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CONTENTS

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Statement of -

Page
Allen, Hon. John J., Jr., Under Secretary of Commerce for Trans-
portation, Department of Commerce, Washington 25, D.C..

17
Bishop, Capt. John M., secretary-treasurer, International Organiza-

tion of Masters, Mates & Pilots, 711 14th Street NW., Washington,
D.C.

24
Brisset, Jean, counsel, the Shipping Federation of Canada, Inc., 515

Board of Trade Building, Montreal, Canada (accompanied by
Capt. James Madison)

60
Cary, Robert W., president, Trans-World Shipping Service, Inc.,
Toledo, Ohio

43

Dusing, Kenneth W., vice president in charge of operations, Great

Lakes Overseas, Inc., 3400 Prudential Building, Chicago 1, III- 14, 51

Fast, Marvin, executive director, Great Lakes Commission, Rackham

Building, Ann Arbor, Mich.

27

Golden, Capt. William E., business representative, Licensed Tug-

men's & Pilots Protective Association of America, 708 Green Street,
Ogdensburg, N.Y.

51, 69
Hanninen, John, McCreary, Hinslea & Ray, 869 Union Commerce
Building, Cleveland 14, Ohio.

53
Hinslea, Lee C., counsel, Chicago Overseas Shipping Association, 860
Union Commerce Building, Cleveland, Ohio.. -

39
Johnson, Capt. Rolla R., president, Great Lakes district and interna-

tional vice president, Masters, Mates & Pilots, 20425 Kinsman

Road, Shaker Heights, Ohio..

Levins, Kevin T., executive vice president and general manager,

Calumet Harbor Terminals, Inc., 12800 Lake Calumet, Harbor

Drive, Chicago 33, II...

43, 53

Lowe, Capt. W. Hilton, president, American Pilots Association, 2000 K
Street NW., Washington 6, D.Ć.

19
Madison, Capt. James, assistant general manager of the Shipping
Federation of Canada, Riverside Drive 2, Montreal, Canada.--

67
Richmond, Vice Adm. Alfred C., Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard,
Coast Guard Headquarters, Washington 25, D.C.

12

Shapiro, Alvin, vice president, American Merchant Marine Institute,

Inc., 919 18th Street NW., Washington, D.C. (accompanied by

Capt. E. C. Kominsky, steamship operations committee).

34, 49

Spencer, Lyndon, president, Lake Carriers' Association, Cleveland,

Ohio..

30

Svensson, Theodore W., president, Lake Superior Pilots' Association,

Inc., Duluth, Minn..

41

White, Ivan B., Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs,

Department of State, Washington 25, D.C. (accompanied by George

Haering, consultant, Department of State)

Statement submitted by:

Gilbert, Capt. L. A., International Shipmasters Association, Ironburg,

N.Y

71

Hendrickson, Arthur, master of steam vessels on the Great Lakes (no
address given)..

46

Lydon, E. K., president, Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Co., Chicago,

Ill.)

86

Miller, Williain Bricen, Lord, Bissel & Brook, Chicago, Ill_

47

Myslakowski, Capt. Andrew, Bayside, X.Y.

90

Peo, Capt. Eugene, International Shipmasters Association, Ironburg,

N.Y. (accompanied by Capt. L. A. Gilbert)

70

Page

89

74

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Statement submitted by-Continued

Serre, Sherman H., vice president, Merritt-Chapman & Scott Corp.,

Cleveland, Ohio.

Todd, Arthur W., director, purchase engineering, the Lincoln Electric

Co., Cleveland, Ohio.-

Letters, telegrams, resolutions, etc.;

Battin, F. S., export manager, Thew Shovel Co., Lorain, Ohio.-

Carman, Jas. R., chairman, Lakes Overseas Vessel Agents Committee,

Cleveland, Ohio.

