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On another occasion we heard it urged against the renomination of a State officer that he kept his office so filled with the fumes of tobacco as to make it very unpleasant for one not a smoker to transact business there.

We call upon the young men of our profession to maintain their liberty. Yield obedience to no such master. Keep your bodies as well as your spirits pure.

Now, brethren, lovers of the weed, be not offended. We love you, but we do not like tobacco nor tobacco smoke.


The teachers of Greene County held their regular bi-monthly meeting at Venia, on Saturday, Dec. & A report in the county papers puts the attendance of the morning session at one hundred, and that of the afternoon at double this number. We infer from the report that the exercises were of an unusually interesting character. Superintendent Cox, of the Xenia schools, presided. Several names familiar to us appear in the report. A “Review of first three chapters of Hailman,'' and a report from the Reading Circles in the different townships constituted prominent features of the meeting.

We drop a tear as we think of other days in the schools of old Greene. We taught our first school in the McCroskey district. The school-house stood at the side of the high-way that leads from Jamestown (Jimtown we called it) to Cedarville. The pay was fifteen dollars a month, out of which we paid one dollar a week for board. We did so well the first term that we easily secured the school for another term, at an increased salary--sixteen dollars a month.

Our pext engagement was in the Janney or Spencer district, seven miles east of Xenia, on the Jamestown turn-pike. The contract was for ten months at twenty dollars a month; but we quarreled with the directors (or they with us) and left the school at the end of four or five months. One of our younger pupils in this school is now a college president. While teaching here, we placed ten cent pictures on the walls and calico curtains on the windows, at our own expense, and planted trees and flowers on the grounds about the house. It was while teaching this school that we first read Page's Theory and Practice of Teaching, and the teacher-spirit began to grow in lis.

Our next school was at Oldtown Run, about four miles east of Xenia. While teaching here we spent our out-of-school hours in studying Upham's Mental Philosophy and Wayland's Moral Science. Our immediate predecessor in this school, James Turnbull, dead long since, was very popular--probably the most popular teacher in the county at the time, and we found it very hard to get up the interest we had had in our last school. So we accepted an offer of twenty-six dollars a month to teach the winter term in the Hyslop district, on the south Jamestown road. During this winter we were interested in reading Watts on the Mind and Uncle Tom's Cabin. The latter was then appearing as a serial in the National Era. It was about this time that Josiah Hurty flourished as superintendent of the Xenia Schools-about 1851. Andrew Amyx and A. J. Nelson were popular teachers in the county at the same time. We afterwards taught in the Dallas district, on Clark's Run; and still later, in the Liggett district and the McClung district, four or five miles west of Xenia. In the last named district we recrived fifty dollars a month, and had the most advanced country school we ever tanght. We had a class of eight or ten choice young people who studied Ray's Higher Algebra, Davies' Legendre, and Parker's Natural Philosophy. One of these, Johu MeClung, a most excellent young man, was left on the field, at the battle of Stone River.

We have many pleasant memories of those youthtul days; the apple-paring bees, the butter-boilings, the spelling schools and singing-schools, were occasions not to be forgotten. We remember a time when we were specially interested in the spelling-schools in the Schooley district, not far from New Jasper. On one occasion we were spelled down by the owner of a pair of bright eyes. Those eyes are now looking over our shoulder as we write, and they are still bright, though two little boys now call their owner "Grandma."

We ask pardon of our readers. We started to write a brief account of the meeting at Xenia, and this is what came of it.

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A good deacon, belonging to a sunday school whose superintendent was an experienced public-school man and a thorough disciplinarian, was heard to say, "I do not like the crack of the public-school whip in the sunday-school." Our opinion is that an occasional crack of the public school whip would be a great benefit to many a sundar-school. The mistake which many sunday. school workers make is in thinking they have no authority to control, but that sunday-school scholars can only be persuaded or tickled into good behavior. Such a notion does great injustice to the children. They need, above all else, to be taught obedience to authority--to be trained into habits.of obedience as a foundation element of good character. Besides, good control is an essential element of good teaching Children not in subjection are not in condition to be instructed.

