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to the beginning of basswood bloom they
For the American Bee Journal. scarcely gathered honey enough to supply
Report of my Apiary. the young bees. There was an unusual crop of basswood bloom, which began to Editor BEE JOURNAL :-I congratulate open about the 1st of July and lasted until
you upon the consolidation of the two the 15th. During that time the little fel
great Bee periodicals of America. “Long lows put in full time. I never knew bees may it wave," is the worst wish I have for to store up such an amount of honey in as it. I cannot get along without it. short space of time. The hives now are filled We are having a good honey season to their utmost capacity, with the exception here ; the best we have had since I have of the comb occupied with brood, leaving kept bees, (which has only been about 4 no place for the queens to propagate their years) but I am not gomg to derive much eggs. I have thrown the honey out of 16 benefit from it, for I have neglected my bees frames, which amounted to 65 pounds, sold shamefully all summer. I extracted over in the city of Adrian at 18 cents per th. I 300 lbs. on July 21st from 8 colonies of shall use the extractor sparingly, in order black bees most of whom had cast 2 or 3 to keep them working in the boxes as much natural swarms. I have now 19 colonies, as possible. I have now 59 colonies. I which will all be in condition for winter calculate I could extract 1500 pounds at this before the end of bis month, if all goes time. I use the Barker & Dicer improved well with them. I put 12 colonies in a hives with sectional honey boxes. These clamp last fall and succeeded in wintering boxes will stand at par with any I ever them all through, but lost two in “spring. used. They can be safely shipped to any ing," and two others were so near gone part without sustaining the least iujury; the they will have to be helped in order to retailer can separate each section without
make thgm fit for winter ; so that I had 8 injuring the honey, by cutting the paper at medium stocks to commence with. I shall each dsvision of the section; each section try to do better next year. contains from 24 to 3 lbs. and when placed Nelson, Pa.
Join ATKINSON. upon the table it cannot fail to please the eye as well as the taste.
For the American Bee Journal. SAMUEL PORTER. Lenawe Co., Mich.
New Method of Wintering.
DEAR Editor:-I noticed in your July For the American Bee Journal.
number remarks upon a new method of winThe Sale of Honey.
tering bees, by Mr. Bidwell, given to the
Michigan Bee-Keepers' Convention, I beMR. EDITOR:— The burden upon my mind lieve. The manner of wintering is not at the present time is, the great disparity be- given, and that is what calls me out to write tween the price obtained by our honey-pro- this article. If Mr. Bidwell has a plan for ducing fraternity for their product and the the safe wintering of bees, he is entitled to price paid by the consumer. Large honey as much honor as Langstroth has enjoyed, houses in Chicago (for instance) bụy up the in giving to the public the moveable frame. honey in bulk at 16 cents per tb. for ex- There is nothing so puzzles the beetracted and 25 to 30 cents for comb. Here keeper as the successful wintering of his it is put up in appropriate packages and bees, seventy-five per cent. of the losses shipped away again to wholesale dealers in arising from the want of that knowledge. other towns, who in turn distribute to smal- Any man that can show the bee-keeping ler wholesale dealers and retailers. I pre- frateruity a safe method of doing so, is a sume there are none of these middle men public benefactor, and should not hide the handling honey for fun, but each one must knowledge of the same from us. I do not make his profit, and the consumer pays from charge that Mr. B. desires or is doing such 30 to 40 cents per th for extracted and, a thing; nor do I expect the information from 40 to 50 cents for comb. Now the gratis, if Mr. Bidwell does not wish to question arises, is it necessary for the pro- give bee-keepers the same. I would ducer to pay so many shipping bills. I like to know his address, that I might buy have not found it so in my experience. I the right. One of these two things Mr. B. put my honey up in attractive style for re- should do: Either to give the public, tailing and deliver it direct to, retail dealers through your journal, his mode of winterwho sell it for me and retain 10 per cent of ing, in season for a trial the coming winter, sales for their service. I use the square or let us know, through your columns, honey-jar made for the purpose. The smal- what will be the price of it. I will be will. lest packages sell most readily.
ing to pay liberally for it. If this catches My honey has netted over 30 cents per fb Mr. B.'s eye, I hope he will allow me to for extracted and 40 cents for comb for the know his address, or that you will furnish last four years.
it if you can, that I may correspond with Cheviot, O.
