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WILLIAM P. CONNERY, Jr., Massachusetts, Chairman MARY T. NORTON, New Jersey

RICHARD J. WELCH, California ROBERT A. GREEN, Florida

WILLIAM F. KOPP, Iowa ROBERT RAMSPECK, Georgia

CONRAD G. SELVIG, Minnesota MARTIN J. KENNEDY, New York

W. P. LAMBERTSON, Kansas JOHN W. MOORE, Kentucky

FRED A. HARTLEY, Jr., New Jersey JOSEPH B. SHANNON, Missouri

VINCENT CARTER, Wyoming GLENN GRISWOLD, Indiana

EDWARD L. STOKES, Pennsylvania BERNHARD M. JACOBSEN, Iowa

0. B. LOVETTE, Tennessee
LYNN S. HORNOR, West Virginia
KENT E. KELLER, Illinois
RUSSELL ELLZEY, Mississippi

MARY B. CRONIN, Clerk

I

CONTENTS

Statements by-

Page
Calvin, W. A., international vice president of the Brotherhood of

Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders, and Helpers of America.... 114-125

Condon, Hon. Francis B. (Rhode Island)-

109-114

Edelman, Mr. John W., research director of the American Federation
of Full Fashioned Hosiery Workers, Philadelphia, Pa.--.

64-67

Emery, Mr. James A., general counsel of the National Association

of Manufacturers, Washington, D. C.-------

127-151

Farquharson, Mr. J. A., national representative of the Brotherhood
of Railroad Trainmen.---

72-87

Fitzpatrick, Hon. James A. (New York)

15.156

Frey, Mr. John P., secretary-treasurer of the Metal Trades Depart-

ment, American Federation of Labor----

156-172

Furuseth, Mr. Andrew, president of the International Seamen's

Union

245-249

Green, Hon. William, president of the American Federation of Labor. 1-23

Kilbreth, Miss Mary G., chairman of the board of directors of Woman

Patriot Corporation...

183–197

LaGuardia, Hon. Fiorello H., (New York)

239-245

Lewis, Hon. David J. (Maryland) -

198-237

Love, Mr. H. F., national representative of the Brotherhood of Rail-

way and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express and Station

Employees.--

249

Lovell, Mr. Arthur J., vice president and national legislative repre-

sentative of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers 69-72

McMahon, Mr. Thomas F., international president United Textile

Workers of America.---

25-33, 67

Miller, Mr. Clarence A., assistant general counsel of the American

Short-Line Railroad Association.

87--103

Murray, Mr. Phillip, vice president of the United Mine Workers

of America...

172-183

O'Connell, Mr. John P., representative of the Pequot Sheeting

Workers, Salem, Mass---

59-64

Rieve, Mr. Emile, president of the American Federation of Full

Fashioned Hosiery Workers, Philadelphia, Pa---

52-59

Rich, Hon. Robert F. (Pennsylvania) --

33–42

Sayre, Mr. H. D., commissioner of National Metal Trades Associa-

tion.

151-154

Thom, Mr. Alfred P., general counsel, Association of Railway Ex-

ecutives, Washington, D. C.-

43-52, 105-109

Woodruff, Hon. Roy 0. (Michigan)-

249-262

Miscellaneous :
Legal discussion of the welfare clause, by James F. Lawson_

210
Bankers' domination, by John P. Frey -

165

III

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SIX-HOUR DAY-FIVE-DAY WEEK

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1933

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

COMMITTEE ON LABOR,

Washington, D. C. The committee this day met at 10.25 o'clock a. m., Hon. William P. Connery, jr., chairman, presiding, for consideration of H. R. 14105, which reads as follows:

A BILL To prevent interstate commerce in certain commodities and articles produced or

manufactured in industrial activities in which persons are employed more than five days per week or six bours per day

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That no article or commodity shall be shipped, transported, or delivered in interstate or foreign commerce which was produced or manufactured in any mine, quarry, mill, cannery, workshop, factory, or manufacturing establishment situated in the United States or in any foreign country in which any person was employed or permitted to work in the production of such article or commodity more than five days in any week or more than six hours in any day: Provided, That this section shall not apply to commodities or articles produced or manufactured before the enactment of this act.

SEC. 2. Any person who ships, transports, or delivers, or causes to be shipped, transported, or delivered in interstate commerce, any commodites or articles contrary to the provisions of section 1 of this act shall be punished by a fine of not less than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than three months, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

STATEMENT OF HON. WILLIAM GREEN, PRESIDENT OF THE

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR

The CHAIRMAN. The day and hour having arrived for hearings on H. R. 14105, the committee will be in order; and our first witness will be Mr. William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. Mr. Green, you may go along in your own way with your statement.

Mr. GREEN. Mr. Chairman, I am very much pleased to meet with the committee this morning and to give H. R. 14105 my personal and official approval. This approval is based upon my understanding of the unemployment situation as it now prevails throughout the United States. It is most distressing and, in my opinion, alarming, because there are now more than eleven millions of men and women out of work, totally unemployed. In addition to those there are many millions of men who are working only part time. So that, because of this distressing unemployment situation, it is my opinion that 50 per cent of the population of the United States are very seriously affected by this distressing economic situation. The

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