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Consolidation.

both north and south of us. It is evident

that in these new fields the best pasturage We think we shall give pleasure to a

for bees on the continent is found. The large majority of the bee-keepers of Amer

State of Iowa has furnished for years some ica when we announce that the NATIONAL

of the most progressive bee-keepers in the BEE JOURNAL is with this month's issue

country, who are prepared to be safe adunited with the “old reliable" AMERICAN

visers for beginners at the West. BEE JOURNAL. The time has passed when

While we are dependent upon our subthe friends of cither JOURNAL, have any

scribers for the material aid which is to points at issue, or any personal feeling in

enable us to carry out our plans for their the way of a union, on the common ground

good, we ask it not as a favor to us, for we of a deep interest in bee-keeping, and an

shall send out a journal which no bee-keepardent desire to see a JOURNAL devoted to

er can afford to do without at any price. their interests so sustained as to be worthy their support and an object of national

Seasonable Hints. pride.

There may have been in the past a divi- If bee pasturage fails at any time by sion of interests and a difference of opinion reason of dry weather, it is usually in the upon patent hives which engendered strife early part of this month or latter part of and seemed to make it necessary to support July. Ilives that have been gaining in two journals. Those things belong to the weight, may now be losing daily, and past, and we know that the time has come except in the morning and evening, when to bury the hatchet and all agree to make bees are out for water and pollen, they our one JOURNAL what it ought to be-a lang idly about the lives. Rains in most medium where bee-keepers of experience localities have started buckwheat and fall can exchange opinions upon both prac- flowers into growth, and if properly tice and theory, and also where begin. managed, bees will soon begin to gather ners may find reliable counsel, and timely fall stores abundantly. What they need hints upon all doubtful points in their new now, is room near the centre of the lives employment.

where the queen can deposit her eggs, so By the union of these journals we are that young bees can be reared to supply enabled to secure the services of all the the places of those that will be used up in best writers in the World upon the topics gathering the fall honey. of which it specially treats. We shall also If the combs have not been emptied be enabled to improve it in all respects, with the extractor, do it now ; not to take and we are sure that we shall publish a away all supplies, but to make empty journal which every bee-keeper will feel a space for two purposes : 1st, to give the pride in supporting.

queen room. 2nd, to stimulate the bees to There is always an increase of strength exertion. There is nothing like a in a union of interests upon proper grounds, um” to do this. and this consolidation is one so manifestly Even when there is abundant honey in a wise, that we are sure to receive such an hive, it sometimes pays to feed sugar syrup endorsement as will make us strong in our or diluted honey, to colonies in which we aim to issue the best periodical ever sent find the queen has stopped laying, or she forth, devoted to any special interest, has ceased to cherish lier eggs.

We have We have decided to publish the consoli- known them to begin again, as if it were dated BEE JOURNAL not only in Chicago,

spring in 24 hours after they had been but also in Cedar Rapids, because Iowa is

fed in this way. To use the extractor and now the centre of the bee-keeping interests

return the combs with some honey “loose" of this country. West of us, the business upon them will answer the same purpose. is being rapidly developed. Our subscrib- A good supply of water is also essential ers are numerous in California, Colorado,

Springs and brooks from which Nevada, Kansas, Nebraska, and Missouri, they have had their supply may now be while enterprising bee-keepers are found dried up. Your neighbors will complain

vacu

now.

192

THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL.

comb, choicest honey in various forms, queen shipping cages, etc., to say nothing of hives, out of which a most valuable and instructive as well as interesting exhibition may be made. This committee will report at the Pittsburgh meeting, doubtless, and receive aid and counsel as to future preparations.

Honey Dealers.

for the first time, perhaps, that your bees annoy them by hanging about watering troughs, drains and pump-spouts. Make a place or places, some rods from your hives, where the bees can drink safely, and keep them always supplied. It is well to toll them to their trough by putting pieces of comb, and sweetening the water at first. A little salt thrown in every day keeps the water sweet, and some claim, is beneficial to the bees.

