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companied the Ambassador on this seeking places to escape. In this occasion.

mabuer, and with dogs and sticks, On the road to Vienna “ we lay at they sacrificed seventy foxes to the Hoyne ; and here began our lodging Emperour's pleasure, and afterwards on straw, which we were so familiar baited and killed six badgers.” “The with afterwards. As for our horses, 31st My Lord waited on the Empes some of them were constantly taken rour, who that day went afvot, about from the plough, and wearied with a mile from Vienna, where a Sepullabour before-hand, so as 'tis no won- chre, in imitation of that of our Sa. der we had so many falls. Our guide, viour's at Jerusalem, is annually vis like an ignis fatuus, misled us up and sited, and his Majesty kneeled and down, be could not tell whither ; for prayed by the way at five several which being rated severely, he was stations." **"His Majesty washed and for a while so abominably unsavoury, kissed the feet of 12 men; the youngest there was no going near him : at last of which was 70 years old, and the by good fortune we lighted on a vil eldest 104 ; among them they made lage. There we met with a Lutheran up the age of 987 years." The 18th Parson, as full of wine as fat, whose of April, " His Lordship saw the Latine came from him in elusters, Emperour ride the great horse, and which shewed- he had doubled his fourscore colts backed by the riders." glasses." " But of all the postillions. The Ambassadour's retinue rode in we had, I must needs tell the Reader triumph through the streets to the of one who formally appearing in Emperour's palace, a very numerous bis ruffle, his cloak, and high-steepled and sumptuous train, on the 5th of hat, no sooner got upon his horse, May: and on the 25th began their which was skittish, and had a trunk route to Constantinople. “ His Lordbehind him, but the horse; not en- ship visited the Hot Baths some four daring the rattling and weight of the leagues distant from Vienna, whither truak, felt a kicking and dancing in persons of quality, as Earls and Counthat manner, that down went the tesses, very frequently resort, who steeple ; and the cloak, ruffe, and go all together into the same Bath ; man had followed after, but that re' but with this distinction, that the men lief rap in, and his wife cry'd to him, keep on one side, and the women on If you have not, Hans, a care, that the other. The men go with drawer Horse will throw you to the D. and their shirts, wearing black leather But Hans boldly venturing again, sate caps, with buttons on the top, for the very denuarely and gingerly," &e. i easier saluting of the ladies and gen

..They arrived at Vienna on the 26th tlemen, when they come into the of March The 28th " My Lord Bath. They have several laws, and waited on the Emperor to the Convent the forfeitures go to the poor'; and of the Capuchips, where his Imperial commonly the women are very great Majesty dined, the Princes and Lords sticklers for exacting and levying the of the greatest condition waiting on same.” 66. The houses (at Vieina) are his Majesty, and walking afoot before goodly and large, and commonly have his coach.. “ After dioner, the Em- great cellars for storing of their wines, perour, the Empress, and Princesses, which are in that abundance in this went to a park about a mile from Vi- City, that vulgarly they say (and perenna, where his Majesty's huntsmen haps without vanity) there is more inclosing some foor acres of ground, wine than water at Vienna, though with canvas extended by poles above the City hath many fair fountains and a man's height, and a little way far-> wells." In one of the suburbs, seated ther, with canvas aforesaid, making in an island of the Danube, the Jews a lake abreast high, by letting fall the do inhabit. There is a park in it, canvas towards the East, with beagles abounding with tall trees, and herds hunted in at a time some eight or ten of deer and boars, which wander up foxes, which coursed op and down, and down in a tame and fearless manwere by several gentlemen, who had mer." "The territory of Vienna pronets in their hands for that pnrpose, duceth wheat, &c. ;every thing grow. of a foot and a half wide, and between ing there smells somewhat of brima three and four yards. long, tossed up stone, for the soil is sulphurious.” into the air, as it were in several Having thus far conducted the Tra. blankets, as they ran up and down vellers, i have only to remark that,


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though the book be but indifferently ents for any information on the subwritten, the descriptions of dresses, ject. and manners of the countries, in those After the settlement of the Romans times, compared with modern dresses, in this island, their money became and modern manners, and customs, the current coin ; and perhaps contimay, in some measure, compensate pued so for some time after their defor that defects and if Mr. Urban parture ; but whether the Roman thinks this worthy of insertion, the was immediately followed by the use Writer will have another portion of Englisb money in Wales, is still a ready for the next month,

J. B. i

question ; or when it was first used

there. From the " Statement of Mr. URBAN,

July 10, Griefs of the Men of Penllyn," temp. BOSSESSING all the Volumes that Edw. I. it appears that in the time of

have been published of your va- Llewelyn ab Grufydd, the English luable Miscellany, and having been a money was used, as Cadvan ddu, serconstant Reader of its numbers, I vant to the Constable of Penllyn, was have occasionally met with notices, condemned by the English for refusing and additional information given res- to receive the old money for new. pecting a County, when its History has Yours, &c.

