Page images
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

with shadowy trident how volition guides, his intelle&tual tides;

surge after surge,

or, Queen of Sleep, Imagination roves

With frantic sorrows, or delirious Love”

Go on,

where wrapp'd in night retiring Causes lie :

o Forest explore with eagle-eye;


Trace their slight bands, their secret haunts betray,

And give new wonders to the beam of day:

Till, link by link with step aspiring trod,
You climb from NATu or to the throne of Gop.

_so saw the Patriarch with admiring eyes 55

From earth to heaven a golden ladder rise; involvd in clouds the mystic scale asceno

and brutes and angels crowd the distant*

Tars. Col. Caiazz in Gr, Jan. 1, 1794.

R. E. F. E. R. E N C E S.

actanic Garden, Part I.

Canto I. I. oos.
– IV. l. 4oz.
1. 14o.
– III. l. 4c1.

Line -
- 3-
– 4. - 1.

- 5

3. – IV. 1-452.

– 9. — 1. 1, 14Zoonomia,

- 12. Sečt. XIII.

-- 13

– XXXIX. 4- 1.

Line 18.
- 3o-
— 36.
– 38.
- 43-
- 45-
- 47-
- 50-
- 52-
- 54-

Sea, XVI. 2. and XXXVIII.
XVI. 4.
– XVI. 4.
XVI, 6.
111. and VII.

– XVIII. 17-
– XVII. 3, 7-
XXXIX. 4- 8.
XXXIX, the Mottos

[ocr errors]

THE purport of the following pages is an endeavour to reduce the facts belonging to ANIMAL LIFE into classes, orders, genera, and species; and, by comparing them with each other, to unravel the theory of diseases. It happened, perhaps unfortunately for the inquirers into the knowledge of diseases, that other sciences had received improvement previous to their own; whence, instead of comparing the properties belonging to animated nature with each other, they, idly ingenious, busied themselves in attempting to explain the laws of life by those of mechamism and chemistry; they considered the body as an hydraulic machine, and the fluids as passing through a series of chemical changes, forgetting

that animation was its essential chara&teristic. The great CREAT or of all things has infinitely diversified the works of his hands, but has at the same time stamped a certain similitude on the features of nature, that demonstrates to us, that the whole is one family of one parent. On this similitude is founded all rational analogy; which, so long as it is concerned in comparing the essential properties of bodies, leads us to many and 6 important


important discoveries; but when with licentious activity it links together objects, otherwise discordant,by some sanciful similitude; it may indeed collect ornaments for wit and poetry, but philosophy and truth recoil from its combinations. The want of a theory, deduced from such strict analogy, to conduct the practice of medicine is lamented by its professors; for, as a great number of unconnected facts are difficult to be acquired, and to be reasoned from, the art of medicine is in many instances less efficacious under the direction of its wifest practitioners; and by that busy crowd, who either boldly wade in darkness, or are led into endless error by the glare of false theory, it is daily practised to the destruction of thousands; add to this the unceasing injury which accrues to the public by the perpetual advertisements of pretended nostrums; the minds of the indolent become superstitiously fearful of diseases, which they do not labour under; and thus become the daily prey of some crafty empyric. A theory founded upon nature, that should bind together the scattered facts of medical knowledge, and converge into one point of view the laws of organic life, would thus on many accounts contribute to the interes of society. It would capacitate men of moderate abilities to practise the art of healing with real advantage to the public; it would enable every one of literary acquirements

[ocr errors]

acquirements to distinguish the genuine disciples of medicine from those of boastful effrontery, or of wily address; and would teach mankind in some important fituations the knowledge of then

solves. -
There are some modern pračtitioners, who de-
claim against medical theory in general, not con-
sidering that to think is to theorize; and that no
one can direét a method of cure to a person la-
bouring under disease without thinking, that is,
without theorizing; and happy therefore is the
patient, whose physician possesses the best theory.
The words idea, perception, sensation, recol-
le&tion, suggestion, and association, are each of
them used in this treatise in a more limited sense
than in the writers of metaphysic. The author
was in doubt, whether he should rather have
substituted new words instead of them; but was
at length of opinion, that new definitions of
words already in use would be less burthensome

to the memory of the reader.
A great part of this work has lain by the wri-
ter above twenty years, as some of his friends can
testify: he had hoped by frequent revision to
have made it more worthy the acceptance of the
public; this however his other perpetual occu-
pations have in part prevented, and may conti-
nue to prevent, as long as he may be capable of
revising it; he therefore begs of the candid reader
to accept of it in its present state, and to excuse

[merged small][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »