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TO THE HIGH AND MIGHTIE PRINCE JAMES, &c. THERE are two things which, we the stamp of ancient usage, and venehope, will ever be found to go hand rable old age. In most things, truth, and hand to the end of time; we mean after all, generally lies in the middle; learning and loyalty; and that dis- and the surest way of arriving at it is, content and dissatisfaction will ever by setting aside all prejudices, and be confined to the utterly ignorant, forming our estimate from the consiand to that more mischievous class, deration of facts alone. There is nowhich may be denominated the half- thing, for instance, more loudly vauntinformed ; in which arrogance and ed of than the present flourishing pretension are more assiduous in ma- state of learning in Scotland—which is king converts to crude speculations, indeed supposed to form one of our than conscious of deficiency in making most characteristic excellencies among progress in true philosophy and sound the nations of the earth, and that lisense. It is a considerable time now, beral diffusion of ideas, originating in since Pope told the world, that “ the cheapness of education, which has little learning was a dangerous thing," formed us into a large body corporate and assuredly the Spenceans and Rüc of authors and readers; yet we vendicals cannot be brought forward as ture to stake our credit, that no such an illustration of the falsity of his volume as the one before us, “ The maxim.

Muses Welcome to K. Jaines,” could, Were a comparison to be drawn be- by any exertion of cotemporary talent, tween our ancestors of a century or be possibly called forth on any similar two back, and the present times, we occasion. As to our sister Erin do not think, that, in many respects, throwing it into shade, by any thing we should have great cause to exult in which she may produce on the prethe parallel. We should in all likeli- sent occasion of his Majesty's visit hood surpass then in the show, but there, we profess an equally sceptical yield to them in the substantial prac- opinion. tice of good. We should exhibit more So inveterate were the prejudices, of finicalness, pretension, politeness, now fast dispelling, which our southand all those arts and graces, which ern neighbours, at least the most uncost little in the exercise; but it is informed part of them, conceived much to be feared, that, balanced against this portion of the island, that against them in benevolence, hospita- our forefathers were accounted a set lity, warm-heartedness, disinterested- of savages prowling about the mounness, generosity; or in any of those tains, and utterly ignorant of the arts virtues, the practice of which requires which adorn civilized life. A journey a sacrifice of selfish feelings; or in to Scotland was considered as a thing profundity of knowledge; or in what- far more hazardous than what we look ever demands severe exertion of the on a voyage to China to be now-amental faculties, we have as much days; and the traveller, before leaving reason to dread our being found want- hisdisconsolate friends, generally made ing, as Belshazzar, when he beheld his will, and settled his affairs, as the The armless hand that wrote

chances were considerably against his His senter.ce on the palace wall. safe return to the bosom of his faExtremes meet. There are one set of mily. We speak of things not half a people who are ever ready to exclaim, century old ; and which will be found that the present age is by far the best to be not wholly extinct at the preand wisest of any that the world has sent day, as witness the fears expressexhibited; and that the past is to themed so pathetically in the commercial but a scene of twilight indistinctness travels of our friend the Bagman, as and confusion; while there is another may be found extracted in an early set, who despising every thing recent, Number of our work : but we trust merely because it is so, and willing to we have there made sufficient apology adhere rather to old prejudices than for him, in its being the first time he to newly discovered truths, will be had ever lost hold of his mother's contented with nothing but what wears apron-strings.

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A more complete refutation of the lis hausimus, enumerare velim ; dies me, scandals thrown out against old Scot- quid diem dico ? imd annus, imò et ætas land, and a more triumphant display deficiet priùsquàm oratio." of her general scholarship and sound

The speech being concluded, a great information, at a time when a great number of “ poesies,” in the Latin part of Europe was in a state of semi- tongue, were recited, some of them barbarism, can be found nowhere considerably above mediocrity, and one more satisfactorily, than in the collec- or two of them very chaste and classition from which we now propose to cal. make some extracts. And we do think On the 15th of May, “ the King's we shall be deemed to have rendered a majestie came to Sea-towne," where he service to our country, by putting our was presented with a Latin poem, half literary men on their mettle, against as long as the Pilgrims of the Sun, the expected visit of his Majesty next composed by Joannes Gellius a Gellisyear.

