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He ( 130 ) to Hearse, to put in a coffin. MV. 3, 1. H.1, 4. Heart, the very essence of a thing, the utmost of it possible. AC. 4, 10. TA. 1, 1. Heartburnt, affected with pain at the mouth of the stomach. MA. 2, 1. aHd. 3, 3. to Heat, to run a heat, as in a race.
T. 1, 2.
Kin to the gr. aithō, lat. aestus, germ. Hitze. to Heave, to lift up. KJ. 5, 2. He. 5. ch. bнƒ. 5, 1. Co. 2, 2. Kin to heft, by the gr. keō, keuō, to be hollow, and light, gr. kuphos, whence heaven, that which is raised. Heaves, sighs, groans. H. 4, 1. Heaviness, sadness, melancholy. MV. 2, 8. Ꭱb. 2, 2.
Hebenon, ebony, the juice of which was sup-
Heel. Out at heels, almost ruined. MW. 1, 3.
and henxman are but varieties of spelling. To this attendance belonged also the bhaird, the blaidier, or master of ceremony, the gillymore, or armsbearer; the gilly casflue, that bears him on back through fens; gilly comstraine, who leads the horse at the bridle on steep ways; gillytersh harnish, who bears the wallet; and the piper. S. Burt's letters on Scotland II, 61. Walter Scott's Waverley I, 239.
to Hend, or hent, to seize, take, hold. MM.
Heralds. Their office was to inquire into the lineage of combattants, to announce war or peace (KJ. 4, 2.), to be messengers, hence for sign, annunciation (MA. 2, 1.), to arraign feasts. Their chief was called king of arms, chief of 12 marshals, or pursuivants. The gr. word in kēryx, kin to the hebr. kara, to cry, pro
to Herald, to marshal. M. 1, 3.
Hest, anciently heast, command, order. T. 1, 2.
the gr. kytos, skytos, sax. hyd, hyde, germ. Haut, by keuthein, to cover, conceal. S. heed. Hide fox and all after, a sport among children, the same as hide and seek, whoop and hide. H. 4, 2.
to Heel, to move the heel, to dance, jump. TC. 4, 4. Perhaps from the gr. hallesthai. Heft, heaving, reaching. WT. 2, 1. Tenderhefted, heaved, agitated by tenderness or weighed. KL. 2, 4. Perhaps it is in this meaning from the germ. heften, to join, to compound. The reading hested is too artificial. Heifer, a young cow. WT. 1, 2. TC, 3, 2. distinguished from the calf. bHd. 2, 2. bHƒ. 3, 2. Sax. heafore, from the germ. Far, Farre, hebr. phar, gr. poris, porrhis, portis, portax. Heir, heiress. LL. 2, 1.1 Hell, jocularly, an obscure dungeon in a prison. CE. 4, 2. Sax. helle, hylle, goth. halje, from to Hight, to be called, ycleped. LL. 1, 1. MD. helan, old engl. to hale, heal, hil, tegere, 5, 1. S. hest. germ. hehlen. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 877. Helm, steerage. cHf. 5, 4; helmet. AW. 3, 8.. Rc. 3, 2. 5, 3. Co. 4, 5. TC. 1, 2. 5, 2. Helterskelter, on a hurry. bHd. 5, 3. Hem, border, skirt, edge. TA. 5, 6. To cry hem MA. 5, 2. AL. 5, 2. Tyrrwh. explains to cry courage; may be only expression of indifference and want of interest, like to cry humph a Hd. 3, 1. Hemlock, cicuta L. M. 4, 1. He. 5, 2. KL. 4, 4. Sax. hemleac. Lock in this word, points at leek, wh. s. gr. lachanon. Hem is from ōmos. Henchman, page, attendant. MD. 2, 2. also henchboy. From haunch, wh. s., therefore the confident of a chief, that on drinking bouts stands attending near his haunch. Henshman
High proof, highly. MA. 5, 1.
Hild for held, for the sake of a rhyme. TL. 180.
Him, for the nominative, the person. WT.1, 2.
