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"Let justice be done though the Heavens fall," is a legend appropriate to nail to the banner of THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL. Exact. justice well meted out” is just what it purposes to give to all—without fear or favor!
In the remarks of Captain J. E. HETH. ERINGTON, before the N. E. Bee-keepers' Convention, as reported in this issue, on page 98, at the bottom of the first column, he says that in “a good season and large yield, the journals are eager for a report, but in a poor one, like the last, no report is asked for." How it could be possible to make this mis-statement, we cannot imagine. There is but one Bee Journal on the American continent—and that, THE AMERICAN. In the September number of 1875, page 193, we called for universal reports. In the October and November numbers are published hundreds of these reports, reporting good, bad, and indiffer. ent experiences. Never were reports so faithfully called for, and never was a call more fully responded to, than last fall! Surely, the reporter must have garbled the expressions of Captain Hetheringtonhe could not have made such a statement.
On page 104 of this issue, Mr. T. F. Bingham states that "honey-comb is one thing, beeswax another, and very differ. ent thing;” and that butter after being melted “is butter no more—it is grease." Although we are not an expert in beeswax, we have always understood that the bees formed the honey-comb, using little particles secreted by themselves known as beeswax, and that the changing of its shape again from honey.comb to the solid cake known in commerce, would not change the original character of the arti. cle. Again, a comparison between bees. wax and butter is hardly fair, for butter, as it comes from the churn, will degenerate if kept too long, but beeswax will not, under ordinary circumstances, for ages.
In the next paragraph, Mr. B. attempts to quote from an old advertisement of one of our honey dealers—but he evidently quotes from treacherous memory-and credits to the wrong party. We thought we remembered the expression and looked up the old circular and find it was issued by the Honey Co., Wm. M. Hoge or Mrs. Spaids, and not C. O. Perrine, as stated.
This number also contains an article from Mr. Coe on the House Apiary; and in the present situation of the matter we must ask him not to think uncharitably of us, if we decline a continuation of the controversy, unless it shall contain infor. mation valuable to bee-keepers in general, and not merely personal differences between himself and Novice.
This gives us occasion to say a word in general. We believe in the largest liberty in all matters that shall further the interests of the bee-keeper. So long as views differ in regard to points of interest in our specialty, we invite the fullest and freest discussion, and always hold our columns open to publish opinions the most dia. metrically opposed, only so that thereby new light may be gained and the truth ar. rived at. There are many points upon which the apiarist is deeply interested to have new light thrown. Notably, the matter of wintering and springing, and with regard to this there are almost as many views as there are writers. Prob. ably, however, those who have done the most thinking and experimenting, if asked to-day how to winter and spring bees without loss, would shake their heads and say the problem was yet un. solved. In this state of the case, there must surely good result from the freest interchange of views, but with this freedom of utterance comes the danger that personalities may arise and a half a col. umn be filled with matter of no benefit to the reader and of doubtful gratification to the writer. These things arise not merely because of difference of views, but because of some little bitterness of expres. sion in the first place, some single word, perhaps, that adds nothing to the value of the article, and might better be left unspoken, but which calls out several lines in reply, to be followed in turn by a longer y, until the readers of THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL heartily wish the disputants might be allowed to carry on their wrangle by private correspond. ence. If A is firm in the belief that upward ventilation, and plenty of it, is essential, and so expresses himself, B, who holds opposite views, will not strengthen his position so well by saying A or any other man is a fool to believe in
upward ventilation, as by bringing facts to bear, and showing large numbers of colonies safely wintered with no upward ventilation whatever.
Now, we cordially invite every bee. keeper who has a single fact that may be of use to our readers, to make free use of of our columns. THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL has no interest whatever, in any hive or hobby, only to do the most good in giving such reading as shall be valu. able to those who have the care of "the busy bee." So send on your com. munications, one and all, whether you agree or differ with others, only, good friends, don't be ill.natured, and before sending in your articles, please pull out the stings.
Many are the inquiries as to the present status and whereabouts of Mrs. Tupper. The following is a sample of some; while others contain a recital of the frauds practiced upon the writers by her, and not a few refuse to pay for the JOURNAL, because she has defrauded them-forgetting that two wrongs will not make one right. We had nothing more to do with her business transactions than “the man in the moon," and to ask us to pay her bills, is unreasonable in the extreme. But here is the letter we started to give:
“I had cultivated high esteem for Mrs. Tupper, and to have such an one come to such a fate, from whatever influence, produces sadness and pity. I don't learn from the papers the result. What has been done with her case? Success to the JOURNAL."
To answer this we will say that Mrs. Tupper has been taken to the Iowa Insane Asylum. Evidence accumulates every day, to prove that she has been recklessly carrying on this “crookedness" for years, and that it was as systematic as it was relentless.
