The Reconquest Of Montreal: Language Policy and Social Change in a Bilingual City

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Temple University Press, Aug 7, 1991 - History - 320 pages
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Although Montreal has been a bilingual city since 1760 and demographically dominated by French-speakers for well over a century and a quarter, it was not until the late 1960s that full-fledged challenges to the city’s English character emerged. Since then. two decades of agitation over la question linguistique as well as the enactment of three language laws have altered the places of French and English in Montreal‘s schools, public administration, economy. and even commercial signs. In this book, Marc Levine examines the nature of this stunning transformation and, in particular, the role of public policy in promoting it.

The reconquest of Montreal by the French-speaking majority makes for interesting history. It includes episodes of intense conflict and occasional violence and tells the fascinating story of how an economically disadvantaged and culturally threatened linguistic community mobilized politically and used the state to redistribute group power in Canada’s second largest city. In addition, the history of Montreal’s language question offers analysts of urban politics and public policy an excellent case study of some of the central issues facing cities containing more than one major linguistic community.

After tracing the politicization of the language question in the 1960s and 1970s, Levine analyzes the impact of the three controversial language laws penacted by the Quebec provincial government between 1969 and 1977. Exhaustively researched, The Reconquest of Montreal is the definitive study of the most explosive issue in Quebec political life.



In the series Conflicts in Urban and Regional Development, edited by John R. Logan and Todd Swanstrom.
 

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Contents

Introduction
xvii
An English City Montreal before the Quiet Revolution
5
The Quiet Revolution and the Politicization of Language
37
Linguistic Crises and Policy Responses 19671969
65
A Polarized City 19701976
85
Bill 101 and the Politics of Language 19771989
109
Public Policy Language and the Montreal Economy 19601989
147
The Francisation of the Montreal Economy
175
English and French in the New Montreal
207
Notes
227
Index
273
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Page ii - Conflicts involving subcultures are likely to be especially intense, and therefore particularly difficult to manage, because they cannot be confined to single, discrete issues; to the person sharing the perspective of a subculture, conflict over a 'single' issue threatens his 'way of life,' the whole future of the subculture.
Page xvi - Visitors may pass whole weeks there, frequenting hotels, banks, shops, railway stations, without ever imagining for a moment that the town is French by a great majority of its inhabitants. English Society affects unconsciousness of the fact, and bears itself exactly as though it had no French neighbours. They seem to regard Montreal as their property.

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About the author (1991)

Marc V. Levine is Associate Professor of History and Urban Affairs and Director of the Urban Studies Program at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

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