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heaped on the poor unsuspecting bee. This may cause evolution philanthropists to rejoice-perhaps a few of thosewho request “stamp for cincular," have already smelt the simoon in the air.
Would it not be well for people who have machinery adapted to their locality and have done well, to continue on quietly and economically and get rich ? This last is a question merely. My interest would say, “Send stamp for circular."
T. F. BINGHAM. P. S.-Italian queeps made to order. Orders filled in rotation.
For the American Bee Journal Sundry Items.
to be used in starting obdurate and pug. nacious insects on the right track.
Now, Mr. Editor, just here let me put in my public plea-and you please give us als a liftmif for no loftier reason than to serve your own interest. Honey comb is one thing, beeswax is another, and very different thing. Butter (I mean fine butter) is, as all know, a very palatable commodity. But if we melt said fine butterit is butter no more—it is grease. The same thing holds true of nice honey comb. No was foundations can be made which will not contain enough wat to build a comb two inches thick.
C. O, Perrine used to advertise the evil effects of honey comb-on the delicate membranes of stomachs highly evolutionized, and his card purported to be from that “Distinguished Physician" we hear so much about.
If honey comb is not compatible with highly evolutionized stomachs, what will be the effect of wax foundations on such delicate and highly evolutionized people as fancy 20 cents honey is put up for?
Echo answers, Please Mr. Beeswax-no more foundations on my plate-I prefer the superstructure on the “untoothsome extract."
Really, I think you will be quite out of patience, Mr. Editor, at the idea of furn. ishing so much evolution to my orthog. raphy, but my early evolution was not favorable for spelling matches.
My brag gift is in not saying what I mean, but here allow me to switch off and say a few words about The new Elephant -probably the offspring of the one above 'referred to. I mean honey and the enormous dividend it brings. Whisky ring and sutler posts are mere nebulæ com. pared with it.
Much advice has been given gratuitously on this at present all-absorbing Conventions have appointed committees to sell it for them, and in such way made effort to assist those who have been so un. fortunate as to get a snuff at the am bro. sial bag. Some have pointed to this and some to that as the cause of the present low prices. Some have-in consideration of the fact that it costs nothing to advise others what to do-spoke their piece and feel as if the load had been lifted from off their shoulders. All are now waiting, I presume, for me. And, Mr. Editor, were it not for my exceeding modesty, I believe I would just let the cat out of the bag right now. As it is, I will, with re. markable candor, say that probably there is no royal road to success, and that very likely people who have arrived at that point when the low price of honey will not justify further pursuit of the enchanting pastime-will know what to do—and it may be that some future historian may record the fact that “industry has been diverted from its natural course and
MR. EDITOR:-In your last issue there is an account of the proceedings of the Mississippi Valley Bee-keepers' Associa tion, and one of the interesting questions discussed was: “Do bees make or gather honey?" Prof. Riley said, “He was satisfied bees made honey.” Now, as this is an age of progress, we want all the light we can get upon this unsettled question; and as Prof. Riley is a naturalist and a close observer, will he be kind enough, at the next meeting, in April, to give his views, fully, upon this subject? As the Mississippi valley covers a good deal of territory, would not the “Missouri Beekeepers' Society" be more appropriate than the name they have chosen ?
In speaking about societies, I may here say, -and so say all with whom I have conversed upon the subject,—that it would be far better for the National Soci. ety to adjourn sine die, and let every State have its own Convention.
Allow me here to say, Mr. Editor, that I am more than highly pleased with the back volumes of the JOURNAL you got bound for me, and three makes one beautiful volume. I would urge upon all to get their back volumes bound, for the price is so low, I do not see how they can be done for the money. My bees have come out as clean and dry as I ever saw them, but rather weak, owing to the num. bers lost in the house during the warm spells.
ARGUS. For The American Bee Journal
Feeding Bees. MR. NEWMAN:- Dr. Wm. Mitchell, of this city, informs me that some twentyfive years ago he purchased a swarm of bees in a box hive at a sale. He carried them home on horse back. They were destitute of honey; his wife baked some corn bread; he cut off the top crust and poured molasses over the bread and placed it under the combs. The bees ate both the molasses and corn bread, went through the winter, and gave him a large swarm the summer following. T. G. MCGAW.