In a private letter “Novice" says: “Mrs. Tupper obtained as many subscriptions for our Journal, (Gleanings) as she could get, but never sent the money."
Within the past few days we have received letters from Bee-Keepers in Denmark, France, Belgium, Austria, New South Wales, Australia and England. It is very gratifying to us to know that the old AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL is read and prized in almost "every clime under heaven."
With the next number we shall commence a series of articles on experi. ments, and shall illustrate them with cuts, 80 that all can comprehend them at a glance.
From Mr. Slocum, of the Bee-keeper's Magazine, we learn with regret that Mr. A. J. King, his partner, has caught a heavy cold, which has settled in his eyes; disabling him, for the present, for editorial duties. We hope it may not be of long continuance.
Mr. T. F. BINGHAM, now in Nashville, Tenn., wintering his bees, writes us, that he will take them back to Michigan early in April. He says, “they have wintered fairly and seem to be doing well.”
Michigan Bee-Keepers’ Association.
Mr. M. M. BALDRIDGE, of St. Charles, in this State, has gone South to take charge of the Rev. W. K. Marshall's api. ary, during the coming season. Mr. M. writes us that his bees are doing wellgathering some honey.
When your time runs out, if you do not wish to have THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL continue its visits, just drop us a Postal Card, and say so—and we will stop it instanter. If you do not do this, you may rest assured that it will be sent on regularly. Let all “lake due notice and govern themselves accordingly."
The Third Semi-annual Session of the Michigan Bee-Keepers' Association will be held at Corporation Hall, Kalamazoo, Michigan, on Wednesday, May 3d, 1876. The first session will convene promptly at 1 o'clock P. M. We extend a cordial invi. tation to all bee-keepers to be present. Our Spring sessions have hitherto been decidedly successful, and we have every reason to believe that the coming one will fully equal its predecessors in point of in. terest and importance. The subjects for discussion will cover the broad field of modern Apiculture. Come prepared to give us your best and most valuable ideas of the points involved, and thereby aid in making the meeting of mutual interest and profit.
HERBERT A. BURCH, South Haven, Michigan. Secretary
OUR HOME.-On the cover of this issue SPLENDID.-E. C. Jordan, of the “Bee is a view of the building on the corner of Cottage Apiary," Frederick Co., Va., has Clark and Monrve Streets, which contains forwarded to us by express some of his THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL office. An superfine Comb Honey, as a sample. It idea of the location and building will be was sent in one of his newly invented tin obtained by those who cannot give us a boxes, which we will describe more fully call, and to those coming to Chicago it in a future number of The BEE JOURNAL. will serve as a guide to direct their steps For safe shipment it has great advantage to a familiar place—our office.
over wooden boxes, and his honey looks pect to keep on hand, for exhibition to our so nice and tempting in it that Mr. Jordan friends who call on us, all the new, as finds ready sale for it at from 30 to 40 well as the older appliances for apicultural cents per pound. labor. We are gathering some in now, and in the course of a few weeks shall have
Many thanks to those who have requite a display. To all, therefore, when mitted the amount of their arrearages coming to this city, we extend a cordial
during the past month-but there are invitation—"Come and see us."
hundreds yet to be heard from, and we
would urge upon them the necessity of “ EUREKĄ.”—That means “ I have found
liquidating at once—as we greatly need it." Well, what is it? J. L. Smith, Te.
the money to pay for our folly in placing cumseh, Mich., tells us he has found the
too much confidence in “crooked" hu. Bee Hive! We asked him to send a sam.
manity. ple one to this office with description. Here is the description-our readers must
A private letter from Rudolf Mayer. call and see the hive, if thcy are not sat. isfied with the following:
hæffer, Esq., editor of Der Bienenoator,
Prague, Austria, informs us that from May “It is simply a hive in a nice little Bee House, with surrounding air spaces, (pat
13 to 17, there will be an International ented) with a queen nursery, so arranged Agricultural Fair in Prague (Oesterreich) that four nuclei can be wintered with their
Newstadt, Breite, Gasse No. 747. He requeens, immediately over the full colony.
marks that bee hives and honey will find The main colony can be removed at will, without disturbing the nuclei, or disa oersa.
ready sale there-but that honey in boxes But for honey-gathering use two boxes, is yet unknown to Austria. holding about 16 pounds each; those boxes are constructed of ten small frames
To POULTRY MEN.-For two subscrib each, making a very convenient sized box / To for shipping, and just the thing for the ers and $4, in advance, we will send post retail trade; each frame holding, on an paid a copy of A. J. Hill's work on average, about 1% pounds. I build all
Chicken Cholera,” as a premium. See my hives with the honey boxes unles oth.
his advertisement in this number. Those erwise ordered."
wishing this premium must mention it. E. S. Srow, Fort Dickinson, N. Y.