Chartrand, J. S., vice president, transportation, Chicago Board of

Trade, Chicago, Ill.-

Chicago Marine Association, Chicago, Ill.
Cleveland World Trade Association, Cleveland, Ohio.
Cullnan, Patrick J., Jr., president, Licensed Tugmen's & Pilots Pro-

tective Association of America, Chicago, Ill.
Dana, Floyd G., chairman, Chicago Regional Port District, Chicago,

Ill..

Fast, Marvin, executive director, Great Lakes Commission, Ann

Arbor, Mich.

Fichtner, Charles C., executive vice president, Buffalo Chamber of

Commerce, Buffalo, N.Y..

Fredin, Conrad M., Lake Superior Pilots Association, Inc., Duluth,

Minn.

Gerstner, A. P., executive secretary, Buffalo World Trades Associa-

tion, Buffalo, N.Y.

Hannigan, Robert H., secretary, Local 34, Licensed Tugmen & Pilots

Protective Association, Detroit, Mich.

Hinslea, Lee C., McCreary, Hinslea & Ray, Cleveland, Ohio.

Huckbody, G. L., chairman, Great Lakes Committee, Milwaukee

Overseas Shipping Agents Association, Milwaukee, Wis..
Huggett, W. Stanley, North Pier Terminal Co., Chicago, Ill.
International Steamship Terminals, Inc., Chicago, Ill.
International Trade Club of Chicago, Chicago, Ill..
Johnson, Capt. Rolla R., president, Great Lakes Local 47, Masters

Mates & Pilots, Shaker Heights, Ohio.--.
Keenen, Roman T., secretary, Cleveland Lodge No. 4, International

Ship Masters Association, Cleveland, Ohio

Kysela, E. J., export manager, the Cleveland Trencher Co., Cleveland,

Ohio.

Lederer Terminal Warehouse Co., Cleveland, Ohio.-

Millar, I. Ray, secretary, International Shipmaster Association,

Lodge No. 2, Port Huron, Mich...

Radu, T. N., foreign sales manager, the Arco Co., Cleveland, Ohio...

Rogers, W. J., director of port control, city of Cleveland, Ohio, Cleve-

land, Ohio

Sackheim, Norman R., president, Heads & Threads, Inc., Chicago Ill.

Slaughter, A. L., vice president, International Longshoremen's Associ-

ation, AFL-CIO, Duluth, Minn.

Smith, William H., secretary, American Great Lakes Mediterranean

East Bound Freight Conference, Chicago, Ill..

Todd, Arthur W., director, purchase engineering, the Lincoln Electric

Co., Cleveland, Ohio...

Turner, Laurence C., the Great Lakes Towing Co., Cleveland, Ohio..

Reports from Government agencies:

Civil Service Commission, dated March 16, 1960-

Commerce Department, dated February 29, 1960-

General Accounting Office, dated March 18, 1960..

Justice Department, dated March 30, 1960.

St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, dated March 28,

1960..

State Department, dated January 18, 1960-

Treasury Department, dated March 31, 1960-

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GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1960

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:05 a.m., in room 5110, New Senate Office Building, Hon. Hugh Scott presiding.

Senator SCOTT. The committee will come to order.

This is a hearing on S. 3019, a bill to provide for certain pilotage requirements in the navigation of U.S. waters of the Great Lakes, and for other purposes. (S. 3019 follows:)

[S. 3019, 86th Cong., 2d sess.) A BILL To provide for certain pilotage requirements in the navigation of United States

waters of the Great Lakes, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960."

SEC. 2. As used in this Act:

(a) "Great Lakes” means Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario, their connecting and tributary waters, the Saint Lawrence River as far east as Saint Regis, and adjacent port areas.

(b) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Commerce.

(c) “United States registered pilot” means a person other than a member of the regular complement of a vessel who holds an unlimited master's license authorizing navigation on the Great Lakes and suitably endorsed for pilotage on routes specified therein, issued by the head of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating under regulations issued by him, and is registered by the Secretary as provided in section 4 of this Act.

