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42 44 33 40 42 46 38 42 32 45 38 41 32 38 33 40 33 50 37 38 43 40 39 48 33 41 41 37 48 54 49 55 45 49 44 48 42 45 39 44 52 56 45 47 50 54 42 50 41 47 46 47 36 43 38 45 33 39 34 40
29-15 29-14 29-17 29-18 29. 6 29. 1 28-17 29-18 29- 6 29-13 29. 6 29-10 29-19 29-18 29- 9 29. 2 29. 4 29. 8 29-10 29-11 29. 5 29.7 29-11 29-11 29-10 29. 1 29. 1 28.18 28-17 29. 1
cloudy, showery, evening windy
24 25 96 27 28 29 SO
The average degrees of Temperature, as noted at 8 o'clock in the ning, are 40; those of the corresponding month in the year 1809, were 36 ; in 1808, 42 52-100ths ; in 1807, 34 55-100ths ; in 1806, 45 30-100ths ; in 1803, 36; and in 1804, 42 10100ths.
The quantity of Rain fallen this month is equal to 6 inches 80-100ths; that of the corresponding month in the year 1809, was 1 inch 54-100ths; in 1808, 3 inches 8. 100ths; in 1807, 5 inches 44-100ths; in 1806, 3 inches 36-100ths ; in 1805, 1 iuch 35-100ths; and in 1804, 5 inches 44-100ths,
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for December 1810. By W. ÇARY, Strand. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit’s Thermometer.
THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For DECEMBER, 1810.
Dec. 8. Austrian armies under the Archduke TOUR ready insertion of my short Charles and Marshal Clairfait, in those
Memoir respecting Major- most interesting campaigns of 1795, 96, general Sir SAMUEL AUCHMUTY *, and 97, and filled the Military mission to induces me to offer you this paper.
the Archduke, after his brother was
wounded. He then became deputy quarIt affords me great happiness, that a short notice of Brigadier CRAUFURÐ, guished himself greatly when Humbert
ter-master-general in Ireland, and distinwhich I had given to the publick in landed in that country. He was much another work, occasioned the fol
esteemed by Lord Cornwallis, Sir Ralph lowing detailed account from a much
Abercrombie, and General Lake. Aftermore able pen; and I request your wards he was sent by our Government to insertion of it for the reason stated Switzerland, and served the campaign of therein, to which I will add my own 1799 there with the Austrians. At Buenos observations respecting that high- Ayres, where he commanded a part of minded Briton.
our troops, he did as much as possibly “ As I think the Country ought to be
could be done, under all the disadvanmade intimately acquainted with any offi- tageous circunstances of his situation, cer who particulariy distinguishes' him- according to the unanimous opinion of self, and to whom they may confidently every officer under him. He afterwards look for the most important services, I beg commanded the light brigade under the your insertion of the following particulars
much-lamented Sir John Moore, who had respecting Brigadier-gen. Robert Craufurd, a very high opinion of him. The manner whom I have known many years, and
in which he has commanded the light di. whose character I never ceased to admire:
vision of Lord Wellington's army, is too • Brigadier - general Robert Craufurd recently before the publick to need illuswas first in the 25th regiment of foot, then
tration. Had he not retired from the coinmanded by that excellent officer Sir army in disgust, as I have mentioned Charles Stuart, brother to Lord Bute, who above, he would now have been Lieutesoon discovered in my friend tbat enthu nant-general.' siastic ardour for the military profession, ** Having had particular opportunities that ardent application, and genius, for of knowing intimately this gallant atd which he is so conspicuous. Sir Charles highly-distinguished Officer, and apprehad the highest opinion of hiin, and al ciating as I do his fine character and ways bore him the warmest regard. At brilliant talents, I felt it a duty incuman early age, he passed several years with
bent upon me to send this account of him the Prussian, Austrian, and Saxon ar
to your Paper, which is so deservedly mies, studying his profession with the ut
famed for justice, liberality, and accumost diligence in all its branches. He
racy of information. became deeply versed in tactics, as well
“ A SOLDIER OP LONG SERVICE." as in the Artillery and Engineering sciences, and an excellent military drafts
I beg leave to add to the foregoing Afterwards he went to ihe East facts, that it is now about twenty Indies in command of the 75th regiment, years since I served several Camupon its being raised. He formed that paigns with the gallant Brigadierregiment in the most perfect manner, and general Robert Craufurd, then commanded it in the field under Lord Captain ; and I am truly happy in Cornwallis with great credit. Disgusted being able to bear testimony to the at not obtaining an appointment to which integrity, rigid principles of truth, he thought himself entitled, he quitted disinterestedness, and unremitting the army; but he never was easy till he
zeal for the honour of His Majesty's returned to a profession for which he is so
arms, which that high-minded Soldier eminently qualified. He served with the
bas always displayed. In proof of * See our Magazine for April of the this assertion, I have to state, present year, p. 301. Edit.