Hold, fort, citadel. bHd. 1, 1.
To cry hold, an authorative way of separating fighting persons. M. 1, 5. Hold was also the word of yielding. M. 5, 7.
T. 1, 2, 2, 1. 0.1, 3. (S. hent.). Horne Tooke II, 352. from hentan, capere, to take hold of. It seems, however, rather to be derived from the goth. sind, sintha, way, journey, and of course kind to the germ. senden, the gr. hodos. Hip, haunch, waist; CE. 3, 2. To have on the hip, to have at an entire advantage; a phrase originated from hunting. MV. 1, 3. 4, 1. O. to Holla, to cry or call Holla, to make re2, 1; fruit of a brier; or a wild rosebush. TA. 4, 3.
Hold, to fit, to fit well, aHd. 1, 1; to endure, be avouched, confirmed Rc. 2, 3, To hold off, to keep off; to abstain, to refuse. TC. 1, 2. It holds current, it is done, agreed, sure. aHd. 2, 1. To take hold, to requite. Rc. 2, 1. To hold the bent, to stand out, to keep ground, to endure. TN. 2, 4. Holding, burden, chorus. AC. 2, 7. Hole, perforation for a peg of a musical instrument. TS. 3, 1. Holidame. TS. 5, 2. S. Halidam.
sound. TN. 1, 5.
Hiren, a corruption of the name of Irene, the fair Greek, first broached perhaps by G. Peele in his Turkish Mahomet and Hiren, the fair Greek. bHd. 2, 4. it seems the name of Pistol's sword.
His was supposed the legitimate formative of the genitive case of nouns. Hence phrases as Vincentio his son TS. 1, 1. the duke his gallies TN. 3, 3. Sir Robert's his shape. KJ. 1, 1. Hive, habitation or cell of bees. AW. 1, 2. aHf. 1, 5.
Hoar, hoary (Cy. 5. endsong) white or grey
4,3. Sax. hord, germ. Hort, kin to herd, hurd,
Hoiden, anciently a leveret, animal remarkable for its vivacity and was formerly applied to the youth of both sexes, though now confined to designate a wild romping girl. CE. 4, 2. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. VI, 171.
Hoise, hoist, to heave, lift. bHf. 1, 1. Rc. 3, 4. AC. 4, 10. H. 3, 4. From the fr. hausser, lows. hissen.
2, 4. bHf. 4, 10.
Hobnob, most evidently a corruption of habbe, or nabbe, have or have not, habnab, used convivially to ask a person, whether he will have a glass of wine, or not, also to mark an alternative of another kind. TN. 3, 4. Hogshead, a measure of liquids, containing 68 galloons. LL. 4, 2. WT. 3, 3. bHd. 2, 4.
Hollowmas. Rb. 5, 1. S. Hallowmas.
Holp, holpen, old preterit and participle of to help. KJ. 1, 1. Co. 5, 3. 4, 6. CE. 4, i. Holyday. To speak holyday, to speak in a Holyrood day, festival in honour of the cross. fustian style. MIV. 3, 2.
alld. 1, 1.
Home, to the point, complete in its full extent, round on, strictly, soundly, courageously. AW. 5, 3. WT. 5, 8. M. 1, 3. TAn. 4, 3. Cy. 3, 5. 4, 2. KL. 3, 3. O. 2, 1. Sax. ham, from haeman, coire. Horne Tooke Div. of P. IL 847. kin to humus, hebr. am, people, gr. homu, hama, amydis, totality, icel. heima, heimar, germ. heimlich, heimeln, anheimeln, Heimath.
Homely, plain, coarse, rude, clownish, harsh, unmannerly. TG. 1, 1. WT. 4, 3. bHd. 4, 4. cHf. 2, 5.
to Hoard, to heap up, to pile up, to spare. Rb. 1, 3. Co. 4, 2. bHƒ. 3, 1. cHf. 2, 2. Hobbyhorse, a small horse; a personage belong
Honest as the skin between his brows, a proverbial saying. MA. 3, 5. of unknown origin.
as a neuter verb, to court, to call each other honey. H. 3, 4.
ing to the ancient morris dance, when complete, to Honey, to sweeten, delight, coax, flatter;
Honey stalks, clover flowers, which contain
horse. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 468. Hobby to Hoodwink, to hood, wh. s., to blench, is kin to the gr. hippos.
