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will do it. It's no easy task to sit down and black bees. He had 100 6-tb. boxes and pen a newspaper article when one has piled in his kitchen, also a quantity of his head and hands full of business; if slung honey. A number of his hives are somebody thinks it is, why just let them close by his honey. We were surprised to try their hand at it.

see "nary a bee” prying into those boxes; The honey season is over for '76, and we the doors and windows being open. may safely say that the centennial year has My house is 10 rods distant from the been a failure with us, so far as honey is apiary, and a little honey on the table concerned. The spring was cold, back- covered will attract our Italians, so that we ward and wet, which wasn't at all condu- have to close the door. His blacks and my cive to strengthening up our decimated Italians were neither gathering any honey. stocks very early in the season. The "Jupe Italians will find honey or any sweets in roses" (or something else) brought warmer more secret or distant places than blacks; weather, ard-rain, rain, rain. For more this fact we have noticed several times. than two weeks it rained almost incessant- The Doctor lacked shade; for a few he had ly, which of course delayed the advent of tried some corn hills, which he said gave the basswood bloom. Finally it cleared up him all the shade he wanted. He has and then came a period of intense heat. adopted the slates, as well as some other Day after day the mercury wandered among neighbors. Bee-keepers try the slates! they the nineties, and when the linden blossoms cost but one cent each, and report. came it was only to make a call, and a brief

D. D. PALMER. one too. It usually yields honey about Eliza, Ill., Oct. 16, 1876. twenty days, but this season could only afford us ten. Even during this brief period the flow of nectar was very moderate.

For the American Bee Journal, The scorching heat still continued, though Southwestern B. K. Association. the bees obtained a little honey from some early sown buckwheat, enough to prevent Persuant to a call issued at the preliminrobbing and to stimulate brood rearing, The fall harvest commenced about the

ary meeting here on Aug. 17th, a number of

bee-keepers met and effected a permanent 10th of August and continued for some 15

organization by electing the Rev. Dr. days; bone-set, fireweed, and buckwheat be

Marshall, of Marshall, Texas, president; ing the chief sources of supply. The yield Wm. L. Gordon, of Shreveport, secretary; of honey was only moderate, not so good as and J. M. Bowles, of Shreveport, treasurer. in former seasons. August is usually the

On motion, resolved, that the name of best honey month of the whole season with this association shall be called “The Southus; and even this season we would have

western Bee-Keepers' Association." obtained a fair amount of surplus, had it On motion, resolved, that the chair apnot been for an unfortunate investment

point a committee to draft a constitution in the comb foundations, about which

and by-laws, and report the same at our we may have something to tell the JOUR

next meeting. The following gentlemen NAL one of these days. The season has

were appointed: Wm. L. Gorden, J. M. been quite poor throughout our entire State,

Bowles, Col. L. L. Tompkins, and W. D. but we learn from our Illinois correspon- Wylie. dents that it has been an unusually good On motion, resolved, that the reading of one in the "Sucker State," and right glad

essays, etc., asked at the preliminary meetare we to hear it. We are pleased to learn ing to be read to-day, be deferred until our of the success of our brother apiarists next meeting. everywhere. We know from experience On motion, resolved, that any person and observation in this particular field of wishing to become members can do so by rural industry, that a man fairly earns all

enrolling their names. The following that he obtains, and in too many cases much

names were enrolled: Rev. Dr. W. K. more than that amount.

Marshall, and J. E. Jones, of Marshall, We started out with the full intention,

Tex.; Geo. W. Stoner, Wm. L. Gorden, J. Mr. Editor, of giving you our experience M. Foster, Dr. J. F. Davis, J. M. Bowles, with the house apiary, but as it is getting W. E. Paxton, Rainey Carter, and W. D. late and we are getting sleepy, will defer it

Wylie, of Shreveport, La.; Capt. 0. L. Duruntil next month, when we will tell what

ham, Keachi, La.; W. C. Hill, of Jefferson, we know about that particular item, which Tex.; G. W. Jefferson, Kingston, La.; and goes to make up the sum total of modern

Jobn R. Williams. apiculture. When we take a retrospective On motion, the meeting then adjourned glance over these past twelve years, we are to meet in Shreveport on the second Wedled to exclaim with that good old lady, Mrs.

nesday in March, 1877, at 10:30 A. M. Partington, “ bless my stars, how our

Wm. L. GORDEN, Secy. American people do take to new-fangled fixins." We wonder if her son Ike wasn't a bee-keeper? Good night.