that I was in camp with him when
he quitted the service in disgust; and general service would be highly benethough he could, to my knowledge, fited, were men of Brigadier Crauhave got £2500. for his Company, furd's transcendant talents and pubļic he would not accept of more than his virtue - witness his contempt of filthy Sovereign's regulated price ; viz. gold, and his luminous Military Lec£1500. because he felt himself bound tures in Parliament, on the defence in honour to adhere strictly to the of the Nation-promoted to a rank rules of the service.
that would entitle them to 'exalted Brigadier Crausurd never required commands. But when I add, that any person under his command to this Veteran's standing in the service, endure any haruship or privation, with his critical i nowledge of almost which he would not cheerfully undergo every acre of land in the subjugated himself; for when danger and fatigue States of Europe, confirms this obwere“ the order of the day,” he was servation in his particular favour, always found leading the van! After I feel satisfied that a Prayer from the enduring the cold, wet, hunger, and Representatives of the People in Parfatigue of a fourteen hours march, liament, for his promotion to his in a low rich soil, swoln with rain, entitled rank of a Lieutenant-general, I have found this second Frederick of would be greeted by every soldier in Prussia in his tent, fighting battles the service ; as many Generals who on paper, or else translating his fa now enjoy separate and high comvourite German author, Marshal Tilk, mands, were only subaltern officers, while the rest of the army were in the when Craufurd was coinmanding, and arms of sleep! In this way he realized forming a young regiment. But, the science of the Prussian Hero; independent of the obvious equily of which he, subsequently, proved in such a proceeding, the public weal Ireland ; for the French General, should dictate the measure, as it Humbert, who invaded that country, would place a man, who unites the declared, tbat“ Craufurd was, in his qualities that adorned a Cæsar, in a opinion, the most scientific General state of capability to scourge that Foe in the Island ;” as it was owing to his who threatens the slavery of the little flying corps, that the progress of world! the French was principally retarded, A British Soldier in Retirement. and, in the conclusion, ovliged to capitulate. I heard this anecdote in
Mr. URBAN, Germany.
