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Old Fort, N. C., July 21, 1876.—“Bees are doing well here." RUFUS MORGAN.
Allen, Mich., July 20, 1876.—"My bees have done splendidly this season, had 4 swarms in the spring and have 19 now, all Italians; no other on my place.”
R. SOUTHWORTH. Schoharie Co., N. Y., July 12, 1876.—“My bees are doing well, but I hear complaints from other bee-keepers that their bees are not doing what they ought to, in box honey or in swarms; and that they are weak. One man told me that he had a capital hive last season; it sent out three swarms, and that he would not take $10 for it. I remarked to him that if he and the old hive lived until the next spring, that he would be glad to accept a less offer for it. He was positive that it would live over, and wouldn't thank any man to offer him less than $10 for it. But alas, it went under last winter. I could not prevail on him to return all swarms after the first. The weather here for a few days has been quite warm.
ABM. L. STANTON. Carroll Co., Iowa, July 13, 1876.—“My bees are doing well. 'I have 25 stands, some Italians and some blacks. I like the Italians best. As to their crossness I don't see much difference. I have kept bees three years, and have been taking the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL during all the time; I like it well, and wish it success." R. DICKSON.
Madison Co., II., July 21, 1876.—“In middle and southern Illinois, the spring season was late, but the summer came in well, and has given strong increase of swarms.
HENRY BOSSHARD. Hamilton, Ont., July 11, 1876.--"The Rubber Gloves you sent me are received. I was informed that bees would not sting through them--but I don't want anyone to say that again.”
J. A. WATERHOUSE. (We think it is something rare for bees to sting through rubber gloves, but we think most bee-keepers would consider any kind of gloves a nuisance.-ED.]
Waterloo, Pa, July 19, 1876.—"Bees are doing very well here thus far-not swarming much but laying by large stores of honey. With Winder's Choice Extractor in use they can be made pay a large per centage this season. I am using the Farmer's Hive, by Reynolds & Brooks, with my own improvement for wintering. For extracting and general convenience and ability, I think it has no superior. I have an Italian queen 5 years old, doing well. This season she has produced as many bees and as few drones as any queen ir my, apiary of 38 colonies. She is unusually large and her bees great workers. Can anyone beat that?:5
J. E. KEARNS. Grand View, Ky., July 17, 1876.-I have one stand that has swarmed three times. While one of my young queens has plenty of room, 1 frequently find two or three eggs in one cell. Why is this? J. C. STITH.
A young queen on first commencing to lay sometimes works a little irregularly. Whilst there may in some cases be plenty of empty comb there may be only a small portion properly taken care of by the bees, in which case the queen may lay more than one egg in a cell.-ED.]
I have 20 stands of bees, part black and part Italian. I made an effort and have partially succeeded in Italianizing, my blacks. Have met with singular experience in so doing. I have not failed in one instance to get my queens to come out of cells all right, but 3 to 5 days after they hatched out the queens would mysteriously disappear. I am not mistaken in this, as the colonies would again accept queen cells. I have lost 20 or 25 queens in trying to Italianize 15 stocks. Has any of your readers had such trouble? I have tried so far in vain to learn the cause of the disappearance of my fine queens.”
J. H. W. Your queens were probably lost on their trip to meet the drones. A young queen on her bridal trip may be caught by birds, or she may enter the wrong hive on her return and be killed by the bees. The latter is more likely to occur if the hives are near together and of the same color. Such a large loss is unusual.
Dodge Co., Wis., July 18, 1876.- “It is quite a while since I last wrote. I had quite a rough time this spring. I had too much to take care of, as much as 20 different apiaries, and 24 miles between the farthest; besides I have to furnish all the materials for them, so I was not out of employment. We don't believe in box honey here. We get at the rate of 12 lbs. per day now by using little frames on top, 6x17 in., 9 to the hive. We can't use comb honey; for honey is so abundant now that we must empty every 3 days. I have opened several to-day and found the entire centre as well as the side crowded with honey; now, what will become of such a hive, with all boxes on top ? Get the swarming fever and swarm until no brood, no bees, or queen is left. I also made more discoveries worth telling, but I will only mention one. particular to get nothing but pure stock, and keep only pure drones. I had a queen to-day that was getting ready to fly. I went to the best stock, got 25 or more drones, put them in the nucleus and watched for an hour. I then opened, and to my surprise, the queen was fertile. I am sure of two, with both good wings. You can't dispute this with me, for I watched in front.
