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Qung neque pulcher Hermogenes --- Græcos facerem --- versicules, &c.] Catullum.] Probably the ape whom He probably made these essays while Horace here couples with the band- studying at Athens in his youth ; and some Hermogenes, is that Demetrius, if Baxter's supposition, rather lightly whom he afterwards does the honour taken up, however, that his proge of consigniug by name to imınorta- nitors had been dative Greeks, has lity. It is laughable in the Scholiast any foundation, then Horace would who pretends to nuform us, that have had an additional motive to Horace compares him to an ape, be compose verses in the Greek language. cause of his cowering and lank figure; But A pollo, or his good genius, whereas the Poet himself plainly jogged biin in time, and hinted, that enough gives us the reason of it, by it is more prudent to write verses reproaching him, with having learned ja our native language ; and would nothing but to harp after Calvus and be more meritorious aad honourCatullus. For, that cantare does not able to emulate the Greeks in a mean to sing, as a siaging-master language, the literature whereof was (modulator), but to versiły, is appa- still in its rudiments, than to add rent from the whole context. Lici

one to the infinite multitude of their nius Calvus had composed a small poets, and to be an iusigpificant nu•nber of soonets of the Catullian Greek author, when one might hope species, sufficient to procure him a to become an excellent writer in Latin. niche amongst the Erotic Poets of Post mediam noctem visus, cum the Romans. We perceive, froin an somnia vera.] That Horace, only anecdote recorded by Gellius*, that by way of joke, represents himself as the Greeks themselves, who had ge a believer in the vulgar superstition, nerally a high sense of their literary that dreams after midnight are true, superiority to the Latins, hild, nota is self-evident; especially, he being a withstanding, some few pieces of disciple of Lucrelius. At this place both Calvus and Catullus, exclusively occurs to Lambinus the beginning of and alone able to sustain a comparison the Europa, not of Theocritus (as he with the amatory odes of Anacreoil. says) but of Moschus : The more pity, therefore, that no

The Queen of Love, on amorous wiles in. thing of his has coine down to us.

tent, Quod Pitholeonti contigit.] What A pleasing dream to fair Europa sent. Horace here says concerning this What time still night had rolled the hours Græculus (who, according to the

away, Scholiasts, is reported to have wrote And the fresh dawn began to promise day; a ridiculous medley of Latin and When balmy slumbers, and composing Greek epigrams) is all that we know rest,

[breast; of him; and better had it been for Close every eye, and sooth the pensive his reputation, if we had not known

When dreams and visions fill the busy

brain, even this.

Petilli.] See Gent. Mag. volume Prophetic dreams, that never rise in vain! LXXX. Part I. p. 327.

Turgidus Alpinus jugulat dum Pedius,--- Publicola atque Corvinus.] Memnona, &c.] Some bombastic The subject here, doubtless, turns tragedy-maker of those days belike, on two eloquent pleaders; but who whose works must have left no lasting Pedius was, and who Corvinus, and impression, since it is impossible to whether the surname Publicola be trace out who he could be. The longed to the one or to the other, waking dream of Cruquius, that the Commentators cannot come to

Horace here under the name of Al any agreeinent; and, happily, our pinus, intended to ridicule the dear Bard is no loser by it,

friend of his own friend Virgil, the Canusini more bilinguis ? ] The poet Cornelius Gallus, in revenge for coinnon people at Capusiuin, and,

an affront, no vestige whereof is any in general, throughout all Calabria, where discoverable, refutes itself by Apulia, and Lucania (the antient its chimcrical stupidity. Whence can Magna Græcia) spoke a sort of that satisfaction arise, which some patois, a gibberish inixture of Greek lea rued Commentators on Horace and Latin.

have found, on every remote occasion,

even if they must invent incidents, * Noct. Att. lib. xix. cap. 9. reasons, and proofs for it, in making

him a had man? The Bibaculus of favourable judgment that Horace Dr. Bentley is more harmless, but here passes on him : of the two pot much better founded. Alpinus or first he makes no mention at all; and Vivalius, or Bibaculus, why need we notices, of the third, only his Tragedy trouble ourselves about the name of a of Thyestes, as a composition that poetaster long since, with all his might be placed on a level with the works, forgotten? --- That here is a most perfect Tragedies of the Greeks, fling at a probably then quite new Pollio was, indeed, a Poet of too tragedy of" that Alpinus, intituled superior an order, not to be entitled Memnon, and another piece of his to a compliment from a young author, poetry, in which appeared a ridiculous who was now first begiuniug to rise description of the Rhine, under the into eminence; and Fuudanius was, figure of a river-god, is evident from apparently, an intimate friend of the context. I should read diffingit, Horace. He would not, however, and translate it, agreeably to the have allotted the foreniost rank whole construction, by daubed, be- among the contemporary writers of cause Bentley, with bis arguments, Comedy, to the latter, unless he had has not convinced me, that defingit at least the suffrage of all those, is the true reading. Horace evidently whom, at the conclusion of this chuses that word, as he does the Satire, he cites as competent judges, equivocal expression, jugulat dum in matters of taste, on his side. InMemnona, for the sake of characteri- stances of this kind are descrving of zing Alpinus as wretched versifier; remark. They shew, that the most and we may rely opon it, that he has decided approbation of contemponot dealt too harshly with him. raries, is not always surety for the