SHOULD have particular pleasure Feeling, as I do, the truth of this statement, I am justified in giving moirs of a person so universally and credence to this gallant Briton's mas- highly respected and beloved, as the terly reply to Massena, as he was cer late Major-general John Bellasis, of tainly an eye-witness to all that he Bombay, according to the desire ex: relates, and í know him to be inca. pressed in your note on the mention pable of stating a falsehood. He has of that gentleman, in the account of therefore completely exposed the Mr. Bunce, late Resident at Muscat, slandering lies of this mushroom Duke, who had the distinguished honour of this Ilonourable Member of Buona his patronage and friendship; but it parle's most_Honourable Legion of is not at present in my power to say Honour ! For I am as fully per more, than that the General was a şuaded of the moral truth of every native of Berkshire, and had an uncle word in Brigadier-general Crawfurd's of the name of Hill
, a very worthy Reply to Massena's Statement of the Clergyman at Sherborn, near Basingaffair of the Coa-an affair which stoke, in Hampshire, by whom he proves what an handful of Britons can was educated, and with whom he do, when led by a Craufurd, against either wholly resided, or passed a the united strength of France !-as great part of his youthful days, though it had been verified on oath and where he became acquainted with before that fountain of Rectitude and the family of Mr. Bunce's maternal Virtue, the great Lord Chief Justice grandfather, the Rev.James Plowden, Ellenborough, of the King's Bench. who possessed an estate in the adjaWhen we contemplate the facts above cent parish of Ewburst, and was the stated, I think that we may insist, patron and rector of that church. with the simplicity of truth, that the Mr. Bcllasis went out to India in the
Military service, and was most de accustomed seat as President of the Miservedly promoted to the high rank litary Board, about half past twelve, and which he held. He married the appeared in excellent health and spirits, only daughter of the Rev. John
while the ordinary business of the day Hutchins, the Historian of Dorset
was under discussion. About balf past shire; to whom he was attached, succeeded by an immediate rupture of
one, he was seized with a slight cough, at a very early age, before he left
an artery in the lungs, which terminated this country; and, with those honour- his existence in a few minutes. By the able and virtuous principles which demise of this highly-honourable and marked every period, and governed worthy man, the service is deprived of a every action of his life, he steadily zealous, brave, and faithful Officer, and retained that attachment; and, as
his children of a most affectionate parent; soon as hs situation admitted, com while those who were attached to him pleted it in marriage, He has left through an intercourse of private friendibree sons; one of whom resides in ship, have to deplore the loss of a characEngland; the other two remain in ter, whose memory they will long cherish
with every sentiment of respect and esIndia, in the Military service of the
The Major - General's remains Company one at Surat, the other
were interred yesterday afternoon with at Bumbay; and an only daughter, due military hunours, attended by a the wite of Henry Fawcett, esq. of numerous concourse of gentlemen, and Portland-place.
of ail ranks and professions.". This is all I can at present coinmu It is no inconsiderable confirmation nicate, with any degree of accuracy, of the character you have inseried of respecting the good General, except Mr. William Chicheley Bunce, that the following account of his death he not only possessed, in a very high (which I do not recollect having been degree, this great and good man's noticed in your Obituary *) from Mr. esteem and regard, but likewise that Wm. Chicheley Bunce's letter to his of the General's sons in India, who, father, dated Bombay, Feb. 15, 1808: 'in their letters to Mr. Fawcett re
“ How shall I relate to you, with specting his decease, mention him any degree of composure, an event,
as the protege of their late father, which I well know will cause you as and express, in the most feeling terms much sorrow and regret, as it does of friendship, their concern on the me. My faithful friend, I may say my occasion, and for the deep' affliction second Paiher, (second only to your- it would cause to his parents, to whom self in my regard) is, alas ! no more. they were anxious it should be comThis melancholy event took place municated with the greatest caution most suddenly, on Thursday the 11th and tenderness. Such kind and con: instant; and, till this moment, I siderate attentions, extending, eveu have been unable to relate it. On
to the surviving relatives of their dethe morning of that day, we break- ceased friend, do equal honour to fasted together at Randal-lodge (the the living and the dead. General's house in the country) and, Whenever unfavourable characters as usual, went into town, the General
are presented, you would certainly apparently in perfect health — but I call for the most authentic documents, find I can proceed no farther; and before you gave them any publicity ; must refer you to the enclosedi Bom and though there cannot be the same bay Newspaper. On the 12th, I at occasion to authenticate those of an tended the remains of this dear re opposite description, it is a peculiar spected friend to the grave.”.
satisfaction to me, ihat I have such Extract.
