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LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1886. the time of the Stuarts and the Revolution, when
he might with equal justice, or rather injustice, have CONTENTS.-N° 39.
been reproached for his picture of the naval officers NOTES :-Social Position of Clergy in Seventeenth Century, of that day? I suppose the navy was not offended
241–W. Oldys, 242–Monro Family-Lord Byron's Statue, because Macaulay said that those thorough sea244—" Abraham "=& Mushroom - Dr. Bevis -- Milton and Eyford, 245— Henchman British Bishops of Fourth Cen- dogs, Sir Christopher Mings, Sir John Nar
borougb, and Sir Cloudesley Shovel, “to whose QUERIES :-John Shakspeare, Shoemaker - A psley House - land owes a debt never to be forgotten," entered
strong natural sense and dauntless courage EngBurke Pictures and Relics, 247 — Posters - Medal - Pigot Diamond-Farrar Queries -- Longfellow's Vocabulary - Editor the service as cabin-boys, and to landsmen "seemed of 'Critical Review'-Charles Connor - Middleditch Family, a strange and half-savage race.” If it was just to 248 – Price's 'Shepherd's Prognostication'-Wood Family, reproach the historien for writing that the clergy Archbp. Parker's Family-Nicolaus of Butrinto-Camden mention of Eddystone — Twitchen - Sir F. Vere-Bogie : reproach him for writing that our best naval
were plebeians it would have been equally just to Bogy, 249.
officers were plebeians. If the seventeenth century REPLIES :- Privileges of Duchy of Lancaster, 250-Birth-country clergy were plebeians where was the harm
place of First Prince of Wales, 252– Poems attributed to in Macaulay's saying so ? At any rate, if people Byron- Plou-==Llan., 253—Effects of English Accent-Name of David's Mother-Holderness-Mompox-Transmission of were angry with Macaulay they ought to have Folk Tales, 254 – First Protestant Colony in Ireland, 255- been equally angry with some of our greatest poets, Antiquity of Football—"Tom and Jerry" — Author of 'City who in one way or another have said the same of Buda'-Registers of Births, 256–Wasted Ingenuity- thing. Nearly a hundred and fifty years before Rev. J. Menee-“ Fate cannot harm me”-Huguenots, 257 the Reformation in England Chaucer drew his im--Cinque Ports–Peculiar Words in Heywood, &c:.-Halys mortal portrait of the poorë parsone of a town," Family-Livery of Seisin, 258-Authors Wanted, 259.
who is represented as a thorough “man of the NOTES ON BOOKS:-Stubbs's · Lectures on the Study of History' - "Winchester Cathedral Records" – Christie's people” in his origin, as is sufficiently proved by
Diary and Correspondence of Dr. Worthington ’- Pelham's the poet's description of the character immediately “The Chronicles of Crime.'
With him there was a ploughman his brother, Notices to Correspondents, &c.
Who had y-led of dung full many a fother.
Surely Macaulay's description of the domestic Notes.
chaplain currying the horses, carrying a parcel ten
miles, or nailing up the apricots, is not a whit more THE SOCIAL POSITION OF THE ENGLISH "offensive” than the “morning star of song's' CLERGY IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.
description of a parish priest's brother not only I have lately been reading in the "English Men ploughing, threshing, diking and delving, but of Letters Series” Mr. J. Cotter Morison's very actually leading muck! And yet I am not interesting, and on the whole very fair, critique aware that Chaucer has ever been blamed for on Macaulay and his writings ; and I should be this. And why not? Simply because it is true glad, with the Editor's permission, to jot down a to life. But then so, I contend, is Macaulay's few thoughts which have occurred to me on the picture of the young Levite.
