Unity and Flexibility in the Future of the European Union: the Challenge of Enhanced Cooperation
José María Beneyto, Julia Baquero, Belén Becerril, Michael Bolle, Marise Cremona, Sönke Ehret, Vicente López-Ibor, Jerónimo Maillo
Fundación Univ. San Pablo, 2009 - Law - 106 pages
The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty poses anew the question of whether, from now on, it will be more likely for the European Union to use this mechanism, or, conversely, the new institutional, jurisdictional and decision-making framework may act as a containment of favourable trends in the development of variable integration formulas. In reality, flexible or differentiated integration instruments, within or outside of the framework of the EU, alongside strictly intergovernmental cooperation between certain EU countries, have existed since the beginning of Community integration.
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Enhanced cooperation and energy
Modes of Cooperation and the Capacity to Act
Proposals and the need for Revision of Coordination
Enhanced Cooperation and the European Foreign and Security and Defence Policy
Flexibility in the CFSP and CSDP
Accessed 24 April acquis communautaire adopted AFSJ Agreement application CFSP challenges closer cooperation Common Foreign communitarisation competition conﬂict cooperaciones reforzadas coordination countries crisis decision deepened integration defence policy Denmark differentiated integration Directive EC Treaty economic governance effects electricity enhanced cooperation clauses enhanced cooperation mechanism established Euro area Eurogroup Europe European Commission European Council European integration European Parliament European Union Eurozone example fiscal ﬂexibility Foreign and Security framework initiative institutions instrument of enhanced integration process internal market la Union legislation limits Lisbon Strategy Lisbon Treaty Maastricht measures multi-speed Europe objectives ofthe opt-out participating Member political possible principle procedure proposal provisions on enhanced qualified majority reﬂected reform regarding regulation relation rules Schengen acquis scope security and defence social policy specific substantive TEU-revised TFEU third pillar THYM Treaty of Amsterdam Treaty of Lisbon Treaty of Nice unanimity United Kingdom