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Review of New Publications.

(July, Blackpool, the Easterly winds blew the concluding he kept all his words for Supsmoke of the village upon the boarding- day. At dinner, he sat at my right elhouse I had a dear afflicted wife, who bow, when, for the first time, he gave a continued there several months, and found specimen of his eloquence: Waiter,' the virtues of the sea counteracted by the Sir,' 'Take this wine! What stuff! smoke of the land. This cannot be the Change it;' which was done without a case here, for the elevated bank upon word of reply. It appeared the company w bich stand Coathain and Redcar, will drank the same without a complaint. prevent annoyance from its smoke ; for, Why he came, nnd when he went, none let the wind blow from what point it may, of the company knew. I am doubtful of the meadows on one side, or the sea on entering upon a female character; for the other, will clear away the refuse of Pope says, 'Women have no character at the chimney."

all.' I shall, however, ventare upon one, The CHARACTERS our Author met

an elderly widow lady, with an estate of

seven hundred a year. She was a most with are depicted with bumour:

auniable person, and, I could gather, was “ The developement of the human cha

respected by all who knew her, and those racter is infinite ; and a man who has no. were not a few; many a man would be thing else to do, has time to unfold it.- glad to venture upon such a prize. Her One of our company was a rich banker, a knowledge was so extensive, that scarcely lively companion, though seventy; would a family could be named, within forty draw up his breeches, stroke down his miles of her residence, of whom she was waistcoat, and shuning his feet along the ignorant. She often set disputants right finor, in the style of a beau, march up in domestic history; and I must here rewith a smile, and say pretty things to the tum her my thanks for some part of this ladies. He possessed as much good-na- work. She chose a certain corner of the ture as vivacity.--Another, having a for- room, and no soul attempted to infringe tune left him of fifty thousand pounds, her right. She was rather of a silent rejoiced in black : this is often the inost turn, but was easily brought into a laugh acceptable colour in the Mercer's shop with the joke, which might be kept up by A third was of a shrewd philosophical tlie hour. Whenever she uttered a senturn; thought much, said little, but said tence, she did not choose to part with it, it well. --The next was a gentleman, bis till it had gone through three editions. I lady, and amiable daughter. They ex- asked her, in private, whether the lively hibited a complete, but rare, picture of sallies of the company were too severe, conjugal love and domestic banpiness. for we should be sorry to give the least of, The lady took daily walks or, rides upon fence. She assured me with a smile, they the sands; her husband always, and seem- were not at all disagreeable ; she was peringly from love, attended. He found that fectly satisfied, and rejoiced to contribute happiness at home, which others look for to the entertainment of the company, abroad, and are disappointed.

Her re

This did not slacken the progress of mirth, turns of affection, I am persuaded, were --Nothing in a man's life tends more to to his wish, although they had been inar- health and longevity than peace of mind ried more than twenty years. We con- it is the index to old age. When the tem tracted a friendship with this worthy per is ruffed, the whole system is diserfamily. Another was a young Attorney, dered. Whatever preys upon the spirits, full of spirit and activity, and of a ge- preys upon the body, and repeated at: nerous turn. He spoke much, and to the tacks bring down the man. When the purpose ; was handsome; and, being the sea is boisterous, there is danger. Eviis principal young man amongst us, it is hard will arise, which, like waves, a man canto say what became of the ladies hearts, not withstand ; but there are others, which for we abounded with female beauty. . He he may, and more, which prudence may treated us with many humourous songs.- avoid. I was acquainted with couple The last gentleinan I shall enumerate was who had resided in one house more than a Clergyman, about thirty. I accosted

twenty years; the land!ord turned them him, at his first entrance, with a slight out; though it was one of the most dis, civility, to obviate that timidity which agreeable houses in Birmingham, and in naturally attends a man, when he first which they had lost a fortune, and were enters a room among strangers. He made reduced to poverty, yet to part with this no return. I watched an opening to be- old house broke the wife's heart, nor did gin a conversation with him; but the only the husband survive her many days. word I could extract from him was No. This, though only an imaginary evil, was He spoke to none, nobody spoke to him. attended with fatal effects : but they I saw him rearing against a window, and, ought to have reasoned upon their case; willing to win him, I made another at- then they would have found it a thing of tempt; but could procure no other reply, little moment. When a man who is acthan the same dissonant No, I desisted, customed to associate and converse with



