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BARRACK.-The first meaning given by Dr. room used as a council chamber by the Prince Murray to this word when used in the singular is, “a when he resolved to return to Scotland was caretemporary hut or cabin, e.g., for the use of soldiers fully preserved and was re-erected in the Bass Free during a siege, &c.” I object to nothing here but the Library. An autograph letter of the Prince, the word temporary. A barrack may be, and probably gift of Her Majesty Queen Victoria (1885), hangs most frequently is, temporary; but is it necessarily upon the wall. The librarian will gladly show so ? I doubt it. In the Globe of September 11, the room to inquiring visitors.

W. BEMROSE. 1886, I read that at Farnham, during the time the hopping lasts, the hoppers are "located in wbat PICTURE OF PURITAN SOLDIERS. - In the Paris are known as barracks—a euphonious, if not a high- Exhibition of 1855 there was a picture of Paritan sounding, term for an oblong shed, built of brick soldiers puffing smoke into the face of their prior wood, and constructed so as to keep out the soner Charles I., which raised the anger of a critic rain.” Now the barracks made of wood may very in the Eclectic Review for August of the same likely only serve for the one season ; but those year. In pouring out the vials of his wrath he made of brick are surely not pulled down every calls the painting an“ historical fiction on canvas," year; else why make them of brick ? Again, at the and challenges replies to the following two ques. camp at Shorncliffe, which is a permanent one, tions : “Was there a man in the army who there are,


my memory serves me right, streets of smoked ?” and “How long is it since common permanent wooden, and maybe also brick, build- troopers could afford to buy tobacco ?”. I leave it ings, each of which is probably called a but or to the readers of N. & Q.' to take up the gauntlet barrack; at any rate, in France, so a French officer flung down by the enraged champion of the Puritan tells me, whenever a camp is intended to last cause, and only wish to avail myself of this oppormuch longer than usual, the tents are replaced by tunity to state that the “fiction" is of old standwooden* buildings or huts, which form streets, and ing, as I find it mentioned in a letter dated are called baraques. And that this is so my own Eperjes (in Hungary), January 31, 1661, and eyes can testify, for in 1872 I visited the camp at addressed to Dr. Basire. I give the passage in Châlons-sur-Marne, which had been formed before question without any comment :the Franco-German war, and was then in the hands “Ex Anglia hoc habemus, de quibusdam regicidis of the Prussians, and I distinctly remember the sumptum esso supplicium, inter quos classem ducunt streets of wooden huts. This camp still exists, Generalis Major Harrison, Fleetwood, Colonellus alius, and huts (or barracks) that have thus lasted more qui innocentissimo juxta et patientissimo Regi Carolo I.

fumum extobaco in faciem venerandam exspuerat, than fifteen years can scarcely be called temporary. Colonellus Hacker, et quidam Magister Hugo Petrus, qui


in militiâ Cornettum, deinde sacerdotem Puritanum, et Sydenham Hill.

tandem carnificem egit, caputque regium a cervicibus

amputavit." JOHN BURY.-The notice of the above in the

L. L. K. 'Dictionary of National Biography' being incom

Hull. plete, the following additional particulars, from Mr. R. E. Chester Waters's important work. The

MARRIAGE OF CHARLES II.-The visit of the Chesters of Chichele' (p. 66), 'may be of use to King of Portugal to this country reminds me of your readers. John Bury, eldest son and heir of the marriage of King Charles II. to Catherine, William Bury, citizen and draper of London and Infanta of Portugal, of which the following illamerchant of the staple at Calais, was born in 1535, minated entry is preserved in the register-book o studied law, and was probably of the Inner St. Thomas, Portsmouth :Temple. In July, 1563, he succeeded to his "Our most Gracious Soveraigne Lord Charles the father's estates at Culbam and Water Eaton, being Second, by the Grace of God King of Great Brittaine, then twenty-eight years old, and on August 30 most illustrious Princesse Dona Catarina, Infanta of

France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c., and the following married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Portugall (daughter to the deca Don Juan the Fourth Stafford, Esq., of Bradfield, Berks. He fell from and sister to the present Don Alphonso, King of Portuhis horse and broke his thigh in August, 1570, and gall), were married at Portsmouth upon Thursday, the died, from the effects of this accident, on Feb- two and twentieth day of May, in the year of our Lord God ruary 22, 1570/1.

