Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics
Unlike political or economic institutions, social movements have an elusive power, but one that is no less real. From the French and American revolutions through the democratic and workers' movements of the nineteenth century to the totalitarian movements of today, movements exercise a fleeting but powerful influence on politics and society. This study surveys the history of the social movement, puts forward a theory of collective action to explain its surges and declines, and offers an interpretation of the power of movement that emphasises its effects on personal lives, policy reforms and political culture. While covering cultural, organisational and personal sources of movements' power, the book emphasises the rise and fall of social movements as part of political struggle and as the outcome of changes in political opportunity structure.
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1848 revolutions activism activists American association authorities barricades campaigns central challengers changes Chapter Charles Tilly civil rights movement claims coalitions collective action collective action frames collective identity communication conflict connective structures contentious politics Costain created cultural cycles of contention democracy democratic demonstration developed diffusion disruption Doug McAdam elites European forms of collective forms of contention France Freedom Summer French Revolution global institutions interaction Jack Goldstone Kriesi major Mario Diani marxism mass McAdam ment militant mobilization modern movement organizations opponents opportunities and constraints organizational outcomes Pam Oliver participation parties peace peasants police political opportunities produce radical reform regime religious repertoire of contention repression response revolutionary scholars Sidney Tarrow social movements social networks society solidarity Soviet Union spread strategy strike struggle symbols Tarrow Tilly tion transnational triggered Union violence wave western Europe women's movement workers