Judice Turpå.] Spurius Metius coucurrence of posterity; and it can Tarpa, the most respectable of the do no harm), to even the most celefive censors, before whom such poets brated authors, to be occasionally as composed for the stage, were reminded of their mortality. obliged to read their performances. · See Gent. Mag. volume LXXIX. p. &c.] The Satirist, who, from the

Experto frustra Varrone Atacino, 618. This recital was made in the

manner in which Horace expresses Temple of the Palatine Apollo, which himself, must have entirely failed in was built by Augustus not till after his attempts that way, is not the the battle of Actium, and therefore celebrated polyhistor M. Terentius when Horace wrote this Satire, was

Varro, (though he too wrote a great not yet iu being. The Temple which

number of prosaic, or irregularly the text assigns asthe place of these

versified Menippic Satires, as they recitals, must accordingly have been

were styled, the loss whereof; to some other.

judge from their titles alone, is to be of these four poets, Fundanius, lamented) but a certaio Publius TePollio, Varius, and Virgil, cach of rcritius Varro, of Atace, a town siwhom Horace pronounces the first in tuate in Narbonensian Gaul, of whose his separate department at that time, poetry, with the exception of a few Virgil is the only one that has come

trilling fragnents and epigrams, predown to ours. Horace, and probably served in the collections of Stephanus Virgil himself, never dreamed when and Pithæus, nothing is now extant. this was written, that the gentle and charming favourite of the rural who this Hetruscan Cassius was, who

Hetrusci Cassi.] The question is, Camæriæ, was one day to snatch the laurel wreath of the Heroic Muse

wrote so many verses, that they would from the brows of Varius. --. The his corpse might have been consumed

have sufficed for his funeral pile; and comic poet Fundanius seems to be with the blaze of them, without the the same whom Horace introduces speaking in the 8th Satire of the iid necessity of any other fuel than the Book. It is curious enough, that Those who take an unaccountable

chests in which they were deposited. Unintilian, in his Recension of the satisfaction in thinking ill of Rorace's Latin Poets, neither enumerates this heart, cannot avoid imagining, that Fundanius among the Comic, nor he means that Cassius Parmensis

, of Pollio among the Tragic, nor Varius whom I shall not here repeat what I among the Epic Poels ; and, there have advauced upon the line fore, has by no meaos confirmed the



Scribere quod Cassi Parmensis opuscula products of Grecian Literature still vincat *,

before them. We talk concerning Suffice it to say, that this Cassius of the Margites of Homer, about what Parma, was one of the noblest chan are called the Silli of Xenophanes pions of Roman Liberty, when at its and Timon, which we no longer poslast gasp, and bad formerly been the sess, and therefore are not in a capacomrade of our Poet in the camp of city to compare them with the Satires Brutus, and that Horace himself of the Romans, and nevertheless speaks with deference and respect of pretend to know more of the matter his opuscula, in the Epistle to Tibul- than Horace and Quintilian ! lus, whence the line above is quoted. In versu fuciendo.] Facere here For this reason 'alone then, it is not

means with Horace, not simply to possible that he could be meant, make, but with art, and industry to especially as lie had wrote only make, elaborate, form, polish, finish, opusculu, whereas, here a poet is

thence likewise the phrase above, spoke of, who had poured forih versiculos magis fuctos. whole chests full of verses. That no

Arbuscula. A pantomime actress, where else any vestige of this latter who flourished in the latter years of is to be seen, is entirely his owu fanlt; the seventh century of the city of Horace, lest he might be confounded Rome, as she was still acting in the with him of Parma, expressly deuoini- games which were given to the pubnates him, the Hetrurian. For that

lick by the great Pompeius ; and Parma, which, according to all the

Cicero writes of her to his friend Geographers, was a Romau colony Atticus : Quæris de Arbuscula ? valde in Gallia ('isparunu, had ever been placuit. reckoned a part of Actruria, both

Conviva Tigelli.] In these three Cruquius and Masson bave indeed lines, I think we have together the affirmed, but not proved. It is

chiels of the cabal, against whom divertiog, however, that because

this Satire is particularly levelled Masson † can see no derision in this although llorace thought it not adpassage, he little doubts that Cassius

visable to give them a sort of conser of Paripa is the person meant.