indubitable proofs in my possession, “ Bombay, Feb. 13, 1808. in respect to both the above, as well “ On Thursday last, the 11th instant, from public records, as the private departed this life, aged 60 years, Major correspondence of some of the most Gen. John Bellasis, Commanding Officer respectable persone in England and of the Porces, and Colonel of Artillery on India, and they will readily be enthis Establishment. Never was the insta
trusted to your perusal, whenever bility of human enjoyments more fully exemplified, than in this sudden and un
you may have occasion, or a desire to
see them, for the purpose of con, expected event, The General took his
firming the truth and justice of
every * We particularly thank this worthy
Jine that has been sent you, as a triCorrespondent: we knew the General's bute to their merits and their meworth, and sincerely lament his loss. EDIT. mory:
« WesTMINSTER Abbey. This venerable ture will pause, ere they give their Pile will be restored to ali its former consent to this piece of restoration. graudeur. Mr. Wyatt, the Architect, I must confess, that, for myself, I do has undertaken to put the walls and orna
not possess a sufficiency of fastidiousments in a complete state of durability,
ness, or perhaps, I should say, of without the least injury to the Monuments. A drawing of the original Structure has capability, to find fault with the been found in a vase taken from the Court repairs as far as they have gone ; nor, of Records, in a high state of preservation. indeed, would I presume to forestali From this the Artist will be enabled io pro
the criticisms which have been so long duce all the minute ornaments, which time threatened by your redoubtable Corhas destroyed. The Saints which stood in respondent, the Red Cross Knight; the niches are to re-appear.”
but, unless the able directors of these Mr. URBAN,
July 11. National Restorations can call magick A BOX Editake the liberty of send, to their aid, the re-appearance of all
ing you an extract from several the Statues appears to be an exploit of the latest daily Prints. As I have rather more hazardous in its successno other means of ascertaining the ful consequences, than any thing truth of this assertion, I beg leave to which has been as yet attempted ; refer to you, who are almost the only neither does it seem likely, that any brief Chronicle of the times that can newly-discovered drawing of the Arbe depended upon in these matters, chitectural compartnents could confor a confirmation, or rather an ex
vey a correct idea of what these speplanation, thereof.
We are told, cimens of sculpture were. That the walls and ornaments are to be Though I am a very humble lookerput in a complete state of repair, on, I do assure you, Sir, that this without injuring the Monuments. paragraph has awakened very inquis) This must, doubtless, have reference sitive sensations in my mind on thig to the interior of the venerable Struc- very important subject, which would ture; but how Mr. Wyatt, or any be much allayed by an explanatory body else, can restore these walls to word or two from you, or some of all their former grandeur, without your communicative Correspondents
. injuring, or indeed removing, many Yours, &c.
H.M. of the modern Monuments, is an assertion, which rather staggers an Mr. URBAN,
Oxford, Dec. 3. inquisitive observer. Can it be possible I A Me Soferuth and justice, and from for the South Cross to be restored to its original appearance, if the nume your knowledge of the particular rous works of Rysbrack and Roubi- regard which a learned Clergyman of liac remain undisturbed? It is much our own times entertains for you, to be wished, that persons who au no doubt will arise in your mind about thorize the insertion of paragraphs the propriety of admitting this letter similar to the above, which has some into your Magazine. what the appearance of coming from You may recollect having inserted an oficial" quarter, had seen that (vol. LXXVIII p. 873) an epitaph, they were not so studiously vague which was engraven upon a monuand inexplicit. Of the drawing found ment in Hatton Church, to the me: in the Court of Records, I need say mory of Catharine, the youngest and nothing, as much has appeared about much-lamented daughter of Dr. Parr. it already in your pages; but I would When he was preparing it for the particularly call your attention to lapidary, be employed me as his The closing sentence of this unaccount amanuensis ; and he not only told me, able assertion, which tells us, that that the greater part of ihe Latin “the Saints which stood in the niches
verses were taken by him from Siare to re-appear.” By this we are to donius Apollinaris, but he pointed judge, that all the statues in the out the passages, and gave strong niches round the exterior of Henry reasons for rejecting one line, which the Seventh's Chapel, which were I wished him not to omit. I think it wantonly pulled down in a barbarous of importance to state the foregoing age, lest they should fall on the heads circumstance, because I have heard it of the Members of Parliament, are observed, that the Doctor had emto be re-instated ; and, certainly, all ployed both matter and words, that true lovers of our antient Architec: were not his own.