E. C. A. A.

1662, being in the fourteenth year of his Matie's reigne, by the Right Reverend Father in God Gilbert, Lord

Bishop of London, Dean of his Matie's Chappell Royall, “TAE CAEVALIER" Prince Charles Ed- in the presence of severall of the Nobility of his Matie's WARD. — It will interest many to know that Dominions and of Portugall. Anno D'ni 1662." when Exeter House, Derby, was taken down,

W. LOVELLE October, 1854, the fine oak panelling of the Cambridge. * Or brick, for in the French permanent camps the

MARRIAGES IN St. Paul's CATHEDAL. - The baraques may be, and frequently are, made of brick, last recorded in the old register took place on instead of wood.

February 7, 1758, by special licence. ‘A now

register-book was prepared on the occasion of the tunately, however, my friend Mr. Joseph Clarke, marriage of the Lady Mayoress (Miss White), F.S.A., of Saffron Walden, took a MS. copy of it which took place on August 9, 1877, by special at the time. There is no copy either in the British licence ; the next was Miss Church, daughter of Museum or the Corporation of London libraries. the present Dean of St. Paul's, March 28, 1883, The tract is, however, mentioned in Lord Brayby special licence ; the third was Miss Knight, brooke's 'History of Audley End and Walden, daughter of Alderman Sir H. E. Knight, Septem- in Allibone's Dictionary of English Literature, ber 27, 1883, by special licence.

and in Lowndes's 'Bibliographer's Manual.' It Previous to 1758 marriages were performed by was probably written by Robert, next younger ordinary licence, and were more frequent. brother of the celebrated Henry Winstanley. Both

DANIEL HIPWELL. were born at or near Walden, the latter in 1646. 2, Wilmington Square, W.C.

All that is known of Robert and his writings is

given in MR. H. ECROYD Smita's article on Poor GRACE.—The following is extracted from the Robin' (N. & Q.;' 6th S. vii. 321) and in the Unitarian Herald of September 10 :

introduction to my reprint of his 'Flying Serpent; * The Bishop of Peterborough bas solved a knotty or, Strange Newes out of Essex.' Perhaps some point, which has troubled hosts of directors of public of your readers will help me. ceremonies, in the etiquette of who is to be asked to say grace privately or publicly when both the bishop and

MILLER CHRISTY. bis chaplain or acting chaplain are alike present. The

Chignal St. James, Chelmsford. Bishop has ruled that on such occasions the chaplain or acting chaplain is to say grace before meat, and that

The Salon : Tae PALAIS DU LUXEMBOURG.afterwards he (the bishop) will, if requested, return I wish very much to see the official catalogues of thanks himself.”

the pictures exhibited in the Salon (then called, I Est H.

believe, the Musée Royal) in the years 1829 and DIDEROT ON HOGARTH.—The following singular 1830. I also wish to see the official catalogues of passage from one of Diderot's criticisms will pro- the pictures exhibited in the Palais du Luxembably be new to many readers of ‘N. & Q.':- bourg in the years 1831, 1832, 1835, 1841, 1843,

" Je ne pardonne pas à Hogarth d'avoir dit que l'école 1844, 1846, 1847, 1848, and 1849. The catalogues française n'avait pas même un coloriste médiocre. Vous for these years are missing in the series at the en avez menti, Monsieur Hogarth! C'est de votre part bureau of the director of the Musées Nationaux platitude ou ignorance. Je sais bien que votre nation a in the Palais du Louvre in Paris. le tic de dédaigner un auteur impartial qui ose parler de

If any one pous avec éloge ; mais faut-il que vous fassiez bassement having any of these catalogues will kindly comla cour à vos concitoyens aux dépens de la vérité ? municate direct with me I shall feel greatly Peignez, peignez mieux si vous pouvez. Apprenez à obliged.