We do not mean that authority should be the prominent thing in the management of a sunday-school, or any other school, nor that the teacher should continually maintain the attitude of a master. By no means. Sympathy and affection should abound, and these will suflice with the greater and better part of the pupils; but there should be such a great reserve force of authority and will as to command the respect and obedience of the wayward and lawless.


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Dear Brother Hailman, of The Kindergarten and the New Education" deparment of the American Teacher! Don't feel so bad! We didn't mean to hit so hard ; and we never thought is was you we were hitting any way! And we're so sorry, too, that good Dr. Mayo bases his statements abont "the New Education” upon "superficial and narrow knowledye of its characteristics," and that he makes such a "damaging charg'arainst Colonel Parker! And it's such a pity for Boston, that Superintendent Seaver should say “There is probably nothing new in the methods we are using." Yes, it is all too bad! too bad entirely! There, now; cheer up, and tell us, in the "spirit" of a true kindergartner, just what is new in the “New Education.” We are willing to learn. THE READING CIRCLE AT LANCASTER. The Lancaster branch of the Fairfield County Teachers' Reading Circle is in good working order, and meets on the first and third Tuesday evenings of each month at the home of the superintendent of schools.

It numbers thirty members, twenty-five of them being teachers in the Lancaster schools, and has invested over one hundred dollars in books.

The course of reading, selected from the works named by the State Board of Control, is Pestalozzi, Longfellow's Life and Poems, and Irving's Columbus.

A "leader" is chosen for each exercise who, having two weeks' warning, makes thorough preparation upon the matter assigned, and, when the time comes, takes the stand as a teacher, conducting an oral examination.

At each meeting we have an essay upon some pertinent topic; the titles thus far being Irving, the Real Miles Standish, and the Pre-Columbian Discorery of America.

We think the 0. T. R. C. is a good thing, and are anxious for information as to the plans of the managers for its future conduct.


Our thanks are due to our numerous contributors to the "Notes and Queries'' department. This corner, as will be seen, is well filled, and we have scarcely been able to use half the matter furnished. We feel a little inclined to suggest that questions of real practical interest in school management and methods of teaching would be more profitable than questions which can be readily answered by reference to text-books, dictionaries, or encyclopedias. We do not wish, by any means, to shut off the proposal and discussion of interesting questions in grammar, arithmetic, history, etc. Many such questions are profitable to discuss; but we think a little less of these and more of the other would be better. Correspondents would save us labor and trouble by writing what is intended for publication on one side of the paper only, and keeping business and contributions entirely separate. We may say in this connection that we are highly pleased that so many teachers of the State are disposed to aid in making of the Monthly what they wish it to be.

Here are some important queries, two of them from a distant State, which have been received since that department of this number was closed. We number them in order.

22. To what extent should teachers be required to adopt the superintendent's methods of discipline and instruction? Should a teacher resort to the use of the rod, against his own judgment, because the superintendent requires it?

H. J. R. 23. Is it carrying "system” too far to make the recitations in primary and higher grades of same length, by ringing a gong at stated times, and requiring classes in all grades to be changed at these times and these only ? H. J. R.

24. What constitutes the best foundation for slating for a blackboard ? Answers to this question are especially desired.

E. A. J.

A beautiful Whittier Calendar came to our sanctum on Christmas day, the gift of Messrs. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., of Boston.

We are under special obligations to the New England Publishing Co., of Boston, for a set of excellent lithograph portraits of eminent educators, viz; Hon. John Eaton, Col. Francis W. Parker, Dr. A. D. Mayo, Dr. William T. Harris, and Supt. John D. Philbrick, Each shall have a place on the walls of our sanctum. The first named was one of our predecessors in the principalship of the Brownell Street School, Cleveland.



-The winter term of the Damascus Academy, under I. P. Hole, opened with an enrollment of 80 pupils.

- The Educational Weekly, of Indianapolis, calls upon the teachers of Indiana to organize a TEACHERS' READING CIRCLE.

-A meeting of county examiners, called by Commissioner DeWolf, was held at Columbus, Dec. 28th, but we have no report of the proceedings.

-The meeting of the Ohio College Association held at Columbus holiday week was largely attended and the proceedings were full of interest.

