Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology
Nearly a decade ago I began planning this book with the goal of summarizing the existing body of knowledge on ecology of freshwater fishes in a way similar to that of H. B. N. Hynes' comprehensive treatise Ecology of Running Waters for streams. The time seemed appropriate, as there had been several recent volumes that synthesized much information on a range of topics important in fish ecology, from biogeographic to local scales. For example, the "Fish Atlas" (Lee et aI. , 1980) had provided range maps and basic entry to the original literature for all freshwater fishes in North America, and in 1986 Hocutt and Wiley's Zoogeography of North American Fishes provided a detailed synthesis of virtually everything known about distributional ecology of fishes on that continent. Tim Berra (1981) had summarized in convenient map form the worldwide distribution of all freshwater fish families, and Joe Nelson's 1976 and 1984 editions of Fishes of the World had appeared. To complement these "big picture" views of fish distributions, the volume on Community and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes, edited by David Heins and myself (Matthews and Heins, 1987), had provided an opportunity for more than 30 individuals or groups to summarize their work on stream fishes (albeit mostly for warmwater systems).
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Structure of Fish Assemblages
Discrete Versus Overlapping Assemblages and Assemblage Stability
Stream Ecology and Limnology as Related to Fish Assemblages
Influence of Global to Regional Zoogeography on Local Fish Assemblages
Physical Factors Within Drainages as Related to Fish Assemblages
Disturbance Harsh Environments and Physicochemical Tolerance 3 18
When to Go?
Competition Mixed Species Benefits
Predation Effects in Fish Assemblages
Effects of Fish in Ecosystems
Morphology Habitat Use and Life History
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abundance algae aquatic Arkansas bass behavior benthic body Brier Creek Campostoma centrarchids changes cichlids communities competition cyprinids darters density differences distribution downstream drainage drought ecologists ecology ecosystems effects environmental environments Etheostoma Etheostoma spectabile evolutionary factors families feeding fish assemblages fish fauna fish species flood flow foraging freshwater fishes Gelwick gradient groups habitat headwaters hypolimnion increased influence interactions intraspecific intraspecific competition invertebrates Lake Texoma lakes large number largemouth bass larvae Lepomis life-history Matthews microhabitat minnow species minnows morphology Moyle multivariate North America Notropis number of species nutrients Oklahoma oxygen patterns Percidae phytoplankton Piney Creek piscivores pools populations potential predators prey species regions relatively reproductive result riffles River basin Roanoke River salmonids samples Schlosser segregation showed smallmouth bass spawning species richness stream fishes stream order stream pools structure studies substrate suggested sunfish taxa temperature tolerance traits trophic trout variables versus water column Winemiller zone zooplankton