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36 Pedigree of Sheffield Duke of Buckinghamshire. (July, ing John, third Earl, who was installed brief Memoirs he sent you, and as Knight of the Garter, and soon after he is now disabled from replying made a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to your Correspondents, he trusts you to Charles II. ; Colonel of the old may not let the subject farther occupy Holland regiment; Governor of Hull; your attention or your valuable pa yes. and Commander of the Forces off Yours, &c. PETER D. ELLIOTT. Tangier. In the first of James II. he was sworn of the Privy Council, and ArcuITECTURAL INNOVATION. afterwards made Lord Chamberlain of

NO. CXLVII. the Household. He was likewise one APPY, thrice hippy, is the hour of the Privy Council to William III. and in the ath William and Mary cre- My constant defence in ihe cause of ated Marquis of Normanby. In the our Antiquities is rot in vain. The Rev. first of Queen Anne he was made Mr. Bingley, LXXX. 517, thus conLord Privy Seal, and the next year, fesses : « The papers of the Architect 1703, created Duke of Buckingham- were, in some measure, a means of shire. He was one of the Commis- instigating me to enter upon the task sioners to treat of au Union with Scot- of endeavouring to restore the longland one of the Privy Council; neglected beauties of ihe interesting Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulo- Church of this parish” (Christ Church, rum of the North Riding of York, Hants.) An hour that renews all my shire : and one of the Governors of asdour, if indeed such feeling was in the Charter-house.

ang wise depressed; and I now turn His Grace married first, Ursula, again to repel the assaults of " Amadaughter of Colonel Stawell and widow teur" with tio compion dey ree of conof the Earl of Conway, but had no fidence. I am an Englishnan ; and an issue : he married secondly, Lady admirer of thearts of my own Country! Catherine Greville, eldest daughter “ Amateur :"(LXXX. 523).- I am of Fulk Lord Brook, and widow of not disposed to give up my reliance Baplist Noel Earl of Gainsborough; upon Mr. Moore's auihority, in regard but by her he had no issue: he mar- io dales, therefore Darliain with inc, ried thirdly, Catherine, widow of the in point of opinion, stamis where it Earl of Anglesey, and daughter of did. With respect to the dispute James II. (sister of Quee:s Mary and about St. Denys, this matter will Anne) by Catherine Sediey, Countess very soon be decided, as the four of Dorchester ; by this lady, among views of that Church, now'engraving other children who died young, he under the patronage of viajor Anderhad Edmund, born 1716, seventh son, are about to be submitted to the Lord Shetlield of Buiterwick, fourth Publick. The West front, and south (not fifth, as erroneousiy stated) Earl side, are already executed by that of Mulgrave, and second and last masterly hand, Howlett; the last Duke of Buckinghamshire. He died front, and interior from West to East, at Rome in 1735, aged 19, and with bid fair for completion by the same him the honours became extinct. ingenious Artist; then for the mighty

The lines of Swift, Bourchier, Fair- claimi ot' French “ superiority!"" As fax, and Verney, all failed ; and if for the monuments of Lagobert and any descendants still exist besides Lady Perey, I brought them into those from Joseph Shefield, Esq. comparison for no other reason (inau(which I am by no means disposed to gre my wit of " candour and vedeny) they must proceed, I should racity,”) than to make plain that Engsuppose, from those females whose list Artists could do something in their inarriages I have been unable to enu- profession in the way of sculpture and merate : but this is mere maiter of decoration ; and I rather suspect the conjecture.

magnified Dagobert's memorial is not It was only Mr. Price's wish to lay a work of the date alleged,“ the thirbefore your Readers some informa- teenth century,” but of a far later tion relative to that truly noble and period, as it is not uncommon in Seshining character, John D. of Bucks, pulchral history to find the cenotaph and bis writings ; but he was by no of a deceased character erected or remeans prepared to enter the lists on newed over his relicks, long after his genealogical points. As you have passage from this transitory life. See dove him the favour of noticing the the tombs of King Athelstan, Malms