John H. GUENTHER. [This rather sounds as if fertilization had taken place within the hive. The ability to control fertilization is very desirable, but most bee-keepers have given it up as unattainable. There have been a good many reports of success but somehow it always turned out that there had been some mistake in observation. We hope, however, friend G. will continue his experiments.ED.]
AGENTS.–We want a good agent in every section of the United States and Canada. Such are invited to correspond with us.
American Bee Journal .
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Single subscriber, one year.
$2.00 Two subscribers, sent at the same time
3.50 Three subscribers, sent at the same time 5.00 Six subscribers, sent at the same time
9.00 All higher clubs at the same rate.
THOMAS G. NEWMAN, 184 Clark Street, CHICAGO, ILL,
Secure a Choice Queen. We will hereafter send a choice tested Italian queen as a premium, to any one who will send us five subscribers to the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, with $10.00. This premium, which gives a $5.00 queen for five subscribers, will pay any one for taking some trouble to extend the circulation of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL. Premium queens will in every case be warranted.
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THOMAS G. NEWMAN, 184 Clark Street, CHICAGO, ILL.
To POULTRY MEN.—For two subscribers and $4, in advance, we will send postpaid, a copy of A. J. Hill's work on “Chicken Cholera," as a premium. See his advertisement in this number. Those wishing this premium must mention it when sending their subscriptions.
er Those having anything of interest to bee-keepers are invited to send & sam. ple for exhibition in our office. Send description and directions for using, and also give us prices.
HIVE8.- We have made arrangements so that we can supply Hives of any kind, and in any quantity, on the shortest notice-either complete or ready to nail to. gether.
COMB FOUNDATION for sale at this office, as well as hives, extractors, and other apiarian supplies, at the regular market prices.
We will sell single copies for 20 cents each.
Specimen copies and canvassing documents, sent free, upon application.
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Remit, for safety to all, by post office money order, registered letters, bank draft, made payable to Thomas G. Newman, so that if the remittance be lost, it can be recovered.
JOURNALS are forwarded until an explicit order is received by the publisher for their discontinuance, and until pay: ment of all arrearages is made as required by law.
Please write names and post-office ad. dress very plain. Very often men forget to give their post-office, and quite often a man dates his letter from the place where he lives, when the paper is to be sent to some other office.
WHEN your time runs out, if you do not wish to have the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL continue its visits, just drop us a Postal Card, and say so—and we will stop it instanter. If you do not do this, you may rest assured that it will be sent on regularly. Let all “take due notice and govern themselves accordingly."
SEND POSTAGE STAMPS :--As silver takes the place of fractional currency, and something convenient to enclose in letters for small amounts is needed, we suggest postage stamps of 1 cent and 3 cent denominations. If folded carefully to about the size of the envelope, they will come even more securely than cur. rency, and our business demanding large amounts of stamps, will render them as acceptable to us as fractional currency.
DEVOTED EXCLUSIVELY TO BEE CULTURE.
CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER, 1876.
whenever you think the moth should be headed off, get a pan of coals and set them
in a kettle, or fix in some way to prevent Boil it down! Boil it down!
danger from fire, and pour on 4 lb. of sulGive us the new and useful points
phur to every 200 cubic feet contained in The good-and that's enough!
your room. Sulphur the last thing before Boil it down !
crating if you wish to get a name as producing nice box honey. We have frequently
seen honey in market with moth worms in GLEANINGS.
