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The surveys of the past fiscal year have brought to notice several extensive coal beds on the Musselshell River, while in the vicinity of Butte new discoveries of coal beds have been made, and the mines are being worked to good advantage. The indications are very conclusive that Montana can and will produce all the coal required for future manufacturing and commercial interests.
The stock interest of Montana is a great and growing industry, and is fast becoming one of her leading interests; thousands of cattle and sheep are driven from and into tbe Territory annually, and the grazing facilities of the Territory are being utilized and improved to a vast extent, and Montana beef is to-day the leading feature in Eastern and foreign inarkets, and commands better prices than any other.
Sheep are being raised with great profit and very little loss froin tbe flocks that in many cases range on the hills the entire season. It is estimated that there are about 75,000 bead of sheep in the Territory, and the wool product for the past season is estimated at about 400,000 pounds, which is shipped and meets with a ready and profitable sale in Eastern markets. The erection of woolen mills, already commenced, will materially aid the sbeep growers in providing a inarket for their wools and add a new feature to the industries of the Territory.
The cbaracter of land in Montana, as the stock interest advances, is rapidly changing, and now, where a short time ago the survey of land was considered by skeptics to be valueless, is rapidly being taken up and improved for sheep and stock pastures or ranges; for, by means of irrigation, the grass crop is increased threefold, and the blue joint grass springs up thick and luxuriantly by this means, upon which stock are fed. This improvement is noticeable in several localities, especially io Meagher County, and at no distant day the sheep and stock interests of the Territory will demand vast tracts of these lands for the sustenance of stock.
CONCLUDING REMARKS. The organization of a new county government, (Custer County,) and the building of government posts, and location of troops therein. has greatly added to the settlement of that portion of the Territory. It bas interposed an effectual barrier between the settlements and danger from Indians, leading to the improvement of our mines and the permanent settlement of the vast unoccupied tracts of our Territory. A great many settlers have located in that vicinity, and a large immigration is coming that way from Dakota and sonthwestern border into Montapa. It is believed that the immigration the present season will equal the present population of the Territory.
We need men and women even more than capital; and while other Territories have commissioners of immigration to disseminate information and attract the attention of those meditating immigration, or direct wavering thoughts and steps, we have none and never had any, and yet we have more substantial inducements to offer tban many of tbe Western States and Territories. Transportation now by way of the Missouri River is quick and cheap. To those who will come, as they would go elsewhere, without the expectation of picking up a fortune in the first day or week, but wait quietly and intelligently the chances, Montana to-day offers a more inviting place of location than ever before. Every year witnesses steady advancement in the comforts and advantages of civilized life. With regard to iuvestment of capital in our mines, I have oply to reproduce, in closing this report, wbat a correspondent of an Eastern paper has WT
has been here and knew whereof he wrote, that "Montaua, being farther away from communication with the civilized world than any other part of tbe Uniou. has suffered more severely and for a longer time than any sister Territory; but those who bave remained in her cañons and valleys in the belief that the land was good and worth standing by, cannot be far from the day of their reward. Signs of new life and new growth are everywhere visible. Silver mining has bei ome one of the recognized industries of the Territory. Gold quartz miping is on a sound basis, and many old and abandoned placer districts are waking up under the stimulus of new enterprises. Capital to a moderate extent has come in, and is being emploved successfully. and already is reproducing itself. Montana is no longer an unknown and un visited section of the West, and those who have taken the pains to examine its resources are finding that it embraces as fine a field for investment as any part of the country.” Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
ANDREW J. SMITH,
Surveyor General, Montana. Hon. J. A. WILLIAMSON, Commissioner.
C.-Statement showing the number of townships surveyed during the year ending June 30,
1877, and the area of public lands contained in the same.
D.-List of mineral claims surveyed in the State of Colorado during the year ending June 30,
1877, together with the amount deposited for office expenses for the same.
List of mineral claims surveyed in the State of Colorado, &c.—Continued.
June 26, 1877 Gilpin County ......
pr. 10, 1877
16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 10 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 60 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00
D.-List of mineral claims surveyed in the State of Colorado, fc.—Continued.
3, 520 00 E.-Statement showing amount of salaries paid surveyor general and clerks in his office for
the year ending June 30, 1877.. DR.
1876. Sept. 30 Dec 31
1877. Mar. 31 June 30
Paid from regular appropriation :
1876. To salaries, first quarter ..... $1, 827 72 | July 1 By regular appropriation.... $6, 600 00 To salaries, second quarter .. 1,575 00 1877.1
July 1 By balance from last fiscal 6,214 72 To salaries, third quarter.... 1, 575 00
To salaries, fourth quarter... | 1,575 00 July 1 By special deposits during 4,728 00 Balance reverting..........
the past fiscal year.
6, 600 00
To salaries, first quarter .. 1,500 00
1876. Sept. 30 Dec. 31
1877. Mar. 31 June 30
F.-Statement showing the amount expended for rent of office, books, stationery, fuel, and
other incidental expenses for the year ending June 30, 1877. DR.