In the Shadow of the Rockies: Diary of the Castle Mountain Internment Camp, 1915-1917
Bohdan S. Kordan, Peter Melnycky
CIUS Press, 1991 - History - 143 pages
It is a little-known fact that during the First World War and in the immediate postwar period (1914-1920), Canadian Internment Operations imprisoned more than 8,000 individuals. The majority of those interned were civilian non-combatants, Ukrainians and other immigrants who had come to Canada from the Austro-Hungarian Empire to work in industry or to settle on western homesteads. Twenty-four receiving stations and internment camps were established across Canada. A camp at Banff/Castle Mountain operated between 1915 and 1917. More than 600 internees were put to work on various projects in Rocky Mountain Park (now Banff National Park), which was being developed at that time as Canada's first national park. The diary of the Banff/Castle Mountain camp provides detailed insight into the practice of Canada's internment policy during the First World War and reveals a unique episode in the human history of Canada's national park system.
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afternoon Alberta aliens arrived August authorities Banff Brett Bridge Brigadier General Cruikshank Calgary Canada Captain Castle charge Church parade clear cloudy cold cold at night Collection Colonel Company continued Court Crag and Canyon cutting December Department discharged District dull duty employed escaped escort February File Fine Friday gang given guard held inspection internment camp issued January John July June labour Lake last night leave letter Lieutenant Major Spence March Medical Mike mild Military Monday morning names and numbers night noon noted November October Officer Commanding Ottawa Otter park work today party prisoners prisoners of war Private rain ranks received released reported returned road Room Saturday sent September Sergeant snow Stuart Sunday Supply taken Temperature tents Thursday train troops Tuesday Ukrainian unusual occurred visited camp Weather cool Weather warm Wednesday windy
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Hometown Horizons: Local Responses to Canada's Great War
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