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NAZARETH, PA.Jan. 24, 1876. — “I have kept bees for 52 years, and still take much interest in them. It does not pay in our section, as the farmers have discon. tinued raising buckwheat. This winter is a favorable one for out-door wintering, being mild, with no snow, so far.”

WM. CHRIST. CAMARGO, ILL.-Feb. 19, 1876.—“My bees are wintering finely; but my success, for years past, in this respect, has been so uniform, I always expect success after placing them in winter quarters."

A. SALISBURY. KALAMAZOO, MICH.-Feb. 1st, 1876. In the February number of the JOURNAL, in the discussions of the Maury Co. Bee Keepers' Society, upon feeding, differ. ent articles were spoken of, as rye, flour, corn-meal, etc. Some years ago, I had two colonies that became destitute of honey early in March, and with a view to prevent starvation, I commenced feeding syrup made from coffee sugar, poured up. on a warm buckwheat cake, feeding upon alternate days. They would eat the cake more or less, sometimes entirely. They bred up very rapidly, and were the strongest colonies I had in my apiary that sea. son. I now believe that the cakes fur. pished proper food for breeding pur. poses, in the place of pollen, and shall experiment with it the coming spring. I would be glad to have bee-keepers try it, and report through the JOURNAL.

W. B. SOUTHARD, M. D. WAVERLY, Iowa.—Jan. 28th, 1876. My bees have done well the past season. Out of four stocks I obtained twenty-one natural swarms, all in good condition, and sold $25.00 worth of honey.

Thos. LASHBROOK. FREMONT Co., Iowa.-Feb. 7, 1876.The past season opened very unfavorably. Last spring I took out only twenty-nine colonies out of forty.five that I put in the cellar in the fall. Nine of these were weak; twenty good. As soon

as the weather would permit, I commenced feed. ing them syrup made of C sugar, and by the last of June I had fed $19 worth of su. gar. Linn bloomed the first of July. My bees were very strong, and occasionally a swarm would come off in spite of my vigilance to prevent it. About a week before the linn bloomed, I thought we should have a grand honey-harvest, but it rained so much that the bees got but little honey. One day only was fair during linn bloom, and I weighed some of my colonies in the morning, and again in the evening, and found they had gained twelve pounds. If the weather had been good, I can't tell what would have been the result, for linn bloomed profusely here.

The fall was good for honey, and I find, from my books, that I increased from

twenty-nine to forty-six, and have taken 3650 lbs. of honey; all of which I have sold at an average of 19 cts. per pound. I think bee men make a very great mistake in placing their honey on the market in large cities. I sometimes leave some in the stores where I trade, but I sell nearly all among the farmers. I can sell more in one week, out in the country, than I ever sold through the merchants in town all put togetber. I sell at 18 cts. by 50 or 100 wt., and 20 cts. in small lots. My bees are in excellent condition; they have honey enough to keep them until July.

WM. MORRIS. FLAT ROCK, N. C.-Feb. 25, 1876. My bees commenced to bring in pollen from off the alders on the 18th of January, and on the 22d they commenced to bring in honey and pollen from the soft maple, and honey from the bee-meadow. I never knew it to bloom before April, till this year. The bees are doing well on the maples any days that are warm enough for ihem to be out. My bees have done well, so far: lost only two, out of forty stocks.

ROBERT T. JONES. OWENBORO, KY.-Feb. 1, 1876.—“Bee pasturage is probably as good in Ky, as any other State, except California. We have abundance of tulip and white clover in spring, and smart weed in fall; these

our main dependence. We have others as helps—as many, probably, as in any other State. We have 6 or 8 large apiaries in this country that have from 30 to 100 stands, owned by men who keep bees on scientific principles and are doing a fair business, besides many bee-hive men, who are doing very well. We got no surplus last year, a frost (April 1st) killed all kinds of bloom, and then it rained from May 1st till August 20th. Our bees, at the time they should have been working in boxes, were starving to death, but by uniting and feeding, we managed to save about two-thirds of them in good condition, having a good honey harvest in the fall. They are now in fine condition and have been rapidly carrying in pollen for 20 days from hazelnut and alder. Such a thing was before in this country. I examined my strongest stands to-day, and found brood in all stages and eggs in drone comb. I shall try to get the drones out as a curiosity. The hives mostly used in this country are the Langstroth and Buck. eye. We have some Extractors, but do not take honey for profit, as the honey does not sell, and besides that, we do not like to sling our bees. I take honey in small frames, and sell it at 25 cents per fb in the home market. I like the way James Heddon talks; his theory corresponds with my experience, and I think he must be a man with a 'head on.'"




American Bee Pournal


this year


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PITTSBURGH, PA.-Feb. 9, 1876.—“The honey market has been very dull, honey being a luxury does not find ready sale during such an exceedingly hard season as the past one has been in this section.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. We hope for a better trade in such goods Our supplies with the excepSingle subscriber, one year..