While honey is not secreted in flowers, be cautious about opening hives, lest robbers are attracted. The morning from 7 o'clock to 11 is the time in this month to open hives safely.

Queen raising may proceed now to even better advantage than at any other season, if care is taken to make every nucleus selfsupporting ; by this we mean that each queen-rearing hive should have young becs, old bees, brood at all times, and plenty of honey.

Queens may be exchanged now, poor ones killed, either impure or not prolific; and young ones given to them. We never, however, take a queen from a full colony until we can give it one that we are sure is a better one. We would not put a queen into such a colony until we had tested it in a nucleus.

The care which we recommend, in order to keep the colony raising brood, is really the first step towards successful wintering ; a subject of vital interest now to bee-keepers, and on which we shall have much to say in succeeding numbers. E. S. T.

We have published the articles from Messrs. Bird and Kruschke, complaining of our honey markets and merchants, with great reluctance. We do it “under protest” hoping that no one will feel that we desire to be unjust. Our columns are open to anything that the accused may have to say, as to their reasons for the seeming unfair dealing.

We can say ourselves for them, that times have been hard ; honey as a luxury which people can do without, has been slow of sale, and it takes time to turn it into money.

We know that if Mr. Winder has made no returns “for a few months" as Mr, Bird says, it is because he has received no money from his sales, on which to report.

Joseph Duffeler writes to us that he is willing to publish a card to the effect that Mr. Perrine paid him in full for his honey, even though it was all burned, and he had no insurance on it. We have made collections of Baumeister & Co. for parties and have the promise of money from them, for others, as soon as they can pay it.

Those who send honey to market especially from a distance must remember that expense and time must be expended by the consignee to get it into market. One firm tells us that they have received 1230 lis. of honey from California. The first bill paid by them was $57 freight charges ! Finding it impossible to sell it in bulk, they went to the expense of $100 for glass jars and tumblers, and took the trouble to put it into them.

It will sell now,

and at a profit ; but the consignees, doubtless, will begin to grumble before they receive their returns, and then be dissatisfied with scanty profits.

Our advice to those who have honey to sell is to sell it out-right, if possible, even if at à less price. If this is not possible, send it to dealers of established reputation, take receipt for exact weight and until returns are made, exercise charity and pati.

In some places where you think there is no sale, a home market may be secured by taking the trouble to put your

Bees and the Centennial Fair.

Mr. J. R. Wells in his communication for this number says “nearly every interest that can be mentioned except bee-keeping, has been referred to committees preparatory to the Centennial Fair to be held in Philadelphia 1876, etc.”

He is in error in supposing that the beckeeping interest has been neglected. At the meeting of the National Society at Louisville, last December, a committee was appointed consisting of Gen. Adair, of Kentucky ; Mrs. E. S. Tupper, of Iowa ; and J. W. Winder, of Cincinnati ; with the President of the Society, ex-officio ; and authorised to appoint sub-committees where ever they deemed proper. The question as to whether bees shall be allowed at the Fair is still an open one, except in observation cages ; but there are multitudes of

ence.

THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL.

193

Notesoneries

see.

QUESTION. Please inform your subscribers in your next, how far north bees may be kept with profit ?

G. O. GRIST.

ANSWER. Bees are kept very successfully in the northern part of Russia, and winter there out of doors safely. They are also kept in Canada and in the extreme north-east of Maine. In Aroostook County, and as far north as Presque Isle (Maine), bees winter well and are very profitable. Among the mountains of Colorado bees do well. Our opinion is that wherever flowers are found, bees may be kept successfully, if their owners have judgment enough to adapt their care of them to the climate and location.

QUESTION 1st. Does the queen have a call which she constantly makes her presence known by ?

2nd. What state or temperature of the weather it will do to open hives for the purpose of examining brood, etc.?

3rd. The reason why bees cluster before going to the woods ?