C. Mason. dessiner, et n'écrivez pas."

29, Emperor's Gate, S.W. Ralph N. JAMES. BRAMBLING. I fancy that this is a newly coined

ADAM'S LIFE IN EDEN: THE TALMUD.-Is word. I note it in advertisements that have ap

there any Talmudic or other Jewish tradition as peared this autumn, concerning “All persons found to the duration of Adam's happy_life in Eden, brambling, putting, and otherwise trespassing in from the time of his creation till Eve succumbed

- Woods, will be prosecuted." The word is to the temptation of the serpent, that “source of apparently meant for blackberry gatherers; but it all our woo”? I read in Polano's Selections from adds a new verb to our dictionaries.

the Talmud' (a very unsatisfactory book, containCUTHBERT BEDE,

ing no references) that Adam was created on the first day of Tisri, or Tishri (October), and that “on

that day too did he eat of the forbidden fruit, Queries.

therefore is the season appointed for one of We must request correspondents desiring information penitence,” &c. I assume that “that day" cannot on family matters of only private interest, to affix their be taken to mean the very day of his creation, so names and addresses to their queries, in order that the as to make his birth and his fall all but contemanswers may be addressed to them direct,

poraneous. In other words, How long was it

from bis creation to his fall? What is the best Poor Robin's PERAMBULATION FROM SAFFRON WALDEN TO LONDON.'-I am very anxious to ascer

English book about the Talmud ?

HARRY LEROY TEMPLE. tain whether there is now in existence (and, if so, where) a single copy of an old tract of considerable NAME AND AUTHOR OF NOVEL OUTLINED local interest, entitled 'Poor Robin's Perambula- BELOW REQUIRED.—Time 1685; scene, laid in tion from Saffron Walden to London, Preformed England, chiefly in London and Devonshire; printhis Month of July, 1678. Many years ago a cipal character in novel, Master Parker, an illecopy was in the possession of Mr. J. Russell Smith, gitimate son of an old baronet, a Sir Robert Clabut it has now completely disappeared. For- vering. He becomes secretary to his father, who

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does not then know their relationship; he plots was married at the chapel in Great Queen Street, the destruction of Sir R. Clavering, and ultimately Lincoln's Inn Fields, to “Eva Maria Violette, of murders him, but attributes the murder to his St. James, Westminster, a celebrated dancer," father's legitimate son, young Robert Clavering, by Dr. Franklin. For this he gives no autbowho is an officer in the Duke of Monmouth's rity, and Dr. Franklin's name is wrongly spelt. army. Master Parker acts as guide at the battle It was Francklin, the translator of Lucian. He of Sedgemoor (July 6, 1685), and leads the army slightly errs, also, in quoting Smith’s ‘Rainy to destruction. Master Parker and young Robert Day.' Mrs. Garrick was married at the parish Clavering are both in love with their cousin Mabel. church of St. Giles. Smith's report of her stateShe favours the latter. Master Parker is also ment is," I was married at the parish of St. Giles captain of a band of pirates and smugglers. Other at eight o'clock in the morning," and this reconcharacters mentioned in novel: Miriam, Master ciles the difficulty. The son of this Dr. Francklin Parker's mother; Duke of Monmouth; Kirke's was also in the Church, but quitted it in deep disLambs, &c.

WESTON ZOYLAND. grace. He succeeded his father in the chapel, I

fancy. Where can anything be learned about him ? East Clandon, NEAR GUILDFORD. ---Can any He is alluded to in the Life of Macready; but one give me any information which will throw the name is not given. Writers on topography are light on the history of East Clandon, near Guild

so slovenly that in dealing with their facts one ford? I know all that Aubrey has written, Bray feels like a megatherium floundering in primeval and Manning, and Domesday. Is it usual that a mud-shoals. one fin sinks and then another, benefice in the patronage of an abbey is filled by and at last we subside to the bottom bodily, hopea rector, and not served by a monk of the abbey? lessly buried in slush or clay-paste. G. H. LEE.

C. A. WARD. JAGGER.- Is anything known of a miniature

Haverstock Hill. painter of this name, who was living 1790-8? Ho

NEWTON AND THE APPLE.-In Sterne's 'Koran' was a most accomplished artist, as appears from a work now before me and so signed.