$2.00 Two subscribers, sent at the same time

3.50 tion of a few small lots from Virginia Three subscribers, sent at the same time 5.00 have been brought direct from the Pacific Six subscribers, sent at the same time

9.00 coast." JESSE H. LIPPINCOTT.

All higher clubs at the same rate. WORCESTER Co. Mass.-Feb. 16, 1876.

ADVERTISING RATES. _“I keep a few swarms of bees, not for, profit, but for the pleasure of seeing them SPACE. 1 Mo.2 Mos 3 Mos|6 Mos 1 Year. work and taking care of them. very


$ 2 00 $ 3 00 $ 4 00 $ 7 008 12 00 seldom lose a swarm. I winter them on

14 Inch.

3 00

6 001 10 00 18 00 their summer stands and take the whole Inches

3 50

8 00 13 001 23 00 Inches

5 00 8 50 11 50 18 00 care of them. I go among them without

33 00 Inches

6 50 10 50 14 00 23 00 40 00 fear and am but seldom stung. White


9 00 14 50 18 00 33 00 60 00 Clover is our chief honey plant. I find Column 11 00 18 00 21 50 42 00 80 00 THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL very in.

% Page

16 00 25 00 40 00 60 00 Page

20 00 35 00 50 00 80 00 teresting.” Mrs. EDWARD BROWN.

Less than one inch, 20 cents per line. CARLYLE, KANSAS.-Feb. 23, 1876.-" In Next page to reading matter and last page of 1874 bees were an entire failure here,and in

cover, double rates. 1875 they were not much better. Last fall

Bills of regular "Advertising, payable quarterly,

if inserted three months or more. If inserted for they stocked up some, but made no sur- less than three months, payable monthly. Tranplus honey. We scarcely ever get any

sient advertisements, cash in advance. We adhere surplus honey here until smart weed,

strictly to our printed rates.

Address all communications and remittances to Spanish needle, and corn are in bloom.

THOMAS G. NEWMAN, Some seasons there is considerable buck

184 Clark Street, CHICAGO, ILL. wheat sown, then bees do very well.” JOEL B. MYERS.

Our New Club Rates. ELIZA, ILLs.-Feb. 19, 1876.—"On page We will send one copy of THE AMERI15 of AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, in the description of section box the upright side

CAN BEE JOURNAL and either of the fol. pieces should be 6% inches, instead of lowing periodicals for one year, for the 1%. The 22 inch mortice is cut by a saw prices named below: so set as to wabble. The 42 inch thin

THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL and strip is laid in these mortices so as to hold the frames in a box. In answer to

Novice's Gleanings for... . $2.50 J. E. of Kansas. It is not like the boxes

King's Bee-Keeper's Magazine. ... 3.25

3.25 described on page 108 of AMERICAN BEE

Moon's Bee World....
JOURNAL 1875, but these frames make a

All four American Bee publications 5.00
British Bee Journal...

..3.75 continuous tight box except on the bottom and ends. When these frames are put to.

American Poultry Journal.. 2.50

3.20 gether there is on each side a continuous

The Chicago Weekly Tribune...

The groove, in which the thin strip fits; this

Weekly Inter-Ocean 3 20 The

3.20 being tacked at each end holds them all

Weekly Journal
The Western Rural..

3.70 together. Be careful to have this stuff cut

The Prairie Farmer...

3.70 out exactly as given in AMERICAN BEE

Purdy's Fruit Recorder.

2.50 JOURNAL, page 15. Honey put up in these

4.25 frames when nicely made has brought us

Voice of Masonry... 5 cents more per pound. When filled with honey one of these boxes will hold Specimen copies and canvassing docu. about 25 pounds,and yet the frames can be ments, sent free, upon application. taken apart and one comb sold weighing 2 pounds, or 1 pound, if frame is small

Additions to clubs once formed may be enough. Clark and Harbison do not use

made at any time, at club rates, without any glass in ends. I wish to—will some

regard to the number sent. one inform me through AMERICAN BEE No special authority is needed for a JOURNAL how to do so." D. D. PALMER. person to form clubs. All that is neces.

sary is to secure the names and remit the Please write names and post office ad.

money. dress very plain. Very often men forget JOURNALS are forwarded until an exto give their post-office, and quite often a plicit order is received by the publisher man dates his letter from the place where for their discontinuance, and until pay: he lives, when the paper is to be sent to ment of all arrearages is made as required some other office.

by law.


Vol. XII.


No. 4.