(d) “Canadian registered pilot” means a person, other than a member of the regular complement of a vessel, who holds a master's certificate or equivalent license authorizing navigation on the Great Lakes and pilotage on routes specified therein, issued by the appropriate agency of Canada, and is registered by a designated agency of Canada on substantially the same basis as registration by the Secretary under the provisions of section 4 of this Act.

(e) "Other officer" means a member of the regular complement of the vessel concerned who is qualified for the navigation of the Great Lakes waters described in section 3(b) of this Act and who is either licensed by the head of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating under regulations issued by him or certificated by an appropriate agency of Canada.

SEC, 3. (a) The President shall designate and by proclamation announce those United States waters of the Great Lakes in which registered vessels of the United States and those foreign vessels designated by him shall be required to have in their service a United States registered pilot or a Canadian registered pilot for the waters concerned, who shall, subject to the customary authority of the master, direct the navigation of the vessel in those waters. These desig. nations shall be made with due regard to the public interest, the effective utilization of navigable waters, marine safety, and the foreign relations of the United States.

Note.-Professional Staff Member assigned to this hearing, August J. Bourbon.

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(b) In those United States waters of the Great Lakes which are not designated by the President in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section, there shall be on board such registered vessels of the United States and designated foreign vessels, a United States registered pilot or Canadian registered pilot or other officer qualified for the waters concerned who shall be available to direct the navigation of the vessel in such undesignated waters at the discretion of and subject to the customary authority of the master.

(c) The authority extended in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section to Canadian registered pilots or to other officers certificated by Canada to serve on registered vessels of the United States and foreign vessels in United States waters of the Great Lakes shall be in effect only so long as Canada extends reciprocity to United States registered pilots or to other officers licensed by the United States, in regard to requirements established for the pilotage of Canadian waters of the Great Lakes.

Sec. 4 (a) The registration of United States pilots shall be carried out by the Secretary under such regulations as to qualifications, terms, and conditions which will assure adequate and efficient pilotage service, provided for equitable participation of United States registered pilots with Canadian registered pilots in the pilotage of vessels to which this Act implies, and provide fair and reasonable opportunity for registration. Each applicant must, as a prerequisite, be the holder of an appropriate master's license as described in section 2(c). In addition, the qualifications, terms, and conditions to be met by each applicant shall include, but not be limited to, availability for service when required and agreement to comply with all applicable regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to this Act. Such qualifications, terms, and conditions shall not include matters relating to a pilot's professional competency nor be inconsistent with his duties under the license issued to him by the Coast Guard, which matters shall remain the responsibility of the Coast Guard.

(b) The Secretary shall issue documentary evidence of registration to United States registered pilots and such evidence shall be in their possession at all times when in the service of a vessel. Further, this evidence of registration shall describe the part or parts of the Great Lakes within which the holder is authorized to perform pilotage under this Act and such description shall not be inconsistent with the terms of the pilotage authorization in his license.

(c) The Secretary shall establish by regulation the period of validity of registration of United States registered pilots. When the Secretary determines on the record, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, that a United States registered pilot has violated any regulation pursuant to this Act, he may revoke or suspend the registration of such pilot. The basis for such revocation or suspension of a pilot's registration shall not extend to or include matters which may be the basis for revocation or suspension of his license by the Coast Guard under section 4450, Revised Statutes, as amended (46 U.S.C. 239), or under any other law or regulation administered or prescribed by the Coast Guard, except that upon revocation or suspension the Coast Guard the Secretary shall revoke or suspend the pilot's registration. The Secretary shall advise the Coast Guard of the name and Coast Guard license number of each pilot who has been registered or whose registration has been revoked or suspended. The Coast Guard shall advise the Secretary of the name of any registered pilot whose license has been revoked or suspended.

(d) The Secretary is authorized to enter into arrangements with an appropriate agency of Canada for equitable participation by United States registered pilots with Canadian registered pilots in the pilotage services required by both countries for vessels na vigating the Great Lakes. To that end, the Secretary is further authorized to arrange with an appropriate agency of Canada for the number of pilots who shall be registered in each country.

