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veloping the rich minerals of the San Juan country. I hope Congress may be induced to take some action in this matter during the next session.
The agricultural interests of the State are in a more prosperous condition than they have been in for several years.
From every quarter reports agree that the season has been unusually propitious, and the statistics of this year's crop will show a greater production than in any previous year of the bistory of the State, and the consequences will be felt in the impulse given to every department of our industries.
The grasshoppers have not yet (August) visited us, and it is not probable that they will. The wheat and all small grain is already harvested and out of their reach, and they could not do much darnage if they sbould put in an appearance.
Wheat this year will average fully 30 bushels to the acre. One farmer who sowed 400 acres, from wbich be gathered 12,000 busbels, receives $1.50 per bushel, realizing the snug sum of $18,000; his expenses were not over $6,000, leaving a net profit of $12,000.
Another farmer, whose average was over 30 bushels to the acre, had one small field of five acres which yielded an average of 811 bushels.
We bave been compelled to in port some wheat each year for the past three years, but this year it is estimated by good judges that we shall export over 200,000 bushels.
Railroad building has progressed with unusual activity during the past year. Over seventy miles of railroad having been graded, ironed, and equipped.
The Denver and Rio Grande (narrow gauge) Road has exteuded its line from Cucbaris across the Sangre-de-Christo range of mountains to Garland, on the eastern edge of San Luis Park, a distance of fifty-one miles; thence it debouches in the valley of the Del Norte. It passes through some of the wildest and grandest scenery of the Rocky Mountains, and in crossing the range,” reaches the elevation of 9,339 foet above the sea, being the highest point reached by any railroad in North America. Tais road furbishes the cheapest and best route to the San Juan mines, and is doing an immense business.
The Colorado Central (parrow gauge) has completed its line to Georgetown, a distance of twenty miles froin Floyd Hill, the former terninus, and is now grading its lipe (broad gauge) from Longmont, Colo., to Cheyenne, Wyo., a distance of sixty miles, making a continuous broad gauge from the Union Pacific Railroad to Denver. They bave already eighteen miles ironed, and expect to have the entire line completed within sixty days. This will give us four distinct outlets east.
The South Park and Pacific Road, which has been in successful operation from Denver to Morrison, sixteen miles, for two years, has during the year graded about forty miles of road bed through the Platte Cañon, and expects to have this distance ironed and equipped by the 1st of January next.
These several roads have been built and are building without aid either of money or land from the government, and the last named is built and bailding (with the exception of the iron and rolling stock) entirely with home capital.
By the executive order of the President, dated March 2, 1877, the action of the register and receiver of the land-office at Pueblo, awarding lands to claimants upon the Vigil and Saint Vrain grant, was confirmed, and the claiinants will receive title to their claims, and the remainder of the grant be open to pre-emption and bomestead. It is certainly a matter of congratulation to the people who bave lived many years upon this land in so much doubt as to the title to their homes that the matter is virtoally settled. The upsettled condition of the title of these lands has materially retarded set'lement in this portion of the State, as but few settlers were willing to settle upon lands the title to which was in question, and those who did settle did not feel warranted in making substantial improvements.
The mineral resources of Colorado are too well known to need any commendation from me, and I will only say that they are in a flourisbing and paying condition.
In addition to the well known coal fields of Cañon City, 'I'rinidad, Boulder, and Golden City, large beds of the best bituminous coal are found in the west part of the State, on Bear River and on the head waters of the Gunnison. It is also reported that a fine quality of anthracite coal is found on the border and within the Indian reservation. Large quantities of iron-ore are found in :any places, and the iron and coal interests of the State are destined to be of immense value.
The reduced compensation per mile for surveying has already caused some embarrassment to this office, and there are numbers of townships situated in the mountains, and containing many actual settlers, which can never be surveyed at the price now allowed by law.
On the 27th of April last, George L. Scott and others made a deposit upon the usual estimate for sarvey of township 37 north, range 9, west, and I have been unable to find a deputy who will undertake the work for the price.
Large quantities of land in this township would be taken by settlers for its timber and agricultural land, and they are anxious to pro ure title, so that they may make permanent improvements.
The greater part of the land yet to be surveyed in the State is mountainous and very d fficult to survey, and in my opinion the price should not be less than that submitted with my estimates for the coming year.
I would respectfully call your attention to the necessity of providing for the early survey of the timbered lands of the State. In no other way can the timber be protected from great waste.
The pioneer settler, who foregoes the comforts of civilization to build new towns and settlements on the froutier, must have timber; saw-mills must be brought in to saw it for him; wood must be cut to keep himself and family from the cold; and in the mining region large quantities must be used to timber mines and smelt the ores.
During my residence of eighteen years in Colorado, many prosecutions have been commenced against parties for committing depredations upon government timber, and but few convictions have been secured; for in some cases the very judge and jury sitting in the canse were at the time being kept warm by fires made of wood cut from government lans, and it is almost impossibl- to secure a conviction.
If the lands were surveyed and sold, they would soon be in the hands of a large number of persons, whose interest would be to see that marauders were kept off, and
they would also protect the timber from the destrnctive tires which destroy large : quantities every year. The government would then realize the full value of the land,
For incidentals : For rent, fuel, stationery, messenger, furniture, and other incidental expenses ...........