Hobgoblin. MD. 2, 1. S. goblin.
blind, cover the hawk's eyes; to hide, conceal,
Hook, battle-ax. aHd. 2, 4; a bent pin for fish-
( 132 ) 4, 2. giglot, strumpet, drab. LL. 3. end. Kin to Kufe, Küpe, Hafen, gr. kymbe by kyō, kaō, chaō; further to upupa, gr. epops, fr. huppe.
to Hoot, to cry scornfully. WT. 5, 8. JC. 1, 2. Co. 4, 6. The provincial germ. utzen, from the gr. ōtos, owl. Cf. to gleek.
to Hop, to jump, skip lightly. AC. 2, 2. bHf. 1, 3. TS. 4, 8. Germ. hüpfen, kin to heave. Hope, expectation. aHd. 1, 2. to hope. AC. 2, 1.
Hornbook, crossrow. LL. 5, 1.
Horologe, clock. O. 2, 8. Lat. horologium. Horse. A catalogue of horse diseases is TS. 3, 2.
Horseleech, bloodsucker. He. 2, 3. Hose, breeches, or stockings, or both in one. MW. 3, 1. aHd. 2, 4. LL. 4, 3. Fr. chausses, (perhaps from the lat. calceus) kin to the gr. keuthō, chitōn, germ. Kutte, Kittel, fr. cotillon, boh. calhotti, fr. culottes. Host, army, head of war. KJ. 5, 2. to Host, to take up abode, to lodge. CE. 1, 2. AW. 3, 5.
Hotspur, warm, vehement, or a person of vehement and warm disposition. aHd. 5, 2. cf. bHd. 1, 1. Hothouse, bagnio, from the hot bathes there used, brothel. MM. 2, 1. Hovel, cabin, cottage. KL. 3, 2. Kin to hob, germ. Hube, Hufe, scot. howf, houff, hoff, hove, hoif, hufe; scyth. apia, earth, may be to sheaf. to Hovel, to shelter in a hovel, to harbour. KL. 4, 7. Hounds of Crete He. 2, 1. and of Sparta MD. 4, 1. were bloodhounds. Hour as dissyllable. S. Malone to S. 5. Howlet, little owl. M. 4, 1.
to Hor, to hough, to cut the hamstrings. WT. 1, 2. Kin to hatch, hacher, germ. hauen. to Huddle, to do speedily and carelessly, to throw together in confusion. MA. 2, 1. MV. 4, 1. Germ. hudeln, kin to fuddle, by the gr. hyō, hydō, hyzō, whence hythlos. Hue, colour, die. MV. 2, 7. LL. 4, 8; coil, tumult, chiefly joined with cry. aHd. 2, 4. towards the end. The sax. hiw, hiwe, hiu, the same word, it seems, as die, from the gr. deuō, to benet. In the second meaning it is the interjection iō, iu, likewise as iō is for ia, iōë, cry.