(e) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, the Secretary may authorize the formation of a pool or pools by a voluntary association or associations of United States registered pilots to provide such arrangements and facilities as may be necessary or desirable for the efficient dispatching of vessels and rendering of pilotage services required under the provisions of this Act. The Secretary may

(i) establish such rules and regulations for the operation of a pool or pools as he may deem necessary;

(ii) require that pooling be coordinated on a reciprocal basis with similar arrangements established by the appropriate agency of Canada ;

(iii) limit the number of pools;

(iv) audit and inspect the administration and operation of a pool or pools;

(v) prescribe uniform systems of accounts for a pool or pools.

SEO. 5. (a) The Secretary is authorized and directed to establish by regulations the rates, charges, and any other conditions or terms for services performed by registered pilots to meet the provisions of this Act.

(b) The Secretary is authorized to arrange with the appropriate agency of -Canada for the establishment of joint or identical rates, charges, and any other conditions or terms for services by registered pilots in the waters of the Great Lakes.

(c) The rates, charges, and any other conditions or terms for pilotage services by registered pilots established by the Secretary in accordance with subdivisions (a) and (b) of this section shall be fair and equitable, giving due consideration to the public interest and the reasonable cost and expense of providing and maintaining such facilities and arrangements as are required for the efficient performance of pilotage services in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

SEC. 6. Any written arrangements between the Secretary and the appropriate agency of Canada under the provisions of this Act shall be subject to the concurrence of the Secretary of State.

SEC. 7. (a) Any owner, master, or person in charge of a vessel subject to this Act who permits the navigation of such vessel in violation of the provisions of sections 3(a) and 3(b) of this Act or regulation issued pursuant thereto shall be liable to the United States in civil penalty not exceeding $500 for each violation, for which sum the vessel shall be liable and may be seized and proceeded against by way of libel in any district court of the United States having jurisdiction of the violation. Each day the vessel shall be so navigated shall constitute a separate violation. This subsection shall be enforced by the head of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating.

(b) Any person, not a United States or Canadian registered pilot, who directs the navigation of a vessel in violation of the provisions of section 3(a) of this Act, or regulations issued pursuant thereto, shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount not exceeding $500 for each violation. Each day such person so directs the navigation of such vessel shall constitute a separate violation. This subsection shall be enforced hy the head of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating.

(c) A person who violates any regulation issued pursuant to sections 4 and 5 of this Act shall be liable to the United States in a civil penalty not exceeding $500 for each violation. The provisions of this subsection shall be enforced by the Secretary, who may, upon application therefor, remit or mitigate the penalty provided for herein, upon such terms as he, in his discretion, shall think proper.

SEC. 8. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, a vessel may be navigated in the United States waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian registered pilot when

(a) the Secretary, or his designee, with the concurrence of the head of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, or his designee, notifies the master that a United States or Canadian registered pilot is not available, or

(b) the vessel or its cargo is in distress or jeopardy. SEC. 9. (a) No State, municipal, or other local authority shall have any power to require the use of pilots or to regulate any aspect of pilotage in any of the waters specified in this Act.

(b) Nothing in this Act shall apply to any vessel of the United States which, in its navigation of waters to which this Act is applicable, is required by any other Act to have in its service and on board pilots or other navigating officers licensed by the United States for such waters.

(c) This Act shall be administered and applied so as to permit Canadian vessels operating exclusively on the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River to be navigated in United States waters of the Great Lakes solely by qualified officers certificated by Canada, so long as Canada permits enrolled vessels of the United States to be navigated on Canadian waters of the Great Lakes solely by qualified officers licensed by the head of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating.

SEC. 10. (a) The Secretary is authorized to appoint an Advisory Committee of three members, each of whom shall have had at least five years of practical experience in maritime operations. The term for which a member may be appointed or reappointed shall not exceed five years.

(b) The Advisory Committee shall meet at the call of the Secretary. The Advisory Committee may review proposed pilotage regulations and policies and make such recommendations as are deemed appropriate.

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