town, Philosoph. et Med. Doc. who James the Sixth, after having re

seems to have been fond of congratusided, and held his court in London latory addresses, as, previous to this, he for fourteen years, found it expedient, was also author of an Epithalamium for the better settling of the civil and in Nuptias Frederici V. et Elizabethæ, ecclesiastical differences of his Scottish printed at Heidelburg in 1613.—But subjects, to visit his ancient dominions let us turn from him to a name with in person. In his journey northward, which we are more familiar, and not the heads of the civil authorities, and more so than we ought to be; for, the seminaries of learning, in testi. whatever Mr Gifford may say to the mony of their loyalty and joy, deliver- contrary, we uphold Drummond to be, ed orations, held disputations before if not a great historian, at least a poet him, and greeted him with poems in of exquisite sensibility. When stupithe Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and Eng- dity is trampled on, it remains in the lish tongues, which were collected in a mire; but genius re-assumes its nahandsome folio, printed in 1618, (the tive superiority. Such has been the year following,) and edited by John fate of Drummond's writings, and they Adamson.

illustrate the motto which he has preIn passing from Berwick to Dun- fixed to the poem of “ Forth Feastglass, the King was first addressed by ing,” in this collection ; “ A Virtute A. Hume, in a most elaborate piece of orta occidunt rarius.” The poem was oratory, which sets out with saying, presented by Drummond in person ; that Priam of Troy had fifty sons; but whether recited or not, we are and that between father and children not informed. We extract the followthere subsisted many reciprocal duties. ing as a specimens: This postulate we immediately grant « Let others boast of blood and spoyles of to Mr A. Hume; but let us see what foes, use he makes of the fact. James the Fierce rapines, murders, Iliads of woes, Sixth is likened to Priam, and the Of hated pompe, and trophæes reared faire, Scottish people to his offspring; but, Gore-spangled ensignes streaming in the as Priam had a Paris, as well as a Hec- aire, tor, the similitude will not hold good Count how they make the Scythian them here, in Mr A. Hume's opinion, as his

adore, countrymen were all Hectors. He then The Gaditan the souldiour of Aurore, proceeds to give a sketch of the history Which charge themselnes with cares, their

Vnhappie vauntrie ! to enlarge their bounds, of Scotland from the days of the Picts,

friends with wounds, the landing of Fergus, the invasions which haue no law to their ambitious will, of the Britons, Danes, Normans, and But (man-plagues) borne are human blood Romans, down to the day and the hour to spill: in which the King stands before him. Thou a true victor art, sent from aboue Nothing surely can be more loyal or What others straine by force to gaine by rhetorical than the following passage.


World-wandring fane this prayse to thee “ Nos hactenus per duo ferè millia anno- imparts, rum soli fuimus majorum tuorum ; illiq; To bee the onlie monarch of all hearts. nos respiciebant solos. Si labores et su. They many feare who are of many fear'd, dores; si frigus et famen ; si incommoda, And kingdomes got by wrongs by wrongs et pericula, quæ illi pro nobis, nos pro il are tear'd,

Such thronesas blood doth raise biood throw. He must have presumed on the eth downe,

King possessing a voracious swallow, No guard so sure as loue vnto a crowne." when he afterwards declared his conNotwithstanding its animation and viction that he was “ in heart as poetical merit, the following is in a upright as David, wise as Solomon, strain of hyperbole, which, at the pre- and godlie as Josias.” The Sovereign sent day, would hardly be tolerated.

was here also deluged with Latin and “ The wanton wood-nymples of the verdant Greek poems, by Thomas Hopæus, spring,

Henricus Charteris, Patricius NisbeBlew, golden, purple flowres, shall to thee bring,

tus, Jacobus Sandilandius, Patricius Pornona's fruits the paniskes, Thetis gyrles,

Sandæus, Thomas Synserfius, David Thy Thulys amber, with the ocean pearles, Primrosius, Thomas Nicolsonus,

