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PREFACE.

The author of these pages feels great pleasure in acknowledging his obligations to the public that the whole of the first edition, consisting of 1250 copies, was disposed of within a few months after publication. The present impression is considerably enlarged and improved, and will present a full, and he trusts, a correct narrative of the pilgrimage of our puritan fathers, and a just delineation of their characters. From them we inherit civil and religious foundations, incomparably the wisest and best that ancestors ever bequeathed to their posterity. It is from their wisdom and virtue that we derive instruction pertaining to the radical principles which are recognized at the present day as the immutable laws of the rights of man, and their glorious achievements were highly prized and firmly sustained by the sages of our revolution, in 1776. Their ardent zeal and heavenly temper prompted them to labor in the perilous field of liberty, and their spirits, sustained by a holy trust, must have traced through the eye of faith the glorious destiny of future generations. While we trace, in their struggle for religious and political freedom, our inestimable institutions, and witness that their efforts in the noble cause are triumphant, we almost wish that they might awake to a second existence. But who can know the felicity the good spirits may now enjoy, as from their heavenly seat, they look down upon the scene of their trials, their sufferings, and their death, and see that the land they loved is free and happy?

“Go call thy sons; instruct them what a debt
They owe their ancestors; and make them swear
To pay it, by transmitting down entire
Those sacred rights to which themselves were born."

Akenside.

To this edition of the work is added a concise history of the aborigines of New England and of their wars with the English, together with anecdotes and biographical sketches of their chiefs. This part of the work comes from original authority, and is closely connected with the history of our fathers while in their forlorn condition. It forms a distinct treatise at the end of the volume. This production is now submitted to the candid judgment of the public; the materials are derived from the most authentic sources, and are condensed in as limited a space as would consist with propriety and convenience. It is hoped that the reader will not complain of redundancy. Minuteness of detail is indispensable in the delineation of individual character, or in a faithful relation of transactions under the most trying circumstances. Should errors be detected in this compilation, the author would only observe, that perfect works come only from perfect wisdom, but if assiduity and care can bring any work to a respectable standard of correctness, he may, in this instance, have some grounds to hope for public approbation.

JAMES THACHER. PLYMOUTH, Sept. 1st, 1835.

CONTENTS.

A.

Appendix

299

Adams, John

158

B.

Adams, John Quincy 158, 219 Bacon, Rev. Jacob

285

Agawam, (Ipswich) 21 Balfour, Capt. and his officers 205

Agawam, (Wareham) 174 Bank of Plymouth

239

Agents for obtaining char.

Old Colony

239

ter

14, 158

Savings

239

Agriculture

312 Baptist Society

291

Alden, John and descend- Barque built at Plymouth 84
ants
30, 156 to 158 Barnes, John

128
Alarm in town 45, 174, 208 | Barrett, Rev. Joshua 281
Alewive Fishery

173 Barrett, Rev. Mr. of Boston 256

Allerton, Isaac 36, 38, 68, 71, 115 Bass abundant in the creeks 58

Alms House

172, 337 Battery on Cole's Hill 327

Anecdote from Hubbard 49 Battle with the Indians, (see
of Massasoit

75 Indian history)
of Indian Magistrate 146 Bay of Plymouth and of Mas-
of John Alden and Capt.

sachusetts

324

Standish

156 Beach of Plymouth 328

of Tories

204 Beecher, Rev. Dr. Lyman 252
Andros, Sir Admund arrives, Bell purchased

173
and his base conduct; he Bell presented to the town 217
is deposed and imprison- Belknap, Rev. Dr.

270
ed
149 to 155 Bigelow, Rev. Jonathan

256
Anniversary of the Forefath- Billington Sea discovered
ers' celebration 181, 183, 219 described

320
222, 229, 233,248, 254, 255, 256 Billington, John, first offender 37
Anniversary of Independ- executed for murder 72

249, 251 Billington, a boy lost in the

of Washington's birth day 255 woods

40

Aqueduct

319 Birth day of our nation 24
Answer of Boston to Plym. Blagden, Rev. Mr.

256

address

179 | Bookstore

335

Arch Bishop Laud 271, 272 Bounds of Plymouth town-
Aspinet, friendly Sachem 41, 57 ship

163
Assistants

61, 81, 122 Bradford, William, Governor,

Antiquities in the cabinet of his death and character 14, 38

Pilgrim Society

258

50, 61, 72, 80, 106

Atwood, John

his monument

327

Ashurst, Sir H.

159 his wife drowned

23

ence

85, 86

81, 273

Bradford, William, Deputy Chilton, James and Mary 30, 95

Gov. and his descendants 109 Christian Society

292

135, 159, 161, 169 Church, Leyden, embark
Bradford, Major John 169, 170 first in New England

259

Bradford, Alden 110, 234, 237 their Ecclesiastical Gov-

Bradford, William, Hon. 110 ernment and history 260

Bradford, Col. Gamaliel 110

send delegates to Salem

Boutell, Rev. Mr.

293

ordination

71

Brazer, Rev. Mr.