For the American Bee Journal HERBERT A. BURCH. South Haven, Mich., Oct. 19, 1876.

How to Increase the List.

I notice that several persons have offered For the American Bee Journal. to give premiums to the one who sends the

largest number of subscribers to the Jou'rA Chip from Sweet Home. NAL before Jan. 1, 1876. All this is good

and just right, but it strikes me that we can In August my wife and the “old block” increase the nunber of subscribers in from which the chips fly, gave Dr. Derr- another way. My plan is this: Let each living 13 miles distant, near Keithsburg-a subscriber and reader of the JOURNAL fraternal call. The Doctor's apiary num

make "Now let us go to work and do this

his mind to send one new name a: bers nearly 100 hives. He runs them for . profit; movable frames (Langstroth), slinger i before the 1st of January, so that when the

new year comes the list of subscribers will be just twice as long as it now is. I intend to find one new name, and if I can't find a man who will subscribe I will make some a New Year's present by sending them the JOURNAL for one year. I have no doubt that we can find (each reader I mean) several new subscribers if we go to work in earnest. I hope no one will read this and not think of again. Let us make THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL the best in the world.

When a stranger writes me concerning bees I always urge him to subscribe to the A. B. J., unless he is already a reader, and I don't forget to give him its address.

We met Bro. Newman at the Convention at Philadelphia, but could not get a chance to talk with him about the above way of increasing the circulation of our favorite JOURNAL. If a few queens, a good bee hive or a good honey extractor will add many names to the list we would be glad to furnish them, but let us in every way increase the number of readers. If friend Newman will give the name of the person who sends the largest number of subscribers I will try and coax him to accept of a present of some kind if anything I sell will be acceptable to him.

H. ALLEY. Wenham, Mass., Oct. 31, 1876.

(Certainly, friend Alley, we will publish the names, and thank you for the liberal offer and suggestions. We hope every subscriber will act upon friend Alley's suggestion.-ED.)

$5.00, which is $4.00 in favor of every pound of foundation, besides the amount of labor saved for our bees. I would like to see a swarm that would build a comb 12x12 per day for 8 days, and get 4 out of 8 worker combs, in a hive not exceeding 14 frames of the above size; allowing they did build the 8 combs in 8 days which I think will never be in our short days.

The best way I have tried to put it in the frame, is to cut the piece the full size of the frame, less inch at the bottom and 7 in. from the sides of the lower half; and the upper half if waxed on the top and down half way will hold it firm, and you will always have straight and beautiful comb. This waxing is best done by having a board fit the inside of the frame and lay the foundation on it while running the wax around. I have done as many as three in a minute in this way.

W. G. WALTON. Hamilton, Ont.

For the American Bee Journal.

The Bee-Wolf.

For the American Bee Journal. Comb Foundation.

I read in your valuable BEE JOURNAL ON page 257 (October, 1876), a very interesting article headed “ Bee Killers." Though these enemies of bees,described by Mr.C.V. Riley, are not to be found in Germany, we have a somewhat similar bee killer who did much damage to our bees last summer. It is popularly known as the bee-wolf. This insect resembles somewhat the common wasp, only it is slender.

The bee-wolf is of the wasp species and lives alone-single. The female digs a funnel 12 inches deep, in a sunny and sandy place; then it catches a bee, kills it with its weapon and carries the dead body into its funnel, where it lays an egg on its prey. This egg will hatch very soon and the larvæ will feed upon the dead bee.

The bee-wolf catches the bees in the air or on the entrance of the hive. It preys almost exclusively upon the honey bee. Never before have German bee-keepers seen such swarms of these bee killers as during the past summer. There was no remedy to prevent the damage of this cruel insect. The hives were depopulated; in consequence, our honey harvest was much smaller than the year before.

C. J. H. GRAVENHORST. Brunswick, Germany, Oct, 25, 1876.

MR. EDITOR:—Through the A. B. J. you wish to get the experience of those who have tested comb foundation. I have used a large amount of it this season, and have not read or heard anything that gives justice to its great worth to the bee-keeper. I am astonished that those who say they have tried it and understand the bee business should say that it is cheaper to let the bees build it than to buy it. Perhaps they can drone comb, but not worker; and perhaps they cannot. But we shall see.

Now all bee-men know that bees build comb quickest when honey is plenty and · bees strong, and at this time they naturally

want to build drone comb, and some bees almost refuse to build worker comb at that season. With the foundation you have a beautiful straight card of all worker comb, every time; aud this is just what we ali want.

I had a swarm in July that would draw out a card, 12x12, every 24 hours and fill it with eggs. This lasept up for 8 days, niaking 8 full cards ou of one pound of foundation; that being worth $1.00 per ib. in large quantities, make the cards cost 1244 cents each. I might just state here that there is material enough in the foundation to draw the cells out full length, without any additional wax; this I have tested by weighing it as soon as finished, by removing what little honey might be stored it.

Now supposing it takes 25 lbs. of honey to make this one pound of comb, which I believe is what has always been estimated by scientific men, this at 20c. per tb. would be

A TOWN LOT FOR NOTHING. We would call the attention of our readers to the advertisement of the Ohio, Kentucky and Texas Land Company, and to their very liberal offer. The Company is only carrying on, on a large scale, what is done every day in our large cities - selling alternate lots to induce settlers and increase the value of the remaining lots--with this difference: that this Company GIVES AWAY their alternate lots. Mineral City is a growing town, and will undoubtedly become a large city, when the lots that are now given away will be very valuable. The offer is bona fide, and only open for thirty days, as the demand will exceed the supply, and the Company will not dispose of all their lots tree. The Company is composed of reliable gentlemen, and our readers can be assured that they will, by complying with their instructions, receive, by return mail, a warranty deed to a town lot, which can be held for further use, or soid, or settled upon, as the owner may please.

American Bee Fouțial


TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Single subscriber, one year.

- $2.00 Two subscribers, sent at the same time

3.50 Three subscribers, sent at the same time 5.00 Six subscribers, went at the same time

9.00 All higher clubs at the same rate.



SPACE. | 1 Mo.2 Mos 3 Mos6 Mos 1 Year. 1 Inch... $ 2 00'$ 3 00'$ 4 00$ 7 00 3 12 00 14 Inch.

3 00 4 50 6 00 10 00 18 00 Inches

3 50 6 00 8 00 13 00 23 00 3 Inches

5 00 8 50 11 50 18 00 33 00 Inches

6 50 10 50 14 00 23 00 40 00 5 Inches

9 00 14 50 18 00 33 00 60 00 1 Column 11 00 18 00 21 0 42 00 80 00 * Page

16 00 25 00 40 00 60 00 115 00 1 Page

20 00 33 00 50 00 90 00 150 00 Less than one inch, 20 cents per line. Next page to reading muller and last page of cover, double rates.

Bills of regular Advertising, payahle qnarterly, ir inserted three months or more. If inserted for less than three months, payable monthly. Transient advertisements, cash in advance. We adhere strictly to our printed rates. Address all communications and remittances to


Our Premiums for Clubs. A. G. Hill has sent us one of his Gas Pipe Extractors to be presented to the person sending in the largest club of new subscribers to THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL before January 31, 1877. The Extractor is light and extremely simple. We will pay the express charges, so that it shall be “without charge” to the recipient.

D. A. Pike will present one of his beautiful Albino Queens-whose progeny will be one-half Italians and one-half Albinos—to the getter up of the second largest club of subscribers. The Albino will be sent, postpaid, May 1, 1877.

