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A.-W.J. Andrews 22, 19, 8S. 163, 187, 224, 225, 260, 297, 310, 333, 34), 107, H. Alley 51, 64, 87, 119, 201, 233, 286, 271, 304, 305, 308, 319, 415, 421, J. Anderson 51, R. M. Argo 65, 199, 272, 307, 313, N. P. Allen 69, 88, 19, 209, 410, J. L. Anderson, 126, 276, 336, H. J. Alvis 100, A.C. Attwood 235, R. Arnold 21, J. Atkinson 276, L. C. Axtell 335, R. M. Anderson 336, W. H. Andrews 341, A Beginner 418, M. Adams 419.

B.-H. Bird 15, R. S. Becktell 30, S. S. Butler 30, 51, H. A. Burch 31, 56, 60, 120, 185, 276, 340, J. M. Bennett 48, M. M. Baldridge 19, 121, 130, Dr. J. P. H. Brown 50, 130, J. W. Bittenbender 51, W. S. Boyd, 51, F. Benton 57, 133, 140, 177, 225, 277, 298, 405, T. F. Bingham 62, 85, 123, 206, 220, 235, W. S. Barclay 31, J. Billings 93, W. Bence 102, Barker & Dicer 122, R. Bacon 135, 301, 0. Brumfield 156, O. M. Brown 156, Jos Brown 153, 161, J. Barfoot 159, C. S. B. 161, Mrs. A, Bracket 161, L. C. Bornman 12, W. J. Beal 173, A. Benedict 190, 239, Mrs. L. B. Baker 194, Mrs. M. A. Bills 197, P. Bossert 204, D. Bartgis 207, J. M. Brooks 219, 259, J. Best 220, 'W.G. Bailey 240, R. E. Bush 278, J. D. Bedell 207, 0. F. Bledsoe 3:34, H. L. Brush 351, N, N. Betsinger 332. Dr. Botts 411, E. R. Billings 414, W. B. Burgett 419, A. A. Baldwin 420, E. B. Barker 422, H. B. 122.

125, J. Joslin 189, J. W. Johnson 300, E. M. Johnson 300, J. A. Johnson 301.

K.-W. H. Kirk 15, 259, W. M. Kellogg 34, 53, 122, 123, 233, A. C. Kerman 92, W. Kilson 120, D. Keplar 1:26, C. Kellar 1:35, J. E. Kearns 157, J.J. Kiser 161, R. F. Kedzie 172, W. P. Kellogg 179, J.H. Kelley 189. Keyer & Finn 260, F. Krueger 27, 27), H. G. King 302, E. B. Kendall 312, J. H. Kennedy 410.

L.-B. Lunderer 28, 229, W. W. Lynch 30, Dr. F. Lashier 17, G. J. Longfellow 126, Lover of Italians 130, M. E. Loehr 155, H. W. Lee 160, Cyula Linswik 170, L. M. Land 205, D. P. Lane 205, F. Ludwig 203, L. Lindsly 240, J. F. Lynn 241, L. M. Lindley 242, 26. W. 0. Langdon 272, S. M. Locke 30., 348, 387, T. D. Leonard 35, C. H. Leittgens 418. C. A. Luce 421, H. L. Lankton, 422, S. S. Lyday 122.

M.-C. F. Muth 13, 59, 88, 124, 196, 240, 258, 275, M. Mahin 15, 17, 99, 163, 165, 204, 337, P. Miller 15, 30, 90, R. R. Murphy 16, 159, 185, 183, 2012, 240, 301, 419, J. W. MeNeil 21, 123, 139, 163, F. M. Moody 48, C. Miller 53, W. M. 33, W. K. Marshall 53, J. P. Moore fu, 418, R. Mayerhoffer 69, M. 88, 176, J. F. Montgomery 90, G. H. Mackay 100, W. Moorhouse 133, J. Mury 124, J. H. Martin 125, 204, 275, 303, 313, E. G. Martin 1%, A. B. Mason 126, 119, S. K. Marsh 128, 337, J. M. Marvin 1:0, 0. E. Mead 157, T. G. McGaw 161, 28, C. R. Menz, 18.1, R. Miller 190, 20, T. C. Millett 198, A. J. Mackay 204, J. I. Martin 205, W. McCartney 206, D. S. Metallum 206, R. Montgomery 2011, J. McCook 224, S. Marshall 241, W. L. Moores 361, A. F. Moon 262, 316, G. F. Merriam 23, 276, C. McDermot 300. W. II. Meadow 333, T. Moran 335, C. McCrocken 35, M. Metcault 391, J. N. McColm 413, F. McDonnell 418, T. M. Moore 419, W. Martin 22.

