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Section 1, act of
one thousand nine hundred and one, entitled "An act relative to the purchase of a law library in counties of this Commonwealth having a population of less than one hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants, and authorizing one-half of the fines and forfeitures to which said counties would, under existing laws, be entitled to be expended for the purchase and support of said library," which reads as follows:
“Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., That one-half of all May men meneted fines and forfeitures, to which counties having a popu
lation of less than one hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants are by existing laws entitled, is hereby directed to be paid by the county treasurer to the committee hereinafter provided, for the purchase and support of a law library, to be kept in or near the courthouse of said county, for the use of the citizens thereof,” be amended to read as follows:
Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., That one-half of all Fines and forfel- fines and forfeitures, to which counties in this Com
monwealth are by existing laws entitled, is hereby directed to be paid by the county treasurer to the com
mittee hereinafter provided, for the purchase and supLaw library. port of a law library, to be kept in or near the court
house of said county, for the use of the citizens thereof. Approved—The 25th day of March, A. D. 1903.
SAML. W. PENNYPACKER.
To an act, entitled "An act creating a Bureau of Health in the
Department of Public Safety in cities of the second class; defining the powers and duties thereof and the officers thereunder; prescribing rules, regulations and laws respecting the public health, and authorizing and imposing fines, penalties and punishments for violations thereof," approved June twenty-sixth, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five.
Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., That certain words used in this act shall be defined, for the purposes there. of, as follows:
"Tenement-house" is any house or building, or portion thereof, which is: (a) intended or designated to be occupied, or (b) leased for occupation, or (c) actually occupied, as a home or residence for three or more families, living in separate apartments, and doing their cooking upon the premises.
"Apartment” is a room or suite of two or more rooms, occupied or leased for occupation, or intended or designed to be occupied, as a family domicile.
“Basement” is a story partly, but not more than onehalf,—“cellar” is a story more than one-half,-below the level of the street or ground adjacent to or adjoining the same; where the grade of a street adjacent Grade. to, or of ground surrounding, a tenement-house varies, the mean or average grade of such street or ground shall be regarded as the grade of such street or ground, in the meaning of this act.
Section 2. In no tenement-house shall any room or apartment in the cellar be hereafter constructed, al- Cellar or basetered, converted, leased or occupied for living pur purposes. poses, and no room or apartment in the basement of any such building shall be constructed, altered, converted, leased or occupied for living purposes, unless the following conditions be complied with, viz.:
1. Every room shall be at least eight feet six inches Conditions, high, in every part, from floor to ceiling.
2. Every such room shall have a window or windows opening upon the street, or upon a yard or court. The total area of the windows in such room shall be at least one-eighth of the floor area of the room, and onehalf of the sash shall be made to open the full width, and the top of each window shall be within six inches of the ceiling.
3. There shall be appurtenant to every such room or apartment a water-closet, conforming in design, materials and construction to the building and health regulations of cities of the second class.
Section 3. All such basements, used for living purposes, shall be specially subject to examination by the Bureau of Health, and if found to be damp or other
Examination by wise unfit for habitation, the owners thereof shall be Health. required to put the same in proper condition, or aban. don the same for living purposes.
Section 4. No room (other than basement-rooms, provision for which is made in section two of this amendment) in any tenement-house hereafter to be erected or constructed, or altered into a tenementhouse, shall be leased or occupied for living purposes, unless it contains at least one window having a superficial area of not less than one-tenth of the floor area of the room, which window opens upon a street or alley, or upon a yard or court, having a sectional area of less than one hundred square feet; and no room shall be so leased or occupied in any now existing tenementhouse, unless it contains a window of the foregoing di. mensions, opening upon a street or alley or upon it yard or court having a sectional area of less than twenty-five square feet; or unless such room adjoins another room in the same apartment, which other room has such a window, opening upon such a street, alley, yard or court, and between which two adjoinirg rooms there is a sash-window having at least fifteen square
feet of glazed surface, the upper half of which is made to open easily.
Section 5. No room in any tenement-house shall be leased or occupied for living purposes unless it be of such dimensions as to contain at least seven hundred cubic feet of air, nor unless every part of the finished ceiling of such room be at least eight feet distant from every part of the finished floor thereof: Provided, That an attic-room need be eight feet high in but onehalf of its area.
Section 6. No room in any tenement-house shall be so occupied that the allowance of air to each person living in such room shall, at any time, be less than four hundred cubic feet for each such person more than twelve years old, and two hundred cubic feet for each person of twelve years or under.
Section 7. In ali tenement-houses hereafter erected, whenever a connection with the city water-main is in any way possible (and of this possibility the Bureau of Health of said cities shall be the role judge), there shall be an independent water supply, and at least one sink for every tenement or suite of rooms; and in every now existing tenement-house, or house that may be hereafter converted into a tenement-house, there shall be on every floor at least one proper sink, with running water, accessible to all the tenants of that floor, without passing through any other apartment, if there be no such sink in each apartment; and the space under all sinks shall have no woodwork enclosing the same, but shall be left entirely open.