For The American Bee Journal. House Apiary.
In the February number of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL I charged “ Novice" with a want of candor and fair dealing in regard to the house apiary question.
His answer in the February number of Gleanings demands of me a few words by way of correction and explanation. He does not attempt to answer any of my charges, but makes a desperate effort to extricate himself from a very awkward position. And, like the man struggling in quick-sand, only sinks the deeper.
He says, I write in a way that shows that I feel as if I had been wronged. To this I would only say that those who have read Gleanings and the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL the past year, know as well as I do that I have just cause for complaint, and yet I feel that the greater wrong has been done to the cause of bee-culture.
If every attempt for the advancement and elevation of our profession is to be met with such a spirit, we shall not see the progress that we might reasonably expect. Every member has a right to demand a candid as well as thorough exam. ination of every question that looks to its improvement.
I believe that scientific and profitable bee-keeping is yet in its infancy, and that it is capable of being developed into one of our greatest national resources. Bee. keepers as a class are industrious, intel. ligent and persevering; and if they work harmoniously to one end, all opposing difficulties will be overcome.
Novice next says, “ Had I told Mr. Coe in plain terms, just what I thought, when he was a guest at our house and when I was a guest at his own, there would prob. ably have been no misunderstanding."
Why was it that he did not tell me just what he thought, when that was the very thing I wanted and asked for! I told him I was then engaged in putting up “trial api. aries" in different parts of the country for the purpose of having the system thorough. ly tested before offering it to the general public, and that I asked for it nothing but the severest criticism-wishing it to stand entirely on its own merits. Why then, I ask again, did he not, for the sake of bee-keepers in general, and his “dear readers" in particular, speak out boldly, and thus prove to them, that they had placed their interests in the hands of a faithful keeper. There was certainly nothing in a letter I wrote him, the day after his visit that could have induced him to make a favorable report without regard to facts. It occurred to me, that as he had been my guest, and I had been
very friendly indeed” and “very liberal in offering the right gratis," that he might be led to speak more favorably of my apiary than his relations to his “dear
readers "would warrant. So I wrote him, reiterating what I had said to him before, and charged him to say nothing in its favor but what he believed would be fully verified by practical tests. Yet, in the face of all the facts which are fully corroborated by all that I have said on the subject, both in Gleanings and the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, he has the unblushing affrontery to say “ Prof. Cook did tell me that he feared I had not given Mr. Coe the credit he deserved; but in justice to my readers, who certainly should have facts, without any regard to the friendly way in which Mr. "Coe had treated me, I can but think that my report of that visit did him more than justice, and hence my present inconsistency."
If his inconsistency, to say nothing of willful misrepresentation, is not yet fully apparent, I think it will be after reading the report that did me more than justice, which can be found in July number of Gleanings. I extract from it as follows:
“On the 10th (June) we paid a visit to Mr. Coe, the patentee of the house apiary. The building is very pretty and tasty, and the bees going out and in through the sides with the square of different colors painted over each entrance, gives an affect on a grass lawn, that to our eye is decidedly ornamental. On looking into the interior the visitor is even more delighted, for ar. ranged on broad shelves on either side, are observatory hives, having a glass over the outside comb, that gives a view of all the workings of the hive. The frames are close fitting sides. Mr: Dean who accompanied us, was so disgusted in his attempts to open and close a hive without killing bees that he denounces the house altogether unless it be for box honey."
6. Now Novice knew very well that the par
ticular hive used had nothing whatever to do with the merits of the house, as it is adapted to the use of almost any style of hive. The fact is, that before the report was written, he had resolved to appropriate to his own use the property of another, without the owner's consent. Very soon after visiting my house apiary he built one himself. The walls of his house are a series of dead air spaces made of paper. Of whom did he get that idea? He says he got his idea of a house apiary from Mr. Moon. When Novice decided to appropriate to his own use, without my permis. sion, what had cost me much study, labor and money, it was quite necessary for him to make a plea in justification of his course.
