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The new building of the Ohio l'niversity, at Athens-there are now four in all-containing the chapel and the two society halls, was formally taken possession of by the faculty and students on the last Wednesday in November. The chapel is provided with opera chairs and has a seating capacity of 250. The society halls are each one-half the size of the chapel. The windows are frosted and the wainscoting is stained of a cherry color, so that the interior of the building presents a very attractive appearance. The necessary gas fixtures will be in place before the end of the year. The institution has also purchased within the last few months several hundred dollars worth of apparatus, some of which is already in use.
-N. E. 0. T. A. The regular bi-monthly meeting of the North-Eastern Ohio Teachers' Association was held in the rooms of the Board of Education, at Cleveland, on Saturday, Dec. 8. The usual Friday evening conference was held at the Forest City House. The attendance at the evening session was not large (less than twenty), but the occasion was one of interest and profit to those present. Dr. Thos. W. Harvey, of Painesville, led the conversation, which turned upon Socrates and the Socratic method. The first inquiry was concerning the nature of the Socratic method of reasoning and instruction. What was the method of Socrates ? A leading feature was the exact definition of ideas. Another was the interrogative feature. Instead of dogmatizing, or laying down a proposition authoritatively, he led his pupil to discover and acknowledge it himself by a series of questions put to him. In controversy, he was fond of what is known as Socratic irony. He would lead his antagonist to take a position which he would accept, for the time, as correct; then, from this as a starting point, he would, by skillful questioning, lead him into a hopeless maze of contradictions. This, it was noted, is in effect the reductio ad absurdum of geometry. The'further question of the extent to which the Socratic method is, or may be, used in modern school instruction was raised and discussed at some length.
The topic of conversation chosen for the next meeting (in February) is the Jesuits and Moravians and their educational methods, Dr. Harvey to lead. Ladies who are members of the Ohio Teachers' Reading Circle will have an interest in this topic, and they are especially invited to be present. The proprietor of the Forest City House offers the use of the large parlors of the hotel, which will accommodate a large number.
There was about the average number in attendance at the Saturday session. Some of the faithful were noticeably absent. Superintendents Stevenson, of Columbus, and Dowd, of Toledo, were present. Superintendent Parker, of Elyria, occupied the chair until the arrival of the train which brought President Comings from Norwalk. Prayer was offered by Principal Campbell, of the Cleveland Central High School. Superintendent John E. Morris, of Garrettsville, was chosen Secretary pro tem. The following excellent program was carried out, except that Mr. Stevenson opened the discussion of Mr. Johnston's paper, in the absence of Mr. Ross:
I. The College, Fetich, Principal B. M. Hill, Rayen School, Youngstown, O. Discussion opened by Prof. C. H. Penfield, of Central High School, Cleveland, 0.
II. The study of English, by Principal Theo. H. Johnston, West Side High School, Cleveland, O. Discussion opened by Supt. W. W. Ross, Fremont, 0.
III. Undue Development of the Receptive Faculties, by Prof. A. C. Pierson, Hiram College.
All the papers were excellent. The writers, who are new men in the Association, made a very favorable impression.
Superintendent Hinsdale, from the committee on reading for pupils, reported progress and asked further time.
The officers elected for the ensuing year are as follows :
President, M. S. Campbell, Cleveland; Vice-Presidents, J. H. Shepherd, Painesville, and Miss-S. A. Platt, Salem ; Secretary, Miss Bettie A Dutton, Cleveland ; Treasurer, W. H. Rowlen, Cuyaboga Falls; Executive Committee, S. H. Herriman, Medina, C. W. Carroll, Chardon, and Elias Fraunfelter, Akron. PERSONAL.
-Edward Merrick is superintendent of the schools of Wilmington, 0.
-Geo T. Hancher is doing good work as superintendent of the Batesville schools.
-J. G. Schofield succeeds J. W. Watson as superintendent of the Macksburg schools,
-C. C. Davidson is serving his eighth year as superintendent of schools at New Lisbon, O.