Review of New Publications.

man, is deprived of that blessing, being ill-treated at another house, came to ours,
reduced to a state of solitude, he natu- and brought with them a treasure.--Ano-
rally applies to the brute creation for ther was a widow lady and her amiable
amusement. This was my case during daughter. I had found a curious sea-
eleven or twelve days after my arrival in shell. The lady asked, with a small de.
1809 at Coatham, before company ap- grce of emotion, "Where I found it >>
proached. I attended, from the windows - Where, Madam, here are no more;
of the dining-room, to the domestic eco- please to accept this, and keep it for my
nomy of a sow and her offspring, and was sake.' I will.' • Perhaps, Madam, this
pleased with their regular deportment. I may net be the last time of your pro-
was also attentive to two Rocks of geese, nouncing the words I will."
quartered upon the same greea. A rival- Having been so liberal in our ex-
ship existed between them. They chat- tracts from this amusing Trip, we
tered in anger, which answered to our

can only recommend to our readers, gazetted declaration of war, stretched out

as of equal interest and curiosity, the Caeir necks, thundering vengeance, and account of Mrs. Margaret Wharton, bespattering each other with foul lan- the Per Pennyworth of Foote, and guage; at length the heroes of both sides fought, drew off, and both, like the Eng. the detail of the battle of Marston lish and French, erected their heads, Moor, which the Historian will not cackled in triumph, and Aapped their think unworthy of his attention. We wings in token of victory.

might, perhaps, have pointed out In this second visit to Coatham, I shall other passages, but it may suílice to hold the glass, and exhibit a few charac. conclude with the general praise that ters.--One was a person who had the reso- the volume will form a most useful lute prudence to retire from a business by companion to persons travelling on which he was enabled to a mass one hundred the same road, and must be consithousand pounds in thirteen years; an dered by all as a very extraordinary example not often followed. He acted

production from one of Mr. Hutton's the part of the gentleman, without assuming airs.--Another was a Clergyman, embellished with a portrait of the

very advanced age. - The work is whose name was Vaughan. His appear: ance was inviting; he was well informed, Author, a map of Cleveland, and open, and intelligent. As I was given to three topographical engravinys illusnnderstand his stay would be some time, trative of objects of antiquity. I silently enlisted him among my friends, fed upon my future entertainment, and 3. The Works of the Rev. Thomas Towntook an hour's walk. Upon enquiry for son, D. D. late Archdeacon of Richmy intended friend, I found, to my re- mond; one of the Rectors of Malpas, gret, he was gone; and the prize had Cheshire, and sometime Fellow of St. klipped through my fingers.—I had often Mary Magdalen, Oxford. In Tico voread, in the London Papers, of Worthy lumes. To which is prefixed, An AcAldermen.' Whether the word perfectly count of the Author, with an Introducatted, may admit a doubt; but I am tion to the Discourses on the Gospels, and bringing upon the stage a worthy Alder- @ Sermon on the Quotations in the Old man of York, whom it will completely fit; Testament, By Ralph Churton, M. A. also his brother and two sons, who claim Archdeacon of St. David's, Rector of an equal share of merit. From this quad. Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire, ruple alliance I enjoyed many happy

and late Hellow of Brasen Nose College, hours.-A lady sat at the head of the ta- Oxford ;" 890. pp. 849. Rivingtons, und ble, the wife of a Physician. Her mán- Payne, ners were polite, engaging, and sat as it is with much satisfaction we re easy upon her as ten thousand pounds did new our acquaintance with Mr Archupon her husband.-On her left, and op- deacon Churton, as an Editor and posite to me, sat three sisters, who treated Biographer; and the learned and reme with six bright and black eyes, all ligious world will be no less pleased cast in the same mould.—We had also

to find that his useful labours have two sisters, orphans, most agreeable and been directed to the publication of accomplished ladies, and of a sweet tem

the works of such a writer as Dr. 'per. Ill betide the mau who should attempt to steal the hearts of these lovely Townson. These are now collected sprigs of human beauty, without a return!

with care arid accuracy, and illusThey were under the protection of a sen

trated by plates, an original portrait, sible lady. Should this sportive page

and such other documents as may come under their eye, they will accept convey the character of this valuable my thanks for leading by the hand an Author with credit to the latest posold man nearly blind. They had been terity.