AlexThe Tritons, heards-men of the glassie field, ander Peirsonus, Nicolaus Udward, Shall give thee what farre-distant shores Andreas Fuorius, Jacobus Reid, Jocan yeeld,

hannes Rayus, Jacobus Fairlie, and The Serean fleeces, Erythrean gemmes, fifty others, all learned men in their Vaste Platas silver, gold of Peru streames, day; but (alas ! how are the mighty Antarticke parrots, Æthiopian plumes, fallen,) alì now forgotten and unSabean odours, myrrhe, and sweet perfumes: known! The university presented a And I myselfe, wrapt in a watchet gowne, pithy Latin oration at the palace of Of reedes and lillies on mine head a crowne, Falkland, a long Latin poem was reShall incense to thee burne, greene altars cited—and compositions, in Latin and

raise, And yearly sing due pæans to thy praise." English, were produced at Kinnaird,

The same poem may be found in the particularly by Joannes Leochæus, and folio edition of the Collected Works of town-clerk of Dondie also made a not

Alexander Craig of Rose-craig. The Drummond, published at Edinburgh able speech, and two Latin poems in 1711, p. 35.

On the King's entering Edinburgh were, at same time, there presented. by the West Port, on 16th May, the

At “ the Palace of Dalkeith,” the city deputed “ Mr Johne Hay, their him in eight Latin poems; and when

“ Philomela Dalkeithensis” welcomed clerk deputie,” to make an oration in their name, and on their behalf. Mase celebrate on the xix of Junii, in the

“ his Majestie's happie nativitie was ter Johne proved himself no mere man

Castle of Edinburgh," a speech was of straw, and one whose diffidence would not overcome him on the day of trial, delivered to him in Hebrew by Andrew as may be guessed at from the follow. Kerr, a boy of nine years of age. We

had always imagined Mr Odoherty as ing passage in his speech

having been the most wonderful' in“ This is that happie day of our newbirth, ever to be retained in fresh memorie,

stance of precocity that ever lived, but

we doubt that he has here found a with consideration of the goodnesse of th’Almightie God, considered with acknowledge tough rival. As the Ensign is Scottish ment of the same, acknowledged with admi. by the mother's side, we doubt not ration, admired with love, and loved with that, with proper care, he may trace joy; wherein our eyes beheld the greatest back Andrew to have been a lineal humaine felicitie our harts could wish,which ancestor of his own, more especially as is to feide vpon the royall countenance of talents are often hereditary in families. our true Phænix, the bright starre of our At Stirling, the King was welcomed northerne firmament, the ornament of our in an elaborate speech by Master age, wherein wee are refreshed, yea revived Robert Murray, commissar there," with the heat and bright beames of our who, towards the conclusion of his adsun, (the powerful adamant of our wealth) dress, has the following words by whose removing from our hemispheere, we were darkned, deepe sorrow and feare “ This towne, though shee may iustlie possessing our hearts, (without envying of waunt of her naturall beautie and impregyour M. happiness and felicitie,) our places nable situation, the one occasioned by the of solace ever giving a newe heat to the fever laberynths of the delightsome Porth, with of the langnishing remembrance of our hap- the deliciousnes of her valayes, and the pinesse : The verie hilles and groves, accus. heards of deare in her park; the other by tomed of before to be refreshed with the the statlie rock on which shee is raised; dewe of your M. presence, not putting on though shee may esteme herself famous by their wounted apparell ; but with pale worthy founders, reedifiers, and the enlarlookes representing their miserie for the de. gers of her manie priviledges ; Agricola, parture of their Royal King."

who in the dayes of Galdus fortified her,


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Kenneth the Secund, who heere encamped cus Andersonus, and wheedles the
and raised the Picts, Malcolme the Secund, King for a subsidy with most courtier-
Alexander the First, William the Lyon; like dexterity. We cannot resist a part
yet doeth shee esteme this her onlie glorie of the complaint-
and worthiest praise, that shee was the place * Maxime Kex, nostri solatia maxima luc-
of your M. education, that these sacred

tus, brows, which now beare the weightie dia

O toties casus commiserate meos. demes of three invincible nations, were em

Maximus ille ego sum Pons, et modò maxipalled with their first heere : And that this

mus amnis day the only man of kings, and the worthi. est king of men, on whom the eye of hea