- Hon. B. G. Northrop, of Connecticut, has a place on the program of the Indiana Teachers' Association.
-M. C. Stevens, an old Ohio teacher, now fills the chair of pure mathematics at Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind.
-C. E. McVay, it is said, will have a place on the State Board of Examners, by appointment of the new Commissioner.
-J. J. Burns attended the recent meeting of the Indiana Teachers' Association, and promises a report of the proceedings for our next issue.
-Geo. S. Ormsby, for many years superintendent of the Xenia schools, has just returned to his home at Xenia, after an absence of two or three years in Europe.
-- Another Ohio man going. I. J. Manatt, Ph. D., Professor of Greek in Marietta College, has been elected Chancellor of the University of Nebraska. Salary, $3,000.
-Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Sapp celebrated the tenth anniversary of their marriage at the Commercial House, Stromsburg, Neb., on Christmas Eve. We acknowledge receipt of card with tin attachment.
-Prof. T. J. Morgan, D.D., Principal of the Normal School at Potsdam, N. Y., has been called to the position of Principal of the Rhode Island State Normal School, at Providence. It is understood that he will accept the invitation.
-E. E. White, late president of Purdue University, now resides on Walnut Hills, one of Cincinnati's delightful suburbs, where he expects to devote some two years to literary work. Dr. White is welcome back to Ohio. Institute committees would do well to note his address as above. We have no doubt he would be willing to make a few engagements for next summer.
- Capt. Wm. S. Wood is highly complimented in the Educational Weekly, of Indianapolis, for the work he is doing as superintendent of schools at Seymoar, Ind. He has 17 teachers and 800 pupils under his supervision. Capt. Wood was at one time principal of the Mayflower School, in Cleveland, and afterwards superintendent of schools at Findlay, and at Salem, O.
-L. D. Brown, School Commissioner elect writes under date Dec. 5: "Death bas for the first time entered our door. We buried our baby Mary last Saturday.”
If the sympathy of friends could restore baby to its sorrowing parents, it would come back speedily. Sometimes the little lamb in the arms of the shepherd induces the flock to follow where they would not otherwise.
-The North Carolina Teacher thus compliments T. J. Mitchell, who left Ohio more than a year ago to take the superintendency of the schools at Charlotte, N. C.:
Prof. Mitchell's brilliant success in the Charlotte schools, and the ability he has evinced in the details of their management have not only proven the immense value of a trained superintendency, but have given him a place in the front rank of the practical educators of our country as one of the most efficient and intelligent leaders of the great educational movement of the South,
---Supt. T. A. Pollok, of Miamisburg, in a paper read before the Hamilton County Teachers' Association and repeated in Montgomery County, makes a vigorous attack on the evils of school supervision. He claims that what was intended for the purpose of giving general direction to the efforts of large bodies of teachers has, in many cases, become a despotism which "reduces ev. erything and everybody to the dead level of a stupid uniformity;" He proposes heroic treatment. “We shall find it necessary in some localities to crush the heads of the system, if we would give life to the extremities.”
BOOKS AND MAGAZINES.
A Complete Latin Course for the First Year, comprising an outline of Latin Grammar, and a Series of Progressive Exercises in Reading and Writing Latin, with Frequent Practice in Reading at Sight. By Albert Harkness, Ph. D. LL. D., Professor in Brown University. New York: D. Appleton & Co. C. B. Ruggles, Agent, Cleveland, O.
The student is here furnished with all he needs for his first year in the study of Latin. It is designed to take the place of the author's "Introductory Latin Book” and his "Latin Reader," and enables the student to dispense with both grammar and lexicon until he reaches his second year. For those who prefer to use the grammar from the start, there is an edition containing the progres. sive exercises, the sight reading, and the vocabulary, without the grammatical outline; we think, however, the “Complete Latin Course for the First Year'' is to be preferred. It is a book every way worthy of its place at the beginning of the excellent Latin series to which it belongs. It is followed by Harkness's Cæsar, with Notes and Dictionary, Frieze's Six Books of Vergil's Æneid, Georgics and Bucolics, with Notes and Dictionary, or, Vergil's Æneid complete, with Notes and Dictionary (there is also a separate Vergilian Dictionary), Lindsay's Cornelius Nepos, Lincoln's Ovid, and other books; the whole forining one of the most extensive and excellent series of Latin texts now published.