254 Churches set off to Duxbury

Brewster, William, Elder,

and Green's harbor 267

his death and character, Church and parish distinct
and descendants 59,88,268, 270 bodies

297
Brimsmead, Rev. William 273 Church membership a quali-
Bridge over Jones's River 169 fication for freemen
Bridge over town brook 177 Civic Festival

216
Bridges

323 Clark, Thomas, mate of the
Brooks and ponds
320 Mayflower

24, 168
Brown's Island

331 Clark,Silver-Head Tom, (see
Brownist

262

Indian history)
Brown, John

119 Clark, Nathaniel, his history

Bugbee, Rev. James H.

292 and character

150

Burial Hill

323 Clark's house assaulted, (see

Bushnell, Rev. Harvey

281 Indian history)
By-law of the town 223 Clark's Island, first landing on 24
C.

granted to the town 82

Calumnies against the colo- conveyed to N. Clark 151.

nists

61 sold by the town

158

Cape Cod first discovered 16 description of

330
Canonicus, a Sachem, sends Clerks of the town

163
a war challenge to Gov. Clifton, Rev. Mr.

259
Bradford

45 Close of Colonial Govern-

Card-playing prohibited 104 ment

165

Carpenter, Alice

109 Club, Old Colony 180 to 198

Carpenter, Mary

278 Coasting vessels

318

Careswell, residence of the Cobb, Ebenezer

109

Winslow family

94 | Cobb, Capt. Sylvanus 175

Carver, John, first Governor, Cobb, Rev, Mr.

255

death and character, 14, 19, Codman, Rev. John, D. D. 255

38

Cod Fishery

316

Cattle first brought over and

Code of Laws

128

distribution of

61,69 Cold Harbor

20

Cedar swamps divided 384 | Cole, Rev. Mr.

254

Census at early periods

165 Cole's Hill 28, 174, 199, 203, 327

Census.of United States 308 College graduates

306

Centennial celebration 233 | Colonial confederacy

Charter given to Wincob 14. Colony divided into three

Charter with great seal 79 counties

146

Charter uniting the two col- Colony Courts regulated 123
onies

159 Combipation against English
Chauncy, Rev. Dr. Charles 266 settlers

55

37,

85

Commerce and navigation

315

D.

Commission from King Chas. Davis, Capt. Thomas 214

1st, instigated by Arch- John, Hon. 214, 234, 254
Bishop Laud

271
Isaac P., Esq.

214

Committee of Correspond- Thomas, Hon. 214, 219

196 Samuel

214, 252

of Vigilance

203 William, Hon. 214, 250

to regulate sale of spirits 228 Wendall, Esq.

214

Common land reserved to the Dawson, Capt. skirmish with 208

town

164 Days and months numbered 16

Compact of the Pilgrims and Deacons in the first church 298

names of the signers 18 Deaths among the first set-

Congregational Church 260 tlers

Constables chosen, and re-

Declaration of rights

78

fuse to serve

171 Deer in the forest

313

Coppin, Pilot of Mayflower 22 Deer trap set by the natives 20

Corbitant, Indian Sachem 41, 42 Deputies first chosen for le-

Cordage Company

334 gislation

83

Corn hill

20 De Razier visits Plymouth 69

Cotton, Rev. Mr. John 123, 136, Dissentions among the mer-

168, 273

chant adventurers

66

his letter relative to C. isl- Division of land to freehold-

and

154

163

his death and character 275 Donation to the Pilgrim So-

276

ciety by Judge Davis

254

Cotton, Josiah, Esq. 177, 282 Donation to the first church

Cotton, Rey. John

178 by Judge Davis 254, 296

Cotton, Theophilus

206, 207 Donation to the first church
Cotton, Josiah, Esq.

178 of a Bible, by Dr. Le Baron 295
Cotton, Rossetter, Esq. 178 | Drought, alarming one 59
Colton, Ward, Rev. 178 | Duel, first in New England 38
Cotton Factories

333 Dwelling houses, number of 309
Court-House erected 175, 309 Dwight, Rev. Dr., his obser-
Council of War
87 vations

165, 290
Cows lost on the passage
72 Dyer, John

163, 172
Cow-keeper paid in corn 86 Dyer, Mary, executed for
Cow-yard

331
Quaker principles

116

Crimble punished for forgery 174

E.

Cromwell, Oliver, his com- Earthquakes 82, 176, 178

mission to Gov. Winslow 99 Ecclesiastical history 259

Cromwell, Thomas, arrives 88 Eel River

322

Croswell, Andrew

282 Eeles, Rev. Nathaniel 283

Crombie, William

291 EelRiver church and society 291

Cudworth, James 115, 136, 139 Electors, qualifications of 8i, 159
140

Ellis, Rev. Mr. Jonathan 281

Cushman, Robert 14, 44, 60, 67 Embargo

223

Cushman, Thomas, Elder 67, 68 Engines in town

320

270, 273, 278

Everett, Professor

248

Cushman, Isaac 67, 274, 279 Execution of one of Wes.

Conant, Gaius

281

ton's settlers

49

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