M.R.R. been published. A large, splendid, and to me interesting work, contain: Mr. URBAN,

** June 5. W

CHILE a sentiment of the deepest put into my hands by ny bookseller, regret for the death of Mr. intituled, “The History and Anti- Windhan, generally prevails throughquities of the County of Cardigan.” out the nation, and so many tributes T'he Author tells us, p. 196, that of esteem and admiration have been about 5 or 6 years ago, several cu- offered to his memory by the most rious Silver Coins were dug up in a distinguished of his own countrymen, field belonging to a farın called Cevn it will doubtless be gratifying to your Lewtrey, in the parish, of Llanwnnen. Readers, to peruse the. Character They were all triangular, with a hole which a Foreigner has given of him,' in the centre; and a circular inscription in a French work published about five on each. These curiosities suffered years since, and which has not yet the fate of many, antiquities, being been translated. I allude to the given to children as playthings, and ". Memoirs of Count Joseph de Puiwere consequently lost. Had these, sa ye, intended to serve for the Hisand the coins found near the inscribed tory of the French Royalist Party stone in the parish of Penbryn, been during the late Revolution.” That preserved, they might perhaps have geutleman found in Mr. Windham the settled the long-doubted question, most zealous supporter of the cause whether the Welsh Princes coined in which he was engaged ; and from money themselves, or used that of the peculiar relations which subsisted the English.” This passage struck between them during the interesting me forcibly, as, while I was on a tour period when the hopes of the Royalin South Wales last Summer, being at 'ists were kept alive by the assistance Caermarthen, I was told that some which the Government of this country, Coins, exactly answering the above afforded them, be had the amplest description, were, about five years, means of appreciatit.g the many rare back, found in a leaden box, that was qualities he possessed. drawn out of the earth by the teeth of Grateful to him for his generous a harrow, in a field belonging to exertions in behalf of his country, as: Green Castle, antiently called Castell well as for the particular kindness hei Moel, about 4 miles from Caermar.. had uniformly received from him as: then, on the river Towey. These an individual, under circumstances the servant man aud girl in the field that rendered it doubly valuable, the shared between them, sold a part in Count speaks of Mr. Windham with a Caermarthen to some watchmaker, warmth of panegyrick no less honourand the rest at Swansea ; but all my able to himself, than to the object of farther enquiries proved fruitless. it; and which cannot fail of being As I have never any where else heard highly pleasing to the liberal Reader, of Triangular Coins, I should be much who will for a moment forget bis own obliged to avy of your Corresponds and country's loss, to sympathize with


what must be the feelings of this ils able are ye to estimate the interval bea lustrious Foreiglier, on the death of twixt yourselves and Virtue ! so warm, so disinterested, and so firm My relations with England had never a friend !

been any other than those of which I have

before made mention ; and I was wholly I have only farther to say, that I

unknown to Mr. Windham. As the Miwish the following translation were

nister, charged more especially to treat better worthy of the subject. I do

with me on the affairs which had brought not think I could have shortened it,

me thither, it was of the utmost importe without a diminution of its interest ;

ance to him, to study and observe minute. and it may perhaps induce some of ly all the details of my conduct. If the your Readers to peruse the work it- lively interest he testified towards me had self from which it is extracted; which, had for its object only the use that could I will venture to assure them, will be made of me to the particular advanafford a great deal of information, as

tage of England, that interest would un'well as entertainment.

doubtedly have ceased with its cause; and Yours, &c.

G. C.

when, to adopt the language of your moa

dern men of Honour, I had become good for “_ I have said in the beginning of nothing, he would have abandoned me to these Memoirs, that among the generous my ill fortune. men who are superior to the infuence of

“ Yet such as this Minister appeared to public opinion, when contrary to the con- me at the time when he had soine hope of viction of their own minds, there is one

success from my efforts, such have I found above all, whose name never occurs to my hiin during every moment of a series of memory without awakening in me the nine years of injustice, misfortune, and liveliest sentiments of gratitude, venera- disaster : and the calumnies with which I tion, and attachment. By this alone my have been assailed, the persecution I have friends have recognized Mr. Windham : experienced, have produced no other effect it was impossible they should be mis- on him, than to make him the more zeataken; and however insignificant my tes- lous, to defend me by a continuance of timony, however elevated above the en

his friendship, and to compensate my sufmities of the vulgar may be a man wbose ferings by fresh proofs of esteem, whole life is a continued eulogy on his “ Can, therefore, any thing farther be virtues, the calls of gratitude prevail with wanting to convince even those to whom me over every other consideration.

Nature has been the least bountiful in her *** Proud of having seen my name asso- dispensation of the faculties which distinciated with that of this great man in the guish men from brutes ? mouth of malignity and folly, I antici.