to Hu ug, to be put in a stable, to be stabled. KJ. 5, 2; to embrace, clasp, fondle, treat with tenderness. MV. 2, 6. AW. 2, 3. TA. 4, 8. JC. 1, 2. Kin to the germ. hegen, or hägen; to hedge, and hätscheln. Huggermugger, in secrecy or concealment. H.4, 5. It is spelt also hokermoker, huckermucker. Perhaps there assonates the germ. hocken (cf. to hack) and muchsen, mucksen,
Hulk, ship, particularly a heavy one. TC. 2, 3. aHf. 5, 6. Kin to the gr. holkas, and to bulk, belly, gr. koilos, and other words of this kind. to Hull, to float by the effect of the waves on the mere hull, or body of a vessel, to drive to and fro upon the water without sails or rudder. TN. 1, 5. Hh. 2, 4. Humour was a fashionable word in the time of
humour, and by Sh. in his foolish Nym. Jonson II, 16. defines it 'whatsoe'er has fluxure and humidity. As wanting power to contain itself. By metaphor it may apply itself unto the general disposition, as when some one peculiar quality does so possess a man, that it doeth draw all his affects, his spirits and his powers in their confluctions, all to run one way.' This definition arose from the natural philosophy of that time, by which man's disposition was supposed to be modified and determinated by one of four humours, or fluids, prevalent, which was his very humour. Blood, phlegm, choler and melancholy were the four humours, from whom arose the sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic temperament, as so many mental humours. The earliest and oldest philosophy, however, deemed fire and water to be the elements or principles of bodily being, so that, where water prevailed or got the better, a thing was more bodily and dispirited, of course also the word or speech, as embodied spirit, or mind, a thoughtless babble, fleering, and flirting indeed, but destroying itself by this self-same nature, and restoring in this way the originary clear calm of mind. The kumour of poetry was therefore intermediate passage from the sensible and perceptible world into the mental and innermost life. This idea has been explained chiefly by german philosophers. S. Solger's Erwin, oder vier Gespräche über das Schöne und die Kunst (Berl. 1815. II, 8.) und Wagner der Scherz. Leips. 1822. 8. Humorous, moist, humid, wet. RJ. 2, 1; ca
pricious. bHd. 4, 4. AL. 1, 2. TC. 2, 3. to Hunt counter, to pursue the game by going the wrong way. CE. 4, 2. where counter is a quibble for compter prison. cf. bHd. 1, 2. Hunt's up, noise made to rouse a person as a young bride in a morning; originally a tune played to wake the sportsmen and call them together, the purport of which was The hunt is up. RJ. 3, 5: Hurdle, texture of sticks woven together. S. hoard, hard; grate, dray, sledge. RJ. 3, 5. to Hurl, to fling, throw. Rc. 1, 4. AC. 1, 2. TN. 3, 2. Kin to whirl, germ. querlen, wirreln, ferlen, gr. gyrun, cf. carol. Hurly burly, alarum, trouble. M. 1, 1. aHd. 5, 1. There assonates perhaps hurl and broil. Hurricano, hurricane, anciently herocane, herricane, waterspout. KL. 3, 2. TC. 5, 2. From the goth. horra, hurra, hyra, to drive, to move vehemently, kin to the gr. orō, to excite, orgazō, orgainō.
to Hurtle, to clash together, to move with impetuosity and tumult. AL. 4, 8. JC. 2, 2. Amplified form of to hurt.
to Hush, to silence. Co. 5, 3. TN. 5, 1. Hush, still, silenced, calm. H. 2, 2. Kin to the germ. huschen, husch, fr. cacher. Husks, shells that remain of the barley or malt. TC. 4, 5. AL. 1, 1. aHd. 4, 2. He. 4, 2. Kin to hose, cod, wh. s. Huswife, country-woman. AL. 4, 3. Co. 1, 8; drab. He. 5, 1.
Shakspeare, abused and misapplied exceedingly I for aye. TG. 1, 14. RJ. 3, 2.
often, therefore ridiculed by Jonson in Every I pronoun, sometimes repeated in colloquial
man out of his humour, and Every man in his use. bHd. 2, 4. RJ. 3, 1.
In few, or in a few, in few words, in short.
to Incarnardine, incarnadine, to make red,
to Incense, insense, to put sense into, to instruct, inform. Rc. 3, 2. 5, 1. MA. 5, 1. It is said to be a provincial expression in Staffordshire, and probably Warwickshire. It seems not quite exceptionless, to derive it absolutely from sense, since the meaning of to inflame, kindle may produce also the notion of abetting, and has an analogy in the root of this latter word.
to Imp, to insert a new feather into the wing or tail of a hawk, in the place of a broken one. Rb. 2, 1. From the gr. emphyteuein, emphyein, whence the germ. empten, impten, impfen, to graff.
to Impair, to diminish, weaken, enfeeble,
Impasted, incrusted, formed into a paste.
to Impone, to lay down, or lay as a stake or
4, 4; order, duty imposed. MV.1, 2. AW.4,4
empi-Inch, an erse word for island. M. 1, 2. In all
to Inclip, to close up, to encompass; embrace. AC. 2, 7. S. to clip, clasp.
to Include, to conclude, close, or shut up.
