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plained it to him ; and he most certainly would I should have held my peace and have thought never have propounded his law No. 2; or at all he had done good service. But how could I events he must have mentioned Dr. Koch's name. keep silence when I saw something long known Dr. Koch does not, it is true, speak so fully and so heralded in as something altogether new? I explicitly as he might have done with regard to trust that what I have now said will induce No. 1,* but his utterances in different places leave Prof. SKEAT to avoid too hastily inferring that no doubt that he recognized it to its fullest extent. because a thing is new to him--even in the See, e. g., i. 70, 71 ($ 76); i. 144 (194) ; i. 204, science of language, which he has a right to look 205 ($ 292), and especially his list of compound upon as his own special province-it therefore words in i. 218, 219 ($ 305), in many of which must be new to all the world. F. CHANCE he notes that the first long accented syllable has Sydenham Hill. been shortened. But with regard to No. 2 he speaks with the greatest definiteness (pp. 208-18). He

WHENEVER (7th S. ii. 68, 134). — As to the says very much more about it than Prof. SKEAT,

understanding of HERMENTRUDE's supposed mesand he gives ten times the number of examples, sage, I take it the Scotchman's view might be though naturally he has not always chosen the right, but, in the particular instance, not so the

Still, many of Prof. SkEat's examples Englishman's. Whenever may in the former case are there. Thus, the ham which PROF. SKEAT

mean as soon as, but I think in the latter it cannot says has so long been a puzzlet is to be found mean every time, although in some cases it may there, for Koch gives Buckingham, Nottingham, mean this. Certainly, as an Englishman, if I were Durham, and Southampton (pp. 221, 222), and told to give such a message I should understand states expressly that the ham is the A.-S. hām it to mean, perhaps, as soon as, or at any time the (or hâm as he writes it). And so again ton= person might arrive. town, which has never been a puzzle to any ety

There can be no hard and fast line drawn as to mologist ; and sport=disport, fence=defence, and

the precise meaning of words, seeing that it is so story=history, to which Prof. Skeat devotes six often affected by the context or by the intention of lines. And so, again, Leicester, fortnight, nur.

the user. Hence, if I were to say to any one, “Come ture, and damsel. Housewife' (if pronounced to see me whenever you like,” I should mean, and huzzif) and steelyard, also given by Koch, belong I presume he would understand, not every time both to No. 1 and No. 2. °Prof. ŠKeat will also you like, but when it best suits you to come, at find in Dr. Koch's work plenty of "crushed forms." what time soever is most convenient to you. It But I have said enough. If Prof. SREAT had

would be a particular, not a general invitation. On simply propounded his two laws as a succinct and

the other hand, if I were to say with Horace clear résumé of what was known on the subject, I (Ep.,' i. 14, 16, 17), “I so love the country, that

whenever business calls me to town I am very * Unfortunately there is no index (how is it that the


,** I should then mean when or every time I Germans, who are so accurate and so painstaking, will not

am so called away. recognize that a good index doubles the value of a good I doubt, however, after all, if whenever be quite book ?), and so, as Dr. Koch’s remarks extend over more synonymous with as soon as, although I believe it than two hundred pages, it is not easy to make out what he bas or what he has not said,

is, in certain cases, with as often as. In these it † Canon Taylor does indeed ( Words and Places,' is the equivalent of quandocunque. This is my third edit., pp. 81, 82) distinguish between a short view; but I give it hesitatingly and under correchăm=an enclosure, and a long hūm=home; but Bos- tion.

EDMUND TEW, M.A. wortb, in his ‘A.-S. Dict.,' recognizes only the latter, and this is the case also with Prof. Blackie in his . Ety. PONTEFRACT=The BROKEN BRIDGE (7th S. i. mological Geography.' And if Canon Taylor has made 268, 377; ii. 74).—The communication of R. H. H. this mistake, it was surely not through ignorance of the influence of accent (for he recognizes, of course, that the is a good example of the reckless assertions that our equally short ton of Taunton, &c., is=town), but because there really is in L. Ger. and Frisian a shortened form tageously be formulated thus, “When a word (commonly ham=an enclosure (see the ‘Brem. Wb.' and Outzen,

a monosyllable) containing a medial long accented vowel the latter quoted by Prof. SKEAT himself, 8. v. “Ham is in any way lengthened, whether by the addition of a let”), and on account of our word hamlet, which comes