M. NEVINS, him. If he or you will do so, I shall be
more than grateful. It seemed to be no secret to many present at the convention, and you could not find the subject that would be more valuable to your subscribers than to get Mr. Bidwell to give through the columns of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL his mode of wintering bees. Please give this more than a passing notice, and oblige,
C. D. IIIBBARD.
Chips. MR. EDITOR:--'Tis hot; it's more 'n hot! While the hayseeders are doing their stacking and rosting, and while my bees are pumping the buckwheat and sap blossoms dry, I'm sitting in the coolest part of the house, and enjoying and admiring the industry of Nature's creatures. How grand it is to contemplate how everything is subject to our will! We are the cap-stone of all creatures--all are beneath us! The faithful horse does our drudgery; the cow gives us nourishment, and when her milk ceases to flow in sufficient quantities, she bows her head for the fatal blow, after which we consume her very hide and hair ! The tireless bee furnishes us with that sweet luxury with which we are so well acquainted. And the Granger, in his meekness, provides us with the toping-out variety. Oh, how everything is adapted to our wants ! especially if we have lots of the "filthy lucre" to get what we want; which I haven't.
While in this cheery mood, I would like to run over the pages of the “Old Reliable” and stick in a few words right and left; and as Bro. Gallup likes to lear the opinion of baby bee-keepers or novices, this is written for his especial benefit.
CAN BEES EAT FRUIT ? It is often asserted by some of the best a piarists that bees cannot cut the skin of grapes, &c. Now, if they can gnaw the edge off of wood, and eat large holes through building paper, and cut through strong cotton cloth, and all this I have seen them do. Why can they not as well cut the skin of fruit, if they wish? But the trouble is, I don't believe they have a mind to; they want direct access to the juice. They will suck corn-stalks, mellons-in short, everything that is sweet; but they will not dig for it. CAN OLD BEES BUILD COMB AND NURSE BROOD?
In the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL "Adair” says old bees won't build comb or nurse brood. I don't know about the brood, but I've seen them huild comb. I saw a handfull of bees last week (Aug. 5,) that came through the winter queenless, and they had a piece of comb built as large as my hand.
WHAT KILLED THE BEES?
loss of bees to the extractor. Perhaps he is right; but then one of my neighbors lost as many—all he had—and had never seen an extractor; didn't know one from a sawmill; he kept his bees in a similar winter quarter as mine. To me, norv, it would have been a wonder had they lived; it was as cold where I had them as it was out of doors, and occasionally warming them up did the work of destruction completely!
MODEL BEE MANAGEMENT. I think it cannot be long since that “H. R.,” with my “Management of Bees,' ever saw the first bee journal, for it does seem if he had, he would not mention his lives stuck up on posts, and these wound about with cotton to keep off the ants—perhaps a balloon attached to each hive to suspend it in mid air, would be quite an improvement on his plan. We don't intend to secure a patent on this, so that that progressive(?) bee-keeper may use it if he likes. He stili keeps box-hives and considers natural swarming best. Well, no wonder his article reads as if it had been written twentyfive years ago. Forty to fifty dollars' worth of honey from a single stand! Well, that explains the value of his management. Why, I could get that, if my bees Wre in the carcass of a lion, as we read about, provided they followed the ribs in comb-building, and these same ribs were arranged to take out, so I could swarm artificially—but read the article and learn!
DO ANTS ROB THE BEES? Mr. Arga says: "Ants don't steal honey out of the hives.” Now, that's strange; for they will steal it wherever else they can get it, and I have an opinion that they make no scruples stealing it from those that give them shelter and warmth.
WILL HONEY CRYSTALIZE IN THE DARK.
On page 178 there are a few words, written by I don't know who, to the effect that it will not. Wonder how the "tarnal light" goes into cellars and inside of a loney-tight cask; for with me it will crystalize in this condition. But perhaps it wasn't dark enough; so I would advise bee-keepers when they think they bave their honey in a sufficiently dark place to keep it from crystalizing, to make it a little darker!
