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Thy reign is the last, and the noblest of time,
2. To conquest and slaughter let Europe aspire ;
3. Fair science her gates to thy sons shall unbar,
4. Nor less shall thy fair ones to glory ascend,
5. Thy feets to all regions thy power shall display,
6. Thus, as down a lone valley, with cedars o'erspread,
Perfumes, as of Eden, flow'd sweetly along,
Columbia, Columbia, to glory arise,
DURING the Indian wars which preceded the American revolution, a young English officer was closely pursued by two savages, who were on the point of killing him, when an aged chief interfered, took the officer by the hand, encouraged him by his caresses, conducted him to his hut, and 'treated him with all the kindness in his power.
2. The officer remained during the winter with the old chief, who taught him their language, and the simple arts with which they were acquainted. But when spring returned the savages again took up arms, and prepared for a more vigorous campaign. The old chief followed the young warriors until they approached the English camp, when, turning to the young officer, he thus addressed him.
3. You see your brethren preparing to give us battle; I have saved thy life, I have taught thee to make a canoe, a bow, and arrows, to surprise the beasts of the forest, and to scalp your enemy; wilt thou now be so ungrateful as to join thy countrymen, and take up the hatchet against us! The Englishman declared that he would sooner perish himself than shed the blood of an Indian.
4. The old savage covered his face with both his hands, and bowed down his head. After remaining some time in this attitude, he looked at the young officer, and said in a tone of mingled tenderness and grief, Hast thou a father ? He was living, said the young man, when I left my native country. Ohow unhappy he must be, said the savage.
5. After a moment's silence, he added, I have been a father, but I am one no longer;, I saw my son fall by my side in battle. But I have avenged him, yes, I have avenged him, said he with emphasis, while he endeavoured to sup
groans which escaped in spite of him. He calmed his emotions, and turning towards the east, where the sun
was rising, he said, dost thou behold the heavens with pleasure ? I do, responded the young man. I do no longer, said the savage, bursting into tears.
6. A moment after, he added, do you look with delight upon yonder beautiful flower? I do, answered the young
I do no longer, said the savage, and immediately added, Depart to thine own country, that thy father may still view the rising sun with pleasure, and take delight in the flowers of spring.
THE SAILOR AND THE MONKIES.
PERHAPS no animal, below the human species, re. sempies man more in the imitative faculty than the monkey. It is said that a sailor, having a number of red woollen capsto dispose of, went on shore in South America to trade with the natives.
2. In his way to a settlement, lying through a wood very thickly inhabited by monkies, it being in the heat of the day, he put a cap on his head, and laying the others, by his side, determined to take a little repose under the shade of a large tree.
3. To his utter astonishment, when he awoke, from the specimen he had given his imitative observers of the use of his
caps, he beheld a number of them upon the heads of the monkies in the trees round about him ; while the wearers. were chattering in the most unusual manner. 4. Finding every attempt to regain his. caps
fruitless, he at length, in a fit of rage and disappointment, and under the supposition that the one be retained on his head was not worth taking away, pulled it off, and throwing it upon the ground exclaimed, “Here you little thieving rogues, if you will keep the rest, you are welcome to this also.”
5. He had no sooner done this, than, to his great sur. prise, the little observing animals very readily imitated him. They all threw down their caps on the ground; by which means the sailor regained his property, and marched off in triumph. Happy would it be for mankind if they resembled monkeys only in imitating the virtues of those whom they consider their superiors, while they avoided their vices.
THE BRAVE SOLDIER'S REVENGE.
WHEN the great Conde commanded the Spanish army, and laid siege to one of the French towns in Flanders, a soldier being ill treated by a general officer, and struck several times with a cane, for some disrespectful words he had let fall, answered very coolly, that he should soon make him repent of it.
2. Fifteen days afterwards, the same general officer ordered the colonel of the trenches to find a bold and intrepid fellow, to execute an important enterprise, for which he promised a reward of a hundred pistoles.
3. The soldier we are speaking of, who passed for the bravest in the regiment, offered his services ; and going with thirty of his comrades, which he had the liberty to make choice of, he discharged a very hazardous commission with incredible courage and good fortune. Upon his return, the general officer highly commended him, and gave him the hundred pistoles which he had promised.
4. The soldier presently distributed them among his comrades, sayiny, he did not serve for pay; and demanded only, that, if his late action deserved any recompense, they would make him an officer. And now, sir, adds he to the general, who did not know him, I am the soldier whom you so much abused fifteen days ago, and I then told you, I would make you repent of it.
5. The general, in great admiration, and melting into tears, threw his arms around his neck, begged his pardon, and gave him a commission that very day.
SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF WILLIAH PENN
WILLIAM PENN, the founder of Pennsylvania, was the son of an English admiral, who left, at his death, a large estate to his son, and a considerable claim
government for money advanced by him to carry on several important expeditions, when the finances of England were exhausted.
2, He early embraced the religion of the Quakers, who were then a new sect in England, and were persecuted by the government on accouut of their religious opinions; and as there was no hope of his obtaining his demand against the government, je prevailed upon them to grant him a tract of land in the newly settled country of North America, which, in honour of his father, they called Pennsylvania..
3. Here he invited all nis friends who suffered persecution, and one of the first laws he enacted for the government of his new province, was the .nost perfect toleration of all religions ; for, said he, persecution has taught me to observe and reprove mischiefs in government, and now it is in my power to settle one, I purpose to leave myself and my successors no power of doing mischief, that the will of one man may not hinder the good of a whole country.
4. But this was not all; he took the utmost care to protect the Indians in their rights, and to prevent the encroachments of white men. For this purpose he ordered all goods sold to the Indians to be first tested ; that wrongs done to the Indians should be punished as those done to white men; and that all differences should be settled by twelve men, six planters, and six Indians.
5. These stipulations in favour of the poor natives will forever immortalize the name of William Penn, for, soaring above the prejudices and customs of other adventurers, who considered them as lawful prey, whom they might defraud at pleasure, he considered them as brethren, and rational beings, who, in proportion to their ignorance, were entitled to his fatherly protection and care.
6. Soon after his arrival, he had a meeting with the Indians to confirm the treaty, for his scrupulous morality did not permit him to look upon tie king's patent as sufficient to establish his right to the country, without purchasing it by fair and noen bargain of the natives, to whom only it properly belonged.
7. Near the city of Philadelphia, there was an elm tree of a prodigious size, to which the leaders on both sides repaired. Penn appeared in his usual dress, and on bis arrival, he found the Sachems and their tribes assembling. They were seen in the woods as far as the eye could reach, and looked frightful, both on account of their number, and their