Section 8. In every tenement-house hereafter to be erected, whenever a connection with a public sewer is in any way possible (and of this possibility the Bureau of Health shall be the sole judge), there shall be onewater-closet for every tenement or suite or rooms which has its own independent hallway, so separated that its rooms do not open or connect with any other rooms; and in tenement-houses so constructed that a tenement may consist of a single room or of two rooms, there shall be at least one water-closet for every three rooms: Provided, That in the case of buildings existing at the date of this act, which shall hereafter be altered into tenement-houses, there shall be one watercloset for six rooms, but not less than one for each floor. In every now existing tenement-house there shall be (subject to the possibility of connection with public sewer, as above set forth) at least one watercloset for every two apartments. Every water-closet shall be separated from every other water-closet, and shall have an entrance entirely independent of the entrance to every other water-closet. And every such water-closet shall be properly ventilated, in accordance with the regulations governing the same already
in force in said cities. When necessary (and of this necessity the said Bureau of Health shall be the judge) such water-closets may be located in the yard. Wherever located, the said water-closets shall conform in design, materials and construction to the building and health regulations of said cities.
Section 9. Every tenement-house, and every part thereof, shall be kept in good repair, and shall be clean Repair. and free from any accumulations of dirt, filth or gar- Filth, garbage, bage, or other matter, in or on the same, or in the yards, courts, passages, areas or alleys connected with or belonging to the same.
Section 10. No horse, cow, swile, pig, sheep, goat or poultry shall be kept in any tenement-house; and no tenement-house or part thereof, shall be used as a stable, or for the storage of anything dangerous to life or detrimental to health; nor shall any explosive, inflammable or combustible thing be placed or stored Lothammable moi under any stairway in any tenement-house.
Section 11. Any violations of the provisions of this act shall subject the person or persons so offending to a fine or penalty of not less than ten dollars nor more Fine and penalty. than one hundred dollars; and any such violation of the provisions of this act, if continued after the first fine is imposed therefor, shall, for every week of such continuance, be punishable by an additional fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than one hundred do). lars. All such fines and penalties shall be collected and enforced in the manner provided by section fortytwo of the act to which this is a supplement.
Section 12. Whenever any of such cities shall have incurred expense in enforcing any of the provisions of this act, imposing duties upon persons or corporations, such cities shall have the right to recover the same by action of assumpsit from the owners or occupants of the premises, or other persons or corporations, failing or refusing to comply with or execute the same.
Section 13. The Bureau of Health of such cities shall employ one or more Special Tenement House Inspec. Special Inspectors, whose duty it shall be to regularly inspect the tors, tenement-houses within the purview of this act, and to see that the requirements therefor are enforced. Approved—The 25th day of March, A. D. 1903.
SAML. W. PENNYPACKER.
State Board of
Rules and regulations,
Extending the powers of the State Board of Health, for the pur
pose of enabling it to meet the emergency occasioned by the epidemic of small-pox now prevailing the various parts of this Commonwealth; providing a penalty for the violation of the rules and regulations prescribed by the said Board of Health, and making an appropriation for the purpose of carrying this act into effect.
Whereas, An epidemic of small-pox has prevailed for several months past in various parts of this Commonwealth, and is threatening other localities by reason of the inability of the local authorities, under the present laws, to properly cope therewith; therefore,
Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., That the State Board of Health is hereby authorized and empowered to quarantine any building or buildings in which small-pox may at any time exist, in any place where a local board of health does not exist, or in any communities in which small-pox exists in such epidemic form as to be, in the judgment of the State Board of Health, dangerous to other communities; and to adopt such rules and regulations as they deem necessary for the purpose of carrying this act into effect; and may appoint officers, to be known as quarantine officers, who shall have all the powers of constables, for the purpose of enforcing said rules and regulations.
Section 2. Wherever local boards of health exist, the State Board of Health is hereby authorized and empowered to adopt such rules and regulations as it
may deem necessary for the purpose of carrying this In case of failure act into effect; and, in case of the failure or refusal of or refusal of local the local boards of health to observe or obey said rules
and regulations, no part of the appropriation hereby made shall be expended in such communities.
Section 3. Any person, not a physician, nurse, or other duly authorized attendant or visitor, lay, professional or clerical, to any quarantined building or buildings, who, in the presence of any member of the State Board of Health or of the local boards, or in the pres
ence of any quarantine officer, has broken quarantine Breaking quaran
regulations or successfully induced others to break quarantine regulations, by coming out of, or by en. tering into and coming out of, any quarantined building or buildings and mingling with other people, or going to places where people congregate or are likely to congregate, either hall, house, shop, store, farm, post-office, church, street, highway or road; or who sends, by messenger, express or post, packages, parcels, goods or supplies, which have not been previously
marked “permitted” by the physician in charge, from Wany quarantined building or buildings to any point