querce by such an avowal, Fanpius son ridet versus Enni grevilute having been brought upon the carpet minores, &c.] Probably the audient already in the Fourth Salire. He poet Ennius is here intended. But had probably taken amiss the beatus how, after Horace, who was well l'unnius uliro delulis capsis et ima, versed in Grecian Literature, so ex

gine ; and, by some petulaot reply, pressly makes Satire a Pioman inven- had brought upon himself the fart tion, and terms it Græcis intuctum ineptus, with which he is here regaled. carmen, and is herein supported by whom he before called the ape of

Demetrius, very likely the same Such an'able Critick in both languages Calvus and Catullus, is by some as Quintilian , a modern Grammariau should take it into his head to unjustly confounded with the much assert the coutrary, would be scarcely

later dramatical performer of that conceivable, if it were not Jul. Caes.

DAVIC', whose talents are commended Scaliger. The former could pro

by Quintilian, in the conclusion of nounce from a thorough knowledge have been one of the half-latin Gra

his Eleventh Book. He secins to of the subject, seeing they had all the

culi, such numbers of whom were

tien living at Rome in the capacity * Epistle iv. See Gent. Mag. vul, LXXVII. p. 110.

of private tutors in the fine arts, and + Vila Horat. p. 157.

were great pretenders to taste and I See Flægel's History of Comic Lite

wit. Pantilius, the bug, must have rature, tom. ij. p. 12, et se.

M. Flægel

been indeed a wretched wight, seeing has explained this inatter with as much

he is so scurvily treated by Horace; science as is to be obtained of it, and has his profession, according to all ap. modestly urged some objections to the pearance, was that of a scurra and assertion of Horace and Quimiliau; parasite of Tigellius, who was the which, I think, cannot be repelled, only soul of this club of arrogant musicians, because we have no Greek poems now crilicks, and versifiers. At the Fourth extant, to compare with the Satires of Satire, 1 delivered it as my opinion, Lucilius, of liorace, or Juvenal.

that we
are forced to admit to

Tigelliuses: one elder, namely, the Virgilius, Valgius, and Fuscus Arissinger Tigellius, who was so much in tius. On the contrary, it merits obthe good graces of Julius Cæsar, and servation, that the Poet, in this on whom Horace, in the Second and enumeration of those whom he wishes Third Satires, delivers such a fine to please, names first his friends in funeral oration, as on one lately de- the stricter sense, Mecenas, Virgil, ceased ; and one younger, probably Varius, Fuscus, &c. ; and then, ameither a natural or an adopted heir of bitione relegata, brings up the rear with the former, who, with inferior abi. his patrons, all viros consulares, prælities and success, endeavoured, as torios and senutorios, such as Messala, far as possible, to prosecute the plan, Pollio, Servius, Bibulus, &c. No by acting the part of his predecessor less striking is it, as somewhat per(only on a sınaller scale) as a virtuoso, haps that equally depended on the an encourager of the fine arts and Roman etiquette, and on the temper sciences. That opinion appears to of Mæcenas: that this latter, although acquire from this passa, e, and the after Cæsar Octavianus, and next to compliment at the conclusion of the Vipsanius Agrippa, was, in fact, the present piece, Demetri teque Tigeili, third person in Rombe; yet, because &c. a pretty considerable degree of he (to speak in the Roman manner) certainty. For, that this 'Tenth Sa. had always remained in the private tire was wrote posterior to the latter, station, is not placed by Horace (as and a good while after the Second decency and respect, according to our and Third, there is no room to doubt. modern notions, would have required)