Chaucer's parson subject of Macaulay's "young Levite," although was, I understand him to mean, a Lollard, and, I hardly suppose that I can at this time of day notwithstanding bis being a roturier, he is resay anything that has not been said before in one presented as a very dignified personage indeed; form or another.
wherein Chaucer considerably differs from ShakeMr. Morison says that at the time of the pub- speare, writing more than than two hundred years lication of the 'History of England,' and I suppose later. There are four Protestant clergymen, and for long after, nothing gave so much general offence no more, to the best of my recollection, in Shakeas Macaulay's presuming to say that the Church of speare's plays, every one of whom is drawn as England clergy in the seventeenth century were not, a ridiculous, and, I think I am justified in as a rule, gentlemen. Why people, even in so aris- adding, thorough plebeian, character - namely, tocratic a country as England, should have been the pedant, Sir Natbaniel; the hedge-parson, Sir offended because a great bistorian writing in the Oliver Martext; the reverend pedagogue, Sir middle of the nineteenth century made the assertion Hugh Evans, with his delightful clipped English; is hard to understand. Had Macaulay said that the and the Lady Olivia's chaplain, Sir Topaz.
The country clergy of A.D. 1849 were a plebeian class there last-named may not be considered to come into would have been just cause for offence, simply the category, because he is only the clown Festë because it would not have been true ; but what disguised as the chaplain ; but f'estë is
, I think, he stated was true of the period of which he was intended by reflection to make the chaplain apwriting. Why should Macaulay have been blamed pear ridiculous. There is a curious parallel beon account of his picture of the low-born clergy of tween Sir Hugh Evans and Macaulay's domestic
chaplain in the matter of victuals. Macaulay says, table in the presence of the dashing dragoon capand I remember that this very phrase gave great tain, and indeed sitting quite mumchance. We offence to the Quarterly reviewer, that the chaplain must not take Swift's humorous depreciation of at his patron's table " might fill himself with the his own order in a poem like this au grand sérieux, corned beef and the carrots." Sir Hugh says of still it is undoubtedly meant to be partly true, Page’s dinner, “I will not be absence at the otherwise it would have no point. One of Punch's grace"; and again, “ There's pipping and cheese artists some years ago represented a bevy of young to come.”
aware that the comparison ladies in council coming to the conclusion that does not run on all fours, because Macaulay says “What we want is more curates." Sir Arthur's that the domestic chaplain was expected to retire wife sums up her judgment with the words, “ Give as soon as the tarts and cheesecakes made their me but a barrack, a fig for the clergy !” Does not appearance, whereas Sir Hugh evidently sat out this, slight as it may seem, alone prove how differthe entire repast. But then Sir Hugh was Page’s ently the nineteenth century thinks on this subguest, not his domestic chaplain. Sir Hugh's ject from the seventeenth or even the early part heartfelt allusion to the pipping and cheese is of the eighteenth century, and how little Macaulay clearly meant for a plebeian trait of character. A deserved the strictures that were passed upon his London or Oxford clergyman of the higher order description of the “young Levite"? would hardly, even in Shakespeare's day, have Punch's pictures, besides being infinitely plealooked forward with such schoolboy delight to a santer to look at, are as faithful a record of the homely dessert of pipping and cheese; or, if he had social manners of our age as Hogarth's are of his done so, he would have kept it to himself. Indeed age (pace Charles Lamb and Mr. G. A. Sala); and all through the seventeenth, and even into the they will be far more valuable to future bistorians eighteenth century we have the same picture, in than many graver and more pretentious works. more or less lively colours, of the country clergy.
JONATHAN Bouchier. Macaulay says that it was a common circum- Ropley, Alresford. stance for a nobleman's or squire's domestic chaplain to marry the lady's maid. This, no doubt, gave mortal offence to many of Macaulay's
WILLIAM OLDYS. readers. But why so ? Is an historian to keep The life of a bibliographer and literary antiquary back everything that people may find unpleasant ? is spent in contemplating the images of images. With regard to this circumstance Macaulay His idols are not the idols of the tribe or market, quotes
several examples from seventeenth but those of the whole human race, which, since century dramatists, ranging from Fletcher, who the world began, have at any time been reposited died in 1625, to Vanbrugh, who died in 1726, in the safe keeping of books. Life of the directer to show that it must have been a fairly com sort has but few charms for men of this stamp mon circumstance. If a very amusing story I until its essence has been compressed into type have somewhere read of Oliver Cromwell and one and folded compactly in the parchment or leathern of his chaplains is true, this practice does not covers of a book. The bibliographer's calling is
. seem to have been limited to the episcopal clergy. but very poorly paid, because so few of his comI confess I do not see why people need have been peers can form any approximative estimate of the 80 deeply offended. A lady's maid, if not very real value of his work. Nothing, consequently, highly educated, may, like Bailie Nicol Jarvie's can lead a man to a pursuit so ill requited but a spouse, Mattie, have a loving heart and a leal true love of the study itself; and as money conwithin "; and the real snob was not the chaplain siderations are thus quite shut out, it is always who married her, but the “gentleman " or "lady” probable that the work, if done at all, will be who sneered at him for so doing. We must done well. D’Israeli calls the man so occupied always remember, to the immortal honour of "an inhabitant of the visionary world of books”; domestic service, that Burns's Highland Mary, but yet are we not all in like manner vision-hunters, ever to be named, as Alexander Smith says, with disquieting ourselves in vain, engaged, like the famous Dante's Beatrice and Petrarch's Laura, was nothing Bishop Wilkins, in contemplating the possibility of but a common domestic servant.