Se pronum in gremio volvit, agitque ven glaunceth, deignes (a just reward of all Ipse per undenos jacui minùs vtilis annos : these cares and toyles which followed your

Nunc lacer in mediis semirefectus aquis. cradle) to visit her. Now her burgesses, as

Solus eras, animo qui me miseratus amico, they have ever bein to your M. ancestors

Contuleras census Regia dona tui." obedient and loyall, they here protest and Nor the remedy appositely alluded to depose to offer wp their fortunes, and sacrifice their lives in maintenance and defence by the honest bridge, in the concluding

linesof your sacred person and royall dignitie, and that they shall ever continue thus to

" Me tibi, me patriæ, simul et mihi redde, your worthie progenie ; but long long may

meisque; you live. And let ws still importune the

Vt merear titulis justa trophæa meis. Almightie

Subsidii expectantissimus

Pons Perthanus."
" That your happy dayes may not be done,
Till the great comming of his Sonne,

The indefatigable Johannes Stew-
And that your wealth, your joyes, and peace,
May as your raigne and yeares increase.

artus, not content with the dazzling

Amen." display of his oratory, pours out a long This was surely enough for one day, poetical dialogue between Scotia and but the gool people of Stirling thought Genius; and, after Alexander and Henotherwise ; and some thousands of hex- ricus Adamides,and Adamus Anderameter verses were thrust into the sonus have sung till they are tired, the King's hand.

Muse Perthnenses are winded up by Perth, otherways called Sainct- Eyrwulasınày, auctore Georgio Stirkeo, Johnes-towne, was determined not to who, to give him his due, fairly puts be beat, and they deputed “ Johne to shame all ideas of relationship, either Stewart, marchant burgesse” of the with stirks or stots, which his name said burgh, to give his Majesty a spe

might suggest. cimen of their loyalty, and their ora

As might have been expected, “The tory. After enumerating all the bene- City of Sainct Androes” was not defifits bestowed by royal favour on Perth, cient in the demonstrations of their he concludes in the following delect- loyalty and learning. Maister Harie able strain

Danskin, schoolmaster thereof “ held “Wee, your maiesties ever-loyall sub. forth in a Latin oration, whose prolixjects, the citizens of Perth, as heretofore wee ity must have wholly excused his Ma. have bein alwayes readie to serve your high- jesty, if he took a nap towards the nes to the last gasp, being earnest with God middle of it, and whose pedantic and for your owne long, and your seed's everlast- fulsome panegyric would have made ing reigne over ws in peace ; so now pray. any countenance, short of one framed ing Almightie God, that your majestie may of solid brass, to blush scarlet. We shyne in the firmament of these kingdomes can almost conceive with what ineffalike Josua's sunne in Gibeon, there to dow- ble delight, and self-gratulation, the ble the naturall dyett of man's abode vpon pedagogue signed himself “Henricus earth, with the citizens of Jerusalem, who Danskenius, Civitatis Andreannæ oragaue a shoute to the heaven for joy of King David his returne home unto the citie after tor, et Juventutis ibidem, moderator.” his long absence, wee bid your Majestie most This exhibition of oratory was surely hartlie welcome home againe to your an- enough for one day, but the wisdom cient kingdome and cradle, Scotland, and of the University thought otherwise ; to this the hart thereof, your Maiesties Pe. and, as his Majesty was hastening niel Perth.”