W. M. A.

we are again at the end of our honey year almost, and still the same old story * bees doing poorly.” My. 48 swarms came out of my cellar in the spring in very fine condition, loosing only one, and only few cases of dysentery ; but the spring months carried off 10 or 12 more-some of my best stocks. "Novice” calls it; by the right name—“ dwindled away." No cause for these losses that I could

Honey plenty, combs bright; everything in perfect condition. Very little use to talk about the causes of these losses, for I do not think Mr. Editor, we do not, any of us, know. After suminer came, swarms came on fast, and swarmed finely ; even in fine condition for the largest blow of white clover I have seen for years; and the drouth came with the clover blow; and to-day we are burnt, dried, and roasted. I have got seventy swarms now—that is bees enough. Who cares if they only make honey enough for their own “ use.'

R. DART. ANSWER. If you want more honey, do not expect to increase your stocks so much. An increase of 22 swarins on 48 is all you can expect, without looking for much surplus.

ANSWER.

1st. It would seem that she does not, from the fact that we have known a populous hive to be without a queen 24 hours without discovering her absence.

The only times we have heard the call of the queen are when she was under guard of worker bees to prevent her going out with a swarm ; and again when we have confined one in our hand for a few moments. It is at times, like the first, that the noise of young queens is heard before a second swarm issues which is called “piping.” Sometimes this noise is made by a queen before it hatches from its cell.

2nd. It will do to open hives and take out the coml), whenever bees are flying freely. When they are not, it is safe to leave them undisturbed.

3rd. We think the main reason why bees cluster, before leaving is, that the queen in great swarms, is unable to fly freely when she first leaves the hives, her ovaries being full. We have seen hundreds of eggs on the leaves of a branch where a swarm had settled. Swarms containing young queens fly longer and usually settle higher. They seldom show any disposition to go to the woods at first, as they have no special attraction to the young queen with them and will not follow her as they do the “ mother” bee in first swarms.

QUESTION. How long are we to write you nothing

Voices from Among the Hives. N. K. PEDEN, Mitchellville, Tenn., writes : “Bees have done very well here this season. I commenced with 9 colonies in the spring, increased them to 14; and got 750 pounds of honey up to June 10th. Since that, they have been cut off by dry weather.”

JOSH'A ARTER, Crestline, O., writes :“Basswood bloom is over. There were the most flowers on the trees that I ever saw ; but the bees did not collect very much after all. White clover was a failure. There was a profuse swarming. Some hives swarmed as much as three times."

E. DIFANY, Norton, O., writes :-“I began with 34 swarms last spring, and now I have 72. Three have not swarmed yet. Some of my first have swarmed again ; in fact my bees swarm nearly every day. I expect if it does not get too dry, to run up to 9 or 100 swarins, all natural swarms but one."

J. M. MARVIX, St. Charles, Ill., writes :My 140 old stocks have increased to 200. My surplus is five tons. A neighbor's, under my care, 8 stocks increased to 18 ; surplus 750 lbs. Honey superior in quality. Stocks in splendid condition, and nothing to do, on account of a severe drouth, the worst ever seen in these parts."

CHRISTOPHER GRIMM, Jefferson, Wis., writes :-“I wintered 134 swarins and lost none through the winter; but spring was very cold and wet, so that I had to unite four swarms, which got very, weak with the others. I have got, at this date 67 natural swarms and all are doing finely. The basswood, or lime, are nearly through blossom in this part of the country.” M. T. EMBRY, Poplar Bluff, Tenn., writes :

I went into winter quarters last fall with 57 colonies. They went through safely with the loss of about 7 or 8 queens. I sold two colonies. The spring was very unfavorable up to the 1st of May. Since that time we have had but three light showers. I have taken about 2500 lbs. of honey from them. Some of my bees have considerable honey vet

Honey Markets.

American Bee Journal

THOMAS G. NEWMAN, MANAGER.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Single subscriber, one year,

$2.00 Two subscribers, sent at the same time,

3.50 Three subecribers, sent at the same time, 5.00 Six subscribers, scut at the same time,

9.00 Ten subscribers, sent at the same time,

14.00 Twenty subscribers, sent at the same time,.. 23.00

Send a postage stamp for a sample copy.