$3,000 00 For surveys: Survey of 600 miles of standard lines, at $16.... ........................ 9, 600 00 Survey of 3,000 miles of exterior township lines, at $14 .................
42, 000 00 Survey of 8,400 miles of subdivisional lines, at $10.....
84, 000 00
For survey of west boundary of Colorado, 280 miles, at $70 per mile.....
135, 600 00 19, 600 00
The above estimate has been carefully prepared with a view to the actual necessities of the service.
The appropriation for clerks in this office has been for the past two years wholly inadequate, as the arrears of office work detailed hereafter will show. I am at a loss to know how to do the office work incident to the appropriation of $35,000 for the present tiscal year with but $3,000 for clerks. This amount is not sufficient to pay chief clerk and one draughtsman, and it will be absolutely necessary to bave at least one tran. scribing clerk; and to do the work properly and bring up arrears I should have an assistant draughtsman and two transcribing clerks.
In my opinion it is mistaken policy to allow the records of the office to get so far in arrears, as the time lost in hunting through records not properly indexed or tiled will over balance the expense of keeping them in order.
The amount estimated for incidental expenses will be required, in my opinion, to pay reut, messenger, stationery, &c. The increasing number of inining claims, as well as the regular appropriation for surveys, requires large qnantities of drawing paper, instruments, transcript paper, and other expenses incident to the work..
Ibé office is greatly in need of new and additional furniture. Some of the furniture has been in nise sixteen years, and is necessarily in bad condition.
The estimate for surveys is not in excess of what will be actually necessary to accommodate bona fide settlers, State selections, and furnish a basis upon which miners diay definitely locate their mining claims.
Under the act of Congress adipitting Colorado as a State, over 350,000 acres of land are yet to be selected for State purposes, and the governor and commissioners, whose duty it is to make selections, are anxious that additional surveys be made, that tbey may be able to select lands soon after survey and before the best lands are taken.
The survey of the west boundary of the State should be made at an early day, in order that the lines of survey may be closed thereon, to segregate the lands of the State from those of Utah, and to enable settlers to apply at the proper land office to enter their lande.
The surveys which I propose to make are principally as follows, viz: Extend the second correction line northwest into the North Park, and run exterior and section lines, taking in settlements on the Big Laramie and Platte Rivers; survey the eleventh and twelfth guide meridian from the first correction line north, north to the north boundary ; extend the first correction live northwest to the west bonndary; sarvey the second correction line north from the eleventh guide meridian, east to mountains and west to west boundary of the State ; survey exterior and section lines to include settlements on the Tampah, Little Snake, and other streams.
The base line, first, second, and third correction lines south, should be extended west
to the Indian reservation, and such exterior and subdivisional lines run as actual settlers require.
I'be ninth, tenth, and eleventh correction lines north (New Mexico meridian) should be extended west to the Indian reservation; the first guide west should be ruu uorth to the reservation, and exterior and subdivisional lines should be run to include sertlements on the Rio Dolores, San Miguel, Uncompahgre, the head waters of the Gunnison, Rio Grande, Rio Conejos, Rio San Juan, including the Pagosa springs.
I believe it is economy for Congress to make liberal appropriations for our new and prosperous State, and the past has proven that it has been a paying investment. By examining the reports for the past five years, I find that the amount of land disposed of by the United States in Colorado by pre-emption, homestead, &c., at regular government prices, is four times toe amount appropriated for surveys during the same period, and the amount disposed of for cash and land warrants is more than double the amount appropriated for surveys during the same period.
In furtber reply to your lotter, I have the honor to report arrears of office work as follows, viz: The descriptive lists of townships surveyed, wbich should have been sent to the local land offices with the triplicate plats, bave not been prepared or transmitted for the past four years. A part of the field notes and plats of surveys for 1875, and all of those for 1876 and 1877, have not been arranged, bound, or indexed. The letters, . records, and papers belonging to the office should all be overhauled and arranged in such a manner that reference can be readily made to the past business of the office. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
WM. L. CAMPBELL, Surveyor General of Colorado.
A.- Statement of surveys made under the regular appropriation, and accounts of the several
deputies, for the year ending June 30, 1877.
19 1877. Jan. 9
27 Feb. Mar.
Albert W. Brewster ..
B.-Statement of surveys made under the acts of Congress of May 30, 1862, and March 3,
1872, and the accounts of the several deputies and depositors for excess, for the year ending June 30, 1077.
C.-Statement showing the number of townships surveyed during the year ending June 30,
1877, and the area of public lands contained in the same.
D.-List of mineral claims surveyed in the State of Colorado during the year ending June 30,
1877, together with the amount deposited for office expenses for the same.
Aug. 12, 1876 Gilpin County .. July 20, 1876
..do Oct 11, 1876
Apr. 25, 1877.... do "Apr. 30, 1877....do
$16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16.00 16 00 16 00 16 00
List of mineral claims surveyed in the State of Colorado, 80.—Continued.
$16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 60 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00 16 00