(Cadell, 1794, p. 192) I find the following :-H.

“Sir Isaac Newton, standing by the side of a quarry, John SIMCO, THE BOOKSELLER OF AYR STREET. saw a stone fall from the top of it to the ground.

Why -Died 1824. Can any of your readers supply descend than rise or fly across ! Either of these direc

should this stone, when loosened from its bed, rather any information respecting Mr. Jobn Simco, who tions must have been equally indifferent to the stone was a native of Towcester, in Northamptonshire ? itself.' Such was his soliloquy," &c.

John TAYLOR Is this version of the well-known anecdote, to Northampton,

which frequent reference is made in the early series “ THE THREE WOODTHORPES.”-A recent article of 'N. & Q.,' found elsewhere and earlier ? in the World, in describing Sir John Monckton's

S. R., F.R.S. room at the Guildhall, speaks of the three Wood

WORDSWORTH QUERIES.—Where in Wordsworth thorpes.” I am anxious for any information I can shall I find the following notable sayings of the obtain concerning these gentlemen ; inter alia, I should like to know their Christian names, the

Poetry is only the eloquence and enthusiasm of reli. relationship they bore to one another, and what gion." (if any) kinship exists between the Woodthorpe “Truth takes no account of centuries." and Nelson families. Answers direct will be much

“How men undervalue the power of simplicity; but it appreciated. E. G. YOUNGER, M.D.

is the real key to the heart." Hanwell, W.

“The true poet ascends to receive knowledge ; be

descends to impart it." “RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW.'-I shall be obliged

“He who has Nature for his companion must in by being referred to any key to the names of the

some sense be ennobled by the intercourse."

J. R. Totin. authors of articles in the old series-1820-6.

R. W. C. HONEYSUCKLE.— It is pleasant to bear the PORTUGUESE AMBASSADOR.– Mrs. Garrick told children in parts of Leicestershire and Warwick. J. T. Smith, Keeper of the Prints at the British shire speak of gathering woodbine. But whereas Museum, that she was married “at the parish of they also speak of the early clover as "honeySt. Giles," at eight o'clock in the morning, and im- suckle,”. I should be glad to know whether the mediately afterwards in the chapel of the Portuguese application of this name to any plant “ where the Ambassador, in South Audley Street. Mr. Walford bee sucks,” besides our familiar hedgerow friend, mentions that the house was 74, the Earl of Caw- is common in any other parts of England. dor's, and the embassy occupied it for the best part

G. L. F. of a century. He does not say whence he gets Massagist.—The London correspondent of the this (iv. 344). He states (iii. 213) that Garrick Sheffield Independent uses the word massagist to


describe the qualifications set forth by Dr. William scarce book is offered in the September catalogue Murrell in his recent work on massage as necessary of H. Sotheran & Co., 36, Piccadilly, with this in the operator. Is there any precedent for the remark, “This work, written by J. M. Wright, of coining of such a word ?

JOHNSON. Trinity, is believed to have been suppressed at the POMFRET.-Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' furnish " J. M.” correct? My copy of the work has the

instance of the authorities.” Are the initials me with particulars of an attack made upon the book-plate of “R. Cooper, Pet. Coll.,” who has Countess of Pomfret on “the Western Road," written “ Thomas Wright" as the author's name ; merely because she was granddaughter of Judge and the late Mr. J. C. Hotten gave the same name Jeffreys?

C. A. WARD. Haverstock Hill.

when he catalogued a copy of the work in November,

1857. In Olpbar Hamst's 'Handbook of Fictitious PORTRAIT OF T. Gent.-In whose possession Names' the author's name is given as “J. M. is the picture of Thomas Gent, the York book- Wright, Mathematician” (p. 20). seller, painted by Nathan Drake, and frequently

CUTHBERT BEDE. engraved ? Is it the same portrait as that sold at [Halkett and Laing assign it to — Wright.] Sir George Sitwell's sale at Renishaw in 1849 ?