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bury ; and King Osrick, Gloucester; Century. After Salisbury, we natuboth works allowed to be done in the rally turn to Wells, in the survey of fifteenth century. I likewise tacked their Wesi 1 ronts; many variations in together Notre Dame and salisbury, the latter take place, yet not so much merely to shew, that in England we sa, but there is great similitude existhad a Church to be “ admired” also, ing between them. In Wells, however, with respect to “ windows” and “

the arrangement of the decorations is lumins.” I mentioned nothing about become more splendid and more redates, or comparative styles, &c. fined ; a higher degree of elegance is Hear, once more, good Mr. “Ama- every where brought out; the printeur,” “Five ailes ;" Galilee, at Dur- cipal, or West window story, is of a ham, Salisbury cathedral, Chichester n ore lofty elevation; the columns in cathedrai, St. Tielen's church, Abing- higher relief, and shew enriched don, &c. At the mention of Litch- grounds ; the spandrels to the arched fieid Cathedral, I am again under the heads of the compartments, with their siandard of Mr. Moore's list, date 1140. pediments enriched likewise, and those The principal features of the West suveral other coinpartments, containfront

go

with that date ; later parti- ing numerous basso-relievo's, which, culars certainly have been iniroduced. with the niches themselves, filled with But“ Amateur” seenis to tremble in the finest whole length statues, finding an engraving of this vur ('a- both of religious and costumic inthedral is forthcoming in this Miscel- terest, form altogether a scene of lany; therefore he does well before- splendour almost without parallel. hand (to advance his purpose) in en- As fir the two Towers, right and deavouring by every literary slight to left, continued up from the main bring down under his foot my fifty body of te front, they are of Tudor years' experience;" and my many workmanship. thousand sketches." I will notice to The Interior. In the Western part, my Readers that, during the whole of or nave, the lines, though much after this Controversy, “ Amateur” se- the Salisbury manner, seem to lose dulously turns aside from any thing some ground in competition for like professional detail of building grandeur in respect to the work of the against building, with regard to des gallery story; for while Salisbury sign, and arrangement of parts. No, teems with an infinity of colunns, no ; let him, as I have hinted before, Wells bears on its course only archi"beware of that ” In this “ Ama- traves, thick set with mouldings. teur" condescends to accord with my The capitais, as well external as in“ ideas." What becomes of my op- ternal, indeed seem to be the most ponent's “ fairness of discussion ;'' and material deviation from those of Sa. who is now guilty of a “paltry lisbury, as they are charged with fraud,” when he, in bringing forward much forid ornament, while those in my citations about English Portals, the latter Church are but partially and only instances that of" Winchester, sparingly introduced. I shall not in when I had listed together York, Sa- this place bring in, by way

of

argulisbury, Winchester, Exeter, and ment, the choir division of the buildJastly, the astonishing one of Peter- ing : it appears to have undergone at horough ?-West Front of York Ca- soine late period considerable alterathedral. What then, “ Amateur" in tions, as the galleries are over-worked some sort, (though much against his with most elaborate decorations, in will) a'lows the palm of victory to buttresses, arches, pinnacies, and York Cathedral, as being superior to rich compartments to the spandrels of that of Rheims? Is then the man's the groins, &c. anti-national prepossession about to Westminster Abbey Church ; date, humble itself, his proud stomach, big 1269. Unlike Salisbury and Wells, with the giory of French “superior- here is no West Front; cither with ity” in Art, coming down? Happy, regard to date or workmanship thrice happy, is this hour; my re- (the present front Tudor worn) to ward for iabours past is near at hand, come in proof, so as to illustrate the and I am comforted !

Architecture of this period; therefore Pointed STYLE, &c.

we are directed to the more Eastern (continued.)

divisions of the North exterior of the Wells Cathedral; date, Thirteenth dare. The most obvious change froiu

Salisbury,

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38 ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION, No. CXLVII. (July, Salisbury and Wells takes place in the lumns disposed round the centrical windows, which consist of one open- one are but of a three quarter proing, containing a combination of jection, while the others, from their mouldings, formed into mullions and very imperceptible detached position, tracery, simple of themselves, yet seem with the rest all of the same evidently combined together so as to solid piece of masonry. Bands, dia produce the geometrical and allusive viding the several heights of the cohgure, Three in One. The buttresses lumns, are still resorted to. The rise the whole height of the elevation, arches to the ailes of the nave become done into three stories, with flying very cute, and the spandrels to the arches or bows springing from them, arches themselves, and those to the so as to be attached, and give suffi- galleries, are filled with sınall ornacient security, to the nave in its upper mented squares (such kind of squares story, affording at the same tinie a before noticed on the basement of the charming effect in the profile view of West Front of Dunstable Church.) the building. The niches in the but. The gallery, to speak of it in particutresses are like those of the former lar, is beautiful indeed, made out in structures, though of a more simple arches, columns, tracery, in the Three cast. We have now before us an ar,