termination, or, what is perhaps more common, by the from the Old Fr. hamelet, and is, therefore, not gener- adjunction of a second word (which may be of one or ally supposed to have been taken from the A-s, häm. two syllables), then the long vowel (provided it still See Littré and Scheler, s. v. “ Hameau.” Perhaps, retains the accent, as is usually the case) is very apt to however, Prof. SkEat will now tell us that (in spite of become shortened." To the law as thus formulated the French termination let) hamlet does come from the there would, I think, be many fewer exceptions than A.-S. hūm, and is merely hümelet with the a shortened in there are when it is worded as Prof. SKEAT proposes, virtue of law No. 1. And I myself, after consulting * Me constare mibi scis, et discedere tristem, Godefroy, am somewhat inclined to believe that the Quandocunque trahunt invisa negotia Romam. 0.F. hamelet was first formed in the Norman-French of Creech renders it :England and so really does come from the A.-S, hām. I constant to myself part griev'd from home,

It seems to me that law No. 1 might advan. When hated business forces me to Rome.


local historians make when they are dealing with que tenent' Arundell' in com' Sutht." This is the the Anglo-Saxon period. R. H. H. says that “the nearest approach to Dreigh in any of the indexes Saxon [sic] name of Pontefract was Taddenesclyf to the public records in my possession, but I have or Tateshale, each derived from the name of Tada not all. The date is circa A.D. 1284. (Ethelburga), the Saxon [sic] Christian princess who

Boileau. came here, with Paulinus in her train, to be the queen of Edwin, King of Northumbria, and to 87, 156). — It appears unnoticed that the decay of

FREEDOM OF THE CITY OF LONDON (7th S. ii. whom the place now called Pontefract was given our franchise is owing to the spread of free trade as part of her dowry. She has also left her name at Tetter's Lees, in her manor of Lyminge, in Kent." dogmas. I can remember when this freedom was Here there is a chain of very definite assertions;

a solid power, as it carried the right of monopoly

or sole trade within the City. No man not being but R. H. H. must be aware that they rest upon a foundation of guesswork. For it is not even cer- all vehicles for the transport of merchandise were

free could keep open shop under this franchise ; tain that Taddenes-scylf (not -clyf) is Tanshelf ; marked as free, where all vehicles not so branded there is no list of the possessions given by Edwin to his queen ; and the only foundation for the paid toll on entering the City

bounds. That fell assertion that Pontefract was part of her dower is through, and finally all restrictions as to foreigners

trading in the City were abandoned. an impossible etymology. Æthelburb-Táte mar

There are still a few trading guilds, corporaried Edwin in 625, and there is no trace of the tions, or companies in the City, the freemen of name Taddenes-scylf until 947 or 949. The first which enjoy a permanent income from their rights, is the date given in the Worcester Chronicle'

and the latter is the date adopted by Simeon of Dur- privileges, and property; but for the most part ham from Florence of Worcester. Mr. Arnolds the freedom

is un productive-a mere personal or reading Taddenes-clyf seems to be a mistake, for Hall, elect only freemen as sheriffs or lord mayors.

honorary appellation. But freemen, in Common Mr. Hynde prints -scylf without a collation. There

A. H. is no such A.-S. pame as Tada. Bede calls her Tatae. Now this Northumbrian Tatce is the DUKEDOM OF CORNWALL (7th S. ii. 89, 173). — West Saxon Tát-e, as in King Alfred's translation; I do not appeal to you, dear Mr. Editor, until I it is a fem. pet-name formed from a name begin- have honestly tried to understand H. G.'s article. ning in Tát (the same word as the German zeiz), Having read it three times, I am driven to the such as Tát-burn, Tút-swíð, &c. The gen. of painful conclusion that something is wrong ; but Tát-e is Tát-an (or in Northumbrian Tát-ce), so whether the compositor has made a hopeless“ pie,” the name should be Tátan-scylf nnd not Tad- or the writer was half asleep, or-as Douglas denes-scylf. But even if the form Tátan-scylf Jerrold thought when he read Sordello'-I am existed, it would not prove any connexion with suffering from undiscovered idiocy, I leave to Æthelburb Táte, for rát-an might equally well your impartial decision. Not to enter upon geneabe the gen. of the masc. pet-form Tál-a. I fail logical questions, which are extremely curious, to see how Tát-e can be preserved in a name like I stand perplexed when I am told that the Black Tetter's Lees. Tateshale may be from the masc. Prince died some years before he was born, and pet form Tát or from the O.N. Teitr its equi- that Edward III. was under seven years of age in valent, but it cannot come from the fem Tát-e. the eleventh year of his reign. May I ask what W. H. STEVENSON. it means ?

