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STATE OF MINNESOTA.
A DJUTANT GENERAL,
WILLIAM R. MARSII ALL, STATE PRINTER.
STATE OF MINNESOTA, I
Saint Paul, January 11th, 1861.
Ilon. JARED BENSON,
Speaker of the Ilouse of Representatives.
I have the honor to transmit herewith, the Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State, for the use of the Legislature.
GENFRAL HEAD QUARTERS, STATE OF MINESOTA, 1
Adjutant General's Office. January 7th, 1861. Š His Ex 'eilency, Alex. Ramsey, Commander-in-Cheif of the Military Forces
of the Stale :
Sir:-In conformity with the provisions of the Act of Congress, “Establishing an Unisoru Militia throughout the United States," I bave the honor to subinit the following report:
Th: Mi tia of the Sate, as at present organized, consists of 6 Divisions, 12 Brigades, 28 Regiments, and in the aggrgate, 417 officers and men W.0 are classified in the various arms as tollows:
OFFICERS AND MEN. Of Infantry, four ('ompanies and..... of Rifles, two Coin panies and ... Or Artillery, one Company and. 0 Gen. ral Officers... Of Field Officers of Regiments....... Oi Staif. .......... ..............
Being a total of.............. .................417 As will more fully appear in the Schedule annexed, marked •C.”
There has been organized, during the past year, but three Companies, as follows :
Co. A, 3d Regiment, Captain J. W. Bishop, Chatfield, Fillmore county, (Infantry.)
Co. A, 20th Regiment, Captain Chas. Leug, St. Cloud, Stearns county, (Infantry.) Co. A, 17th Regiment, Captain Wm. W. Woodbury, St. Anthony, Hen. nepin county, (Rifles.)
I beg leave in this connection to call your atten'ion to the present weak. ness of the Military force, as well as the absolute inefficiency of the Militia system of our State.
This is mainly attributable to the neglect of the State Government to provide material aid in carrying out the system of Volunteer Militia. With a large frontier, liable to incursive aggression from the different tribes of predatory Indians, it is absolutely essential that liberal military laws should obtain, encouraging the sparce settlements to rely upon self protection.
There is no State institution which better deserves patronage than a per. fect Volunteer Militia organization. To remedy the essential defects in the present law, it would be eminently proper to constitute a " Military Commission," to immediately revise and perfect the existing laws.
One of the most successful institutions of the g cat State of New York, is the Militia System, which is fostered by a “Commutation Fund," from those liable to military duty, who prefer to commute rather than comply with the law.
A judicious system of commutation in Minnesota, collected as a poll tar, would be of great value, and would at the same time relieve the State from expenditures now unavoidable.
With a large ratio of population liable to do military duty in the State, there are less organizations iban safety or ordinary precantion should allow. It is therefore an absolute essential that a system should be inaugurated át once, which will be the basis, for successful operation in the future, when a large population shall have accrued within our Slate.
For information as to the Ordnance, Arms and Accoutrements in the hands of Companies, and those now in the Capitol building, reference is made to the Schedule marked “A.”
I have been unable to take as full and complete an inventory of the Military property of the State as I could have wished, there being no proper place in which to make the requisite examination. The Schedule will, however, serve to show the number of Cannon, Small Arms, &c., the most valuable portion.
The quota of Arms due the State for the year 1860, amounted in the valuation of Muskets to 352 Muskets, and in money value to $4,578 14, and was drawn as follows :
283 Rifle Muskets, (Calibre 58), Model 1855 ; 1 Traveling Forge, complete; 2 Sets of Artillery Harness; the whole being equivalent to 352 Muskets.
There has been received from the United States, up to, and including the year 1860, Ordnance, Arms and Accoutrements, to the amount of $37,685 89, a detailed account of which, received from H. K. Craig, Colonel Ordnance Department, Washington, will be found in the appendix marked "B."
From the above there is now missing 270 Percussion Muskets and Accoutrements, and 53 Percussion Rifles and Accoutrements, all issued under Territorial authority, and representing the value of $5,275 84. No record