Incontinent, incontinently, suddenly, im-
Incorpsed, incorporated. H. 4, 7. From cor
to Indent, to notch, carve. AL. 4, 3. to make
Indifferency, impartiality. KJ. 2, 2; toler-
an example of this word, there will be enough of like misaccentuation. Or should we prefer perhaps if trembling I obey not then? Inhabitable, uninhabitable. Rb. 1, 1. to Inherit, to possess, obtain. TG. 3, 2. Rb. 1, 1. T. 4, 1.
Inhoop'd, inclosed in a hoop. Quails were
Inkling, hint, private intelligence. Co. 1, 1.
Indign, unworthy. O. 1, 3.
aHd. 3, 3; Rb. 5, 1. M.
to Insculp, to carve in relief, to engrave on any solid substance. MV. 2, 7. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 259.
Inseparate, not to be separated, or that ought not to be separated. TC. 5, 2.
to Inshell, to contain within a shell. Co. 4, 6.
Ingene, ingine, genias, wit. From the lat. ingenium. Gifford's Ben Jons. I, 153. This word is to be restored instead of the corrupt ingeniver 0. 2, 1. where to tire the ingene means, as Nares justly explains, to fatigue the mind, or genius in attempting to do it justice; the subject being the excellence of Desdemona. In suit, suit, request, AW. 5, 8. Steevens quotes from T. 4, 1. to outstrip all Insuppressive, insuppressible, not to be suppraise and make it halt behind her. Other readings are absurd or glossematical, and destroy the verse.
pressed. JC. 2, 1.
Iutelligencer, mediator gobetween. bHd. 4,2. to Intend, to pretend, affect, cloak under a to Inhabit. M. 3, 4. where Horne Tooke Div. pretence. Rc. 3, 5. TS. 4, 1. MA. 2, 2. where of P. II, 52. against Pope's arbitrary and Pope's pretend is glossematical. TA. 2, 2 glossematical conjecture inhibit thee, defends Intendment, intention, design. AL. 1, 1. He. the common reading: And dare me to the 1, 2. VA. 3, 7. 0. 4, 2. desert with thy sword; If trembling I inhabit Intenible, unable to hold. AW. 1, 3. then, protest me etc. and explains: if then Intentively, attentively. O. 1, 3.
I do not meet thee there, if trembling I stay at Intercepter, waylayer, that lies in ambush. home, or within doors, or under any roof,
TN. 3, 4.
or within any habitation, if, when you call me to Interess, original form of to interest. KL. to the desert, I then house me, or through 1, 1. fear, hide myself from thee in any dwelling. Intermission, pause, delay. MV. 8, 2 KL. Douce I. of Sh. I, 380. defends inhabit as 2, 4. M. 4, 8.
varied orthography for inhibit, allowing how-Intituled, having a title, a claim. TL. 69. 'S. 37. ever the difficulty to extract a sense adapted Intrenchant, not permanently divisible, not to the occasion, since the required was to keep retaining any mark of division. M. 5, 7. From back, or hesitate. In this difficulty it seems reasonable to approve of Horne Tooke's interpretation, unless one would perhaps admit of a word unprecedented indeed, but not wholly incompatible with the bard's powerful and free ase of the language, nor with the analogy; viz if trembling I unobey then. The confusion of both words inhabit and unobey by hearing was very possible; and though we know not
Intrinse, intrinsecal, intrinsecate, intrinsic, intrinsicate, intrinsical, inward, innermost twisted, or intricate. No doubt from the lat. intrinsecus, and confounded by the interpreters only on account of the kindred meaning. intricate is kin to the lat. trica, gr. thrix, trichōma, ital. treccia, intrecciare, intrigare engl. betray, betrash, betrass, betraise, fr.