The following are a few of the more prominent points: “ Similar houses have been in use for years." “ Mr. Dean denounces the house." “Coe's apiary seems to embody a mass of complicated fixtures that would be worse than useless to us." “We think Mr. Coe's claim much too strong.” “Since I have mentioned the the house apiary in GLEANINGS, more than a dozen have come to light." "I did admire and do now his house apiary but declined then and should now, one like it for real use." “ We are not able to dis. cover any thing in Coe's apiary that has not been in use.” “Mr. Coe gave us no instructions for building our house apiary."
Why all this special pleading? Well may Novice exclaim, “ hence my present inconsistency."
"Oh what a tangled web we weave
When first we practice to deceive." As a proof of his great regard for his “dear readers ” (I am one of them) Novice -says, 'I do dislike to see hard earned money go without bringing a fair equivalent.” He evedintly refers to the dead air spaces and other fixtures of his house apiary. He also says, “ It is very probable that in my dislike of patents, I am looking with prejudiced eyes." That certainly can't refer to me for I never received a dollar for å patent, never dealt in patents, not even metal corners.
Again Novice says, “ When one sets out to defend himself he is pretty sure to do as I have done in the above linesmade it appear that Mr. Coe is all wrong and that I am all right."
True, he has done it up pretty well, and “ made it appear," and yet one more item might make it appear still plainer.
I wrote an article for last November number of Gleanings. It was not refused as it might have been with some show of justice, but a part of it, only, was published-changing its whole form and meaning I am so opposed to occuying our journals with personal affairs, that would have endured in silence even this gross injustice, if it had been permitted to drop there, but it was followed up till I was obliged to speak.
The article was as follows:
DEAR NOVICE:-On page 131, GLEAN. INGS for October, R. H. Mellen asks of you information regarding house apiaries, and in your answer you take occasion to say that Coe's apiary seems to embody a mass of complicated fixtures that would be worse than useless to you, and on an. other page-same number—you very flippantly remark, “We fear we have been a little rough on friend Coe's apiury on page 131.” Now if your answer to Mr. Mellen is a candid, straightforward one, intended to forward the best interests of our fraternity, I will not call it in ques. tion.
I desire for my apiary the severest criticism, and the most thorough practical tests, but it is desirable that they should be made in good faith, and with a view to the improvement of our profession. The "expensive ventilators" spoken of, if made of wood, would not cost more than two or three dollars, and the painted entrances
not to exceed fifty cents. More expensive ones could be used but they would be no better except for the looks. The house itself may be built of any form or dimensions, and any style of hive can be used in it though I prefer the close fitting frames, without box, or the simplicity with some modifications. For common use, and particularly for box-honey, the form of the building should be rectangu. lar, that form is more convenient and very much cheaper than the octagon. When the extractor is to be used, and one chooses to add the extra expense, the rectangle and hexagon combined is the most desir. able. A house 9 x 15 feet will accommo. date fifty hives and give ample space for eighty 112 pound surplus frames to each hive, and for handling the hives to advan. tage. Such a house built according to my plans will cost at least a third less than a building of the same dimensions built in the usual way, and less than fifty good out door hives.
As to my claims in THE AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL being “much too strong," I can only say, that the matter is in the hands of the bee-keepers of the country, and I have no doubt they will decide it properly. If the claims are sustained-as I have no doubt they will be it will work an entire change in the mode of bee culture, and save millions of dollars every year that are now wasled; and will also open up an avenue of healthful and remunerative em. ployment for the ladies!
Montclair, N. J., Oct. 12, '75.
Only the latter part of this article was published commencing with “I desire for my apiary the severest criticism." There are several other points in Novice's article that demand a notice but I will pass them, as I have already occupied too much of your valuable space. J. S. COE.
For the American Beo Journal. Stray Thoughts.
Well, the season is over and I did not reach the 30,000 lbs. I have taken 20,375 lbs. and increased the 150 stands to 317. This is doing quite well to begin with the season half gone. I give all fair warning now though, that next year I will excel any bee-keeper in America. That is, I in. tend to take more honey from 200 stands of be than any one else will fr that number. All take fair warning and be prepared.