flying some day or other to the moon ? There is one other circumstance I will touch D'Israeli shows how bibliographers commonly upon. A clergyman and a cavalry officer would, leave their works uncompleted. Count Mazzu. I suppose, in our own day be considered as chelli set forth six large folios to represent his holding much the same social rank, unless the erudite toils, and yet he did but complete the officer were an aristocrat by birth or creation. letters A and B in his exposition of Italian literaThis could scarcely have been the case in the early ture. Goujet worked in the same way for France, part of last century. In Swift's poem “ The Grand but left us only a torso of eighteen volumes. David Question Debated, the witty poet depicts himself Clément got to the letter H in his task ; our Dr. as cutting a very poor figure at Sir Arthur's dinner- Kippis to the letter F in his; and Warton expired
with but a Pisgah view of the happy honeyed Zion He wrote an excellent 'Life of Sir Walter Raleigh,' that he could not reach.
so that Gibbon, who had purposed writing one, Oldys's fate was harder still, perhaps. His pub- when he read Oldys's abandoned the notion, dislished works are now appreciated, and his MSS. covering, as he says in his ‘Miscellaneous Works,' so well known that 0.M. even is often understood that “ he could add nothing new to the subject, for Oldys MSS. ; but more than half of these pre- except the uncertain merit of style and sentiment.” cious literary jottings were lost before their value D'Israeli (c, vol. iii. p. 466) is rich in praise of this could be truly appraised, and even where they life, because the narrative has such a fulness that have been most used they have been treated much it reads like the work of a contemporary. The as sign.posts are, which direct the traveller, but are book brought him into some reputation, but not themselves left to rot in the wet, or split in the before fortune had very distinctly declared against sun, or to become illegible through stress of him. He had lain some time-some years, indeed weather and the lapse of time.
-in the Fleet Prison for debt. The work, howThe few facts of Oldys's life are easily thrown ever, fell into the hands of the Duke of Norfolk, together. The family of Oldis, Oldesh, Oldys, who was charmed with it. Oldys managed to let stood eminently loyal throughout the Great Rebel the duke, who had long been acquainted with lion. The grandfather, William Oldys, M.D., him, know the sad situation he was in. To this of New Coll., Oxon, proctor, &c., became so ob- the duke responded immediately, and sent him noxious to the Parliamentary troops that he was money. He then inquired into his debts and paid forced to fly to Banbury, then fortified by King them. A little later on he appointed him to the Charles I. Whilst he was retreating to this refuge office of Norroy King at Arms. This story, charm. they murdered him, and Noble gives (e, p. 421) a ingly narrated, was given to D'Israeli by his friend vivid description of it that might serve for a picture Mr. John Taylor, a son of Oldys's intimate friend. by Wouverman. Noble is rarely so graphic as this. Oldys had been before attached to the college as The event occurred about 1644. Oldys's father Norfolk Herald extraordinary; but his appointment was Dr. Oldys, Chancellor of Lincoln and advocate per saltum gave great offence to the heralds. The of the Admiralty Court. William, however, was patent was dated May 5, 1755. Owing to the a natural son, and Grose says the doctor kept his duke's patronage it was circulated, to the injury mother very privately and very meanly. When of Oldys, that he was a Papist. This served to he dined at a tavern he would beg the remains of retard his entering upon the duties of his office fish or fowl for his cat, and the cat turned out to be for some time, and so far gratified his enemies in Oldys's mother. Noble