The Future of the North American

President Zimmerman justly observes, Bee-Keepers' Society.

the times are changed. Bee-keepers now

have to “pay like sinners," on the rail. A few words on the above subject from

roads, whereas, in other and better days, one of the originators and ex-presidents they traveled at reduced rates. Editors of the North American Bee-keepers' So.

used to get passes, where now they receive ciety will not, we are sure, be co dered the cold shoulder instead. Time was when presumptuous or unwelcome by the read. we could go on any railroad in the Domin. ers of THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL. We

ion of Canada “ free gratis for nothing,” are not at all surprised at the proposal be.

now there is only one road, and that a ing deliberately made and seriously enter

short one of only 26 miles, on which we

Even with the tained, to disband the Society, and should can get even half fare. this course be ultimately adopted, it will privileges once accorded, it was rather a not follow that the organization was a

costly luxury to attend the annual conven. mistake or a failure. It has done much

tions. Some of us went when our wives, to make prominent bee-keepers acquainted

and our better judgments, too, told us we with each other; to diffuse apiarian infor

“hadn't oughter.” And we stayed away, mation; to promote scientific and practi.

in rare cases, not because we didn't want cal apiculture; and to draw public atten

to go, but under the same influence ihat tion to various important matters con.

prevented the rural worthies, immortalnected with the honey interest. To many

ized in Grey's Elegy, from realizing of us, the meetings of the Society will al

their aspirations:

“Chill penury repressed their noble zcal ways be memorable as having led to the

And froze the genial current of their soul." formation of friendships that we highly President Zimmerman chronicles the value, and that have taken a wider range formation of a Bee-keeper's Association than the realm of bee-keeping. We shall for the State of Ohio, and wisely advises not forget that they gave us the opportu. other States, to go and do likewise. There nity of knowing the forms and listening is a flourishing Northeastern Bee-Keepto the voices of Langstroth and Quinby, er's Association which practically repre. one of whom, alas! is not, and the other sents the State of New York, and really is feeble with infirmity and age so that he has its headquarters in the vicinage of cannot be long for this world. The pri. the Mohawk Valley, having had until re. vate and unpublished discussions by little cently, the late Moses Quinby as its chief coteries of bee-keepers, at hotels and else. inspiring spirit. Michigan has also its

where; the interchanges of experiences, B. K. Association. We heartily endorse

some of them too mortifying to be told to "all the world and the rest of mankind," and the ventilation of plans and appli. ances too crude to be given to the public, as yet, must count among the minor, but by no means inconsiderable, benefits of the meetings in question. We doubt if any member was at so large an expendi. ture of time and money to attend these gatherings, as ourself, but most certainly we do not regret the outlay. But, as

Mr. Zimmerman's recommendation about the establishment of State societies. Every State, province and territory should have its apicultural organization. But we desire to supplement Mr. Z.'s advice, with the suggestion, that the North American B. K. Society should actually become, what some of us contemplated from the outset, a representative body. The records of the Society's past meetings will show that this idea is by no means a


new one. It would doubtless have been

For the American Bee Journal carried out before this, but for the paucity

Artificial Comb Foundation, of State organizations. Let these only

Will you be kind enough to give some be multiplied to a sufficient extent and it

information on the artificial comb ques. will be easy to make the continental body tion? Who holds the patent right for representative, which is obviously what it making artificial comb? Is the comb ought to be. Each State could send one

foundation, sold by John Long, patented ? or more delegates, and what is an oppres

Who first brought comb foundation to

notice! I saw a piece, years ago, made sive expense to the individual bee-keeper,

of this paper, coated on both sides with would be but a small charge on the funds

A friend who tried it reported that of a State association. We can see im.

his bees would not make use of it.

W. C. P. portant results to be secured by a council of eminent representative bee-keepers,

The foundation spoken of by Mr. P-, and our hope is that the Society, instead made of paper coated with wax, was of voting to disband, will resolve itself probably a plain sheet without any of the into the representative body above de. cell configurations, and he does not state scribed. A meeting at the Centennial whether the bees simply left it untouched Exhibition would be a favorable oppor.

or destroyed it. We do not know definitely tunity for making this change, although of any experiments made with waxed we are of opinion that the circumstances paper configurated, but we have assur. will not be favorable for having a busi.

ance that several experiments will be ness meeting. Those of us who go to the

made under different circumstances early exhibition will do so to enjoy ourselves,

this season. It is thought that fine tissue and have a good time generally; to forget paper may be used to advantage. We bee-stings, apiarian troubles, and the vex

shall give the result of these experiments ations of life generally. A reunion with

in due time. apicultural friends will be pleasant, but

Artificial combs have been in use in business will be a bore. It will be a Germany and in Italy for many years. much nicer thing for the Society to take A patent was issued in the United States on a new form of life at the Centennial

to the late Mr. Samuel Wagner, then the than it will be for it, there and then to

able editor of this JOURNAL. “ give up the ghost.” For our own part, lately purchased by Mr. Perrine, of Chi. our motto is, “ Never say die.” Make a cago. See notice on last page of this new departure, strike out afresh, do some- issue. thing more manageable and practicable, John Long's Foundation was made by but avoid that which is undesirable in it- Mr. Weiss in New York, by a machine he self, and would be interpreted by out

had invented for that purpose two years siders as a proof that bee-keeping is on

ago, on which he is now getting a patent. the decline, which we know it is not, by