arridere velim.) Most of amortyst his high friends and patroos, those whom Horace, in this tine seis but between Varius and Virgil; in tence, enumerates as his friends and company indeed with honourable and patrons, are already known to our excellent characters, though mostly Readers in that capacity, from va of humble pedigree, without any rious other channels, or from divers necessity on the part of the Poet to passages in these Satires ; and the apprehend lest in so doing, he might rest would not, by the little that we disoblige the favourite of Cæsar, and know of them, become more inte. the oftspring of aboriginal Hetrurian resting to 15, since, whatever value Kings. we can set upon them, is entirely in Discipularum inter jubeo plorare consideration of their being the cathedras.] Here is a double anubifriends of our Bard. Respecting this, guity in the expression. Plorare vos Octavius, under which proper name jubeo may, with the utmost prosome bave thought the young Cæsar priety, be thus interpreted: As for to be meant, I have (after duly con you, virtuosi, you Demetrius, and sidering the arguments urged by you Tigellius, you are at full liberty Bentley) given up the opinions i for- to go snivelling and yelping, as merly expressed in my introduction you like it, to your lady-disciples. to the Epistle to Augustus, and agree it is, however, likewise, agreeably with those who rattrer suppose a less to the Roman phraseology, about exalled Octavius (e. o. bim to whom equivalent to our Go, and be hanged ! the Epigram in the Catalecta, quis I puer, atque miro citus hæc sub. dcus, Octavi, te nobis abstulit ? is scribe libello.] This order to his addressed) to be designated by it. amanuensis seems, in fact, to imply The heir of Cæsar, who at this time nothing more than that this Tenth shared the Roman Empire with An Satire was to complele, what he calls tonius, had long ceased to be called libellum suum, namely, the First Octavius, but was styled Cæs.r, till Book of his Satires ; and that he the majestic title of Augustus was intended now to publish it in this in the year 727, conferred upon him ; form; that is, as a collection of his and nothing could be more contrary Satires put out by himself, and acto the modcsiy and discretion so-con knowledged for his, which had hispicuous in our Poet, than the im therto been circulated only in privalo becile vanity of placing the man, copies. who represented the first personage END OF THE FIRST Book. in the world, under the name of


W. T. Octavius, between his good friends




Dec. 20. lies of the sons of the Kohathites, of Y

Correspondent Agricola, p. Gershon, and of Merari, amounted 434, wishes to infer, that the only to seventeen thousand Clergy are better remuverated in hundred and sixty, wbile “ those these days, than they were ever in that were numbered of the Children tended to be by the nature of their of Israel by the house of their fathers, original appointment. Aivong the

Aivong the were six hundred thousand and three Jews, he says, one-tenth of the pro- Thousand and five hundred and sixty." duce was set apart for one-twelfth of So much then for his argument by the population ; but now, one-third inference. It will be advisable of the value of the land goes to him another time to ascertain the' maintain one-fortieth part of the ground of his assertions, before he cominunity; and all this, he is ready ventures to bring them forward so to prove. Now, I confess, I am a boldly. little curious to see how he will set I am also your Constant Reader, about it; for I have very lately seen

LAICUS. a book published by the Rev. Mr. Bearblock, on the subject of Tithes, Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 9. in which it was laid down, from ac N answer to your Constant Reader, tual calculations, that the Tithe p. 357, who enquires relative to owner, so far from receiving one the qualifications and appointment of third, did not, in most instances, Sheriffs, I be leave to inform hiin, receive one-twentietli, and in none that the principal, and, perhaps, only the tepih; and, if the Tithe was indispensable, qualification for that taken in kind all through the king office is, that the party shall have dom, which, perhaps, is the only fair sufficient property within the county, way of ascertaining its value, the “ to auswer to the King and his value woul', for the most part, people.” Lists of persous competent be raised 50 per Cent. in order to to serve, are laid before the Judges make it a fair proportional tenth of 09 their respective Circuits, by the the annual increase. But, supposing then Si.erifts; which lists are altered it to be the case, that an equal tenth and adjusted by the Judges, as they was originaily intended to be levied see fit. Out of these lists, the names for the support of the Clergy, it is of three persons for each County by no means true, that that body was are chosen by the Court of Excheoriginally supposed to be in a greater quer, during Michaelmas Term; and proportion than that of one-fortieih, of these three, one is pricked (as it is to the rest of the community : for, called) by His Majesty in Council, taking for granted, what I believe. early in the year. Should all the also is not the fact, that the Clergy threc persons be found unfit, or get do not comprize more than one then selves excused, another is apfortieth part of the population of pointed from the Judges' list; and these kingdoms, yet their numbers who, in that case, is called “a Pocket must, in ihe nature of their institu- Sheriff.” tion, gbe stationary; and it is not With regard to the exemptions probable that any great diminution alluded to be your Correspondent, has taken place in their body, since legally speaking, I know of none; the dissolution of religious houses; though there is one which has been and to that date, when the Church known to operate in favour of mauy was new-modelled, may most pro highly respectable persons; viz. their perly be referred the present order having served their Counties for many and distribution of Tithes. As to

years as active Magistrates. This, the Levites, and their constituting it may be said, is rather a qualifica: one-twelfth of the people of Israel, tion than an exemption. As the if your Correspondent bad turned to office, however, is one, though of the Book of Numbers, instead of great dignity and honour, yet often taking it for granted, that, because of much difficulty, and always atthat people were distributed into 12 tended' with considerable expence tribes, the distribution roust neces and immense responsibility, it is sarily have been into 12 equal parts, seldom -sought for. Persous best he would have found, that the tribe fitted for it, are generally glad to of Levi, when increased by the fami- escape, it ; which may be the reason,


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