to represent the point from which all inquiries, backthe people of the several Northern and wards or forwards, must proceed, in Southern States, who are now volunta- judging morally between the parties. rily opposed to each other in civil war. These acts indicate, somewhere, great In regard to all other persons my argu- and grievous wrong. ment will be silent. Morally; they are I speak of wrong in distinction from not committed to the war. They have technical and political mistakes, about taken none of its responsibilities. They which I do not inquire, because these, volunteer nothing. They merely sub- whether on this side or that, or on both mit themselves, as in duty bound, to sides, would not be decisive of the comthe authorities that are placed over parative moral delinquency of the parthem. They will, accordingly, be left ties. Technical mistakes are often comout of this discussion; for I propose to mitted in carrying out legitimate princitreat the subject — THE ISSUE BETWEEN ples or ideas. On the other hand, moral THE North AND SOUTH — only in the wrong as frequently exists under forms lights of moral government as reflected of law. It is unsafe to judge between from the word and providence of God. hostile parties till we look beyond the

This subject has, as yet, been dis- formalities -- the social or political econ. cussed, almost exclusively, on political omies, or the philosophical ideas — grounds, and after a mixed political, about which they differ, to the pring philosophical, and religious method. cipia on which they respectively rest, The ethical element has been mainly the ends which they contemplate, and overlooked. By such a method right the animus that moves them. Logic conclusions are impossible ; and all itself is treacherous, in proportion to reasoning from such intangible and its exactness and severity, when it equivocal data serve only to multiply starts from false, partial, or doubtful confusions. We want a starting-point premises. Our conclusions, in such that is unquestionable. We find it only cases, do but bind us more closely to by reference to the everlasting law re- the hypothetical or speculative errors vealed from heaven.

from which we take our departure. States are related, as really as indi- In looking backwards, it is not to my viduals, though differently, to moral purpose to inquire whether the common government. They hold by the provi: fathers of the country acted wisely or dential ordering of God, and are answer- unwisely in organizing, as they did, the able at His tribunal. Wherefore it is government of the United States; nor, that difficult questions arising between prospectively, whether a change of their them can never be rightly weighed, or type of government might not, at some authoritatively judged, but by a Divine, time, become useful, or necessary, from in distinction from all technical, politi- insensible changes taking place in the cal, or speculative standards. I pro- character, circumstances, or relations of pose, accordingly, to examine the ques- the people. But, de facto, what was tions now before the country in their the organization which they actually moral bearings.

formed ? Integrity requires us to settle The secession of several of the United that preliminary. For, whatever be the States, by ordinance of their people, constitution of government which they, from the general government, and their in good faith, adopted, morality requires organization as an independent Confed- us to keep it inviolate, till we, equally in

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