in One; and I earnestly hope it will rangement, which may be called new

not be thought“ prejudice" with me in this stage of our endeavour to ad- in this instance, when I maintain, that vance the Rise and Progress of the the interior of Westminster is the sum Art, and is perhaps without example; of all Architectural excellence! As it is the external range of the galleryI hase often confessed that within its story, made out with a series of walls I first imbibed my early profeswindows, each with one opening, con- sional predilections, it perhaps may taining curious tracery, conjoined into account for this my stubborn national the allusive form, Three in One. habit, and my being so staunch an Battlements are introduced, but I ap- anti-Whittingtonist. Although in prehend they are of a date subsequent our Westminster interior the parts are to the rest of the work. The general not profusely lavished, yet they are appearance in the lines of the eleva most judiciously and aptly disposed ; tion is of a simple turn, yet evidently a kind of magic influence pervades the possessing much chastity of design ; Pile, which, to a right-moulded Engwhile its extreme loftiness, accompa- lish heart, must ever give the most nied with the unique gallery story, just and firm impression of that which renders the whole at once grand, and constitutes perfection, in spite of the of the most imposing character. And boasted superiority” of St. Denys. while we yet view its leading features But I will not anticipate Major Anwith high gratification, we may soon derson's Views ; they will aid my have to lament some rueful metainor

cause more than tongue can plead, or phose, in the premeditated restora- mind dićtate. I wait the issue, and I tions about to be entered upon at this ain calm *. side of the fabrick. What has been Throughout the Progress of the lately done, and is now doing, on Pointed Style, as thus far adduced, Henry's Chapel, strengthens all our one series of mouldings, ornaments, fears ; fears which will ere long be

contour of statues, and other the like general, when John Carter brings particulars, seem to have prevailed forth his Survey of the new work with little or no variation; at least thereon devised and performed ; a the transitions have been so slow and Survey bitherto held back for reasons, imperceptible, that, although the we may be assured, at once politic, great ontline of the Art has expressed and of the first Architectural inport. many and important alterations, these

The interior, in the more Eastern their sınaller characters passed on in divisions of the nave, partakes in the regular and uniform shew-a pleasing most scientific manner all the proper- train, replete with fair instruction ties of the exterior, differing from, and with true delight. Salisbury and Wells also in many

AN ARCHITECT, essential points, such as the cluster's

(To be continued.) of colunins, which are found to be nearly one combination of compact * Divisions, both externally and interą materials, as most of the smaller co- nally, engraved in Antient Architecture.

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Mr. URBAN,

July 9. science generally; whence any blind T

Laws of England, and almost every sueh a mind and such genius as a Sancivilized nation, should be averse to derson or a Blacklock, may be enDuelling; and it is still more remarks abled, like them, to arrive at the able, that amongst civilized nations greatest academic honours. alone this absurd practice should exist. The Publick will soon be in posses Those who adopt this mode of set- sion of the particulars of an Institutling differences in defiance of the law, tion which preparing for this huI well know, have too little sense re- mane purpose under the patronage of maining to be dissuaded from the cus- a Prince of the Blood Royal, in the tom, by any arguments against its vicinity of the Metropolis, where impiety; bat I am surprized that gen- blind pupils of both sexes are to be tlemen do not banish such a practice, instructed, not only in the beforewben they see it so frequently

resorted mentioned branches of learning, but to by the vulgar;for it is a well-known in such other acquirements as are calthough ludicrous circumstance, that culated to qualify them for partakmany shopkeepers have lately given ing of and contributing to the general and received challenges in imitation enjoyment of a polite circle. Cards, of gentlemen!

chess, draughts, back-gammon, and It becomes an imperious duty for even dancing, both minuets and the Legislature to enact a law to check country dances, they are represented this vice, as the existing acts are by to be capable of acquiring a proficino means calculated to do this effec- ency in, under a well-digested system tually. The growing evil will never of education, applicable to their secease to be a torment to society, till veral cases, and the variety of cirwe have some such summary mode of cumstances by which the mode of punishment as the following : viz. treating them must necessarily be That if two persons escape from a governed. duel with their lives, they should both la addition to the means of acquirbe confined in a mad-house, since the ing learning with which it is intended motive which they fought from is to to possess them, and the various acbe considered as nothing but tempo- complishments by which they may be rary madness; and, lest their paroxysm enabled to enjoy life io many of the should again break out, this contiue- varieties with which it abounds, the ment should extend during the term pious part of the community will of their lives : and in the event of exult and be glad that considerations one of the combatants falling in the of far greater importance than either field, the murderer should in every are not to be unheeded ; but that, case, and under every circumstance, through the medium of the Gospel, be hanged.

they are to be made sensible of the Yours, &c.

S. H. C. way which is vpen to them for enjoy

ing in a future life an ample repara

tion for the want of every blessing Mr. URBAN,

which they may not have been made HY

UMANITAS, who in Vol.LXXX. partakers of in this.
p. 508, manifested his philan-

Yours, &c.