We will add the following:

For the third largest list, we will send a tested Italian queen in May, 1877.

For the fourth largest list, we will send 500 young tulip trees (4 to 8 inches high) in April or May, 1877.

For the fifth largest list, we will give a copy of THE AMERICAN BEE JOLRNAL for 1877, post-paid.

For the sixth largest list we will send, post-paid, a copy of Vol. I. of THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, bound.

See our club rates on page 315 of this issue. Names and money can be sent in as received, mentioning that you wish to compete for the prizes, and we will open an account accordingly. Work should be commenced ut once.

Special Notices,

Honey Markets.

We will sell single copies for 20 cents each.

Specimen copies and canvassing documents, sent free, upon application.

Additions to clubs once formed may be made at any time, at club rates, without regard to the number sent.

No special authority is needed for a person to form clubs. All that is neces. sary is to secure the names and remit the money.

Subscribers wishing to change their post-office address, should mention their old address, as well as the one to which they wish it changed.

Remit, for safety to all, by post office money order, registered letters, bank draft, made payable to Thomas G. Newman, so that if the remittance be lost, it can be recovered.

JOURNALS are forwarded until an explicit order is received by the publisher for their discontinuance, and until pay: ment of all arrearages is made as required by law.

Please write names and post-office ad. dress very plain. Very often men forget to give their post-office, and quite often a man dates his letter from the place where he lives, when the paper is to be sent 10 some other office.

CHICAGO.-Choice white comb honey, 18@ 250. Extracted, choice white, s@18c.

CINCINNATI.--Quotations by C. F. Muth, Comb honey, in small boxes, 150 300. Extracted, 1tb. jars. in shipping order, per doz., $3.25; per gross, $36.00. 215. jars, per doz., $6.25; per gross, $70.00.

ST. LOUIS. - Quotations by W. G. Smith. Comb, 20@25c. Extracted, 10@ 127c. Strained, 7@9c.

INDIANAPOLIS.-Quotations by Barnum Bros. & Co. Choice comb honey in small section boxes, 18@ 20c.; extracted in 50 and 100 ib. cans, 12@ 150; 1 tb jars $3 per doz.; $35 per gross. Mason quarts, with comb, $8.50 per doz.; $95.00 per gross.

SAN FRANCISCO.-Quotations by Stearns & Smith. White. in boxes and frames, 10@150. Light, 7@9c. Dark, 5@7c. Beeswax, 2792 cts.

We have no change to note in quotations of honey. Stock working off fairly. Beeswax is dull at 25@27%c.ver.

Nov. 15, 1876. STEARNS & SMITH.

We will present 100 tulip trees to any person sending one or more new subscribers for 1877. See Club Rates on page 315. The trees will be from 4 to 8 inches high, and will be sent in November or May, as desired. Those desiring these trees must mention them when sending in subscriptions.

ter We have received a nice stereoscopic view of the apiary of friend Will M. Kellogg, Oneida, Ill., for which he will please accept our thanks.

American Bee Journal





C. F. Muth reports honey trade lively


NAL and any of the periodicals enumerated but at prices slightly reduced from last below at the prices mentioned in the last year's figures.

column of figures. The first column of figures gives the regular price of both. The difference

between the two columns is the amount saved GREGORY'S SEED CATALOGUE.-Our readers

by taking advantage of this Clubbing list. will find the catalogue of J.J. H. Gregory's

Gleanings in Bee Culture...... $8.00 well known seed house advertised in our col

Bee-Keepers' Magazine.

3.50 2.75 Bee World.

4.00 3.25 umns. For freshness and reliability of the The four Bee papers of U. S. 6.50 5.00 seed sent out and enterprise in introducing

British Bee Journal.

5.00 3.50 choice new vegetables to the public, Mr. Appleton's Journal

5.00 4.50 Gregory is endorsed by the prominent agri.