“ A stranger to every thing that has not pate the judgment of posterity. I shall what is useful and just both for its means render an exact account of the part he has and object, Mr. Windham kindles at the taken in the affairs of the Royalists ; and idea of all that is great and noble. Like the sinple exposition of facts will reduce Aristides, he would refuse to purchase the to silence those, who, being as eager to most important advantage to his country, accuse without cause as they are to con- at the expence of Justice and Honour. demn without proof, sufficiently discover Simple as the character Genius, to the the virulence of the motives wbich have most discriininating judgment, to the excited their rage and venom.

greatest sagacity of observation, to the “I am under great obligations to Mr. most solid powers of reasoning, and a deWindham ; yet I am proud to say,

what gree of erudition seldom equalled, he joins he has done for me has been prompted the amiable polish of' the man of the by no selfish principle, but has sprung world, and the interesting attractions of a sulely from his regard to Justice ; and compassionate and benevolent soul. In where can Justice fly for refuge, but to hiin alone have I seen the rare union of the Brave and Virtuous, when the mis. all that will then I had esteemed and adtaken multitude have but to utter a single mired separately in other men ; wbile a cry to stifle her voice, and rise iu a mass noble confidence in integrity is the na. to overwhelin her.

tural result of his own worth. " His esteem has been the more Aatter- “ He has considered the principle of the ing to me, as I owe it to the purity and French Revolution under that point of warmth of my zeal for my King and view which we have too late to regret all Country. To one who feels like him, how the Statesmen in Europe have not taken of sublime is the sentiment of duty, and how it. Tne confidential friend of Mr. Burke, imperious its force! Hesitation anii luke- ellocated in the principles of that cele warmness would have been weak recom- brated man, who was so long the light of mendations ; but Treason !--ye reptiles, Great Britain, and the ornainent of its wiro compel me to write the world, how un. Senate, he has inherited his foresight, no Gent. Mag. July 1810.


less than his talents. With an anerring and Mr. URBAN,

July 10. comprehensive glance he seized on general causes, and pursued their consequences

I AM highly gratified to learn from

your Correspondent Stortfordia. far into the future. An enemy to half

nus, LXXX.p.533, that the Church to measures, temporary expedients, and those palliatives wbich calm the evils of which I alluded in p. 811, is lively to the moment, and gradually lead States to undergo every necessary repair. And their dissolution, it was to the source of though I feel much obliged by the come the disease he wished the remedy should

munication, I have to complain of an be applied ; and he judged it more effec

incorrect inference which Stortfordiatual, and more prompt, to lay the axe to

nus has drawn from my remark respecto the root of the tree, whose narcotic and the sums expended in erecting an Ordestructive shade spreads death whierever gan, and beautifying the interior of its branches extended, than playfully to pull the Church. From my statement of it to pieces, leaf by leaf. It was, in fine, that fact, he deduces that my opinion in the preservation of France, and in its must be — that such expenditure was restoration to the rank of a civilized peo

“ an extravagant waste of money;" ple, that he saw the welfare of his country, and that of the whole world.

and follows up this erroneous conciu. “He never made me any promise that he

sion by observing, that “I should did not fulfil: thus his word alone became

have known that the money tbus exthe most certain pledge to the Royalists. pended is not contributed by rate," A stranger to that narrow policy, as fatal but fro “ old standing donations." to those who adopt it as to those whom it Now, Mr. Urban, I beg to assure deceives, which consists in combining false your Gorrespondent, that I did not hopes with means inadequate to their ac- mean by reference to such expencomplishment ; in sporting with credulity, diture, to imply, that beautifying necessity, misfortune, and weakness; and the interior of the Church, or adding in promoting disturbance, with the view of solely reaping the advantages to be det harmony to the solemnity of the ser

vice, was rived from it, indifferent to the fate of the

an extravagant waste of blind instruments it enjploys ; he has money.". On the contrary, it is a ever spoken to me with the most noble mode of application I think highly frankness, concerning what the Royalist praiseworthy. But I am mistaken if party had to expect from the British Go- every reasonable man will not agree vernment, as well as upon what we were that the work of reparation (no matnot to hope for. For a moment, when our

ter from what source the revenue is affairs had taken an unfavourable turn in derived) has been begun at the wrong Londori, he relinquished the management end; for, as I before observed, “ in of them, in order to secure us from the the event of the Tower falling,” (and evils which the confidence attached to his which had long been pronounced in a name might have produced, from the

very dangerous state) great part of want of means sufficiently abundant to

the internal improvements

s must prevent them; and when the Minister, yielding to the solicitations with which he inevitably be destroyed ;” and I sinwas assailed, appeared to decide on a

cerely hope that they may not be inmore general and comprehensive plan jured in the progress of securing the (which certainly would have been prefer- edifice. I trust that Stortfordianus's able to any other, had it not been founded remark as to' the Trustees will have on data which had no existence, but the desired effect; if not, that he will which he undoubtedly would not have perform his promise, by detailing the acquiesced in, had it not been carefully palpable negligence" he alludes to. * concealed from him, that the adoption of

Yours, &c.