STANLEY. thropic anxieties in behalf of the opulent Blind in this country, will be highly gratified to know that those so Mr. URBAN, long-neglected sufferers will very soon T is remarkable this year, that be enabled to avail themselves of the several Plane Trees are dead in full extent of the benefits derivable different parts of the kingdom, parfrom the ingenious and successful in- ticularly in the county of Norfolk; ventions of M. Haüy, by whose ar- where it is observed that almost all rangements at Paris, almost thirty the Planes are destroyed. Can any years ago, the blind were taught to of your Correspondents inform us, read, write, correspond with their through your valuable Magazine, the distant friends, and by those means real cause of the decay of the plane acquire a familiar acquaintance with Trees ? arithmetic, algebra, mathematics, mu

Yours, &c.

I. A. R. sic, geography, and the rudiments of

LITERARY

[ 40 ] LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. We understand that Mr. Ruding's founded on Astronomical ObservaHistory of the Coinage of this King- tions and Trigonometrical and Barodom and its Hependencies is in such metrical Measurements. forwardness, as to afford reasonable The Rev. Thomas Rees being preexpectations that it will be ready for vented by puinerous and urgent avothe Press about the latter end of the cations from proceeding with the present year. It will contain an His- “ Familiar Introduction to the Arts torical Accoant of our Coins, digested and Sciences,” some time ago anin the form of Annals, from the ear- nounced by bim as in preparation ; liest period of authentic history, to the Rev. J. Joyce has, at his partithe end of the fiftieth year of his cular request, taken up the plan, and present Majesty. In a copious Intro- has already made considerable production will be given notices of at gress in the work. It will form One least 140 Mints, which have been Volume duodecimo, and will be illusworked under the authority of our trated by numerous Wood Cuts and Monarchs; together with the manner Engravings. of working them, the methods used Å Third Edition is announced, in to supply them with Bullion, the du- One large Volume in twelves, of ties of their respective Officers, and LONDON ; being a complete Guide to various other matters necessary to be the British Capital ; containing, in known for the better understanding addition to the Antiquities of this of various facts which will be bronghat Metropolis, an account of all the new forward in the History. The Con- Establishments and Institutions, Comclusion will point out the pum- mercial, Literary, and Scientific; Chaberless errors with which our Num- ritable Foundations, &c. &c. Intermary System has been clogged, and spersed with a variety of original which have for some time entirely Anecdotes, Eccentric Biography, Criimpeded its motion ; and an attempi tical Remarks, &c. &c. Faithfully will be made to correct them, and a abridged and improved from Mr. PenProposal for a new Coinage, upon a nant's London, and brought down to plan which may possibly prevent that the present year, 1810. By John systematic destruction of the money WALLIS. which has so long prevailed, will be Mr. Rusicr of Reading laving, submitted to the judgment of the since the publishing of his Catalogue Publick. Au Appendix of original for the present year, purchased the papers will be added. This work will Library of the late Dr. Curtcis and be illustrated by about 120 Plates of Mrs. CALVERLEY, and some smaller Coins, which will form a series ex- Collections of curious Books; he intending, with but little interruption, tends offering them to the Publick in throug! a space of wearly 1800 years. a Second Part of his Catalogue, which An Elevation and Plan of the newly will appear about the beginning of erected Mint will also be given. September.

A Transiation of HUMBOLDT'S“ AC- Tlie Publick will soon be favoured count of New Spain” has been an- with “ The Value of Annuities, from nounced as in the l’ress, and nearly £l to £1000 per annum, on single ready for publication. This valuable lives, froin the age of one to ninety Work comprises researches into the years, with the number of years' purGeography of Mexico, the extent of chase cach Annuity is worth, and the its surface, and its political division rate of Interest the purchaser receives into Intencancies ; the physical así:ect for his money; and also, for the informof the Soil; the actual Population, ation and convenience of the professtate of Agriculture, manufacturing sion, and of executors and adminiIndustry, and Commerce ; the Canals strators, the amount of the several which might be carried from the At. rates of Legacy Duty payable on the lantic to the Pacific Ocean ; the Re- value of each Annuity : under the venues of the Crown; the quantity authority of Wm. CAMPBELL, Esq. of Metals which has flowed from Comptroller of the Legacy Duty. Mexico into Europe and Asia since At the sale of Mr. WINDHAM's efthe discovery of the New Continent; fects, the matchless copy of HOGARTA’s and the Military Defence of New Works (bequeathed to him by Mr. Spain : and will be accompanied by GEORGESTEEVENS) was knocked down Physical and Geographical Maps, to Mrs. WINDHAM at 292 guineas.

1. A

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