N.-Novice 14, 293, 294, J. H. Nellis 69, 103, 132, 275, 300, A. Neighbour 85, D. P. Niven 101, 304, Miss L. J. Noble 204, M. A. Newcomb 301, A Novice 416.

C.-W. F. Clark 11, 13, 46, W. Christ 16, A. Chapman 16, A.J. Cook 18, 67, 92, 96, 101, 168, 189, 221, 278, 310, 315, 371, N. Cameron 20, 105, 200, J. V. Caldwell 23, 203, W. H. Conklin 47, R. C. Cameron 47, D. Clifton 51, J. T. Connley 52, 126, C. R. Clough 53, 242, J. M. Camp 53, J.S. Coe 57, 101, 153, 310, P. P. Collier 67, 63, 101, 302, 317, 0. Clute , 227, 304, M.M. Callen 102, J.H. Christie 121, F. P. Clark 123, R. L. Curry 125, F. W. Chapman 155, 201, S. Corneil 155, Crowfoot Bros. 139, E. Culver 162, W. Cam 162, 241, 314, A. B. Cheney 164, 173, 329, H. Christ 202, 0. E. Clark 207, F. Claussen 210, John Crowfoot 270, J. Z. Carr 278, W.E. Connett 301, A. U. Crosby 315, G. W. Church 333, R. A. Calvin 350, 0. Courtney 350, E. Cori 106, I. M. Camp 420.

D.-G. M. Doolittle 14, 317, 364, 370, 417, 422, J. L, Davis 14, 03, 64, F. R. Davis 15, M. D. DuBois 16, Dr. Dzierzon 23, 223, C. Dadant 24, 25, 27, 84, 86, 106, 157, 164, 203, 231, 233, 231, 269, 305, 308, 350, 103, P. Dunken 51, 207, J. Divekey 52, Mrs. J. W. Dick 53, L. J. Diehl 120, 131, J. Davis 134, R. Dart 159, J. W. Dodson 159, S. C. Dodge 176, 353, 376, 408, D. M. D. 242, A.J. Davidson 28s

W. Dyer 275, Mrs. J. S. Dunham 301, J. A. Dirwanger 301, W.J. Davis 302, M. Deunler 311, Mrs. M. Dunbar 331, N. B. De Vol 336, J. B. Dines 422.

E.-J. Emmons 51, 162, 204, 240, J. Edmonds 101, W.P. Evritt C, 135, 161, 421, P. H. Elwood 100, H. D. Edwards 205, 351, E. S. Edwards 240.

F.-C. Follett 48, R. Forsyth 51, J. B. Ficklen 52, J. F. Flory 52, 156, 275, 301, B. Franklin 102, 203, C. J. Fox 137, 261, S. S. Fetherolf 335, J. Fox 416.

G.-C. Grimm 19, 418, W. H. Garihan 51, F. M. Glasgow 53, 122, J. W. Guthrie 53, C.F. Greening (13, 240, 279, 300, J.G. 83, J. W. Greene 100, 240, 37, G. L. Gast 100, A. P. Green 123, LeRoy Gates 123, R. P. G. 158, D. Grabble 102, J. M. Good 189, c. Griebeling 205, C. E. Gaylord 207, J. R. Gossage 221, J. M. Gillis 211, J. Greene 242, W. H. Green 261, C. A. Ging 279, J. L. Grey 279. K. Graysen 2:6, C. J. H. Gravenhorst 300, 336, 318, M. G. Grigsby 315, C. A. Graves 335, J. M. Glenn 311, P. H. Gibbs 113, J.T. Gray 420.

0.-D. H. Ogden 62, J.Oatman & Co.100, 273,275, Mrs. M.A. O'Niell 100, One who knows 183, A. Osborn 235, R. B. Oldt 238, 312, J. W.Osborn 277.