thinks, however, that the the college, but, being utterly untrue, had little cat story is about as authentic as that of Whittington effect beyond. and his puss. Our fat friend Grose does not relate Even this appointment could not keep him long how gallant Doctor William was, if not quite so at ease. His excess, his want of thrift, and the gallant as might be. He lost his post at the Ad- very goodness of his nature all helped to impoverish miralty and risked his head by refusing to prosecute him; so that when at last death found him, about the seamen who, under commissions from King five o'clock on a Wednesday morning, April 15, James, had fought against England (a, vol. v. 1761, he was possessed of but little more money than p. 243). Such an anecdote indicates the presence wonld suffice to bury him (d, p. 139). His friend of fine ore in a character. However, both the boy's Dr. Taylor, the oculist, claimed to administer the parents died early, and his education must have estate on account of his being a bastard, or, as the been somewhat neglected. Capt. Grose on this phrase then ran, nullius filius. They buried him point says he had but little classical learning and on the 19th, towards the upper end of the north no science. There are indications, however, that aisle of St. Bennet Paul's Wharf, æt. seventy-two, he had reached later on a respectable proficiency says Grose, but sixty-five is the fact, if he was born at least in the Latin language. His father left in 1696. him some property, which he soon dissipated, for His researches in general literature and his his habits were said to be intemperate (b), and, in special labours in bibliography entitle him to the true simplicity of his heart, he was ever the happy memory in the minds of all book-lovers sure prey of designing men (c, vol. iii. p. 458). and chroniclers of the contents of books. His
He became first assistant and then librarian to annotated Langbaine, now in the British Museum, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, and served him is alone sufficient to make him a lasting reputaover a space of ten years, though miserably paid ; tion, so overflowingly has he crowded its margins, for in all that time, according to his own repre- its interlinear spaces, and every white spot that sentation, he received but 500l. This is the more could be written on. The treasure stored in singular as he was entrusted with buying choice old books was not understood in that day, and works and MSS. When the library was to this enriched copy of Langbaine's Dramatic be sold to Osborne the bookseller, it was Oldys Poets,' from which all the literary world has ever who made out the catalogue for that purpose (b). since silently appropriated the pearls, was knocked
down to Dr. Birch for three shillings and sixpence. it is stated in Field's 'Life of Parr,' vol. ii. p. 410, came to the hammer, together with those of the sician in London for forty years with very great Rev. Mr. Emmett, of Yarmouth, and those of Mr. success, and in 1820 retired to Bushey. Near the William Rush.
C. A. WARD. tombs of the Monro family in Bushey Churchyard (a) Cunningham's 'Lives.'
are those of the artists Henry Edridge, A.R.A., (6) 'English Cyclopædia.'
and Thomas Hearne, the former of whom died in (CI D’Israeli's Curiosities of Literature,' new series, 1821 and the latter in 1817. The tomb of Edridge ed, 1823, (d) Grose's 'Olio, Oddities,' 1796.
is a model, or rather a copy, of the tomb of Scipio (e) Noble's ' History of the College of Arms,' 1804.
at Rome, raised on brickwork, and surrounded (f) Boswell's 'Johnson,' 10 vols., 1835.
with iron railings. A simple upright gravestone,
now very much decayed, commemorates Hearne,
engraver, published in 1778 the 'Antiquities of
John PICKFORD, M.A. was for forty-seven years rector-are situated on Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. the southern side of the churchyard.