A GREAT DISCOVERY ! ! ! Mrs. Tupper says: "Salt thrown into water will keep it sweet.” If so, why not feed our bees with salt water, instead of sugar-syrups ? But hold on, "Novice"-or any other man! I made the discovery, although Mrs. T. may have spoken of it; but I made the application above mentionedso keep your hands off. To make sugar, all we have to do is to sweeten water with salt, boil it down, and you will get as nice 5 light ones, and built them all up mostly from the big stocks, and have extracted 34 lbs. of honey besides. The hive has always been full of brood, at least 16 out of the 20 frames, and is now very strong, enough bees and brood for two good
å sugar as you ever saw; for salt is so clear and white, you know. When this discovery is generally known, salt will be worth something.
HOW DO YOU LIKE IT? How do you like to hold up a frame for inspection, with a bunch of black bees dangling on the bottom, so you can't set it down without crushing about fifty; how do you like to have a bee come at this critical moment and plant you one between the fingers? I don't appreciate this sacrifice of the "busy bee!" If I had been brought up in a Christian community, under these circumstances, I think I would swear.
Mr. Editor, there is no use trying to white-wash these honey-merchants ; you can't get around their actions, “no how." Say Perrine did do the fair thing with some; he even paid two of my ne.ghbors 5 per cent. interest on the money not sent on time, but that don't help my case in the least. I think I and Mr. Bird had better light our lanterns, and, like Diogenes, hunt for an honest honey-merchant.
Yours, J. D. KRUSCHIKE. Berlin, Wis., Aug. 18.
For the American Bee Journal.
The old "AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL" since it lost its founder and head, the late Samuel Wagner, has been moving around considerably, though it has been in good and faithful hands. And now as it has “gobbled up" another journal we can say good bye to the “NATIONAL,”, but we hav'nt lost it, though it has married and changed its name. I like the change first rate and wish success to the new order of things.
Friend Argo says his chickens will pick worms off the bottom board and not touch uuy bees. I think ours can beat that, for besides getting what few moths there are, they will go up to a cluster of bees and pick out the flies and drones by the halfhour, and I never saw but one take a worker and he dropped it and looked as though lie had made a mistake and was sorry for it. How will that compare with king birds ?
To the advice to "keep bees" I would add keep chickens, set your lives up from the ground and snap your fingers at moths. ! Friend Hester says: “I have had no experience with these large single story hives," and, “I should think it would also be quite difficult to contract the space within them to suit a small stock, or to winter even a full stock.” We use the Langstroth frame, Adair size, 16 and 20 frames to the hive, and find them to work well. We had but one strong stock in the spring, a 20 frame hive. Made one new stock, bought
As to using them for light stocks, that is easy enough ; just put in a division board, or two of them, and give them room as fast as they require it. I transferred a light stock from box hive to 16 frame hive ; could get but tive frames of comb out of it for them ; put in the division board and now they are a good strong swarm.
In wintering you can put the swarm in the centre of the hive, with a board or wire division on each side and pack the two ends with clean straw, or shavings which will absorb the moisture and keep the bees dry and warm.
In the old directions for transferring it was always stated to put the brood the same side up as in the old hive. All of us "Novices thought it was all law and gospel and so took special pains to do it.
We have a glass fish tank and the bees gather around it by hundreds to get the dripping water. While looking at the fish we noticed one bee who did'nt seem to care about the ills of life, for she had a big hole stove in on one side as large as a pin head, the scale sticking out at right angles. The said bee came after a load of water 4 or 5 times in an hour, and we noticed her for several days. How is that for preseverance under difficulties ?
A writer in the National some time ago, said in regard to the qualities of Black and Italian drones: “Don't be afraid of black drones, but let them fly if any should be out at this time. Your Italian drones know what is up. You will then have an opportunity to test the superiority of Italian drones over black ones. You will also no• tice that if there are any black queens flying at this time in your neighborhood, there will be a majority of them fertilized by Italian drones."
Your Italian drones know what is up! Yes, they do, “in a horn.” I made three new stocks for a friend, and one of his old stocks raised a new queen. They had hundreds of Italian drones, eleven swarms in all. About a fourth of a mile from them are four of the insignificant black stocks, while in different parts of the town are about 40 stocks of Italians, and no other blacks within a mile. Three out of the four new queens mated with black drones, and one or two others that I know of. One of the black stock swarmed, and the new queen in the old hive mated with a black drone ;-four black stocks against over 40 Italians. Superior fiddlesticks ! Oneida, Ill.