the boxes from 1 to 1/4 inches long and Novice says: "After some quite expen-, nearly as large as a pipe stem. Such honey sive experiments in the way of green
is not very tempting to the consumer. Pile
the boxes so that all entrances will be open. houses, house apiaries, etc., we have come The section boxes are nice on this account, back to the out-door arrangement for
as they will pile compactly tier on tier, and hives." A sensible conclusion. He then
still leave 4 inch space between every
comb all through the pile. Never let box advises the hexagonal arrangement, with honey freeze on any account, as it cracks it hives 6 feet from centre to centre, with loose from the box or through the centre of honey house in the middle and grape trellis
combs when it contracts. If you do not sell
before freezing weather comes, keep fire in to each hive. This is a good arrangement
your room night and day. To deliver honey where the ground is all clear, but in the in cold weather, pile the crates up so the majority of cases, trees, buildings, etc., al
air from your room can circulate all around ready standing, will have much to do with from 90° to 95° for 36 hours before moving
each crate, keep the temperature of room the location of hives.
it, and it will ride in open air 25 miles on a How to KEEP Box HONEY.-G. M. Doo
spring wagon, before it will get cold enough
to be brittle. little says:
With regard to marketable size of honey Box honey should be kept, if possible, in a honey house made for that very purpose.
packages, Novice says: This house should not be over 7 feet high,
A honey box can scarcely be made, to be and should be large enough to hold all the sold, honey and all, for less than a half dolhoney you think you will ever produce,
lar; and a four or five pound box, even at with room enough besides, for crating it.
the low price of 25 cents per tb., amounts to Some one asks, "Why not have a house over a dollar. You may place them so as to higher?” Because we want to secure all
catch the eye of the passer by, and they the heat possible without a fire, during
will inquire the price, but the number that August and September; for this heat causes can spare a dollar are few, compared with your honey to grow thioker every day in
those with those who will hand over a quarstead of becoming transparent and standing
ter, or 30 or 40 cents for one of the neat litin drops on the surface as did Mr. Wolfen- tle square cakes such as the section boxes den's. Honey swells only as it becomes
contain. damp from some cause, and the first you TIME TO DIVIDE.- Novice says: “We will see of that dampness will be in the un- think it an excellent plan to divide very sealed cells, where the honey will have become so thin that it will stand out beyond
strong stocks after the honey harvest." We the cells; or in other words the cells will be want light on this subject. May it not be a "heaping full.” If the dampness remains, good plan for some and a bad one for others? the sealed honey will become transparent, and eventually soak through and stand in
The honey harvest in some places comes drops on the surface of the comb. Now if quite early, and in that case it would seem you keep the room thius warm you will be to be wise to keep the whole force gatherliable to be troubled with the moth worm. Let your first honey taken off be separate,
ing honey until the main harvest is over, examine it every few days, and if you see
and then divide. In other places the main many boxes with little white places on harvest comes very late, and it would then them (generally near bottom of box) resem- seen wise to divide early, and build up an bling Hour, you will have to brimstone it, as the moths will eventually eat the sealing
increased number of colonies to be ready all off and make a bad job of it.
for the harvest. Does it not require more We have always sulphured our honey judgment and experience to make an artiwith the exception of one year, the last ficial swarm later in the season? There is thing before crating it. To do this, fix a solid foundation of scantling two feet above
a possibility of an insufficient amount of the floor, on this place your honey and pollen being left in one or the other of the
hives, of the honey not being properly distributed in the hive etc.
LLOYD Z. JONES says in introducing a queen it is important to put a little honey on her back and stick her wings down so she can't squeal.
Novice advises against the use of rosin in waxing honey barrels as it in time gives a bad taste to the honey.
honey, and the Major noticed that the honey was emptied out of one side of the cells. The hint was not lost, and the result was the extractor.
A poet speaks of the rose as furnishing supplies for the bees, and in a foot note the editor says “A poetic fancy, but not fact.” Brother Abbott, you have only part of the truth. A few weeks ago we saw a honey bee and a humble bee both working on roses on the same bush. The imperfect roses, resulting from high culture, although beautiful to look upon, are not the sort that bees love to visit; but the wild rose, which produces seed, is visited by the bee. The same remark is made about the peony; but is it not just possible that the single peony, which produces perfect seed, yields honey also?