A Primer of American Literature. By Charles T. Richardson. New and Revised Edition, with twelve portraits of American Authors. Thirty-ninth Thousand. Published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. It is a small book containing sketches of American authors and their writings, from 1620 to the present time.
Barnes's Brief History of Ancient, Mediæval, and Modern Peoples is a substantial 12mo book of 600 pages. Political history, to which most school. texts are devoted, is here confined to the essential facts, leaving room for some account of literature, religion, architecture, character, and habits of the differ. ent peoples. It is certainly of more value to the student to learn something of the life and thought of the people, than to devote his whole attention to the intrigues and wrangles of kings and courts. It is a book which would tend to fascivate rather than disgust the student with the study of history. Published by A. S. Barnes & Co., New York and Chicago.
Davies' Elements of Surveying and Leveling, a work first published in 1830, and several times revised by the author, has recently undergone another revis
ion, this time by Dr. J. H. Van Amringe, Professor of Mathematics in Columbis College. The aim has been to simplify the work somewhat and make it thoroughly progressive. Published by A. S. Barnes & Co., New York and Chicago.
A Popular Astronomy, for the use of Colleges, Academies, and High Schools, by William G. Peck, Ph. D., LL. D., Professor of Mathematics, Mechanics, and Astronomy, in Columbia College, has recently been published by A. S. Barnes & Co., New York and Chicago. The author prepared the book for use in his own classes. It presents, in compact and popular form, the leading facts and principles of the science, and is adapted to the general reader as well as to the class-room.
An Epitome of English History; with questions for examination. By S, Agnes Kummer. Revised by A. M. Chandler. Published by A. S. Barnes & Co., New York and Chicago. The text occupies about a hundred pages, and the questions, about forty. Verbal Pitfalls : A Manual of 1500 words comi
mmonly misused, including all those the use of which in any sense has been questioned by Dean Alford, G. W. Moon, Fitzedward Hall, Archbishop Trench, Wm. C. Hodgson, W. E. Blackley, G. F. Graham, Richard Grant White, M. Schele de Vere, Wm. Mathews. Alfred Ayres, and many others. Arranged alphabetically. Edited and published by C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, N. Y.
Lectures on School Government. By A. J. Surface, A. B., LL. B., Superintendent of Schools at East Liverpool, 0. Price 75 cents. Copies can be obtained by addressing Charles Hammond, Ironton, 0.
The materials of the book were gathered by the author during years of experience in institute work and school supervision. It is full of plain, practical, sensible instruction, such as none but an experienced teacher could give.
A popular Dictionary of Fine Art. Edited and published by Henry A. Ford; Detroit, Mich. It contains an alphabetical list of the great masters of art in the various departments; the great schools or styles of art, and the famous names in each; the principal academies and galleries of art; some of the great art works of the world; a brief bibliography of fine art; and a glossary of terms ased in art.
Worman's Second French Book after the Natural or Pestalozzian Method. A. S. Barnes & Co. ; New York and Chicago. 40 cents.
This book is designed to follow the first book of the author's "Chautauqua Language Series." The method presented is to “teach the French language without the help of the pupil's vernacular,'' the instruction being based upon "a direct appeal to a pictorial illustration of the object mentioned."
Berea College, Ky.: An Interesting History, gives an account of the founding and carrying on of an institution for the education of the colored people, and the Mountain people (whites) of Kentucky. It has been, and still is , a work of great self-sacrifice on the part of those engaged in it. Address Rev. E. H. Fairchild, President, Berea, Madison Co., Ky.