RATES OF ADVERTISING.

SOLID XONANIEL MEASURE,
First insertion, per line.
Each subsequent insertion, per line..

.15 One square, 10 lines or less, first insertion,.... 2.00

Next page to Business Department and fourth and last page of cover, double rates.

Twelve lines of solid Nonpariel occupy one inch. One column contains 96 lines of solid Nonpariel,

Bills of regular Advertising payable quarterly, if inserted three months or more. If inserted for less than three months, payable mouthily. Transient advertisements, cash in advance. We adhere strictly to our printed rates. Address all communications and remittances to TIIOMAS G. NEWMAN

Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

CHICAGO.--Choice white comb honey, 28 u 300; fair to good, 240284. Extracted, choice white, 14(u 160 ; fair to good, 100 12c; strained, Sw10c.

CINCINNATI.—Quotations from Chas. F. Muth, 976 Central Ave.

Comb honey, 150350, according to the condition of the honey and the size of the box or fr: me. Extracted choice white clover honey, 160. 7 ib.

ST. LOUIS.-Quotations from W. G. Smith 419 North Main st.

Choice white comb, 250 296 ; fair to gooul, 160 2:20. Extracted choice white clover, 161 18c. Choice basswood honey, 14160 : fair to good, extracted, 8@ 120 ; strained, cw 10c.

NEW YORK.-Quotations from E. A. Walker, 135 Oakland st., Greenport, L. I.

White honey in small glass boxes, 256 ; dark 15(226. Strained honey, S@12c. Cuban boner, $1.00 ? gai. St. Domingo, and Mexian, Fa95 gal.

SAN FRANCISCO. - Quotations from Sterns and Smith, 423 Front st.

Southern Coast Iloney is coming in very freely, and the crop will be very large. We are selling comb in two pound tins, two dozen ia a case, for shipping at $3.75 per doze Sold mostly for the Montana and Idaho trade. Strained lioney, in 5 gallon coal oil tius, 8 and 10 cents #th. We have sold several lbs. of choice Montana strained at 11 cents. Comb honey in frames 14 @ 22 cents, according to quality.

Special Notice. During the past ten months of “ Panic,” the receipts of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL have been very light. We have cheerfully “carried ” thousands of our subscribers, and now trust that they, will respond as soon as possible, as we have obligations that must be met at once. Many subscriptions ran out with the JUNE number, and now we hope to hear from them, as well as from those that expired before that time.

We shall continue to send the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL to all our subscribers until we get an explicit order for a discontinuance, and we hope those who not wish to continue their subscriptions will notify us hy letter or Postal card, either when they expire or before that time.

We have purchased of Geo. S. Wagner Esq. and the Rev. W. F. Clarke all the back subscription and advertising accounts, and hence everything due to the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL of whatever kind or nature must now to be paid to the undersignedl.

We hope those who are in arrears will send the amounts due us, during this month, ils we are in pressing need of it, to cancel obligations already given for these very accounts. Who will respond ?

Tuomas G. NEWMAN, Publisher.

Books for Bee-Keepers may be obtained at this oflice.

Not one letter in ten thousand is lost by mail if rightly directed.

Single copies of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL are worth 20 cents each.

Upon the wrapper of every copy of the JOURNAL will be found the date at which subscriptions expire.

Any numbers that fail to reach subscribers by fault of mail, we are at all times ready to send, on application, free of charge.

The German Bee-Sting Cure can be obtained at this ollice. Sent by Express for $1.00. It cannot be sent by mail. See notice.

Our subscribers in Europe, can now procure Postal Money Orders on Chicago. This plan of sending money is safe and economical."

FRANK SEARLES, Iladley, Will Co, Ills., has 50 swarms of Italian Bees which he will sell for $8.00 cach, in any amount, if sent for

soon.

We have received a Postal Order from Shanon, Wis., in an envelope containing nothing else. We do not know from whom it came, nor for what it was intended. Will soine one inform us?

Subscribers wishing to change their postoffice address, should mention their old address, as well as the one to which they wish it changed.