when sending their subscriptions. writes us that he finds the Double pointed Shade Tacks very useful for bracing frame WM. S. BARCLAY, Beaver, Pa., has sent corners. They can be obtained at any
to this office, for exhibition, one of his hardware store. The
machines for cutting winter passages in following represents
combs. It is doubtless a very handy conthe exact size of them.
trivance. He has sent us a section of frame, showing its use, which is on exhibition in this HENRY DEAHLE, Winchester, Va., has office. He says that six cents worth will
mailed to us one of his 5 pound sample furnish enough for ten frames.
boxes. His claim is that they never break
in shipping, and sell with the honey in es In March No. you give the wrong gross. They are cut, ready to nail tosize of the bottom bar of my frame-it gether, grooved for two glass sides. They should be 1272 inches in length.
are light and smoothly finished. See his S. K. MARSH. advertisement in this issue.
Voices from Among the Hives.
The following is a letter from Mrs. WAGNER, widow of the late SAMUEL WAGNER, and its contents speak for itsel
YORK, Pa., March 23, 1876. DEAR AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL: I would like to state in reference to the patent taken out by my husband, the late Samuel Wagner, for the manufacture of artificial Honey Comb Foundation, that Mr. C. 0. Perrine, of Chicago, wrote to me asking for an individual right to make and use the same, and I answered by say. ing that I did not wish to sell individual rights, but would make him a complete assignment of the whole patent for so much money, cash. Mr. Perrine came here and paid me the price asked without trying to get it for any less. Others have in. fringed the patent for some time but have never offered to buy it, probably knowing that my age and circumstances would not permit me to prosecute them. I write this to give a moral weight to a reason why, all persons who wish to buy the comb foundation should get it of Mr. Perrine, as there may be those who will still infringe. Yours Respectfully,
ELIZABETH R. WAGNER.
CRAWFORD Co., Pa., March 10, 1876.
My bees have wintered splendidly thus far, in-doors."
HENRY S, LEE. LONG ISLAND, N. Y.-March 13, 1876.“Bees have wintered remarkably wellalmost without loss. They have had a ily every two or three weeks, all winter long, and to this I attribute their fine condi. tion."
D. R. PORTER. SPRINGFIELD, 0.–March 11, 1876.-_“I cannot get along without the JOURNAL. It grows better and better with each issue."
A. B. MASON. HARTFORD, KANSA8.—March 15, 1876. -"My bees did well last year after the grasshoppers left in June. I have 46 col. onies. They carried in natural pollen on the 9th of Feb., and every warm day since, from soft maple.” WM. K. NORBURY.
POINTE COUPEE, LA.-March 3, 1876. “The fall of 1875 was too wet for honey here and it was a failure. A great many bees have starved. Some are troubled over the dark prospects of the honey market, but all the fears I have that my bees will not give me as much honey as I can sell. I can now raise honey equal to California in color, and of a much tiner flavor, and so far could not fill all my orders. I am fully in for the Centennial Convention to be held the same time as the honey show. We cannot send fancy articles of honey so far by express, we must take them with us. I can't leave my bees in June, but can in Sept., which is the most pleasant time of the year. I shall go then and take a full line of samples of honey."
W. B. Rush.
T The Southern Kentucky Bee-keepers will meet in convention at Smith's Grove, Ky., on Thursday, June 1st, 1876. We especially invite all bee-keepers to attend or send us communications on any subject they choose. We expect an inter. esting and profitable meeting.
N. P. ALLEN.
A boy that can speak English and German, from 14 to 17 years of age, and not afraid of bees, can find a steady situation, by applying to DR. W. B. Rusu, Pointe Coupee, La.
ES We have a new lot of fresh melilot clover seed, that we can supply at 25 cents per tb. Postage 16 cents per tb extra, if sent by mail.
E Dr. N. P. Allen writes us that he expects a good honey harvest this year, and that his bees are doing finely. He adds : "White clover prospects were never better. I have lost but one stock this winter and that was caused by carelessness. I am proud of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL and read it with pleasure and profit.
HENDERSON, TENN.–March 15, 1876."I have lost two stocks this winter that were queenless. The other 16 were vigorous as in May, previous to this week; now the snow has been 9 inches deep for a week. My bees have bred all winter. There were but a few days that they could not fly. I had last season, from 14 stocks (4 or 5 weak stocks gavo no yield) 225 lbs. extracted honey. 160 lbs. of that buckwheat. I extracted them cleau in August and found in January plenty of honey and bees. Mine are mostly Italians.” T. A. SMITH.