P.-0. 0. Poppleton 14, 100, E. Pickup 15, 30, 351, D. D. Palmer 17, 51, 63, 87, 134, 409, M. L. P. 28 J. F. Pelham 47, 84, W. T. Parham 52, E. P. 83, J. M. Porter 101, J. E. Pleasants 101, E. C. Phillips 121, 278 W. Porter 123, 227, J. Patterson 162, F. Perry 19, 302, I. F. Plummer 270. V. Perkins 301, Dr. E. Parmly 351, 380, J. P. Parker 422. Q.--Quiz 189, 315.

R.-J. E. Ritchie 23, 27, 414, W. H. Rafferty 48, J. Rooker 54, 314, W.B. Rush 124, 131, 133, 237, 277, 123, H. W. Roop 125, 276, H. B. Rolfe 12, 157. A. I. Root 136, 222, H. M. Roop 162, 418, L. M. Roberts 189, 206, A Reader 23, W. Muth-Rassmussen 242, A. J. Richardson 261, J. L. Richardson 3012, L. C. Root 102, 420, E. Rood 413. 419, A. M. Rhodes 420.

S.-J. M. Stephenson 14, W. Stump 52, 101, A. Salisbury 59, 201, 234, C. Sonne 5, F. Searles 126, 211, C. W. Stokes 126, J. O. Shearman 129, Scott & Bramblett 156, 0. P. Storm 155, Anna Saunders 152. 204, 273, 28, I. Sharp 139, 241, 355, A. Simons 10, H. S. See 1022, F. Schletzbaum 162, J.L. Smith 201, L. Sutlitt 25, 311, J. Stoddard 21,300, A. W. Smith 20. W. T. Seurs 231, Subscriber 4, 278, 315, 422, F. M. Stockton 251, W. S. Slocum 342,

& Ranney, Shearer 374, S. W. Stevens 419, G.C. Soden 420, W. HI. Sedgwick 121.

A. J. Simonds RG. W: Stanley w:

H.-J. E. Hetherington 14, 377, J. Hvestis 14, 0. Halbleib 15, 52, 420, A. J. Haney 16, J. Hazen 17, J. Heddon 20, 54, 34, 110, 194, 192, 232, 269, 303, 339, 417, S. Humfield 47, 162, Mrs. W. Harris, 51, J. Harmon 53, 157,00. H. Hamilton 8,345, D. E. Haynie 83,301, J. P. Howard 84, J. F. Hershey 100, H. S. Harrison 100, 101, C. M. Halbleib 101, P. G. Hendricks 102, A. H. Hart 120, 206, 11. Haines 122, 162, 176, 1.0, 202, 205, 271, 274, 304, 313, 314, 119, E. Hershey 126, N. H. Holman 121, 301, D. P. Hartford 1555,' W. P. Hogarty 13, H. S. Heath 100, J. Harper 162, W. W. Hipolite 102, 207, L. Hitchcock 15, W. P. Henderson 137, 230, 231, J. E. Hunter 21, J. W. Howell 205, E. J. Hill, 203, A. S. Haskin 2011, Mrs. D. M. Hal 205, H. H. Howard 220, J. T. Hobbs 231, J. H. Hodgkins 240, H. 276, J. M. Hicks 277, H. Hernard 279, G.T. Horning 302, J. W. Howell 302, C. Hotchkiss, 313, 312, T. G. Harvey 331, C. B. Heston 330, N. T. Horton 236, J. F. Henderson 351, W. M. Hoge 374, J.H. Hasbrouck 383, J. W. Henderson 418.

I.-G. Ilisch 159, 238, I. Ingmundson 161, 204.

J.-R. Jones 15, M. Johnson 53, Justitia 99, Dr. C. M. Joslin 100, G. W.Jenkins 121, 157, J. H. Jones

T.-A. Tefft 48, Mrs. E. Truman 51, H. X. Tennant 107, E.J. Thomrs 121, J. Tomlinson 13, 19, S. P. T. 123, G. Thompson 197, M. D. T. 158, L. L. Triem 142, H. Templeton 156, J. H. Townley 23, G. H. Teague 329, F. B. Thurber 376.

V.-D. Videto 52, J. V. 83, S. L. Vail 123, G.A. Van Horn 123, C. C. VanDeusen 204, P. L. Viallon 335, .