E. W. P. it would inevitably cause the rain of the Armies which had so long contended in

Mr. URBAN, Harpenden, July 13. the Provinces of the West) Mr. Windham hastened to interpose his influence with HA

LAVING, as I hoped, suficiently urs, to terminate the scourge of Citil War;

established the fact of Hedgeand I felicitate myself on having most hogs sucking Cows, I had determined preciously preserved the papers, which never more to resume the subject : bear testimony to his humane and gene- but so powerful a corroboration of rous sentiments : of which his efforts to that circumstance has since occurstop the useless effusion of human blooil, redat a village in this vicinity, and comas well as the lively inquietudes he testi- municated to me by such disiuterfied on this account, have been the most ested and unquestionable authority, affecting and honourable proofs *.» that I am thereby most agreeably di* See Memoirs, vol. ill. p. 189. verled from my resolution, and feel


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strongly disposed to submit the con- Mr. URBAN, Penzance, July 6.
sideration of it to the candour and CHE Society for promoting Christ-
impartiality of your numerous and
respectable Readers.

much obliged to Mr. Lemoine, LXXX. Mr. Parrott, a reputable brewer p.514, for the promised continuation of and farmer, who resides at Wheat- his Essays“on the present state of the hamstead, three miles from hence, Jews,” because it is a leading object in this county, having lately observed of that Society, to collect the best his cows, though in luxuriant pasture, information concerning the actual to be greatly deficient in affording disposition, both moral and social, of their usual quantity of milk, began that antient and wonderful People. to suspect the tidelity of his servants, Nor will the “ well-intentioned Memor the honesty of his neighbours, in bers” of that Society feel surprised, being guilty of privately milking thein if Mr. Lemoine, and other learned by night, as neither punctures nor and intelligent men, doubt the prolacerations appeared to furnish con- bability of their efforts succeediny at jecture of the real cause (which, in- present. They are well aware that deed, is frequently the consequence difficulties scem to oppose their efwhen Hedgehogs remain, till satistied, forts; and will therefore thankfully in the undisturbed enjoyment of this receive the notices, which Learoing favourite food), and resoived on their and Experience may suggest, and speedy detection ; but, fortunately Philanthropy communicate, for their for the reputation of those suspected, information. They are not ignorant a most intelligent dairy-farmer from that “interested motives" are apan adjacent county, happening to be parently the most powerful : but, harthere on a friendly visit, to whom ving no warrant in the Holy Scriplong experience, added to anxious ob- tures to offer any such inducement, servation, had rendered such occur- the friends of Humanity may rest asrences familiar, suggested the pro- sured that no pecuniary incentive will bability of the milk having been be held out; but, on the contrary, a sucked by some noxious animals; strong test of the sincerity of the and, with the assistance of dogs, pro- Converts will be this : Cut off from posed examining the pa iure in which the aid of the Jewish community, the cows had been grazing: this pro- they may expect to meet many hardposition being readily acceded to, the ships before they find employment indagation took place, the result of equal to their support. The Society which was, besides those that may offers them instruction, but not have escaped, the immediate destruc. maintenarice. Its benevolent Meintion of two old, and four young bers will not of course reiuse to a Hedgehogs.

Converted Jew, the benevolence It is scarcely necessary to observe, which they previously manifested to that the cows, since the death of these the distressed of any other nation : little nocturnal spoliators, have given thus far, and no farther, have the their former quantity of milk. Couverted Jews a claim to pecuniary

I trust, Sir, that this sirong addi- aid, and friendly attention. tional evidence, when combined with The Society presumes not to forethat already advanced on the subject, see the time on, or hasten the all-wise will prove sufficiently conclusive, to appointment of Providence. That dispel from ihe mind of every candid the Jews will be converted to ChristK cader, all suiure doubt of the truth ianity, the Holy Scriptures clearly of this curious and singular Facr. reveal: but whether the period of Candour too must allow, that the their Conversion is now near, or still Gentleman's Magazine is, probably, remote, events only can ascertain. the only publication exlait, in which It is, however, certain, that a variety it appears to be so satisfactorily es- of circunstances afford ground to extablished on ocular and irresistibly. pect the time is drawing nigh. To circumstantial testimony.

say pothing of the wonderful RevoYours, &c. W. HUMPIRJES. lutions which so evidently tend to the " I have read the above account, final destruction of the Papal and and declare it to be true,

Mahoinmedan Powers (events which Rob. PARROTT, the best Commentator's generally Wheathamstead, July 13th, 1810.” suppose are to precede, and nearly


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