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Review of New Publications.

[July, As Mr. Churton's Life of Dr. Town- two of his pupils. In 1746, he was son is a copious and interesting article, presented to the living of Hatfield we are tempted to eurich our Miscel- Peverel, in Essex. luo 1749 he was lany with an abridged sketch of it. senior Proctor of the University ; and,

The Rev. T. Towuson was the resigning Hatfield was presented to eldest son of the Rev. John Townson, the rectory of Blichfield, in StaffordM. A. Rector of Much Lees, in Es. shire, by Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot,

He was born in 1715; and, hav- bart. Soon after he quitted the proca ing been instructed a while by his ex- torship he was admitted (June 15) to cellent father, was placed under the the degree of Bachelor in Divinity, and Rev. Henry Nott, vicar of the neigh- the same summer Mr. Drake offered bouring parish of Terling, where he him the lower mcdiety of Malpas, in the was soon distinguished for quickness county of Chester. After some reluctof apprehension and a most retentive ance, principallyarising from his unwilmemory. From Terling he was re- lingness to leave Oxford, he accepted moved to the Free-school at Felsted, this offer, and was instituted Jan. 2, then under the direction of the Rev. 1751. At the close of the year (Dec. 19) Mr. Wyatt. On March 13, 1733, he he quitted Oxford, and resigned his was entered a Commoner of Christ Fellowship the month following. He Church, Oxford, where he had for now divided his time between Malpas his tutor the Rev. John Whitfield, and Blithfield, which he held for a M. A. afterwards Poetry Professor. few years with his new preferment; In July 1735, he was elected Demy and then, having resigned it, he inof Magdalen College, arı! two years ducted (Feb. 23, 1759) his worthy afterwards Fellow of that Society, successor, the Rev. Walter Bagot, having in the intermediate year (Oct. M. A. son of his esteemed friend and 20) been admitted to the degree of patron. In 1758, a very considerBachelor of Arts. He commenced able accession of fortune came to him M. A. June 20, 1739.; and was or by the death of the Rev. William daiped Deacon, Dec. 20, 1741, and Barcroft, rector of Fairsted and vicar Priest Sept. 19, 1742, by Dr. Secker, of Kelvedon, in Essex, who bequeathed Bishop of Oxford.

bim his library and the principal part Three days after this he set out for of his fortune, amounting in the France with Mr. Dawkins, in com- whole to more than eight thousand pany with Mr. Drake and Mr. Holds- pounds. worth ; and, after a tour in Italy, After mentioning these circumGermany, Holland, &c. returned in stances, his Biographer gives a long 1745. “ From the minutes of his and very interesting account of his journal, kept with regularity and conduct as a Christian Pastor, which marked with intelligence, an agree

seems to have been in all respects able volume might easily bave been must exemplary. formed, had he been disposed to at

The following passage implies a tempt it. But of the accuracy of peculiarity of opinion, which we shall such books of travels as are usually transcribe, because it appears to be given to the publick from a transient placed by Mr. Cburton in a fair light, view of a country, he entertained no and ably defended : very favourable opinion; in support

“On a special occasion he composed of which he occasionally related the

and used the following prayer, by the defollowing anecdote of his friend and

sire of the sufferer : fellow - traveller, Mr. Holdsworth.

O almighty and everlasting God, whose When this gentleman first went into blessed Son Jesus Christ did give to his Italy, he composed with some care Apostles, and other Ministers of his word, an account of wbat he saw. On vi- power over unclean spirits, grant, O Lord, siting the same country agaio), with that if any evil spirits have afflicted this his former journal in his hand, he al. thy servant, they may be driven away tered the narrative, and contracted

from him, and be suffered no more to the substance of it. When he made

hurt or come near him. Hear, O Lord, the tour a third time, he burnt bis through the mediation of Jesus Christ our

our humble supplication in the name and papers.”