HERMENTRUDE. MINIATURES (7th S. ii. 108). —The only regular


DUCAREL, &c. (7th S. i. 489; ii. miniature painter of the name of Chalon was Miss 36).—The Mr. Harrington inquired for is still Maria A. Chalon. She was painting from 1819 to living, and is superintendent of schools, New Bed, 1866. She was the daughter of H. B. Chalon, and ford, Mass., U.S. He would, no doubt, be glad no relation to A. E. or J.J. A. E. Chalon painted of himself to give an answer, if desired, to any miniatures about ten years before 1829, but by queries. His address would be Rev. Henry F. that time he had regularly settled down to the Harrington, superintendent of schools, New Bedwater-colour drawings for which he is famous.

ford, Mass., U.S.


Boston, U.S. 6, Pall Mall.

DIGHTON (7th S. ii. 108).—Robert Dighton lived Le Dreigh or LEDENTON FAMILY (7th S. ii. at 65, Fetter Lane from 1769 to 1773; opposite 27).—The only notice I can find concerns the St. Clement's Church in 1774 and 1775 ; at 266, place rather than the family. It is in the Testa High Holborn in 1777 ; in Henrietta Street, de Nevill,' p. 231 :-“Rog' de Merlay et Galfr'Covent Garden, in 1785 ; at Hendon in 1786 ; de Beaum’nt ten'et Dray p’ iiijp'te unius feodi and Charing Cross in 1799. There is no record as milit' de vet'i feoffam’to de eode' com'et com'de R. I to where he lived between these last dates. in capite,” and this is under the heading " Foeda


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John DYER (7th S. ii. 107, 198).-Information the day. He finds microscopically that the white as to John Dyer is scanty. Brief biographies are spaces—like the hair turned white in a night-are to be found in the Encyclopædia Britannica,' caused by minute spaces filled with air, and sugninth edition, and in the Works of Armstrong, gests that evaporation of moisture might leave Dyer, and Green,' edited by George Gilfillan (Edin- the empty spaces. He does not, however, explain burgh, Nichol; London, Nisbet, 1858). C. P. why the moisture should evaporate more in the Westminster, S.W.

night than in the day. No doubt, however, the Church Porch (7th S. ii. 168). — Open to all change of colour is caused by alteration in the correction, I think that the right to inter within tional peculiarity which evinces itself by a lowered

nutrition of the hair, produced by some constituthe church porch of Llantarnam was claimed, and not unlikely there may have been a vault which itality during sleep. I should be much obliged

if MR. FRASER would send me some of the was considered as part and parcel of“the premises." H. G. GRIFFINHOOFE. checkered hair for preservation.

W. SYKES, M.R.C.S. 34, St. Petersburg Place, W.

Mexborough. The alternative place of payment mentioned in the document is in conformity with the ancient

A note in 'N. & Q.’soon dies for the majority custom of paying rents, tithes, and other debts in of the readers. This question was pretty fully the porch of the parish church. Perhaps an ana

treated in ‘N. & Q. only four years ago, and no logy may be traced between this and the Eastern notice is taken now of what was written then. habit of discussing business in the gateways of the I give the references, for the convenience of those cities.

H. S.

who have not got the General Index to the Sixth

Series. They are, vi. 85, 86, 134, 329 ; vii. 37; 'The New English Dictionary' (7th S. ii. viii. 97; ix. 378. One of these notes, a longish one 47, 88).—Brahminee as Female of Brahmin. — (vi. 329), was by myself, and in it I endeavoured See the lines by Sir Alfred Lyall, late Lieut.- to show, by quotations from medical works, firstly, Governor N. W. P., India, “ The Old Pindaree':

that the colour of the hair depends not only upon My father was an Afghan,

the presence of pigment in the hair-cells, but He came from Kandalar;

also upon minute bubbles of air which are He rode with Nawab Ameer Khan,

always normally present in every hair, and proIn the old Mahratta war.

bably lessen or tone down somewhat the colour of From the Deccan to the Himalayahs,

the pigment; and secondly, that a German phy. Five hundred of one clan.

sician had made out* that, when the hair turns They asked no leave from King or Prince As they rode o'er Hindostan.

suddenly white, the loss of colour is not due in My mother was a Brahminee,

the first instance to the absorption of the pigment, She clung to my father well;

as had previously been believed, but to an inShe came from the sack of Jaleysur,

creased production of these minute air bubbles, Where a thousand Hindus fell.