Novice (A. I. Root) has also invented

a machine for making it, that really turns any means. The Society has got over some diffi.

out a nicer article than that sold last culties which threatened its earlier stages;

season in New York. This machine has it has accomplished much good, but its been purchased by Mr. C. 0. Perrine, and mission is by no means fulfilled. “To

will be used in the manufactory now bebe or not to be, that's the question.” We ing fitted up by him in this city. cast our vote for continued existence in a Mr. Perrine has also permanently en. better form. “Destroy it not, for a bless. gaged Mr. Weiss to superintend his ing is in it.”

W. F. C.

works—and soon they will be ready to fill all orders promptly. Orders may be

sent to this office for it in any quantity. Particular attention is called to the new advertisement of J. H. Nellis & * If you know of any bee-keepers Brother, opposite the first page of this who ought to take the AMERICAN BEK issue of the JOURNAL. They are good JOURNAL, but do not, and will send us square dealing men and may be depended their names and Post Office addresses,

we will send each a sample copy.

It was

ор. .

The Centennial Display.

the larger the display, the greater the merit. The judges will consist of practical bee-keepers and dealers in honey.

They offer $25 for the best and most practical essay on “How to keep Bees successfully during winter and spring."

Such essays should not treat upon the physiology of the bee, except so far as is necessary to explain instincts and management. This is suggested with a view to making them brief. With bee-keepers, the ultimate idea of SUCCESS is, the attain. ment of pecuniary reward, and in decid. ing upon the merits of the essays, the judges will keep this idea prominent. If none of the “Centennial Committee" com. pete for this prize, they will act as the judges.

In any case, unbiased, practical beekeepers will act as judges on the essays. These prizes are open for competition to the world.


The Centennial Commission have erected a special building for bees, and steps should be taken at once to make a fine display there.

It is arranged to have special shows of honey on June 20 to 24, and Oct. 23 to Nov. 1, and every thing of interest in the way of hives, bees, or apiarian appliances should be there on exhibition.

We invite special attention to the fol. lowing letter, just received from the chief of the Agricultural Bureau:


MR. Thomas G. NEWMAN, publisher AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, Chicago,

of apiarian apparatus produced in this coun. try will not be as thoroughly shown at the International Exhibition as is desirable, unless manufacturers immediately apply for space, which will be granted without entry fee or rent for room, if application be made at once. Objects for exhibition must be in place by 25th April. Yours respectfully,


Chief of Bureau. The Centennial Committee of the N. E. Bee-keepers' Association made report in our last issue. The following is a further report from the committee: BEPORT OF THE CENTENNIAL COMMITTEE


The North-Eastern Bee-keepers' Associ. ation appreciate the propriety of making the display of honey at the coming In. ternational Centennial as grand as practi. cable-commensurate, if possible, with the display in other branches of agricul. ture.

To this end a committee was appointed to investigate the conditions and require. ments necessary for the exhibitor, and then appropriate as much of the funds from the treasury, for laudable objects, as they should deem prudent.

The first part of their duty was per. formed, and reported in the Bee Journal for March.

After proper deliberation, they decide to offer the two following prizes, both of which are to be competed for at the SPECIAL SHOW of honey and wax, to be held Oct. 23, to Nov. 1, 1876.

They offer $35 for the best and most meritorious display of comb and extracted Honey and Wax,--conditions as fol. lows: The honey and wax must be of fine quality, and put up in elegant packages, such as are most likely to find ready sale at high prices. Other things being equal,

tee suggest that the time for holding the “National Bee-keepers' Association” be changed from the first Wednesday of September to the 25th of October, 1876. This change will bring it into close connection with the fall special show of honey and wax, the time for which was fixed by the Centennial Commission.

By October 25th the summer work of the apiary will be done, and the honey, to some extent, disposed of.

If the National Society meets at that date, all bee-keepers can get home in time to prepare and put their bees into winter quarters. We hope these points will re. ceive due consideration from the mass of Northern bee-keepers.

We will write to the officers of the National Socieiy, and hope arrangements can be made to have the October Special Show of Honey and the meeting of the National Society come at the same time.

Suggestions and opinions will be grate. fully received.

J. H. NELLIB, Secretary. J. E. HETHERINGTON, Chairman.

We think, on the whole, that the time named will be the best for all concernedand trust that arrangements will be made accordingly, so that those going then can. witness the honey show, as well as at tend the Convention.

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