W.C. Weeks 15, R. Wilkin 16, 52, 136, 190, S. G. Wick 21, 96, E. Wellington 7, 10, A. P. Wyman , J. A. Waterhouse 51, 275, G. H. Wright 121, P. Wilde 121, W.G. Walton 121, 123, 153, A. Wright 135. W. F. Williams 141, N. D. West 100, D. Wurth I6, W. H. Ware 187. A. T. Wright 2014, J. Winfield 21, H. F. Walton 206, J. H. Washburn 210, G. B. Wallace 240, J. Wemmer 242, A. W. Windhorst 275.

H. C. White 336, J.C. Williamson 336, M. Wright 310, W. Williamson 415.

Y.-B. P. Yeomans 240.
Z.-G. W. Zimmerman 275.

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24

CORRESPONDENCE:

Imported Queens and Breeders. 340 Various Matters
About Honey
64 Improvement of Italian bees, 127, 190 Ventilation

87
A Cheap Bee House
313 Inaugural Address

188 Visit to a Canadian Bee-keeper. 26
A few more Straws 232, 269, 337

Introducing Queens,.. 25, 87, 163, Visit to an Ilinois Bee-Keeper. 313
Agricultural College Apiary 18

235, 239, 30,
385 Visit to a Neighbor's Apiary

28
Agricultural Progress

61

Is Wax Wholesome?.
Am. Institute and the National. 163 Italian Bees

130, 190, 271 Weather Report in Louisiana 131
A Microscopical Question..

Which Frames to Adopt

227
An Easy cure of Foul Brood

Joint in the Leg of a Bee
176 Which is It?

27
A New Hiving Apparatus 238

Whitman's Fountain Pump
Larvae of Queens and Purity of
An Injustice
133

Wintering Bees 165, 202, 234, 300
Drones

201
A Novel Experiment
414

Wintering Nucleus Colonies 202
Letter from California

263
Answer to J. C. Newman
3

Wintering on Honey Dew 312
Letter from Kansas

20
Answer to Mr. Dadant

Wintering on Summer Stands
274, 313
Life Insurance

134
Apiarian or Apiarist?
165 Longevity of Honey Bees

Winter Transfering

128

272
A Prolific Queen

312 Lying out of Bees.
A Woman's Experience
194

EDITOR'S TABLE:
Bee-Culture and Stings

307

Management of the Apiary 383 Additions to our Museum, 13, 120,
Bee-Culture in the South

Marketing Honey
371, 416 188, 221, 257, 20...

401
Bee Hives

133, 348
Merits of Italians and Blacks

American Institute Fair..
Bee Hunt in Florida

413
Michigan Association
199 A New Discovery..

.187
Bee-Keeping as a Pursuit.

Michigan State Fair

340
Bee Lice..
Mistakes of Bee-Keepers

Barnes Foot-Power Saw.. .156
Bee Notes from lowa
Mode of Preparing for Winter . 131

Bee Stings...

402
Bee Notes from Kentucky, 30, 307

My Annual Report

66 Beeswax-A Staple Article.
Bee Smoker-H. Nesbit
My Bees

Bee Items from Louisiana..
199
28, 229

16

Bibulous Bees
Bees and Red Clover

My Queen Cage
311

402
314
Bees at Agricultural College... 67 My Report and Management... 350 Bull's Ne Plus Ultra Hive. 84
Bees of the same Colony tighting,
99, 129, 200,

Neatness in Bee-Keeping
34 California Honey..

219
Benefits of Bees and Plants 173 Nil Desperandum

403 Chinese Mustard a Honey Plant. 188
Billings, on the Honey Bee
98 Northern Minn. Apiaries

16 Clean out the Hives...

.183
Bingham Hives
128 Notes by the Way

339 Comb Foundation Machines.
Bingham Smoker
221, 235 Notes from Louisiana

237 Comb Honey Carriers..
Black vs. Italian Bees 90, 129, 235,
Notes from Tennessee

Deserved Tribute.
272.

.........364
Blasted Hopes
141 Odds and Ends

268 Editorial Items, 13, 46, 49, 50, 83, 86,
Box vs. Frame Hives
63 On Novice

119, 122, 155, 158, 185, 188, 219, 21,
Building Straight Combs
231 Open Letter to Prof. Cook

257, 260, 293, 294, 3:29, 332, 368, 386,
Organization and sale of Honey, 379 401,

.404
California Honey Crop
266 Our Honey Season

303 Egys laid in Queen Cells. .220
California Honey Interests 263 Our Interests
Care of Bees in Winter
112 Our Michigan Convention

54 Farm Prosperity

.331
Centennial Award-Extractors. 201
Our National Society

Future of the National Society.. 13
Changing Larvæ in queen cells. 337

Over-Stocking

203
Changing Queens
16

Harvest Musings..

