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The National Society.

to my knowledge, for ten years, at least."

Letters and claims from bee-keepers, all over the country, are coming in thick and fast, claiming that we should settle with them on her account. To all such we must say: There is no more justice in asking us to settle her bills than in claim. ing it of the “King of the Sandwich Islands !" She never had any interest in THL AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, and all she wrote for it was paid for, “cash in ad. vance, at good round figures."

On February 10th, we addressed the following note to her: “ MRS. ELLEN S. TUPPER, Des Moines, Iowa:-You are hereby notified that the contract made with me for your editorial services on THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL is this day annulled-severing your connection with that JOURNAL entirely. ... You are, of course, well aware of the cause of this action-and I need not repeat it here."

THOMAS G. NEWMAN. We understand she is in a very weak and nervous condition. If she is insane, her “crooked” transactions are no doubt the cause of it, rather than the opposite. We wish her no harm, and greatly regret the necessity for this article—but justice demands that we should speak out. Let this suffice.

The feeling seems to be general that after the Philadelphia meeting, the N&tional Society should be abandoned. This Society appointed the 6th of September for its next meeting at Philadelphia. We think this time should be adopted for the Centennial Convention, and thus unite all interests. The President, Mr. G. W. Zim. merman, thus writes in reference to the matter:

“After holding the meeting at Philadel. phia, I think the Society had better ad. journ sine die. I would recommend that each State having no organization, should organize and meet at least twice a year. The journeys to a National Convention are long and expensive, and as we can't get railroad fares reduced now, it is bur. densome. This matter was fully discussed at the convention at Toledo, and those present from Ohio organized The Northern Ohio Bee-Keeper's Society,' whose meetings will be duly announced.”

What say the bee-keepers of the United States ? Shall the National Society be abandoned or not? We hope they will speak out now, or ever after hold their peace," on this subject, at least.

THE BIENENVATER.—This is the title of a Bee Journal published at Prague, Bohemia, Europe, by Rudolf Mayerkoeffer, a good friend of the honey-bee, who writes us that there will be an International Agricultural Fair in Prague in May and June, and he is preparing for that occasion, several beautiful glass boxes with excellent honey. The Bienenvater wants to purchase Nos. 1 to 6, January to June, 1875 of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL. If any one has them to spare they may be sent to this office, and we will settle for them.

An exchange observes that it is a remarkable fact that the first month of this Centennial winter closely resembles that of 1776. The journals of that year speak of the unusual mildness of the season. It was even said that the lack of the usual ice in Boston Harbor prevented Washington from crossing his forces and attempt ing a surprise on the city, and the Ameri. cans were enabled to continually send forth vessels from all parts of the harbor to the West Indies for munitions of war. The mild season enabled Gen. Schuyler, in the first days of January, to dispatch his well-planned little expedition up the Mohawk Valley to surprise the Highlanders under Johnson.

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We commence a new idea in this issue of THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL that of publishing Biographical Sketches and portraits of some of our “bee men.” Those wishing their face to appear as an introduction to the thousands of our read. ers, will please communicate with the



Centennial Bee-Keepers' Convention. les JAMES HEDDON and HERBERT A.

BURCH, of Michigan, called on us, since The Secretary of the Centennial Com.

our 'last issue. As we had never met mission has sent us a letter stating that

either of them before, we were glad to there would be a special show of honey,

make their acquaintance. We were de. June 20th and Nov. 1st. We wrote him

ceived. We had pictured Mr. H. as a that the first was too early and the latter

regular “Vinegar Bitters"

Intoo late, and urged that the time be

stead of that we found him pleasant, changed to August or September. We wrote several bee-keepers in differ.

agreeable and very intelligent. He differs

from many of us in his views of some ent parts of the country, asking their

things, but he has a right to his views, opinion about calling such a convention -and also wrote the president of the Nat.

and the expression of them. He acknowl. ional Convention for his opinion-all

edged that his remarks were too sweep

ing about the Bee Journals, and said he agree with us, that we should have a con

had no intention of applying his remarks vention at a suitable and convenient time,

to THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL. Mr. say August or September. Now we ask