Lord. Amen.' On his return to College he resumed

“The hypothesis on which this proceeds, the employment of tutor. Mr. Lovi

as he was well aware, though consonant bond, the poet, and Lord Bagot, were to the sentiments of our best Divine, is

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not the current opinion of the day. But on the subject, that miraculous gift, the What is unfashionable is not always false. discerning of spirits; but it is right surely It is thought by some to be in all cases a to pray for deliverance from the more exsuffic ent proof that nothing beyond natu- traordinary degrees of temptation or troural disease has happened, because, when ble, as well as from those which are less by inedical aid bodily health has been re- uncommon, provided it be done with a stored, the mind is again perfectly free condition expressed, that the case be what and tranquil. He esteemed this argia to us appears probable: and a better ment by uo means satisfactory. There prayer for the purpose will not easily be are persons who will converse with you devised, than that which precedes and coolly and rationally on any subject what, occasioned these remarks." goeier, who yet have occasionally propo

About the year 1766, and for some sitious darted into their mind (as they believe and express themselves) as distinct

time afterwards, he employed him from their own train of thoughts, as if self in composing an exposition of the they were pronounced by another person.

Apocalypse. This he finished, but To allege that the body occasions these never published. “It was bis hum. things, is surely to assign an effect with- ble request to God, that if his system out a cause, or (sbich is the same thing) were wrong, the work might never without an adequate cause; for it is not, see the light; and it so proved, that I hope, the body that creates thoughts whenever he thought of revising his and forms propositions. To say, again, papers and preparing them for the that the mind itself is the sole agent in press, something still intervened, and the business, is to argue against the consciousness and conviction of that mind; tainty as to the probable success of

hindered his design.". In this uncerfor the person thus molested shall at the his undertaking, it was suffered to same instant be talking with you cheerfully on a subject totally different; shall lie quiet in his study, with a direcbe reading, or praying. If these momen

tion to be burnt, which he never retary interruptions are seldom experienced scinded. He found leisure, however, but when the body is more or less indis- while employed on it, to attend to posed, and cease when it has regained the controversy of the Confessional, the full tone and vigour/of health, this and published, but without his name, only shews that a disordered body was 1. “ Doubts concerning the Authentithe predisposing occasion or organ, but city of the last Publication of the does not prove it to have been the imme- Confessional, and the current Editions diate or efficient cause. It will not be de- of certain books cited in it: addressed nied that there are malignant bemgs, who

to the Author of that learned Work." watch every opportunity, and eagerly seize every permitted mode, of assaulting 1767. 2. “A Defence” of them, “in us; and where then is the absurdity of answer to Occasional Remarks, &c." supposing they may be able to harass us, 1768; and 3. in the same year, “A when one part of the machine is disors Dialogue between Isaac Walton and dered, in a different manner or degree, Homologistes; in which the characfrom what is in common cases possible, ter of Bishop Sand rson is defended when the whole moves in perfect harmony? against the Author of the Confes. When a wicked monarch was troubled by sional.” Mr. Churion bas bestowed a more wicked spirit, the melody of the what we believe to be a very just harp composed and refreshed him, and he was well ; and his foiled assailant departed encomium on all these pamphlets,

which are bere reprinted. from him * -In what I have stated, I am assured, I represent facts; and I know,

In Sept. 1768, at the earnest re, as to the probable cause of those facts, i quest of his friend and patron, Mr. express his sentiments, whose opinions, Drake, Dr. 'Townson went abroad as well as actions, 50 far as it is material with bis eldest son, Mr. William to record the one or the other, it is my Drake, a Gentleman Commoner of duty to exhibit with all fidelity. We Brazen-nose college, and perfo med cannot pronounce with certainty what is nearly the same tour which he went merely natural disease, what demoniacal

over twenty-six years before, After possession, and what the occasional molestation of the powers of darkuess ; for recording this

, Mr. Churton introwe have not, as one has justly remarkert duces his owu connexion with


Townson in these words : ** | Sam. xvi, 23."