.331
Cheap Queens
230 Pasturage

Hints to Beginners...
19

.119,262
Chickens Eating Bees
190 Patents

45
385

Honey-Producers' Interests
Chips from Sweet Home, 17, 133, 409 Plan for Getting comb honey

Honey Product of Southern Cal. 260

22

KO
City Bee-Keeping (Illustrated). 59 Pleasure of Bee-Keeping

House Apiaries...

411
Coe's House Apiary
57 Points for Reporters

How to go to the Convention

..332
Comb Foundations 29, 30, 63, 130, Portable Shade Covers

269
Is it Pure?..

.219
303, 304, 309, 377,

417 Preparing Brood for Winter 392
Comb Guides...
63, 133 President Andrews' Address

Mad Dogs.

119
Constitution of National Society, 91 President Bacon's Address

135
Moon's Bee World..

.317
Corn Blossoms and Honey 163 Prevention of After-Swarming. 61 Muth's Extractor..

258, 25
Cyprian and Carniolian Bees

Prevention of Increase
370 My Plan for Registering.

.259
Cyprian Bees

313 Price of Queens and Colonies 164,202

Progress in Bee-Culture ........ 60 New York Honey House... .260
Desirable Combs-How Secured 194
Discussion in Germany
23 Queens laying in queen cells, 267, 273

October Management..
Does Bee-Culture pay?
88 Queries

23 Prizes for Essays..

.402
Dollar Queens .197, 231, 263, 305
Dollar Queens vs. Imported
308 Read This
304 Quinby's Clamps...

.121
Doolittle's Report

416 Rearing Italian Queens. 305, 214, 381
Dysentery
133 Recipe for Bite of Mad Dogs.... 190 Railroad Strike and Riot

.258
Renewing Combs
268 Rates of Postage.

210
Explanation from Benedict 229 Report from G. M. Doolittle 347 Registering Slates

219, 259
Facts for the Public

Removal of Office.
379 Scraps from Illinois

233
Falsification of Honey

.331, 403

Royal Bee Funeral...
350 Sending Bees by Mail 238, 308
Feeding Bees, and Feeders 349 Shall Farmers keep Bees? 172 Seasonable Hints..

294
Foreign Races of Bees

39) Shall Women Keep Bees? .. 170, 197 Sectional Honey Boxes..
Foul Brood
196 Shipping Bees

413 Sending Bees by Mail. .186, 187
Future of the National Society. 90 Slate Registers

268, 303 Separating Honey from Wax
Strange Things in Bee-dom 312 Something New....

.186
Hardin Haines Ventilated 233 Surplus Honey

58,63 Stevenson's Extractor.

187
Hives in Rows
15

Surplus Frames..

.225
Honesty the best Policy
89 The Barnes Foot-Power Saw 203 Sweet Clover.....

.368
Honey à Luxury
140 The Bee's Physiology

177
Honey and Pollen Resources.. 128 The Candying of Honey 51 Tennant's Honey Box.

107
Honey o an Article of Food 191 The Composition of Honey 172 The Festive 'Hoj er.

186
Honey Dealers
374 The Deborah Hive
198 The Finn Hive..

.260
Honey-Dew
273 The Express Companies

403 | The First Curved Honey Knife. . 188
Honey in Frames
17 The Honey Market
376 The Honey Market...

206
Honey Market, Crop & Prices 303 The Kalamazoo Convention 66 The National Convention. ...294, 402
How I winter my Bees
54 The Michigan B. K. Association (5 The Season of 1876-7..

45
How may we Improve Bees? 269 The National Convention 310 | The War in Europe

188
How to Destroy Moth-Millers 30 The Purity of the Italian Bee 136 Thurber Gold Medal..
How to Double-up Hives
21 That Queen Bee

201 To our Southern Subscribers.....186
How to Fasten Foundation 2012 The Science of Bee-Keeping Tremontani Queens...
How to Italianize Blacks, &c 134 Thoughs on Bee-Keeping 413
How to Prevent Increase

. 188, 219
Important Points in Bee Hives, 17 | Union Apiary

. 122

Thoughts on Insurance

87 What shall the Harvest be?

Two Queens in same Hive .. 267, 271 What Shall we do with Honey?..280
I Can

White's Extractor...

