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weakness and distress. Like a reduced garrison that has some spirit left, I hung out flags, and planted all the force I could muster upon the walls. I am now much better; and I sincerely thank you for your kind attention and friendly counsel.


Count Manuccia came here last week from travelling in Ireland. I have shown him what civilities I could on his own account, on yours, and on that of Mr. and Mrs. Thrale. He has had a fall from his horse, and been much hurt. I regret this unlucky accident, for he seems to be a very amiable man.”

As the evidence of what I have mentioned at the beginning of this year, I select from his private register the following passage.

“July 25th, 1776. O God, who hast ordained that whatever is to be desired should be sought by labour, and who, by thy blessing, bringest honest labour to good effect, look with mercy upon my studies and endeavours. Grant me, O Lord, to design only what is lawful and right; and afford me calmness of mind, and steadiness of purpose, that I may so do thy will in this short life, as to obtain happiness in the world to come, for the sake of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen b.”

It appears from a note subjoined, that this was composed when he “purposed to apply vigorously to study, particularly of the Greek and Italian tongues."

Such a purpose, so expressed, at the age of sixty-seven, is admirable and encouraging; and it must impress all the thinking part of my readers with a consolatory confidence in habitual devotion, when they see a man of such enlarged intellectual powers as Johnson, thus in the genuine earnestness of secrecy, imploring the aid of that Supreme

a A Florentine nobleman, mentioned by Johnson in his notes of his tour in France. I had the pleasure of becoming acquainted with him in London in the spring of this year.—Boswell.

Prayers and Meditations, vol. ix. p. 256.


Being, “from whom cometh down every good and every perfect gift.”


“SIR, -A young man, whose name is Paterson, offers himself this evening to the academy. He is the son of a man for whom I have long had a kindness, and who is now abroad in distress. I shall be glad that you will be pleased to show him any little countenance, or pay him any small distinction. How much it is in your power to favour or to forward a young man I do not know; nor do I know how much this candidate deserves favour by his personal merit, or what hopes his proficiency may now give of future emi

I recommend him as the son of my friend. Your character and station enable you to give a young man great encouragement by very easy means. You have heard of a man who asked no other favour of sir Robert Walpole, than that he would bow to him at his levee.

· I am, sir,
". Your most humble servant,

“ Sam. JOHNSON. August 3, 1776.


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· Edinburgh, August 30, 1776. [After giving him an account of my having examined the chests of books which he had sent to me, and which contained what

may be truly called a numerous and miscellaneous stall library, thrown together at random :-)

“ Lord Hailes was against the decree in the case of my client the minister; not that he justified the minister, but because the parishioner both provoked and retorted. I sent his lordship your able argument upon the case for his

c Samuel Paterson, formerly a bookseller, afterwards an auctioneer, and well known for his skill in forming catalogues of books. He died in London, October 29, 1802.-Malone.

perusal. His observation upon it in a letter to me was, • Dr. Johnson's suasorium is pleasantlyd and artfully composed. I suspect, however, that he has not convinced himself; for I believe that he is better read in ecclesiastical history, than to imagine that a bishop or a presbyter has a right to begin censure or discipline e cathedral'

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“ For the honour of count Manucci, as well as to observe that exactness of truth which you have taught me, I must correct what I said in a former letter. He did not fall from his horse, which might have been an imputation on his skill as an officer of cavalry; his horse fell with him.

“I have, since I saw you, read every word of Granger's Biographical History. It has entertained me exceedingly; and I do not think him the whig that you supposed. Horace Walpole's being his patron is, indeed, no good sign of his political principles. But he denied to lord Mountstuart that he was a whig, and said he had been accused by both parties of partiality. It seems he was like Pope,

While tories call me whig, and whigs a tory. I wish you would look more into his book; and as lord Mountstuart wishes much to find a proper person to continue the work upon Granger's plan, and has desired I would mention it to you, if such a man occurs, please to let me know. His lordship will give him generous encouragement.”


DEAR SIR,-Having spent about six weeks at this d Why his lordship uses the epithet pleasantly, when speaking of a grave piece of reasoning, I cannot conceive. But different men have different notions of pleasantry. I happened to sit by a gentleman one evening at the Opera-house in London, who, at the moment when Medea appeared to be in great agony at the thought of killing her children, turned to me with a smile, and said, “ Funny enough.”-Boswell.

e Dr. Johnson afterwards told me, that he was of opinion that a clergyman had this right.—Boswell. See Johnson's argument on Pulpit Censure in a former part of this volume, and in his works, vol. v. p. 481.-Eo.

place, we have at length resolved on returning. I expect to see you all in Fleet-street on the 30th of this month.

“ I did not go into the sea till last Friday, but think to go most of this week, though I know not that it does me any good. My nights are very restless and tiresome; but I an otherwise well.

“I have written word of my coming to Mrs. Williams. Remember me kindly to Francis and Betsyf.

I am, sir,
“ Your humble servant,

• SAM. JOHNSON &. · Brighthelmstone, Oct. 21, 1776.

I again wrote to Dr. Johnson on the 21st of October, informing him, that my father had, in the most liberal manner, paid a large debt for me, and that I had now the happiness of being upon very good terms with him; to which he returned the following answer.


“ DEAR SIR,-I had great pleasure in hearing that you are at last on good terms with your father. Cultivate his kindness by all honest and manly means. Life is but short; no time can be afforded but for the indulgence of real sorrow, or contests upon questions seriously momentous. Let us not throw away any of our days upon useless resentment, or contend who shall hold out longest in stubborn malignity. It is best not to be angry; and best, in the next place, to be quickly reconciled. May you

f His female servant.-MALONE.

6 For this and Dr. Johnson's other letters to Mr. Levet, I am indebted to my old acquaintance Mr. Nathaniel Thomas, whose worth and ingenuity have been long known to a respectable though not a wide circle ; and whose collection of medals would do credit to persons of greater opulence.-BOSWELL.

Mr. Nathaniel Thomas, who was many years editor of the St. James's Chronicle, died March 1st, 1795.—MALONE.

and your father pass the remainder of your time in reciprocal benevolence !

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Do you ever hear from Mr. Langton? I visit him sometimes, but he does not talk. I do not like his scheme of life; but as I am not permitted to understand it, I cannot set any thing right that is wrong. His children are sweet babies.

“I hope my irreconcileable enemy, Mrs. Boswell, is well. Desire her not to transmit her malevolence to the young people. Let me have Alexander, and Veronica, and Euphemia for my friends.

“Mrs. Williams, whom you may reckon as one of your well-wishers, is in a feeble and languishing state, with little hopes of growing better. She went for some part of the autumn into the country, but is little benefited ; and Dr. Lawrence confesses that his art is at an end. Death is, however, at a distance ; and what more than that can we say of ourselves ? I am sorry for her pain, and more sorry for her decay. Mr. Levet is sound, wind and limb.

I was some weeks this autumn at Brighthelmstone. The place was very dull; and I was not well: the expedition to the Hebrides was the most pleasant journey that I ever made. Such an effort annually would give the world a little diversification.

Every year, however, we cannot wander, and must therefore endeavour to spend our time at home as well as

I believe it is best to throw life into a method, that every hour may bring its employment, and every employment have its hour. Xenophon observes, in his treatise of Economy, that if every thing be kept in a certain place, when any thing is worn out or consumed, the vacuity which it leaves will show what is wanting ; so, if every part of time has its duty, the hour will call into remembrance its proper engagement.

'I have not practised all this prudence myself, but I have suffered much for want of it; and I would have you,

we can.

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