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out when he substituted the much more proper harangue that follows.

T. T. Line 420. A sort of vagabonds,] A sort, that is, a company, a collection.

JOHNSON. Line 447. Amaze the welkin with your broken staves ! ] That is, fright the skies with the shivers of your lances.

JOHNSON. Line 451.


enemy is pass'd the marsh ;] There was a large marsh in Bosworth plain between the two armies. Henry passed it, and made such a disposition of his forces that it served to protect his right wing. By this movement he gained also another point, that his men should engage with the sun behind them, and in the faces of his enemies: a matter of great consequence when bows and arrows were in use.



Line 465. A horse! a horse!] Some inquiry hath been made for the first performers of the capital characters of Shakspeare.

We learn, that Burbage, the ulter Roscius of Camden, was the original Richard, from a passage in the poems of bishop Corbet; who introduces his host at Bosworth describing the battle,

But when he would have said king Richard died,
And call’d a horse, a horse, he Burbage cried.” FARMER.


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Line 5. - a fresh admirer-] An admirer untired; an ado mirer still feeling the impression as if it were hourly renewed.

JOHNSON Line 22. Till this time, pomp was single; but now married

To one above itself.] The author intends only to say in a noisy periphrase, that pomp was encreased on this occasion to more than twice as much as it had ever been before.

JOHNSON Line 23. -Each following day

Became the next day's master, &c.] Dies diem docet. Every day learned something from the preceding, till the concluding day collected all the splendor of all the former shews.

Johnson. Line 26. AN clinquant,) All glittering, all shining. Clarendon uses this word in his description of the Spanish Juego de Toros.

JOHNSON. Line 40. Durst wag his tongue in censure.] Censure for determination, of which had the noblest appearance. WARBUBTON. Line 47

That Bevis was believ'd.] The old romantic legend of Bevis of Southampton. This Bevis (or Beavois) a Saxon, was for his prowess created by William the Conqueror earl of Southampton: of whom Camden in his Britannia. THEOBALD.

Line 50. -the tract of every thing &c.] The course of these triumphs and pleasures, however well related, must lose in the description part of that spirit and energy which were espressed in the real action.

Johnsox. Line 54. the office did

Distinctly his full function.] The commission for regulating this festivity was well executed, and gave exactly to every particular person and action the proper place. Johnson. Line 59.

-certes,] i. e. for certain.

-element-] No initiation, no previous practices. Elements are the first principles of things, or rudiments of knowledge. The word is here applied, not without a catachresis, to a person.

JOHNSON. Line 67. -fierce vanities!] Fierce is here, I think, used like the French fier for proud, unless we suppose an allusion to the mimical ferocity of the combatants in the tilt. JOHNSON.

Line 68. That such a keech-] A keech is a solid lump or mass. A cake of wax or jallow formed in a mould is called yet in some places a keech.

Johnson. Line 92. the file-) That is, the list. JOHNSON, 96.

-council out,] Council not then sitting. Johns. -97. Must fetch him in he papers.) He papers, a verb; his own letter, by his own single authority, and without the concurrence of the council, must fetch in him whom he papers down. I don't understand it, unless this be the meaning. Pope. Line 100. What did this vanity,

But minister &c.] What effect has this pompous shew but the production of a wretched conclusion. . JOHNSON, Line 110. Every man,

After the hideous storm that follow'd, &c.] Holinshed says, “Monday, 18th day of June, there blew such storms “ of wind and weather, that marvel was to hear; for which “ hideous tempest some said it was a very prognostication of trou“ ble and hatred to come between princes.” In Henry VIII. p. 80. •


Line 120. The ambassador is silenc'd?] Silenc d .for recalled. This being proper to be said of an orator, and an ambassador or public minister being called an orator, he applies silenc'd to ambassador.

WARBURTON. . I understand it rather of the French ambassador residing in England, who, by being refused an audience, may be said to be silenc'd.

JOHNSON. Line 122. A proper title of a peace;] A fine name of a peace. Ironically.

JOHNSON. · Line 139.

-comes that rock,] To make the rock come is not very just.

Johnson, Line 150. -butcher's cur-] Wolsey is said to have been the son of a butcher.

JOHNSON Line 153. - A beggar's book

Out-worths a noble's blood.] That is, the literary qualifications of a bookish beggar are more prized than the high descent of hereditary greatness. This is a contemptuous exclamation very naturally put into the mouth of one of the antient, unletter'd, martial nobility.

JOHNSON. Line 101. He bores me with some trick:] He stabs or wounds me by some artifice or fiction.

JOHNSON Line 173. —from a mouth of honour-] I will crush this baseborn fellow, by the due influence of my rank, or say that all distinction of persons is at an end.

JOHNSON. sincere motions,)] Honest indignation ; warmth of integrity. Perhaps name not, should be blame not.

Whom from the flow of gall I blame not. JOHNS. --for he is equal ravenous,] Equal for equally.

Malone, -his mind and place

Infecting one another,] This is very satirical. His mind he represents as highly corrupt; and yet he supposes the contagion of the place of first minister as adding an infection to it,

WARBURTON. Line 204. suggests the king our master-) Suggests for excites.

WARBURTON. · Line 214. our count-cardinal-] Wolsey is afterwards called king-cardinal.



Line 191.

Line 199.


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