Amongst them is one to the memory of Dr. LORD Byron's STATUE.—When, a few years Thomas Monro, who died in 1833, according to ago, a statue to Lord Byron was erected in the the testimony of the tombstone. He was the Green Park, most persons, I fancy, supposed physician who attended George III. during one that the movement for erecting such a memorial of his attacks of lunacy, and is said to have pre- was new. But on glancing over the advertisescribed as a remedy a pillow stuffed with hops ments of the Quarterly Review for July, 1828, a when his royal patient suffered from sleeplessness. little more than four years after the poet's death The name of Dr. Thomas Monro occurs in an ‘Ox- at Missolonghi, I see that one entire page (p. 17) ford Calendar' of 1820 as an M.D., or, as it is is taken up with a notice to the effect that "it is there printed, a D. M. of Oriel College. On refer- proposed to raise a monumental statue to Lord ring to the 'Memoirs of Dr. Parr,' by the Rev. Byron by public subscription, and a committee William Field, 2 vols., 8v0., 1828, he is stated, in has been formed for that purpose, composed of a note at p. 71, vol. i., to have revised the in- individuals who were either bis personal acquaintformation in that work concerning the manner in ances or correspondents, and who are anxious to which Parr conducted the school at Stanmore, of manifest their admiration for the genius of that which he had been a pupil about 1775. Here, it illustrious poet.” The list of the committee inwill be remembered, was the school which Parr cludes the names of Mr. (afterwards Sir) Robert set up in opposition to Harrow in 1771, being Adair ; Lord Alvanley; Mr. D. Baillie; Mr. W.J. disappointed at not having been appointed head Bankes ; the Rev. W. Lisle Bowles ; Mr. Michael master on the death of Dr. Sumner, and is Bruce, M.P.; Sir F. Burdett; the Hon. F. Byng; only four miles distant. The scholastic establish- Mr. Thomas Campbell ; the Right Hon. Stratford ment at Stanmore, though apparently flourishing Canning (afterwards Lord Stratford de Redcliffe); for a time, only existed for a brief period under Lord Clare ; M. de Constant (of Paris); Lords the reign of Parr, and broke up in 1777. Some Cowper and Dacre; Mr. T. (afterwards Lord) Denaccount of this school, not of a very favourable man ; the Duke of Devonshire ; Lord Dudley ; nature, by a former pupil, the Rev. William Mr. Edward Ellice, M.P.; the Hon. G. Agar-Ellis Beloe, may be found in his 'Sexagenarian ; or, (afterwards Lord Dover); W. von Goëthe (of the Recollections of a Literary Life,' published in Weimar);
Sir Sandford Graham ; Sir John Hob1817, shortly after his death, and edited by a bouse, M.P. ; Lord Holland ; Mr. Isaac D'Israeli ; friend. In it Dr. Parr is styled " Orbilius," on Mr. F. Jeffrey (afterwards Lord Jeffrey); Lord account of bis severity, and amongst his pupils, Jersey ; Mr. H. H. Joy ; Mr. Charles Kemble ; when subsequently master of the Norwich Gram- the Hon. Douglas Kinnaird ; Lord Lansdowne ; mar School, was another member of the Monro Col. Leake; Mr. H. Luttrell; Sir James Mackfamily, the Rev. Thomas Monro, fellow of Mag- intosb, M.P.; Sir John Malcolm; “Tommy” Moore; dalen College, Oxford, a well-known writer in his Mr. John Murray; Lords Normanby, Nugent, day.
and Sidney Osborne ; Mr. T. Phillips, R.A.; Lord Stanmore, where Dr, Monro was one of Dr. Rancliffe, M.P.; Sam Rogers ; Stewart Rose ; Sir Parr's pupils, is an adjacent parish to Bushey, on Walter Scott; Sir M. A. Shee; Lord Sligo ; James the Middlesex side, on the road to London, and Smith ; the Hon. Leicester Stanhope ; Lord Tavi
stock, M.P. (afterwards Duke of Bedford); Mr. dans la place d'astronome royal, s'il était moins J. B. Trevanion; and Col. Wildman, Byron's adonné au plaisir de la table." It was after the schoolfellow at Harrow, and the purchaser of New- death of Bliss, not of Bradley, that Bevis was a stead Abbey. The donations promised include candidate for the post of astronomer-royal ; but 1001. each from the Duke of Devonshire, Sir J. considering that he was at the time nearly seventy Hobhouse, Lord Dudley, and Mr. John Murray; years of age (he was born in 1695, and was in 501. each from Lords Clare, S. Osborne, and Dacre, his sixty-seventh year when Bradley died, two Sir S. Grabam, the Hon. D. Kinnaird, Mr. A. years before Bliss), that was quite sufficient reason Baring, M.P., Mr. E. Ellice, and Mr. D. Baillie ; for the preference given to Maskelyne, without 301. from