Arthur's Home Magazine

4.00 Atlantic Monthly

6.00 5.25 culturists of the United States; as recommen- Advance


4.50 dations from over forty States and territories

Alliance (Prof. Swing's paper). 4.00

3.25 to be found on the cover of his catalogue,

American Poultry Journal,


2.75 American Agriculturist..


3,15 amply attest.

Ballou's Monthly

3.60 8.35 Boston Pilot

4.65 4.10 Brainard's Musical World


4.00 3.15 -The tenth annual session of the above as


3.65 3.15 Pomeroy's Democrat.


4.00 sociation will be held in Kaiamazoo, Mich.,

3.00 on December 20 and 21, 1876. The establish



3.15 Tribune

3.50 ed character of this association, so widely

3.15 Cincinnati Times..

4.00 3.60 and favorably known among scientific api



8.50 culturists, renders an extended notice un- Christian at Work.


4.50 necessary. The public need no assurance Christian Union.


4,50 from us that the coming session will be one

Cultivator & Country Gentleman . 4,50 4.15 of rare advantage to all who are interested

Colman's Rural World..

4.00 3.60 in bees and honey. HERBERT A. BURCH.

Detroit Free Press


3.60 Tribune

4,00 South Haven, Mich.

8.60 Danbury News

4.50 3.75 Demorest Monthly Magazine. 5.10 4.50 Drover's Journal

4.00 Frank Leslie's Illustrated

6.00 5.10

Chimney Cormer... 6.00 5.10 Published at Rome, Georgia, is the only pub

Popular Monthly... 4.50 lication of the kind in the South. It is devot- Galaxy

6.00 5.25 ed exclusively to

Gleason's Home Circle


Godey's Lady's Book.

5,00 4.50 Harper's Bazar

6.00 And should be in the hands of every Bee


6.00 Keeper in the United States. Two dollars per


6.00 5.25 year. Send for sample copy. Address

Household (Brattleboro, Vt.). 3.10
A, F. MOON, Rome, Ga. Horticulturist


3.75 Journal of Chemistry


Louisville Courier-Journal.

3.50 3.00 Ledger, N. Y.....

0.00 4.10 An Illustrated Monthly Journal

Ladies' Floral Cabinet

3.30 3.10 Moore's Rural New Yorker.


4.15 of 32 octavo pages, New York Herald


8.40 devoted exclusively

Evening Post

3.50 to Bee-Culture,edit

3.00 Times.

4.00 3.40 ed by ALBERT J.


4.00 9.30 KING, containing


3.65 3,85 contributions from


5.00 experienced Bee- Nursery

3.60 3.20 Keepers in America National Live Stock Journal 4,15 3,65 and Europe, Peoples' Literary Companion

4.00 A large space is Peterson's Magazine.,

4.00 devoted to begin- Phrenological Journal.

5.00 ners, giving useful information just when it Prairie Farmer....

4.00 3.50 is most needed, throughout the year.

Peters' Household Melodies


3.60 TERMS: $1.50 per year. The Bee-Keepers'

Parlor Music

4.00 Text Book, in Gertian or English, and Maga

3.60 Purdy's Fruit Recorder


2.50 zine, one year 1.70.

St. Louis Globe-Democrat.

3.50 3.85 A 64-page pamphlet (price 50 cents) containing a beautiful life-like CHROMO of HONEY


3.45 Scribner

6.00 PLANTS, and

5.95 ITALIAN BEES, in their St. Nicholas

5.00 natural colors, with prize essay of Mrs. Ellen Saturday Fvening Post.

5.00 S. Tupper: "Queen Rearing," by M. Quinby, Scientific American "Instruction for Beginners, etc. Sent FREE

5,20 Toledo Blade

4.00 with the MAGAZINE, on TRIAL, 4 months

3.55 for 50 cents.

Waverley Magazine.

7.00 Wide Awake

4.00 AGENTS WANTED.-Cash commissions and Western Rural

4.00 3 50 permanent employment.

3.10 Address

Whitney's Musical Guest.

2.75 A.J. KING & CO., Voice of Masonry..

5.00 4.35 61 Hudson St., N. Y. Young Folks' Monthly





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