21,96
Wisdom of the Past..

11
Imported Queens
415 Un-scientific Bee Culture.... 30 Write Plainly....

..316

....259

105

.. 157

405

FOREIGN NOTES:
A Centenarian in Alsace

298
An Interesting Letter from Germany 314
Apiculture at the Paris Exposition

299
Apis Dorsata (the large Bee) of Java

406
Arabis Alpina (a new Honey Plant)
Bee Convention in Bohemia, Austria 298
Bee-Culture in Northern Russia

2299
Brazilian Honey Plant-An Evergreen.... $299
Chilled Beeg-How saved from Death
Cure for Foul Brood-Salicylic Acid 8299
Distribution of the Honey Bee

277
Does taking Honey Injure Plants ?..
Dzierzon Queens and Cyprian Bees

347
Forming New Colonies in France

177
Foul Brood --Its Cause .

277
From "Nostra Bella Italia"

277
General Points for Beginners

177
Honey-Chief Moth in Germany,

405
How to clear Dead Bees from the Combs.. 177
How to Counteract Production of Drones. 226
How to Prove the Adulteration of Honey . 225
Increasing Colonies in Hanover
Introduction of Foreign Races of Bees 299
Salicylic Acid as a Cure for Foul Brood 140
Scientific Farmers and Bee-Keepers 277
The American Bee Journal in Europe .

277
The Cyprian Bee (C. J. H. Gravenhorst) 299
The Cyprian Bee in (iermany

225
The different Races of Bees

110
The Honey Harvest in Alsace

405
*The Honey Season in Europe

298
The Importation of Javane e Bees

277
The late Adam Grimm's Theory
The Simplest Remedy for Stings

223
The Tulip Tree in Germany.

299
The use of Robber Bees

226
Wintering in Pits and Cellars in Bohemia, 406

GLEANINGS FROM EXCHANGES:
Abbott's School of Apiculture in England 14
How to Prepare Colonies with Chaft".
The Centennial Honey Show

14
White Comb Foundation- How to Get it ?

Patent Hive Vendor; and Robbers

48
Proper Width apart for Combs

47
Queenless Colony-How to Remedy it 158
Quinby Hive-Foul Brool-Moths

278
Reasons for Loss in Wintering Bees?
Renewing Combs in the Brood Chamber 315
Rust on Extractors-How Avoided

278
Small Comb Foundation Machines

220
Sugar for Feeding in the Spring

121
The Best, cure for Foul Brood

189, 315
The Best Plant-Cheapest Pasture

279
The best way to Preserve empty Combs,189 315
The Doolittle Honey Box and Crate

421
The JOURNAL duly Appreciated

47
The Quinby Clamp for Hives

121
The Quinby Smoker-King's make

158
Tulip and Basswood-How Cultivated 278
Upward Ventilation-Is it Necessary ?.... 189
Van Deusen's Feeder-a Description 221
Why do Bees go West when Swarming? 121
Why do Bees sometimes Refuse to Swarm 278
Why Queens put several Eggs in one Cell. 315
Willows and Maples as Honey Plants 189
Wintering on the Cellar Bottom

48

OUR LETTER Box:
Sundry Letters, 14, 51, 100, 123, 159, 204, 240,

275, 300, 335, 418

299

PROCEEDINGS OF CONVENTIONS:
California Association .

137, 242, 264
Central Kentucky Association

415
Jefferson County, Indiana, Association.... 230
Maury County, Tennessee, Association
Michigan Association

31, 166
National Association
New York City Association

311
North Eastern Association

103, 132
Northern Missouri Association

67, 344
Southern Kentucky Association

410
Western Illinois Association

176, 196

NOTES AND QUERIES:
A Cure for Bee Dysentery.