BEE-KEEPERS' MAGAZINE. CARE OF COMB.-In an able article by Rev. J. W. Shearer, he advises that old comb, if not rendered into wax, should be burned, lest it become a nursery of moths. This advice is so generally given that we think there must be some occasion for it, but in our own experience we have never had the bee moth trouble pieces of comb lying outside of the hive, even if left the whole year. May it not be that the difference in climate has something to do with it? In the latitude of Chicago, perhaps the nights are too cool for the deposition of eggs, without the presence of the bees to keep up the heat.
MIGNONETTE.-In reply to a query, Mr. James Vick, the celebrated seedsman and florist, says mignonette is an annual, which in northern latitudes does not re-seed the bed, but must be sowed anew early in the spring, as soon as frost is gone and soil in good condition. Succeeds in any fair soil and in a growing time will flower in 4 to 6 weeks after sowing.
BEE WORLD. The present number of the World closes a controversy between two queen breeders which has occupied a large space in the World, and the matter closes just about where it began, each party saying he has his last say. We can only ask, “What has been gained by occupying so many pages with a personal quarrel of no interest to the mass of readers?” Would it not be better to avoid the beginning of strife by carefully excluding all bitter personalities, allowing at the same time the fullest discursion in a kindly spirit of all points pertaining to beeculture?
Fort Plain, N. Y., Aug. 11.-I send you by mail a queen of this year. She is laying eggs since June. which are barren; not a single egg of hers has ever hatched. If you think it of any interest I would beg you to try and find out by the microscope whether the fault lies in her organs or the eggs.
JULIUS HOFFMAN. The queen from Mr. Hoffman was a fine Italian, very long considering her late journey, and to all appearances perfect within and without. The spermatheca was very full and plump. The ovaries large, and the tubes full of ovules. The oveduct contained several eggs. The only explanation that can be offered in such a case is that the eggs are sterile or not perfect.
We know that among our vertebrate animals we frequently see females that have perfect ovaries to all appearance in which the eggs grow, and yet the females are sterile or barren. Of course the egg is imperfect.
The egg is by no means a simple affair. The yolk or essential part possesses a nucleus and a nucleolus, called germinating vesicle and germinative dot respectively. Now it is probable that these sterile females, though possessed of ovaries in whose folicles eggs grow, are yet impotent to produce these essential parts. · With the microscope I had I could not tell in regard to this.
A. J. Cook,
BRITISH BEE JOURNAL. British bee-keepers were almost discouraged with the unfavorable season during the early part, but now are jubilant over the unusual flow of honey in July.
In a lecture by J. G. Desborough, he gives America the credit of inventing the honey slinger. The credit belongs to a GermanMajor Von Hruschka. It is said the idea was first suggested to him by seeing his little son whirling around in play a small pail to which was attached a string. In the bottom of the pail was a piece of comb
We would like a full report from all who have tried melilot clover, borage, catnip, alsike clover, or other artificial pasturage for bees-north, south, east, and westsetting forth the kind of soil they seem to do best in; date of first bloom and length of blooming period; if bees gather honey from them; color of honey; if the seed is saved, &c., &c. Please sit down at once and let us hear from you.
Swindling Operations. FRIEND NEWMAN-I would like to ask if you know anything of such a firm in your city as J. K. McAllister & Co. They have swindled me out of a barrel of honey, and I think every person having honey for sale should be warned against shipping to them. I sold them the honey at 11 cents per
tb. delivered in Chicago, in the months of Feb. or March, and have never received one cent for it yet. They put off paying for it, saying it was not pure honey; but that they would have it analyzed and if it proved to be pure, would pay me for it, and stated that it would be analyzed by the 15th of May. Nearly three months have passed since the day set for it to be analyzed and I am minus my pay yet.
Please publish the following letter from them which will be a good advertisement for their house.