Although the bee-keepers of the U. S. are advancing rapidly in the Science of Apiculture, yet I think there are many things to be learned yet. One leading idea is that of
THE PROPER TIME TO DIVIDE SWARMS. The popular theory is in the beginning of the season. But where both honey and increase are desired, I think this a great
error. The season here has been rather created a market for it; because it has an unfavorable one-and-most Apiarists given satisfaction. divided their bees early, and the poor sea- We have never had much difficulty in son coming, on just before the time for getting rid of our extracted honey, at storing surplus; the result was that when prices ranging between 13 and 18 cents. the season did come for storing surplus We would much rather produce extracted honey, the bees were not in condition to honey than comb-honey; 1st, because we store, and failure was the result. The can produce more of it; 2d, because it is plan I described in the Sept. No., I think more easily transported. far the best. That of waiting until the We cannot agree with Mr. Burch when best of the season for surplus, building he says, that honey is essentially a luxu. the bees up in the meantime, then remove ry. Honey has been a luxury as long as the queen with two frames of capped consumers could not get it at reasonable brood and a few bees, to a new hive. Then prices; but now, wherever good extracted I would add I think “Novice's" lamp nur. honey is retailed by the producer at 15 sery would come in nicely and the bees cents per lb., it is becoming a staple artiwould be helped along considerably, by cle of diet. Wax is indigestible, therefore slipping a young queen into the entrance unfit for food, and this is the reason why of the old hive. As I stated before, the good extracted honey will always be more bees would not miss the loss of the two likely to become a customary article of combs, and while the hive was without a diet than the fancy comb-honey. laying queen the bees would store much If the discussion of the adulteration of more surplus than while they had one. honey, has, in any way lessened the de. Besides the old queen with the two combs mand, it has lessened only the demand would very soon be in a condition to for adulterated honey, and has increased build comb and will soon strengthen up that for the real genuine, granulated to a full sized colony. The old queen's article. wing should always be clipped.
Mr. J. Heddon says that he believes If honey is desired as well as increase, I that the extractor has kept us in igno. think the above plan much preferable to rance of the true principles of comb-sur"Novice's" plan of giving the new queen plus production. He might more truly to the new swarm or nucleus. I have speak, if he said so of himself alone; for never tried the “Lamp nursery"-I always he should remember that there was a introduce a cell, think I shall try the pur. time when the extractor did not exist, and sery the coming season.
of course, at that time we had quite a Wishing all eastern brethren success in chance to test the true principles of combwintering, I am as ever, AMATEUR. surplus production. Anaheim, Cal., Oct. 8th, 1875.
Let Mr. Heddon test and ascertain the
true principles of comb-surplus producFor the American Bee Journal
tion. We will tell him beforehand, that Extracted Honey.
we have tested them long ago, and that we found that the production of extracted
honey was much more profitable than that In the last number of the JOURNAL we of comb-honey. see that some bee-keepers, and more es. In hunting among the back volumes of pecially, Messrs. J. Heddon and H. A. the old Am, B. J. we find an article from Burch, are strongly opposed to the pro. Mr. Heddon, (vol. 6, page 159,) in which duction of extracted honey. In fact, from Mr. Heddon shows that he likes theory. what they say, the beginner in apicul. Let us, then, give him some theory on the ture would infer that the production of
of the . extracted honey is a real curse for the practical bee-keeper.
writers on bee-culture agree that wax costs It may be, thai in some localities the to the bees between 10 and fifteen pounds extracted honey is of slow sale, especially of honey for each pound of wax secreted. when it it is not known; but wherever Taking it for granted, then, that the combs the people become accustomed to using it, cost to the bees such a large quantity of it soon becomes a readily sulable article. honey, the reader will at once see what ad
We have been using the honey extractor vantage there is in returning the combs to every season, regularly, ever since it first the bees. But this is not all. By the promade its appearance before the bee-keep- duction of comb-honey, the bee-keeper ers of the world, and to-day we prize it keeps no empty cumbs for his bees to fill, more than ever. When we first offered and when the season begins they have to our extracted honey for sale, we sold but build their surplus combs anew. In so little of it, for the American consumers doing there is a great loss of time, for if, were not accustomed to it, and in the sea- when the honey crop begins, they have no sons of '68 and '69 we did not sell more empty cells at their disposal, they have to than 200 lbs. of it, around us. Now we remain idle until enough wax is secreted sell over 2000 lbs. of honey right around to manufacture some combs. Besides, eshome. Why is that?-Because we have pecially with the Italian bees, when the
su bili uopf nearliga taal, the most renowned
honey crop begins the bees fill up the brood chamber so thoroughly that there is no more room for the queen to breed, and without the use of the extractor the bees would be unable to keep up their numbers by reproduction, and would dwindle down and die away; simply by too much wealth.