- The public Schools of Wilmington, O., enrolled, in the month of November, 517 pupils, 49 of whom were in the high school, and 110 in the colored schools.

- The normal school at Milan, B. B. Hall, Principal, had an average attendance during the fall term nearly fifty per cent. greater than for the same time

last year.

-The Galion schools received the First Premium at the State Fair-a beautiful silver medal.

R. Richwood, 0.

- Wittenberg College, Springfield, O., never was in a more prosperous condition than it is now. A new building is nearly under roof, and will be ready for use in the fall of 1884.

- The Inter Ocean reports that there were 539 more teachers in Nebraska , in 1882 than in 1881, and that the demand for good teachers is still considerably in excess of the supply.

-The Columbiana County Teachers' Reading Club has issued a printed Course of Study and an outline of work for each month. G. N. Caruthers is President and E. J. Godfrey Secretary.

--There were 74 applicants before the State Board of Examiners at its recent meeting at Columbus. Thirteen of these were ladies. Twenty-five sought life certificates and forty-nine sought certificates for ten years.

- The Rio Grande College, in Gallia County, Ohio, continues to prosper. Besides the regular college and preparatory classes, it has a normal department for those preparing to teach. Second term closes Jan. 18. Third term begins Jan. 21.

-The executive committee of the Ohio Teachers' Association met at Columbus Christmas week, and prepared a program for next Summer's meeting.

Lakeside has been chosen as the place of meeting. We hope to meet the entire Monthly family there.

- The North-Western Ohio Normal School, at Ada, still prospers. The enrollment for the fall term reached 937. The catalog just received shows an enrollment in all departments, for the last school-year, of 2077 different students, from 22 different States.

-A neat little pamphlet before us contains an eight-year course of study for the country schools of Washington County. Another contains "Rules and Regulations for Promotion and Graduation in the Allen County Course of Study for Country Sehools.” Thus the good work goes on.

- The Guernsey Times says of the Eastern Ohio Teachers' Association which met at Cambridge, Nov. 30, that "the assembled pedagogues had very little respect for parliamentary restrictions. They ran things after thir own fashion." Brother McBurney, of the Eastern Ohio Teacher, should look after the boys.

-Superintendent R. W. Stevenson has been appointed General Manager of Ohio for the meeting of the National Association, to be held at Madison, Wis., July 15-18. Ohio, to keep up her reputation, should have the largest delegation of any State in the Union. Those wishing information concerning this meeting, will address Mr. S., at Columbus, O.

-At a joint meeting of the Xenia Board of Education and the Xenia Township Board, recently held, an arrangement was entered into whereby pupils residing in the township, but outside of the city school district, are to be admitted to the Xenia High School. This action is in pursuance of a recommendation made by Supt. Cox, of Xenia, three years or more ago. This is an example worthy of imitation in other localities.

-The Holmes County Institute was held at Millersburg during the week beginning Dec. 24. The instructors chosen were Prof. Olney, of Michigan, and the editor of the Monthiy. On account of a misunderstanding as to the time, Prof. Olney was not able to be present, and Supt. M. Manly, of Galion, supplied his place, and did effective work. Mr. Manly's evening lecture on Ohio was specially interesting. Christmas festivities interfered with the attendance somewhat for the first two days, but during the last three days there was a full house and deep interest in the work was manifested. Holmes County is blessed with a body of intelligent and earnest teachers. We regret want of space and time for a fuller report.

--The Board of Control of the Ohio Teachers' Reading Circle held an important meeting at Columbus Christmas week. All the members were present except Mr. Carnahan, of Cincinnati. The following course of study for the second year was agreed upon : Literature, Shakspeare's Julius Cæsar and Irving's Sketch Book; Pedagogy, Currie's Common School or Calderwood's Lec. tures on Education; U. S. History, to close of War of 1812; Science, Brown's Physiology or Science Primer of Physiology. It was decided to issue a certificate, at the close of each year, to each member who completes the work prescribed for the year, and to issue diplomas, upon examination only, at the end of the four years course. A fee of 25 cents will be charged for each certificate granted. We expect a fuller report of the action of the Board, in time for Dext issue.

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