A. C. S.

EARLY JEWS IN ENGLAND.—Will any of your CLAIMS AT CORONATIONS.—Where can I find introduced into the English language by the Jews

learned readers oblige me with a list of words an account of the claims made and allowed at the inbabiting the realm before their expulsion in 1290 ? coronations of King Henry V., King Henry VI.,

M. D. Davis. and King Edward IV. ?


48, Colvestone Crescent, Dalston, E. Casper ROBLER.-In Balthasar Bekker's 'Be

LAMB'S EPITAPH.-Can you tell me who was zauberte Welt,' book iv. p. 72, Amsterdam, 1693, the author of the lines inscribed on the gravestone there is an incidental reference to a monument of Charles Lamb in Edmonton Churchyard ? I and statue to the memory of Casper Robler, erected give the first two lines :on a dike near Harlingen. Who was Casper

Farewell, dear friend, that smile, that harmless mirth Robler ?

J. H. D.

No more shali gladden our domestic hearth. Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

There are twelve lines in all. W. R. K. SWORDMAKERS MENTIONED BY SHARSPEARE. Can any of your readers give me the names of

WILLEY-HOUSE, &c.—In Morley, Ancient and swordmakers, other than Fox, mentioned by Modern,' by Wm. Smith (London, 1886), pp. 285, Sbakspeare, and references ? Geo. HENDERSON. 286, the terms Willey-house," "Shake-Willey,"

Mixing Willey," are given as used in the manuCOMTE DE FRONSAC.-Can any one tell me facture of wool in Yorkshire. What is the origin where among the papers of the doings of the of these terms ; and have they any connexion with government of Charles X. of France there is any the personal name Willey, of which there are mention made of the conferring of the title of families in Yorkshire ? HENRY WILLEY. Comte de Fronsac upon Thomas Forsyth, of Port- New Bedford, Massachusetts. land, Maine, U.S., for services rendered the king,

ETYMOLOGY OF WORSTED.-Bailey says that (secret services) in America ?

A. B.

spun wool is called worsted from the town of that BASKERVILLE PRAYER BOOK. I have a 12mo. name in Norfolk, which was celebrated for fine Baskerville Prayer Book, printed 1762. On spinning. This statement is adopted by Skeat. one fly-leaf it has inscribed, “ May Myddelton, In one of the books of the Exchequer Augmentation Gwayoynog "; and on the fly-leaf facing this, Office is an inventory of "all the goodes, plate, "Marg? Ogilvie, 1775." Dr. Johnson visited juells, belles, and other ornaments of all the Gwaynynog with Mrs. Thrale in 1774, and was churches, guyldes, &c., in the county of Warwick

Under entertained by Dr. Myddelton, who subsequently in made in 6 Edward VI.

the head

" occurs 'A the grounds erected an urn with an inscription on it “Pakyngton Magna”


cope, in memory of Johnson. Can any one tell me who This seems to indicate that worsted' was then May Myddelton was, and whether Margaret Ogilvie supposed to derive its name from wool, the material was any connexion of the Myddelton family?

of which it is made, and not from its place of CHARLES WILLMORE.

manufacture. Can any of your readers give other Queenwood College.

instances of this spelling? R. W. GILLESPIE. Wright's 'ALMA MATER.'-In 1827 a work THE DE BOLEYN OR BULLEN FAMILY.-Is it was published, in two volumes, by Black, Young & known whether this family derived its name from Young, Tavistock Square, London, entitled “Alma Bolein, Boleigne, in Normandy, or, as some believe, Mater; or, Seven Years at the University of from the town of Boloigne, now Boulogne ? Cambridge.' By a Trinity Man." A copy of this


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her husband, was designated “petty treason" by Replies.

the statute 25 Edw. III. c. 2, for which, as for all

acts of treason committed by women, the punishBURNING AT THE STAKE.

ment was burning alive. În later times, by a (7th S. ii. 269.)