H. is earnest and persistent, and has a for a general expression of opinion-and would like those who intend going, to say

right to be heard. He has an article in

this issue on “Whom the gods would 80 Dow; to write us in time for the April

destroy, they first make mad,” in reply to number. Letters must reach this office by

remarks made by friends KING & SLOthe 20th of March. Dr. Millett has sent us the following let

CUM of The Beekeepers' Magasine, and

friend Root, of Gleanings. Some remarks ter, which explains itself. HOLMESBURG, PENN.

are severe; but in giving them a place, we DEAR SIR:-I think the bee-keepers

do not wish to be understood as being in throughout the country, who wish to ex- any way unfriendly towards our cotempo hibit specimens of new honey and comb, raries, for we are not, but simply as a matought to know that a certain time will be allowed in which to add fresh specimens,

ter of justice, to let Mr. Heddon be heard if those who have authority in the matter

for himself. THE AMERICAN BEE JOURwill make early application to Mr. Burnet NAL has always prided itself upon the Landreth, the chief of the Bureau of Agri- | fact, that its columns were free to all—and culture. I write this, that the committee appointed by the N. A. Bee Association

is, has been and always will be-devoted to may let Mr. Landreth know what time

the interests of the honey-producers of will be most desirable—whether from Ju- the world, so long as it is in the hands of ly 1st to 20th, or later.

the present

PUBLISHER. In a late number, the idea was thrown out, that the honey of 1875 only could be exhibited. I have authority for saying

We are asked to give Geo. S. Wagthat such is not the case. Arrangements ner's address. We do not know just may be made (if done soon) to exhibit the gatherings of the Spring of 1876. The

where he is—but he went to heaven some same arrangements will be made for flow. fifteen months ago, where he no doubt reers and fruit and vegetables.

ceived a hearty welcome from his loving It is very important that bee-keeping, in all its branches, should be fairly and fully

father-for many years the able editor of represented-hives of all kinds, bee-books,

this JOURNAL. Mrs. W. is now left alone, bee-implements, etc., etc. There will and has returned to their former home at never be such another opportunity.

York, Pa., awaiting the angel's call. D. C. MILLETT. 23d Ward of Phila., Station M.

In order to give us more room and This matter ought to be generally dis

pleasanter quarters, we have removed our cussed and a decision arrived at before

editorial and business room a few doors our next issue, and we hope to hear from

north. Letters addressed to either num. bundreds during the next fifteen days, and

bers will readily find us. Callers will then full announcements will be made in

find us at all times at Room 20, No. 184 the April number of THE JOURNAL.

Clark St., Chicago, and will always be In changing post offices, always give

welcome. Come and see us when in Chi. old as well as new offices.


For the American Bee Journal. Moses Quinby.


A correspondent writes us, asking which would be the cheapest and most effectual way to reach bee-keepers—by circulars or advertisement in the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL? By all means the advertisement is the most effectual way of communicating with bee-keepers. Every bee-keeper of prominence or im. portance takes the JOURNAL and reads it through each month. The subject of economy does not admit of a question. Read what STAPLES & ANDREW8 say in their letter in this number. As a proof that advertisers know where it pays them best lo advertise, we remark that we do no canvassing—all otr advertisements come unsolicited, except by the merits and standing of THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL.

Er By private letter we learn that Wm. McKay Hoge, alias John Long, who has been carrying on the Comb Foundation business in New York, is non est inventus. Also, that the Honey House of Mrs. Spaids, in New York, is closed, “ To let," being posted on the door. Our readers should make a note of this.

"An honest man is the noblest work of God." The friend of man in every peaceful way, Where science, knowledge, thought, afforded

means, The gentle, kindly, open heart portray

Where tenderness with love serenely beams. How low and little seems the conquerer's Dame,

Compared with thino, philanthropist and friendi True worth and goodness—source of grateful fame,

Great benefactor thine with blessings blend. Knowledge, long sought, to thee was reckoned

nought, Nor narrow, selfish view was entertained, Until the world could profit by the thought, Your greatest pleasure - what mankind has

gained. These are no empty terms of food regard From friendship drawn-though friendship's

ties were gweet. The gain of annual mlllions-nectar barred;

A fact your science taught the world to reap. To-day we miss that kindly beaming smile Which won't to cheer while teaching something

new, I list thy coming; mind doth so beguile,

Nor can I deem these senses speak so true.
Is it all wrong? Why can you not be here?