W. M. KELLOGG,
For the American Bee Journal.
On the 31st of October last year, I put in my cellar, 12 stands of bees; and before the 15th of November 120 stands. The cellar is 16x24, and dry. I took from 50 stands from one to five frames each. So ten or twelve swarms had only 3 frames left. The 50 hives had three to seven frames in each. All are 8 frame hives. I took them from the cellar March 17 and 18th, and of the 120 hives but two swarms were dead. I afterward lost 6 more, by being queenless. My bees were never in better condition than last spring. I saw little difference between those from which I took the frames and, those I did not. I would not recommend the removal of more than two frames, and think that beneficial.
When swarming began, I had 98 swarms, which I increased by natural and artificial swarming to 175. I lost several swarms which went to the woods. Swarming closed July 1st. I took with the extractor 0,000 pounds of honey in two weeks, all of which was linden or basswood. Have on hand 8,000 lbs. The crop was cut short by not less than 10,000 lbs.
Of all honey plants I have tried, the Meliott Clover is the best. The drouth does not affect its product of honey. I shall have ten acres in bloom next year. Seven years experience teaches me that it pays to have plenty of artificial pasture.
My lowest average hive, was 40 lbs. per hive old and young, the highest 80 lbs. I think the proper average should be 50 to 75 lbs. each.
My bees wintered so well in the cellar, I have enlarged the cellar to 24x58. and 7 feet high, and shall try it again.
R. MILLER. Campton, Lee Co., Ill.
hives that I nearly emptied last Saturday (five days ago) were filled again so quick that the queen did not get in a patch of eggs as big as my hand. So much for Michigan. Now a word for the moth.
My advice to those that raise such a “hue and cry” about the moth, is to get a mechanic to make their hives. I do not mean a man that has jack-plane and scratch awl and calls himself a joiner, but a man that can and will fit two pieces of board together so that the worms cannot build a nest between them. Then let your stocks be either strong or weak and you will have no trouble with worms. I have thirteen stocks of bees and I do not think I have found to exceed three or four moth worms about the hives this season, and only one inside the hive at that. The only secret there is in it is this : I make my hives so that there is no crack or crevice in them where a worm can hide, and the bees keep them out. Now all you unbelievers come and see for yourselves. But perhaps you will think as the negro told the Irishman wnen he asked what made him so black : “I'ts the climate." Not so, my friends, for my neighbors have the same climate that I have and some of them have plenty of moth-worms in their hives. They buy cheap hives.
I very often see advertisements of patent hives with moth-trap attachments, etc. Please let me give my experience with a Buckeye hive ; moth trap and all. Last month in the natural course of events there fell into my hands a stock of bees in a Buckeye hive, and also an empty hive of the same sort. Two or three days after I got them home they swarmed, and not having anything else handy, I hived them in the empty Buckeye hive (after inserting a couple of cards of comb from the other hive); and to save speculation I might as well remark that I saw the queen safely on a card of comb, and then closed the hive. They appeared to go to work all right but in about 8 or 10 days they swarmed out. I opened the hive and found they had made but very little comb, and that all drone comb. There was not an egg in the hive-pretty good evidence that they had raised a young queen.
Now the question was what had become of the old queen. Time will show. I cut out the queen-cells and hived them back again and the first spare time I had I made a hive and transferred them, when I found that the young queen and the swarm were in the body of the hive, while the old queen and a little handful of bees were down in the moth trap!
That was the reason they raised a young queen and swarmed out, by my not expecting any such thing and cutting the queen cells out.
For the American Bee Journal.
My Report. We are having an uncommon good run of basswood honey this season. In fact honey has been too plenty for those not having extractors. I have beeu moving about with mine pretty lively for the past week, and the experience I have had among my neighbors I think would convince the most skeptical of the usefulness of the extractor, as I have found stock after stock without an egg or young grub in the hive and every cell full of honey, except a very little capped brood. I would like to ask some of those who do not believe there is any use in the extractor, what they would do in that case without it? It is no use to give them empty frames, for as fast as a cell is built and sufficiently lengthened out to contain a drop of honey it is filled, and some
If the traps will not catch Millers, they of the cellar in which the bees were stored will sometimes catch queens, so buy one was near an outside door, and though bankby all means of the first pedlar that comes ed with straw, during our severest cold the along.