(For terms see Teachers' Club List.) Latine, A monthly magazine published by D. Appleton & Co., in Roman dress, is valuable for teachers of Latin. Among the selections from Latin authors in the October number are: the story of the defeat of the Gaul Brennus by the god Apollo (from Justinus); the life of Cicero by Aurelius Victor; the description of the "Golden Age of literature by Velleius Paterculus; and Nero's treatment of the Christians, from Sulpicius Severus. The November number contained a capital translation into Latin verse from Cowper, and a Latin letter, both from Rev. A. J. Gordon, of Belfast, Ireland.
The North American Review for January contains articles on topies of the bigbest interest. President John Taylor, the official head of the Mormon
Church, and Hon. Eli Murray, Governor of the Territory of Utah, present the opposite sides of the Mormon question. Under the head of “Theological Readjustments," Rev. Dr. J. H. Rylance makes a plea for the elimination, from the creeds and current teachings of the churches, of all doctrines and statements which are discredited by modern science and exegetical scholarship. The time for that is not yet, though it may be approaching. Senator Blair takes for his text “Alcoholin Politics," and announces the approach of another irrepressible conflict. He advocates the submission to the States of an amendment to the Constitution of the United States prohibiting the manufacture, importation and sale of intoxicating liquors after the year 1900. The latter half of Gail Hamilton's "Day of Judgment," begun in the December number, is a continuation of her scathing review of Carlile's domestic life. The remaining articles
"Tribulations of the American Dollar," "Evils incident to Immigration," and Bribery by Railway Passes. Published at No. 30 Lafayette Place.
The Library Journal, published by F. Leypoldt, New York, is the official organ of the American Library Association, and is chiefly devoted to Library Economy and Bibliography.
ber-October number is filled with the proceedings of the Conference of Librarians, at Buffalo, in August last. This number is very large, and the gathering and arranging its contents have caused delay in the appearance of this and the succeeding number. The magazine contains much matter of interest to readers of books as well as to librarians.
The new volume of the Atlantic starts with a serial story, “In War Time," a story of the War of the Rebellion, by Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. Crawford's serial, "A Roman Singer.” is continued. Dr. Holmes has a poem, "At the Saturday Club.” Dr. Peabody takes up the cudgel in behalf of “The Study of Greek.” There are articles by Henry James, Richard Grant White and E. P. Evans. E. V. Smalley reviews the political field, and there is an unusually full department of reviews, and a varied Contributor's Club. Published by Houghton, Mifliin & Co., Boston.
The Century has a frontispiece portrait of Gen. Sherman, with a sketch of his life and public services by E. V. Smalley. "Edinboro Old Town,'' by Andrew Lang, is a vivid but not very inviting picture of the ancient Scotch capital. “You may be inured to all the odors of Cologne, you may have traveled into the Jews' quarters in Italian towns, but nowhere will you have faced such dirt as in the closes and wynds of Edinburgh." "If sin could sink town and tower, Edinburgh would centuries since have been with Memphis and Babylon and either Thebes.” “The Bread Winners" is concluded in this number. “An Average Man,” begun in December, is continued. There are also extracts from Garfield's journal of a trip to Europe in 1867, and numerous other articles of interest and value. The Topics of the Time and Open Letters are full of interest. Published by the Century Co., Union Square, New York.
The Popular Science Monthly for January is an attractive number for in. telligent thinking people. Dr. E. J. James, an American scholar educated in Germany, gives the other side of the Classical Question in Germany, and the Editor embraces the opportunity of dealing a few more vigorous blows at the “classical superstition.” “Female Education from a Medical Point of View," by Dr. T. S. Clouston, is the second of two lectures delivered at the Philosophical institution of Edinburgh. It should be widely read by educators. "Religious Retrospect and Prospect," by Herbert Spencer, is to form the closing chapter of “Ecclesiastical Institutions”-Part VI of “The Principles of Sociology.” It will be read with deep interest, even by those who do not accept the Spencerian philosophy. "Control of Circumstances," "Defective Eyesight," "The Chemistry of Cooking," and "Catching Cold," are some of the other leading articles. D. Appleton & Co., New York.