from his seat of suffering to the great Then follows the Perth poetry. Ama- church, (whether seeking sanctuary ryllis expostulates and exults with his or not, we are uninformed,) he was Majesty, in two eclogues of the long- met at the very porch, with another est. The very bridge

gets a tongue for torrent of Latin eloquence, by Dr the occasion, in the person of Henri- Bruce, rector of the University, who,

on concluding, presented as many La- His Majesty having arrived at the tin and Greek verses, good, bad, and city, which was then called Glasgow, indifferent, as would suffice to fill a and now the West Country, Mr Wildecent twelve shillings octavo. Even liam Hay of Barro, delivered a most this was not enough; they could not luminous oration, which, however, the think of the King's departure, while a sight of such a splendid cavalcade very single vestige of doubt could possibly nearly made him fall through, as he remain in his mind, as to their won- fairly confesses.derful acquirements. They accordingly held “Theses Theologica de “ Seing euerie thing heere about mee Potestate Principis,” with great parade magnificent, high, and glorious, I am beof logic and learning; and, (not to let come like one tutched with a Torpedo, or the King escape without a compli- ed, ar loath to come out

of my mouth ; but

seen of a Woulfe ; and my words, as affrayment,) we are informed, that when it shall be no dishonour to mee to succombe any difficulty, worthy of regal solu- in that for the which few or none can be tion occurred, that is to say, when the sufficientlie able.” Principal and Professors were fairly baffled, his Majesty interfered, and so But he afterwards cheers up, and successfully, “ut omnes (qui et plu- proceeds in the following strain, which rimi et dictissimi interfuerant) audi- we boldly stake against the finest things tores in summam rapuerit admira- ever uttered by Counsellor Phillips :tionem." Philosophical problems, on a sub

“0, day! worthie to bee marked with the sequent day, were also propounded, with them which that enamoured Queen of

most orient and brightest pearls of Inde, or no doubt, to the great illumination of Nile did macerat to her valorous as vnforhis Majesty, who departed for Stirling, tunat lover! O, day, more glorious (becaus where he was met by the whole posse without blood) then that in which, at the of Professors from Edinburgh, Adam- command of that imperious captain, the son, Fairlie, Sands, Young, Reid, sune stayed his course, and forgot the other King, &c. who spouted their philoso- hemisphere ! Thou hast brought vs againe phical theses by the hour. The King, our prince, by three diadems more glorious when at supper the same night, is said than hee was in that last day, when with to have produced the following jeu d' bleeding harts and weeping eyes wee left esprit in compliment to them, which him. Those who never looked on our hois fully as good as any dusty metaphy rizon but as fatall comets, nor ever did vi. sics he got from them, and certai nảy sit vs but heavie with armes, and thirstie of

blood-Thou, 0 day! as benigne planets, far more ingenious :

friends, and compatriots, bringest vnto vs.' • As Adam was the first of men, whence all beginning tak,

When he concludes, forward steps So Adamson was president, and first man Master Robertus Bodius, in the name in this Act.

of the University, and delivers a gloThe Theses Fairlie did defend, which thogh rious Latin speech, copiously interthey lies contein,

spersed with Greek quotations, and Yet were fair lies, and he the same right concluding with the words, ". Amen. fairlie did maintein.

en. Vivat Rex Jacobus in æterThe feild first entred Master Sands, and

num." there he made me see, That not all Sands are barren Sands, but ficient in their turn, but thundered

The Glasgow scholars were not dethat some fertile bee. Then Master Young most subtilie the forth Latin poems, signed Robertus Theses did impugne,

Blarus, and Greek congratulations, And kythed old in Aristotle, althogh his ending with David Dicksonus. name bee Young.

Paisley would appear to have been a To bim succeeded Master Reid, who, thogh city, noted for its extensive literareid be his name,

ture even at this remote era of our hisNeids neither for his disput blush, nor of tory; and, what is still more remarkhis speach think shame.

able, their knowledge appears to have Last entred Master King the lists, and dis

come to them by intuition ; a great pute like a King, How Reason, reigning as a Queene, shuld proof of which is exhibited in the vo

Tume before us, wherein is a clever oranger vnder-bring. To their deserved praise have I thus ation, delivered in the Earl of Aberplayd upon their names,

corn's great hall, “ by a prettie boy, And wiss their colledge bence be called, Williame Semple,” which commences

the Colledge of King James.” with the following noble similie :

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