breach of the law at which the authorities merci

fully winked, the executioner was allowed to This is one additional instance to increase the strangle the criminal before the fire was put to the number of such cases, which has been the subject of fuel. In the Lincoln case the strangulation was comment in ‘N. & Q. from the First Series—the not effected, as your correspondent imagines, by Lincoln execution which W. H. H. R. brings from the irons fastened round the body to confine it to the Echo not having, I think, been noticed. It the stake while being consumed, but by a rope, will be more to the purpose than to enumerate which the account says ran in a pulley through these to cite the editorial notice in 4th S. viii. 494, the stake, which was fixed about her neck, she heras it mentions the latest instance and the altera- self placing it properly with her hands." "The tion of the law :

rope being drawn extremely tight with the pulley," “ The last execution by burning occurred on March 18, the tar barrel on which she had been made to stand 1789, when Christian Murphy, for coining, was fixed to a stake, and burnt before Newgate, being first strangled

was pushed away, and, the body being pulled down by the stool being taken from under her. The punish- several times by the executioner, death no doubt ment of burning was changed to hanging by the statute was complete before the fuel was kindled. A 30 Geo. III. c. 48, in 1790.”

second case of burning took place at Lincoln in From the reports of various instances of this April, 1747, when, according to the same authomode of execution in ‘N. & Q.' there can be no rity, Mary Johnson was burned at the stake near doubt that the merciful alleviation of the sentence the old gallows for poisoning her husband. In by strangling was not always adopted; see, e. g., 1705 Mary Channing suffered the same punish1st S. ii. 50. I will further refer to notes by ment in the amphitheatre at Dorchester, in the MR. ALFRED Gatty and OCTOGENARIUS, in 1st S. presence of, it is said, 10,000 people, gathered from ii. 51, 261, which explain, on the authority of all parts to witness the ghastly spectacle. Burning Blackstone and his commentator, the cause of this alive continued to be the statutable punishment punishment in the case of women :

for women convicted of petty treason till 1790, ". In treason of every kind,' says Blackstone, the when, by 30 Geo. III. c. 48, it was altered to hangpunishment of women is the same, and different from ing.

EDMUND VENABLES. that of men. For, as the decency due to the sex forbids the exposing and publicly mangling their bodies, their May I, with great respect, protest against a resentence (which is to the full as terrible to sensation as vival in the pleasant pages of ‘N. & Q.’ of this the other) is to be drawn to the gallows, and there to be “hideous subject," as one of your correspondents burned alive?” (p. 51).

most justly termed it. I must plead guilty to It appears that after the occurrence in 1789,

having myself once introduced it, many years ago “the cruel state of the law in regard to females at (4th S. viii. 494), at which reference I received a tracted attention. On May 10, 1790, Sir Benjamin short editorial reply, to the effect that the last Hammett, in his place in the House of Commons, called the attention of 'that House to the then state of the execution by burning in England took place in law. He mentioned that it had been his official duty to 1789, when “ Christian Murphy, for coining, was attend on the melancholy occasion of the burning of the fixed to a stake, and burnt before Newgate, being female in the preceding year (it is understood that he first strangled by the stool taken from under was then one of the sheriffs of London), and he moved her. The punishment of burning was changed to, for leave to bring

in a Bill to alter the law.maand in hanging by the statute 30 Geo. III. c. 48, in 1790." that session the Act 30 Geo. III. c. 48 was passed * For discontinuing the judgment which bas been re. In ‘N. & Q.' (4th S. xi. 317) the Editor said to quired by law to be given against women convicted of another correspondent, “very much on this subject certain crimes, and substituting another judgment [scil. will be found in the previous volumes of ‘N. & Q.' banging) in lieu therof? (p. 260).

We suggest reference to our Indexes." I hope this In this manner the ancient practice came to an will be sufficient for W. H. H. R., and that we end.

ED. MARSHALL. shall not see our “dear old ‘N. & Q.,'" as Mr. The authority for the particulars of the burning Tuous called it, disfigured by further descriptions of Eleanor Elsom at the stake at Lincoln in 1722 of the shocking brutalities committed under the for which W. H. H. R. asks is Drury's Lincoln old criminal code of England.

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. Date-Book,'a very valuable and generally accurate

Ropley, Alresford, compilation from local newspapers, magazines, and other contemporaneous records. Though past belief” to your correspondent, there can be no Britisi BisnoPS OF THE FOURTI CENTURY (76h doubt of the correctness of the account. The crime S. ii. 246, 291).- Decidedly it was in the Council for which Eleanor Elsom suffered, the murder of of Arles, and not in that of Ariminum, that these

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