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screen baggage with a high success rate (95%) and a low false alarm rate (48). I should add that the high success rate was

attained finding minimal quantities of explosives, and would be

higher with larger amounts of explosive material.

I would further

note that the radioactive elements of the TNA system are well

within prescribed safety levels and pose no threat to system

operators or passengers.

As announced last week by Secretary

Skinner, the first TNA system will be deployed at New York's

Kennedy International Airport.

Research is also underway on an explosive vapor detection system for checking people for explosives. Last October at Boston Logan Airport, we tested a prototype walk-up explosive detection booth designed to detect the entire spectrum of explosives which may be carried by a saboteur. The false alarm rate was exceptionally low--less than 18--but the time to test each passenger was about

30 seconds.

The manufacturer is working now on reducing that time

frame to about 6 seconds per passenger.

We hope to have the

improved device available for testing next year.

We also are continuing work to develop improved weapons detection capabilities, including efforts for the detection of plastic weapons, and are conducting an evaluation of state-of-the-art detection equipment which is commercially available. Further, we

continue to solicit new ideas from the scientific and academic

community with a view toward identifying and developing additional

tools that will enhance security.

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All of these efforts are important to improving civil aviation security, and they will continue. Additionally, though, we must

continue to work in the international arena to develop an

international approach to end terrorism in the skies.

As you are

aware, the International civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) already has in place a set of security standards and recommended practices, incorporated into Annex 17 to the Chicago Convention. One hundred fifty-nine countries have acceded to that convention. We believe the measures set out in Annex 17 are fundamentally sound, but, like our own security measures, they must periodically

be reviewed and updated.

Last month, Secretary Skinner attended a Council Session of ICAO

called specifically to address the sabotage of Pan Am Flight 103. Nine other ministers responsible for civil aviation and 23 additional countries' permanent ICAO representatives participated as well. Secretary Skinner spoke with each of those ministers during the two-day ICAO meeting and with many of the other senior government officials present. They made it clear to Secretary Skinner that they are willing to join us to do all that is

necessary to make international civil aviation secure from

terrorist acts.

As a result of that meeting, the 33-member ICAO Council unanimously adopted a resolution setting out a plan of action

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that, we are confident, will lead to strengthened security
procedures throughout the world. As a matter of highest priority,
ICAO will review existing international standards applicable to
all operations to determine what changes are necessary in light of
recent events. It will also consider developing a set of
extraordinary measures to put in place when increased threat
levels 'exist. Further, participants at the Council agreed to
expedite research and development on detection of explosives and

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to explore the possibility of establishing an international regime

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Secretary Skinner has sparked other initiatives as well. He has met with the heads of all of the major u.s.-flag international carriers to discuss security issues, and listened to the proposals put forth by the Air Transport Association on the airlines'

at 103

behalf.

He has formed a special team in the Department to develop

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and evaluate a full range of concepts on how we and the rest of

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the international aviation community can make the skies safer and

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more secure, and he has made clear that, if we find that the

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Department's existing programs need to be augmented, he will not

hesitate to reprogram funds to ensure that we can meet those

needs.

Further, he made the decision to amend Federal Aviation

Regulation 129.25 to require foreign airlines to submit their

security plans to the FAA for approval.

We will use the standards

and recommended practices contained in ICAO Annex 17 as the

on

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yardstick against which those plans will be measured.

This will

enable us to better ensure that the security precautions followed by foreign airlines serving the United States are adequate to meet the threats ascribed to those operations.

In closing, Mr. Chairman, I would like to emphasize the strength of our commitment to stop the threat of criminal actions directed

against civil aviation. It is a difficult challenge, but one that we must meet. We thank this Subcommittee for its longstanding support of the FAA's aviation security efforts, and we look

forward to continuing our work with you on these key issues which are so important to the traveling public.

That completes my prepared statement, Mr. Chairman. I would be pleased to respond to any questions you may have at this time.

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over 11.6 billion pieces of carry-on items inspected.

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118 hijackings or related crimes may have been prevented by airline/airport security measures.

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