H, P. GALLUP. temperature fell two degrees below the Medina, Mich.
freezing point. A few days after, the temperature arose to 400, and two swarms,
one of them upon which all early honey For the American Bee Journal.
had been extracted leaving fall honey exHow One Man Got Rid of his Drones.
clusively, showed signs of dysentery. The
latter swarm was very large and vigorous, MRS. TUPPER :-Your valuable favor of
occupying a three-foot hive with Adair size the 8th inst., to hand. The bees reached of frame. We had several of these cold their home on the evening of the 23rd, in
snaps and every time the temperature arose apparent good condition. The next day I dysentery was developed more and more noticed some dead ones at the entrance, virulent in the large swarms. Until being which I removed frequently during the set upon their summer stand the remainder day with a small wire. Prompted by curi- smeared their combs and themselves in a osity and with the hope of relieving the fearful manner and froze up solid. Now, labor of the bees in bringing their dead to was it the honey or the cold, or a little of the door, I opened the hive in the evening, both that accomplished the ruin of this lifted all the frames out, brushed out and swarm ? All of the rest wintered well gave the box a good clensing, returned the
whether fed on syrup or natural stores. frames and bees without offending a single On the 19th of March they were set upon bee so far as I knew. I think about half their summer stands. A careful examinathe colony were dead-say one pint.
tion showed no sealed broods except in a From book information, I concluded very few hives. The queens had apparantthere was a surplus of drones in the colony. ly just commenced to lay. In two days afHow to get rid of them was the question. ter setting them out the weather changed Drone catchers were patented and what and a cold spell intervened. Upon the next could I do. The laborers were working warm day an examination showed no sealfinely but the surplus of gentlemen of ele- ed brood but the queens had just comgant leisure was annoying. With a small menced to lay, the first eggs of the ten days bit of paste-board, with a notch one-eighth previous being destroyed. Three times we by three inches long placed over the en- made these examinations through the trance, settled the question speedily. The months of March and April with like relaborers could enter but the drones could sults, no brood rearing and all the while a not. A little squeeze on the head settled constant dimunition of old bees, and eventthe business for them, and to all appear- ually the swarming out fever left me, by ances the colony is doing well. Several of the middle of May, with only six swarms my neighbors want bees and the JOURNAL,
out of twenty-six, and only two of these but are a little demoralized by the delay of were strong. These had sealed brood our Jailroad up the Platte, and think they when set upon their summer stands. must wait another year.
With the temperature of the cellar at 40 D. HAUSBAUGH.
or 45 ° the bees were very quiet-about South Platte, Colorado.
45 ° would be my “standard."
During the past winter bees wintered For the American Bee Journal. upon their summer stands and were in better Wintering Observations. condition than those that were housed. I
have also observed that during the past It has been some time since I have felt three severe winters, bees wintered in a like writing to the BEE JOURNAL but now neighboring village where the hives were that my bees have done well, I am
entirely surrounded by buildings, and came aged to take up the pen again and give my through in the very best condition. experience and observations that they may Now having lost heavily and observed possibly be of benefit to brother bee-keep- closely, let us see if there was not a remedy, ers. Trusting that the wintering question if it had been applied in time. Fine food will receive the fullest discussion before an- and an even temperature of 45 ° would other winter comes down upon us with its have banished dysentary. They would not uncertainties and disastrous results.
have dwindled down in the spring if each I put twenty-six swarms in the cellar swarm had been examined and not set out November 21st, all except two supplied until each had capped brood. This could with natural stores, and nearly all strong have been obtained by feeding syrup and swarms. Now, as Mr. Quinby, on page supplying pollen. And here let me suggest 106, desires to compare notes in relation to the experiment of feeding rye meal late in temperature, here are a few facts gleaned the fall. Will bees work upon it at that from personal observation. The portion time? If they would, a supply might be