Lord Lansdowne ; 25l. each from Sir having recourse to an imputation upon Bevis of Walter Scott, Lord Holland, Col. Wildman, Sir wbich I believe no evidence is to be found. The R. Peel, and Lords Cowper and Alvanley ; and a author of his life in the 'Dictionary of National long list of smaller sums, ranging from 201. down to Biography' gives the date as well as the place of 11. The bankers were Messrs. Coutts, Drummond, his birth incorrectly, stating the year to have been Ransom, and others in London ; there were 1693, whereas it should have been 1695 (on bankers in Italy and France, as well as in Edin- October 31, O.S.); so, at least, it is given in the burgh and Dublin ; and the following formed a account contained in Bernoulli’s ‘Recueil pour les sub.committee: Messrs. Bankes, Rogers, Kinnaird, Astronomes,' which is a translation of one sent in Agar-Ellis, Sir J. Hobbouse, Lord Clare, and Lord manuscript to the editor by Mr. Horsfall, F.R.S., Holland; while Mr. J. Murray acted as honorary the friend and executor of Bevis. secretary
W. T. Lynn. It would be interesting to learn what was the Blackheath, result of this appeal, and what became of the moneys promised. Were they ever paid; and did MILTON AND EYFORD.-About two miles from they form the basis of the subscription raised for Stow-on-the-Wold, in Gloucestershire, in a little the statue which has recently been set up ? sequestered valley, through which glides a purling
In any case, if this advertisement is of any stream, stands Eyford, a charming bamlet in the interest to them, it is at the service of the present parish of Upper Slaughter. A few years ago there owner of Newstead or of MR. RICHARD EDG- stood there a pleasant villa, since pulled down, CUMBE for their scrap-book of “Byroniana,” if once the country seat of the Earls of Shrewsbury, they care to have it. E. WALFORD, M. A. and there the twelfth earl entertained William III. Antiquarian Magazine Office, York Street,
in 1695. Rudder tells us that on the estate," in Covent Garden.
a summer-house, built over a cascade, long since “ABRAHAM,” A Mushroom.—Among the letters fallen into ruins, the inimitable Milton wrote part on 'Big Muebrooms' that appeared in the Stan- of his 'Paradise Lost.”” Rudder published bis dard, August 26, was one from Mr. Giles Shaw, History of Gloucestershire'in 1779, and, so far as Winterdyne House, Bewdley, who wrote, “One I know, was the first person to give birth to this of my men brought me a large mushroom gathered tradition about Milton, which is still a pious behere, which he called an • Abraham,' guitable for lief in the neighbourhood. Neither Bigland nor ketchup; it weighed 13} oz. and was 30 in. in Sir Robert Atkyos makes the slightest allusion to circumference." "I am a Worcestershire man, but any such legend. I cannot remember this usage of the word “Abra
Now one does not want to be an iconoclast of ham.". Field mushrooms would seem to have local tradition, but one would like to know where been very large this year. In my own meadow I Rudder got this notion about Milton ; for not gathered several of great size, two of which mea- only is there not a scrap of evidence to prove that sured respectively 331 and 36 inches in circum. Milton was ever in Gloucestershire in his life, but ference.
also the Earls of Shrewsbury were Cavaliers till
the twelfth earl espoused the cause of William of Dr. Bevis.-As it is desirable to make notes Orange in 1687. So that Eyford could hardly of all important errors in the great work now ever bave been a place open to Milton, who died being published under the editorship of Mr. Leslie in 1674. Stephen, the ' Dictionary of National Biography, Not only that, but we are informed, on the let me point out one in the fourth volume, in the authority of Milton's nephew, Edward Phillips, account of Dr. Bevis. His birthplace is stated in of the curious psychological fact that Milton could the ‘Dictionary' to have been Tenby, in Pem- never write poetry freely—that his vein never brokeshire. It really was Old Sarum, in Wilt- happily flowed—but from the autumnal equinox to shire. Whilst on the subject I should like to call the vernal. Incidentally this bears somewhat on attention to an erroneous statement respecting the question, for it shows that he was not likely Bevis in the 'Nouvelle Biographie Générale, to draw his inspiration from hours in the summer where we are told that he “ eût succédé à Bradley spent with dædal nature, but that his imagination