CHICAGO, June 12, 1876. J. F. Montgomery, Lincoln, Lincoln Co., Tenn.-Your postal card of the 7th inst, to hand. We will say, if you do (or have done) as you say, we wili fight the payment of your claims to the bitter end. We stated that you would be paid for your honey if it were shown to be pure on analysis or could be sold for pure honey. When your last postal came to hand we answered saying that no report had been given, we would in all probabijíty know by the 15th or thereabouts, and when a report was given we would remit. Now if you think to choke it out, all we have to say is try it on. Our reputation is worth more than a barrel of Tennesee honey, and your course is not the best to pursue, if you calculate to get your pay. A lawyer of this place who had some of it, says it is not pure, and if we do not wish to pay for it he will defend us in a suit, without one dollar of expense. This, however, is not our desire, but if you force us to it, with yourself rests the blame. J.K.MCALLISTER & Co.
The letter speaks for itself.
Your readers will be surprised to hear that the Common Sense bee hive man-Gillespie-has actually brought suit against me for using two-story bee hives, and for publishing an article in our county paper warning bee-keepers not to pay him for using two-story hives. He claims that I have damaged him $10,000, for which amount he has sued me in the U. S. Court. His claim which is as follows is certainly absurb:
Claim 1.-The angular metallic strips A and pins B in combination with the frames I, substantially as set forth.
2.-The combination of the rabbeted sections and parts A, B, C, D, frames I, pins B and angular plates A; all as set forth.
He has also filed a bill enjoining me to make no more two-story hives. The trial will come off at Nashville, the latter part of October. His patent is dated Jan. 11, 1870. If he succeeds in showing that it covers all two-story hives I will have to invalidate it by proving previous use. And I would like for all your readers who have used twostory hives previous to 1870 to write to me stating how long they have been using them, so that I may have their depositions taken. My hive is a simple two-story Langstroth, with frames running the short way instead of lengthwise. All information will be thankfully received.
I am making the fight for every bee-keeper in the U. S. using two-story hives, and I think I am entitled to all the assistance I can get.
J. F. MONTGOMERY. Lincoln, Lincoln Co., Tenn.
J. K. McAllister & Co. sent to this office an advertisement for consignments of honey some 18 months since, As they furnished no satisfactory references it was refused!
At Mr. Montgomery's request, last April, the publisher of the A. B, J. went to McAllister's to examine the weight and quality of this shipment of honey. As much of it had been disposed of, there was no chance to see the weight, and a small bottle of inferior honey was exhibited as a sample of it -McAllister's bare assertion, however, being the only proof that it was a part of the Montgomery honey. These facts were reported to Mr. Montgomery at once, with the advice to get all he could, and "settle” the claim, as it could not be considered firstclass in any respect.
As to the matter of two-story hives, Mr. Montgomery ought to get down on his knees and thank Mr. Gillespie for his long forbearance in allowing him so many years undisturbed use of his invention. Just think of the patience of the man! All over the country men have been defrauding him in sums of $10,000 each, and yet not one of them has ever paid him a cent for the privilege of putting one hive on top of another, It would be difficult to find a bee-keeper who has not infringed on Mr. Gillespie's patent. Years and years ago the thing was done and continues to this day, without even asking permission Mr. Gillespie! But it is time the thing was stopped, and we hereby notify each of our readers to send immediately the little matter of $10,000 to Mr. Gillespie, or nevermore put a second story on a hive. Those who do not now keep bees, but whose fathers did, must add interest to the $10,000 for the use their fathers made of the invention before Gillespie was born. Think not to evade it by saying that the second story is not the same size or shape as the lower story. The upper story may be shorter or longer, it may be ter inches high, it may be five inches high, it may be only five inches high and the same in width and length, and the attempt made be made to evade payment by calling it a surplus box or super, still in any and all cases it is a second story and the $10,000 must be paid. In consideration of our thus
the rights of Mr. Gillespie, we hope he will be as lenient as possible in assessing the penalty for using two story hives in our own apiary.
We are glad to learn that there is a lively demand for Prof. Cook's Manual of BeeKeeping. Thirty cents cannot be spent to better advantage by any of our readers who have no work of the kind.