SIGEL, ILL.-March 9, 1876.—“Of 69 hives I have found up to date 2 dead. Both were evidently queenless; swarms of Sept. 65, I winter out doors, in hives which allow five inch straw packing all around, so they never become too cold. My hives have an improvement which I believe is new. The front of my hives is protected by a 4 inch straw bag which rests on a tunnel 4 inches long which fits
Those having any thing of interest to bee-keepers are invited to send a sample for exhibition in our office. Send description and directions for using, and also give us prices.
the fly-hole, so that the bees any warm day of 45° can have a fly. By this way their fly-hole is 6 inches long. No sun ray can strike the inside, No cold storm can immediately press out the warm air, and the bees are less disturbed than those having a short fly-hole." CH. SONNE.
JEFFERSON, Wis., Feb. 28th, 1876. “I have had lots of trouble with Mrs. S. E. Spaides and her husband, C. D. Spaids, and that they owe me over $1500 yet on two notes which, with another one they had given me after a settlement I had with them at their store at 50 Grand street, New York, in December, 1874. I was forced to sue them for the payment of those notes; they brought every obstacle in my way, but I finally beat them, getting judgment against each of them, but during the progress of the lawsuit they had sold out, leaving New York,- Mrs. Spaids going to West Virginia, and he too Maryland. At present my attorney has obtained an order from the court to im. prison their lawyer, who is in prison since the 21st of this month, because he would not take an oath and then answer ques. tions concerning the whereabouts of the property of the Spaids. I considered Mrs. Spaids honest, at one time sold her over $4000 worth of honey without any security, and she paid me, but since she got con. nected with Spaids, she cannot do as she wants to, and perhaps changed her idea about paying debts. ADAM GRIMM.
it a fact, that first swarms issue in the forenoon.” My after swarms issued most any time of the day, but especially early in the morning, some before 7 o'clock, and I have had first swarms frequently in the afternoon, some as late as 6 o'clock in the evening."
W. WOLFF. Sciota Co., 0.-Feb. 26, 1876.—“My bees are all (20) on summer stand and doing well-never better; rearing brood all win. ter; more bees now than I began the win. ter with. I am trying to learn my bees to stay out all the time, for we must find some way to succeed on summer stands."
W. F. PATTERSON. Cadiz, Ky.—"I have 9 stands of bees, 6 of them in Langstroth's hives. The first part of last year my bees did but little; late in the fall they did better. I took 300 lbs. of honey from 4 stands and got 2 swarms."
J. LARKINS. ABERFOYLE, ONT.–March 17, 1876.— "I am much pleased with THE JOURNAL. If I could not replace the numbers of this year I would not take $10 for them. I have kept bees for 7 years and have read Langstroth and Quinby. THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL should be in every bee. keeper's hands. One of my neighbors subscribed for another Bee paper, but no sooner does my JOURNAL come than he is over to read it. Bees have not done well here for two years. We have lots of linn, buckwheat, clover and raspberry. In the valley near me, there are many honey plants, and we have as good a country for bees, as anywhere in Canada.”
R. C. CAMERON.
BETAANY, 0.- March 3, 1876.—"This has been a very mild winter, consequently there has been but few bees lost with the cold, some have already died and others soon will die if they are not fed, as, but little honey was gathered last year, and that from fall flowers, and I find on examination that a great deal of it is granulating in the cell.
I saw swamp maples in bloom January 22. On Feb. 13 my bees were carrying in natural pollen; but since then the weather has been too cold for them to fly much.
Our main honey plant is white clover. Last year, I did not get an ounce of surplus, and besides, had to feed about fifty Ibs sugar, and will have to feed that much more this spring." W. S. Boyd.
WILKESBARRE, PA., March 9, 1876:“Seeing an advertisement of Mrs. Tup. per's, that she had for sale, $5 queens, * safe arrival guaranteed,' I sent for one, forwarding the money Aug. 1st, 1874. It did not come till so late in the fall, that I ordered it not to be sent,--and the money returned. In answer to this, came a dead queen. In the spring of 1875, she agreed to send me another, but it never came. I am not surprised at her downfall, as she proved dishonest to me some time ago.
GEO. D. SILVINS. APPENOOSE Co., Iowa, March 9, 1876: “Bees have wintered splendidly in this neighborhood. I have not lost a single colony this winter. My bees are all bright and healthy; this time last year I had lost nearly all. I had only two colonies left, to begin with, last spring. I increased them to twelve colonies; got over 100 lbs. of box honey; raised fortyfive queens; and had all my bees in good fix for winter, without feeding. My bees are all Italians; I breed from imported mothers; think they are much the best. I get my imported queens from Ch. Dadant & Son." M. M. CALLEN.
JEFFERSON, Wis.—March 20, 1876.'My bees wintered so far good, they were set out on the 10th and had a good flight; but now, we have one snow storm after the other, and all hope of an early spring is gone.
I winter my bees in a House a la Novice, 15 inch wall, filled with sawdust, the same kept free of frost the coldest of last winter and the temperature was mod. erate this slight winter, about 40 degrees on an average. My bees came out in good order, lost only one out of 60 hives.
In the March number, '75, I read: “Is