Does your identity yet still remain ?
Have we all knowledge in this nether sphere;

No want your guidance, greater heights to gain ? The God, the Law, the Man, the same, then why,

True, the relation, change in which we grow. But science teaches, and truth cannot lie, Why not, then, learn, these higher truths to

know? What weak admissions are we wont to make,

That any truth should rise beyond our ken, Our business is to learn-not stand and quake

What greater thought can mortals comprehend ! Can we suppose you'd take no pleasure here? Did you e're shrink where man the right could

see? Where then the reason, but we stop our ear:

Reason's pot popalar. When will it be? But 0, dear friend, your course was ever plain;

Progression's law you ever recognized; And here, as there, wherever you remain,

Your power not less, through death baptized. I cannot say good-bye, much less farewell:

Through law's relations, I can learn from thee, There is no Death; true scieuce trumpet tells,

Through every change, a living God we see. The work well done so far is sure your due;

I know of none who greater deed bath done; But that's the reason, if ought still is you,

It must through onward, endless cycles run. Nor here I doubt; the God within was clear;

From what we know, we judge of the unknown. Far past dull faith is knowledge; soul to cheer,

Immortal life, demonstrate now is shown. Hail life's grand anthein then. All are of Thee,

Great God; still nearer we to Thee and Thine. Thus all in all, forever still must be, And our good friend but fills up Thy design.


les The warm weather of the past two months, all over the country, has caused the buds of fruit trees to swell, and either an early fruit season, or none at all, will be the result-to be determined by the presence or absence of Jack Frost during the coming month.

In order to give the full report of the EASTERN BEE-KEEPERS' CONVENTION in this number, we were compelled to omit several pages of matter already in type, leaving it for the April number. We have added eight pages to the present number making it forty, instead of the usual thirty-two. Another eight may be added at no very distant day.

L. B. Hogue, Lloydsville, O., writes us that the honey-mine story that we en. quired of in the last number, is entirely without foundation. He says he was in that locality when the story was invented, and it was thought to be a “huge joke."

H. D. Mason, Onondaga County, N. Y., writes: "My recept for curing bee stings is kerosene oil, applied as soon as stung. It never fails with me."

Our “Notes and Queries" department will hereafter be conducted by Mr. Ch. Dadant, who is well known as a practical and successful apiarist. The matter prepared for this number is crowded out.



Joseph M. Brooks. JOSEPH M. BROOKS was born in Mt. Holley, State of New Jersey, June 8, 1844. At the age of two years his parents removed to Chagrin Falls, Ohio, where they resided until 1849, when they moved to the city of Cincinnati, thence to Columbus, Ind., where he now resides. Mr. Brooks is, by occupation, a tinner. At the age of thirteen years he commenced

transferring them into frame hives and dividing and Italianizing them the first

Not being satisfied with the Mitchel or Buckeye hive they were using, they, like all beginners, began to invent hives to their own notion, and as many times set them aside, until, finally, they decided on what is now called “The Brooks Non-Patent Hive. This hive is worked either as a one or two story hive. If run for comb-honey, it contains eleven, broad frames, 12x12 in. square, and has abundant room for boxes or small frames, directly on the brood frame. If extracted

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his trade under the instruction of his father, and for several years has been fore. man in the principal shops of his town. Although a mechanic, he has always taken a deep interest in “pets” of some kind, having kept fancy pigeons and poultry until 1874, when he gave them up in order to better care for his bees, believing that What is worth doing at all, is worth doing well,”—hence his success as an api. arist.

In 1870 he, in company with his brother, purchased their first bees (blacks in box hives). Although they were new at the business, they, with the aid of Quinby's Bee Keeping Explained, succeeded in

honey is wanted, an upper story with another set of same sized frames are set on, making twenty-two frames to the hive. They are now wintering fifty-four colonies (pure Italians) in these hives, and they be. lieve them to be the cheapest and best form in use. Their success from the first has been remarkable, never yet having lost a single colony by dysentery or disease of any kind, while their neighbors lose more or less every winter.

Mr. Brooks advertises freely in THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, and to this, as well as to the fact that he keeps only the best of stock, can be attributed his business



For the American Bee Journal.
Origin of the Albino Bee.