84
Alsike Clover as Forage for Bees

189
A Young Queen Leaving the Hive

18
Bees of the same Colony Fighting

17
Buckwheat for a Late Crop of Honey 279
Centennial Award on Honey Extractors. 138
Cockroaches Investing Hives

121
Comb Foundation-Is it Thinned by Bees. 278
Extracting Uncapped Honey

189
Fall Pasturage for Bees in mlinois

48
Foul Brood and its Cure

48
Good Cure for Bee Stings

189
Honey Boxes vs. Sectional Frames

157
Honey Plants..

...83, 315, 351, 422, 423
How to Italianize Hybrid Bees

279
How to Prevent After-Swarming

189
How to Prevent Honey Souring

157, 122
How to Prevent "in-and-in Breeding" 157
How to Secure Straight Combs

47
How to Transfer Bees from Box Hives 158
Introducing Italian Queens.

83
Is Maple-Sucar Water good for Bees? 157
Is the American Hive still Patented ? 121
Keep Colonies Strong in Order to Succeed, 315
Langstroth Hive (none better).
Langstroth Hives-their correct measure 157
Melilot Clover as a Honey Plant

279
Melilot Clover-its Description

121
Mignonnette as a Bee Pasture

220

SOUTHERN NOTES:
A New Use for Honey in Making Wine 334
Bee-Culture in the Southern States

333
Bee Items gleaned on our Trip

107
Bees in Northern Georgia

262
Best Hive for all Purposes

333
Comb Honey - Building a Honey House 298
Covering for Frames

225
Drones with Heads red as a Cherry

333
Explanatory-Our Southern Department, 221
IIoney-Dew in the Southern States,

221
How to Raise Queens ..

261
Look-Out Apiary-Comb Foundation 407
Mr. A. F. Moon's Apiary in Georgia

333
N. N. H. (Novice-National-Heddon) 333
One Hundred Hives in a Cyclone

261
Our Honey not from the White Clover 225
Our Visiting Jaunt to Louisiana

297
Price of Bees in Tennessee

333
Purely Mated Queens.
Queen Destroying Workers..

261
Sending Bees by Mail
The Honey Season

281
The Hive Ì Prefer--the Langstroth,

361
To our Friends about Mailing Bees,

201
Wayside Pencilings en route to New York. 407
Weight of a Colony of Bees in June
Will it Pay to raise Dollar Queens ?.

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DEVOTED EXCLUSIVELY TO BEE CULTURE.

VOL. XIII.

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, JANUARY, 1877.

No. 1.

The Wisdom of the Past.

not always necessary, yet it will be pru

dent to be prepared against the worst, Resuming our notice of the old bee

especially for the inexperienced. For a

foot may slip, or an accident happen, that book to which a brief article was devoted no hunian foresight could be apprised in the November number, we propose

of." to specify a few things in regard to which

We have not found that our observathe intelligent bec-keeper was apparent- tion sustains the following bit of advice ly as well posted in 1814, as he is in this however;—“Great care should be taken Centennial year 1876. Taking the order

after the dress is off, of coming near the of topics as pursued by our author, we bees, as they will be eager to sting for come first to

three or four days, though the person be STINGING.

at a considerable distance." Mr. Keyes insists as we do now, that

ON THE APIARY. bees are not little winged devils going

This is sound:-" The properest situaabout seeking whom they may sting;

tion for an apiary is one exposed to the that their habit is to mind their own busi- wind as little as possible: it being detriness; that they seldom sting unless pro

mental, and proving often fatal to numvoked or injured; that they have a special

bers of bees by blowing them down, or dislike of some people; that their venoin into the water, or overturning the hives." is more potent at some times than at oth

This also is good :-“It is very wrong to ers; that patience, quiet movements, re

place hives on benches, which is always treat, thrusting the head among bushes, the source of mistakes, quarrels, and oftand the like, are the best precautions. en slaughter, by their interference with If they are excited, he advises, "let water one another. A still worse contrivance, be thrown among them, or blow them

is that of little cots or sheds, with shelves forth with a bellows." We thought the

therein, one above another, affording a use of smoke as a means of quieting bees

harbor for their enemies, and very incona modern invention, but here it is in print

venient for their management generally. more than sixty years ago :-"The smoke The arrangement I would recommend, is of damp straw or rags will drive them

that of SEPARATE STANDS FOR EACH HIVE," away soon.”