Persons writing to this office should either write their Name, Post-office, County and State plainly, or else cut off the label from the wrapper of their paper and enclose it.

Notice to Subscribors.

Among the subscribers to the NATIONAL BEE JOURNAL are some who already take the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL. We have not time before mailing the August number to revise our lists and ascertain the names of those who take both, and such will for this time receive two copies of the month's issue of the consolidated JOURNAL. We wish to hear from all such. If a little effort is made, we are sure that every one can procure a subscriber who will take the JOURNAL for his or her unexpired time, as an experiment, and pay the money—thus avoiding mailing small sums, while they help us to “ trial subscribers.” To those who send us a new name in this way we will send the chromo “Just One," from an original painting by B. S. Hays'which is beautiful in design and execution.

Anyone who does not care to make this effort or does not succeed in it, will let us know immediately, and the consolidated JOURNAL will be sent the proper length of time to make the subscription to both, good.

We hope, however, to receive a new name, with an order for the chiromo, from every one who now takes both journals.

ELLEN S. TUPPER.

We can supply no more full Vols. for this year, and hereafter shall commence all mew subscriptions with the July No.

When a subscriber sends money in payment for the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, he should state to what time he thinks it pays, so that we can compare it with our books, and thus prevent mistakes.

The postage on this paper is only twelve cents a year, if paid quarterly or yearly in advance at the post-office where received. We prepay postage to Canada, and require twelve cents extra.

AMERICAN SWINE AND POULTRY JOURNAL.- The first number of this excellent monthly is on our table. It is published by C. J. Ward & Co., Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at $1.25 a year, and is well worth the money; send for sample copy.

A CHOICE OF Six VOLUMES Tor $5.-Ilaying a few back volumes complete, and some lacking only one or two numbers each, we will give the purchaser the choice of six of such volumes for $5.00, until they are disposed of. As only a few can be supplied, those who wish to avail themselves of this oifer, should send for them at once.

W. H. FURMAN has withdrawn his advertisement this season, as he does not wish to contend with the low priced Queens now put upon the market. He says he shall devote his apiary to producing honey, instead of Queen raising. Partics wishing good tested Queens at $5.00 each, can address him at Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

Premium Queens.

Mrs. Tupper authorises us to say that she will still continue her offer of a tested Italian queen to be sent to anyone who procures four subscribers, and sends the names with $8. This is a rare chance to procure a good queen at absolutely no cost, except the expenditure of time ; and those acting as agents will find it easy to secure names for the consolidated JOURNAL during the approaching season of fairs and expositions. The queen will be sent promptly on receipt of names and money.

Any one ordering a Queen at the time of renewing or subscribing for the JOURNAL, will receive it and the AMERICAN BEE JOURXAL one year for $6.

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inches, for $1.00, and extend the time six months free to agents sending subscribers, besides large cash commission or premiums. The Bee-keepers' Magazine, same terms. Terms to Agents, sent free.

Address, H. A. KING & CO., aug74m4

75 Barclay st., New York. BEE Without cost. No more pain or

swelling. This is a new discovery, STINCS and we have just issued a Supple

ment to the Busy Bee, explaining CURED how the dreaded sting can be made harmless by any one.

The BUSY BEE treats on scientific and practical Bee Culture-Reproduction of bees fully explained, and a new system of management outlined. Every bee-keeper wants a copy.

Busy Bee and supplement containing bee-sting cure, 10 cents post-paid; 7 copies. 50 cents; 15 copies, $1. Address,

THE BUSY BEE, aug74m3

Lavansville, Pa. UNCAPPING KNIVES,

as good as any. Single knife, 50 cente.

Per dozen, $4.50. aug3m Address, C. F. MUTU, Cincinnati, O.

To Advertisers.

Since the consolidation of the two American “Bee Journals," advertisers will have the advantage of the united circulation of both papers for the single price of one-thus cloubling its value for advertising purposes, at a single cost. We this month give four additional pages, all devoted to advertisements. Notices intended for the next num ber must reach us by the 20th instant.

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