As I have received letters from a num-
For the American Bee Journal.

ber of persons in different parts of the coun.
Adulterated Honey.

try, who wish to know something more
definite in reference to the origin of the

albino bee, I will here give a full descripFew topics, perhaps, pertaining to mod. tion of their ancestry. The mother of the ern bee-culture, have received such gen. queen that produced the first albino bees, eral and wide-spread attention at the hands I received from Mr. H. A. King of Nevaof apiculturists during the past year, as da, Ohio. Let me say here, before I pro. this subject of “ adulterated honey." ceed further, she was the best queen I ever

If it be true, as has been stated, that our received from any person. The grand. American people like to be “humbugged," daughter of this queen is the one that it is no less true that they are ever ready produced the first albino. They were to do whatever may be within their power about half albino and half Italian. I have to remedy any evil that shall work to two distinct races of hees in the same their pecuniary detriment. Thus, when it hive. Now the difficulty arose in my became apparent to American bee-keepers mind how to get them pure albino. I that their products were compelled to knew it would be useless to try to breed compete with the cheap grades of saccha- them pure in my home apiary. So I took rine matter under the guise of honey, they them to the South Mountain, out of the set resolutely to work to remedy the evil; range of any other bees, in order to get nor have their efforts been altogether de. them pure. I have succeeded in doing void of success. We saw it stated in the so, to my entire satisfaction, and will say, “old reliable" some time ago, that this and I think without danger of contra“hue and cry" about adulteration had diction, that they are the handsomest been a damage to the honey producer; bees in the known world. The albino since people had come to distrust all li. bees have three beautiful yellow bands. quid honey as an impure or “mixed" ar. From the band to the end of the bee is ticle. This may, Mr. Editor, be true, in a quite white or bright silver color; their measure at least. We hope it is. If the heads are dark velvet color, different from discussion of this subject has lessened the the Italian; the wings are also finer than demand for manufactured honey, we are the Italian. As for their good qualities, glad of it. If it has had a tendency I claim the queens to be very prolific layto make consumers of honey look upon ers; the workers are excellent honey. the liquid article in any shape, with sus. gatherers, they gathered more honey than picion, thereby rendering its already slow the Italian last season; they are not as sale still more so, we are not sorry. Hon. cross, and consequently more pleasant to ey is essentially a luxury, and ought not handle.

D. A. PIKE. to be compelled to compete with syrups Smithsburg, Washington Co., Md. that are sold by the gallon. But liquid honey must do this, and as long as it is offered on our markets, just so long will it

On page 63 will be found the report of have to compete with the adulterated arti.

the Missouri Valley Association, held on cle, since liquid honey renders adultera

the 15th inst. We would respectfully sotion possible. When the price shall have

licit communications or essays from all receded below even that of the poorer

practical apiarists, to be read at our next grades of sugar, we think that our Ameri.

meeting, which will be held on Tuesday, can bee-culturists will discover that

April 4th, '76, at the rooms of Mo. State their only alternative (if they would make

Board of Agriculture, 41 Insurance Build. the business pay) is to produce comb-hon.

ing, corner Sixth and Locust streets, St. ey exclusively, in small glass packages.

Louis, Mo., on the following questions : In answer to numerous inquiries of our

“Do bees injure fruit ?” “Will bee-keep. readers, we will say that “Money in the

ing pay ?” “What is the best hive for all Apiary,” for 1876 has not been issued, and

purposes ?” “The best mode of artificial

increase pri “Do bees make or gather will not be until Spring, perhaps not then. Due notice of its publication will be given

honey?" “Are the Italians superior to in the advertising pages of this JOURNAL.

the Black, if so, why?” " The best mode

of obtaining box-honey." And we would HERBERT A. BURCH.

request that all bee-keepers in and adjoin. So. Haven, Mich., Feb. 21, 1876.

ing this county, in Missouri and Illinois,
and all that can attend our meetings, to

send us their address, so we may notify In giving address, be careful to give the them of all meetings of the association. full name of individuals, the post office, You will oblige us by giving this a placc county and State, and do not write on the in your JOURNAL for March, so we can same piece of paper that communications have time to hear from all interested be. for the BEE JOURNAL are written on. fore our next meeting. W. G. SMITH.

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