Again, when the bees harvest honey late in the fall, and have not time to cap it all, the honey which remains uncapped, if not extracted, will absorb moisture and will destroy the bees that will feed on it during the winter, as Mr. Heddon had a chance to see during the winter of '70–71. This we gather from Mr. Heddon's own testimony, page 261, vol. v. of the old and valuable AM. B. J. (48 colonies reduced to 6.) Why then should we oppose the use of the extractor and the production of extracted honey ?
Mr. Heddon seems to be afraid that if too many persons engage iu bee-keeping, that business will become unprofitable, -because too much honey will be raised. My impression is quite different. If much honey is raised, the American public will become used to it, and will regard it as a necessity of life, and it will be one indeed.
Let us say then, to the beginner in bee. culture: Do not be afraid of bee-culture; it is a profitable business, notwithstanding all that Mr. Heddon may say to the contrary, and the best proof that it is profitable is, that Mr. Heddon still sticks to it, although he has had as many draw. backs as any one of us.
Raise extracted honey, and sell it at home, or around home. Do not extract it when too thin (a little practice will soon teach you when to extract). Keep it clean. Teach your customers to granulated honey, and to reject the liquid article, and you will not need to be anxious for a honey market.
Do not be afraid if your neighbors go to keeping bees, for there should be room for all, -except the dishonest ones,—and the editors of past, present, and future bee-papers, with their proselyting, will never do so much harm to the business as one or two dishonest dealers or adulterators, Mr. Heddon to the contrary notwith. standing. Go ahead, honey producers !
C. P. DADANT. Hamilton, Ill., Mar. 10, 1876.
cruits " from the country around Toledo.
At the last session, on morning of third day, the subject of abandoning the Society was discussed, and the utter hopelessness of making it further a success generally admitted, except by Mr. Zimmerman, who insisted that another meeting be held, and Philadelphia be the place of holding the next 'annual convention. Mr. John Z. Smith suggested that as the National Society was a defunct institution, he thougbt it would be well enough to send it to Philadelphia for respectable interment, and he named G. W. Zimmerman for President, who was elected unani. mously.
At the close of these proceedings, I, with several others, left the hall to visit the apiary of B. O. Everett, Esq., in Toledo, but as far as I could learn, there was but one member the present incumbent of the Presidential chair.) that intended to go to the Philadelphia meeting.
It might be well enough for amateurs in bee-culture to attend, but the large producers of honey and real bee-men, cannot leave their bees during first or second week in September, without serious logs, as it is just at the time to put our bees in condition for wintering.
DANIEL KEPLER. Napoleon, O., March 17th, 1876.
For The American Bee Journal. To the Public.
Grateful for kindnesses shown me in various ways, in addition to what has ap. peared concerning my connection with the Italian Bee Company, and Mrs. Tupper, I desire to remove some probable misconceptions.
My partnership was never what was technically called "silent.” It was pub. lished in our first circulars, and I never consented to the suppression of my ad. dress in any circular or advertisements. Fully trusting Mrs. T., I managed our Lo. gan apiary and shop, and filled orders as they were sent to me. It was not until in Jan. last that I suspected that there was any design in what had been represented as "printers' mistakes." Up to the time of the dissolution of our partnership, my part of the expense of the business largely exceeded my receipts. Without making any claim upon the profits of business in 1875, no customer of the Co. is likely to lose one. hundredth part as much as I do by actual money and stock gone, and that even if I were to refuse to settle those claims upon which I have received nothing. My own assets in settlement are simply the name of the Company and its possible future. Yet in all untilled orders I expect to meet honor's call as far as means will allor.
J. E. ROCKWOOD. Logan, Iowa, March 15, 1876.
For the American Bee Journal. Shall the National Society be Aban.
From the lack of interest taken in its last annual convention held at Toledo, I should think it about at its end, so far as useful. ness is concerned. There was only about a baker's dozen of members present, that had attended former meetings of the society; the rest consisted of "new re