Mr. Keyes advises that these stands be In regard to remedies for stinging, our

built "sixteen inches above the earth,”author says, “I have generally experi

we should say "six” onnitting the "teen.” enced my own saliva (spittle) to be more

The necessity of water being kept in beneficial than pompous chemicals or the vicinage of an apiary was well undergalenicals.” Various remedies commonly stood; “put it,” says Keyes, “ in a broad resorted to now-a-days are mentioned in

dish, covered with small stones or duckthis old bee-book.

weed, to assist the bees in drinking, withWEARING A BEE-DRESS.

out wetting their wings, or getting There is nothing particularly different

drowned." from the modern styles of bee-dress in

HIVES. the attire described by Mr. Keyes, but

Mr. Keyes describes and illustrates with painful experience constrains us to com- | old-fashioned wood-cuts both straw and mend the wisdom of the following

board hives, the latter looking externally "rule:''—

very much like a common Langstroth "To put on the bee-dress whenever an

hive. His directions for making straw operation is to be performed; for although hives are admirable. It is remarkable

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LARGE STOCKS.

tbat the gerin of the modern movable- both old and young." He pleads for the frame appears in this old book, only the “salvation of bees” as the more profitable frame was a fixture. His straw hives plan, going at great length into the argueven, were provided with wooden tops' ment, giving facts and figures, a la Jasmade with a board the width of the hive, per Hazen, and concludes a full chapter half an inch thick, free from knobs." on the subject by saying :-"The old Seven spaces or openings were cut in this practice of suffocation, must be conboard, half an inch wide. If preferred, demned as impolitic, and highly disad“a cheaper top may be made of narrow vantageous; for they must be very weak slips of wood, which I name Bars, six in ' who pursue a plan of conduct of small number designed to be laid across the profit, when a better is offered of double or top of the hive, at half an inch distance treble advantage. The italics are his own. from each other; the outermost bars to be COMB VERSUS LIQUID HONEY. one inch and a quarter wide, and the Though the extractor was unknown in others one inch and a half." Our author those days, the honey market was insays that some hive-makers complained jured then as now by the impure honey of difficulty in making hives of the sort that found its way into it. Hence the prescribed by him, but without grounds. following most respectful advice :-“With The person employeil by him, after a lit- | submission I would recommend to the tle practice, could make them as expedi

nobility and gentry to purchase none but tiously and easily as those of the conimon

combs of honey, to be drained at home. sort. His ideas about hives were emi

Sophistications and impurities would nently simple and practical, no “fancy

then be avoided, and such combs might fixings" of any kind being employed,

be selected as are fine. or according to their own fancy. Were this condition in

sisted upon, the markets would soon Our author believed in putting two and even three stocks together for the pur

abound with combs of honey instead of

pots. The introduction of such a custom pose of obtaining a larger proportionate

must depend on the patronage of the yield of honey than could be got from single stocks. This method he called

gentry.”

MISCELLANEOUS. * storifying." i. e. making two or three

Mr. Keyes was alive to the advantage stories, by placing one or two hives above

of feeding bees in Spring even though a lower one. His hives were so made as

they still had stores. He says. ". It enlivto admit of this. Our friend, Hosmer of

ens and strengthens them, and stimulates Minnesota, can hardly advance an idea

their activity, causing them to breed the on this subject which Keyes had not ven

earlier.” IIe is very sensible on the distilated more than half a century ahead

cases of bees, giving the cause and cure of him. Indeed, we half suspect Rosmer

of dysentery about as correctly as Novice of having obtained old Keyes' book some

or any other high, modern authority where on the sly, and kept all its wisdom

could do. He well says:— The failure in his own head, dealing it out in very of stocks has in inost countries been atfew words, at Conventions, as original. tributed to witchcraft, or other superstiWe are confirmed in our suspicions by tious notions, instead of attributing them finding that old Keyes considers “a

to their true cause, - badness of weather, quart” of bees about enough to winter in or rather their owner's neglect or want a single hive. Hosmer has been supposed

of skill.” The chapters on hiving, drivto hold a kind of patent on the “ quart”

ing. artificial swarming, deprivation, and theory, but here it is as far back as 1814. the monthly calender of operations, in“SALVATION OF BEES."

i dicate an amount of practical knowledge Keyes argues for this. The above and skill, we were not prepared to find is his own phrase. He advocates the in a bee-keeper of more than half a cenplan of “ storifying" for this, among tury ago. other reasons, that by its means, • the Lovers of the new and original, will family is perpetuated to any length of doubtless be ready to say, “enough of time, without the cruel necessity and this old bee-book, let us have something trouble of destroying indiscriminately of to-day." All right. But however

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