+ “Bishop Newton, in his Dissertation “ The writer of these memoirs was the on the Demoniacs. See his works, rol. younger son of one of Dr. Townsori pada iii. p. 191."

risbioners, a yeoman. At a proper age Gext. Mag. July, 1810.

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Review of New Publications.

(July, he was put to the grammar-school in Mal- der the part of the Gospels which pas, with wishes, believe, rather than relates to that subject; but he did not any just hopes, of bringing him up for

at this time pursue it,

In the sumthe church. It pleased God that both his

mer of 1778, he published a Se non, parents died : but he continued at school; intituled, “ The Mayner of our saand his worthy master, the Rev. Mr.

viour's teaching," preached before Evans, mentioned him to Dr. Townson, who made him presents of books, and fre

Dr. Porteus at his primary visita

tion of the see of Chester ; and two quently assisted and directed his studies. By Dr. Townson's recommendation, he years after the Bishop bestowed on was eutered at Brasen-nose in 1772; and him the Archdeaconry of Richmond. the same generous hand contributed one The Archdeacon of Richmond has a half towards his academical expences. In stall in the Cathedral at Chester, and 1778 he was chosen fellow of his college; bis portion in the duties of the church; and his kind friend and benefactor lived but in other respects he has really no to congratulate him on being presented by authority or charge belonging to that Society, March 12; 1792, to the rec

him; for the Bishop is himself, in tory of Middleton Cheney, in Northamp effect, Archdeacon both of Chester tonshire.”

and Richmond ; the endowments of After Dr. Townson's return to Mal- which two Archdeaconries constitute pas in October 1769, be studied and the principal revenue of the see. The produced his Discourses on the Bishop, however, laudably solicitous Four Gospels.” They originated in for the good of bis diocese, gave him. á Sermon first preached in the parish a special commission, April 25, 1782, church of Blith field, and afterwards to visit the five Northern Deaneries before the University, June 2, 1771, within the Archdeaconry of Richwhere he was desired to publish what mond, in the execution of which Dr. had been heard with so much satis- Townson rode, by his own computafaction. This induced him to recon- tion, being then almost seventy years sider the subject; and, by a progress of age, 572 miles, and from the inforwhich every literary man will readily mation obtained in this journey, comunderstand, it grew under his revi- posed a very elegant and methodical sion to its present form and size, and register, exhibiting a fall and distinct was publisbed in 1778, in a quarto view of each parish and chapelry, unvolume, and received with the uni- der the several heads pointed out for versal approbation of his learned bre- his examination. thren. Bishop Lowth's testimony to In 1783, the Divinity Chair of the its merit may be selected from a num- University of Oxford, then vacant by ber : “it is a capital performance, the death of Dr. Wheeler, was ofaud sets every part of the subject it fered to him by Lord North, Chantreats of in a more clear and con- cellor of Oxford, in a letter so hovincing light than ever it appeared in nourable to that Nobleman, that we before." But, adds his Biographer, cannot content ourselves with merely he received testimony to the merit of referring our readers to it. his book, on which he set a higher value than on the commendation of

« Lower Grosvenor-street, any ipdividual, however exalted in

Aug. 11, 1783. character, or dignified by station.

“ Although I recollect our former ac. This was the degree of Doctor in Di. quaintance with great pleasure, it is not vinity by diploma, which was with

on account of that acquaintance, nor of perfect unanimity conferred on him, your long and intimate connexion with in full convocation, by the Univer- those whom I shall ever love and esteem, sity of Oxford, February 23, 1779. that I trouble you with this letter. Upon This honour will appear the greater the death of Doctor Wheeler, the King to our readers, when they are told commanded me to look out for a proper that diploma degrees are very rarely successor; by which words his Majesty conferred by this University.

understood some person confessedly wellThe Discourses on the Gospels qualified for the Divinity Chair, whose

promotion should be acceptable to the were scarcely published, when some cavils respecting one of the Evange- University of Oxford. I have since en

publick at large, and, particularly, to the lists, and an attack made upon Mr. deavoured to execute his Majesty's comWest's book on our Lord's Resurrec- mands, and, after the most minute ention, induced Dr. Towoson to consi- quiries, I cannot find any person in the


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