especially in the outer layers of each hair, whereby fler kindred died in the struggle,

the colour of the hair is masked, but masked only, So she with the victor went, And lived like a bold Pathanee

and not destroyed. In those cases, however, In the shade of a rider's tent,

in which there is no recovery-and they would Brahminee duck=the ruddy sheldrake. -Pro- doubt ultimately disappears and the hairs diminish

seem to form the great majority-the pigment no bably the Anglo-Indian name of this duck as in volume and waste as in the whitening which above may be found in Jerdon’s ‘Birds of India'

occurs naturally in old age. or in ‘Stray Feathers.' Brahminee bull.-In any descriptive account of

I fully believe myself in the occasional occur

rence of this sudden blanching of the hair, and Indian cities, as Benares. H. P. LE M.

the only people who now disbelieve in it are, so HAIR TURNED WHITE with Sorrow (7th S. ii. it seems to me, those who know nothing at all

about the matter.

F. CHANCE. 6, 93, 150).- If Mr. Fraser procures Healthy

Sydenham Hill. Skin,' by the late Sir Erasmus Wilson, London, J. & A. Churchill (2s. 6d), he will find a descrip- MR. Şikes's story under this head is very tion of a similar case of checkered hair occurring variously placed, and would want a good deal of in a boy in 1867, and mention of another spe authentication. It was told to the late Mr. Neale cimen in St. Bartholomew's Hospital; but Sir Erasmus says such cases are extremely rare. He * I do not know, however, whether the observations endeavours to account for the peculiarity by sug- of this physician have ever been confirmed. His theory gesting that each white and coloured space is the is certainly plausible.

+ This accumulation of small bubbles would produce growth of twenty-four hours--the white piece whiteness in the same way that it produces whiteness being the growth of the night, the coloured one of in the fruta rray, or foam of water,

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on the Isle of Moen, in Denmark, and inserted by

I reflected how soon in the cup of desire him in ' Tales on the Apostles' Creed,' under the

The pearl of the soul may be melted away;

How quickly, alas, the pure sparkle of fire title of 'The Birdcatchers of Steege.' He notes

We inherit from heaven, may be quenched in the clay. in his preface, “ The like tale is related of one of which is the correct version ?

Plato. the Skye fowlers." MR. Sikes places it in Clare. It would probably be quite impossible to verify it. O. F. S. WARREN, M.A.

Miscellaneous. Treneglos, Kenwyn, Truro.

NOTES ON BOOKS, &0. As the Rev. E. O'M. is now dead, would not MR. Wm. Fraser do well to give the name in Popular County Histories. A History of Devonshire, full ? Cases that are unauthenticated are worth

with Sketches of its Leading Worthies. By R. N

Worth. (Stock.) nothing. Noting them is waste of time.

It is not easy to praise or blame Mr. Worth's book

C. A. WARD. without the feeling that one is guilty of some injustice. Haverstock Hill.

That it is “popular" no one who reads it will doubt;

neither would we be understood to call in question that PETER Causton, MERCATOR, Lond.: Latin Mr. Worth knows much of many parts of bis subject. POEMS (7th S. ii. 169).—An enlarged edition of But a history of Devonshire is a vast undertaking, and

its difficulties are increased, not diminished, by its author * Tunbrigialia,' the third of these Latin poems, being compelled to work within the narrow lines of 340 seems to have been published separately in 1684. pages. The plan of arrangement we hold to be almost Another edition of this particular poem appeared entirely bad for historical purposes. Mr. Worth tells us, in in 1709. Betten, in his · Descriptive Sketches of his introductory note, that be " decided to treat the places 0

of chief historical interest in their respective localities Tunbridge Wells,' &c. (1832, pp. 31-3), refers at some length to the . Tunbrigialia,' but apprehends diate territorial associations." For a guide book such a

as centres, and to group around them their more immethat Cayston's pame is “unknown to fame.” plan is admirable, but for a work that claims to be in pritton

G. F. R. B. any sense a history we do not know anytbing more

objectionable. It is quite as bad as it would be to “ CORISANDER's Gift(7th S. ii. 209).-Cori- arrange the places treated of under the letters of the sander's gift was a rose. The passage in which it alphabet. Another great fault is the fact that refer. is mentioned is found at the end of Lord Beacons- ences are not given, except on the rarest occasions, and

therefore the reader has no opportunity of testing the field's 'Lothair,' and, if I remember correctly, runs

author's assertions. We believe that Mr. Worth is usually as follows : “ I' went into the garden of Corisande, careful—at least, we are bound to say that we have and she gave me a rose."

come on no specimens of blundering such as too often CAROLINE FISHWICK. occur in books treating of provincial antiquities-but The Heights, Rochdale.

we have no power of testing the accuracy of one who

carefully hides from us what are the sources of his [We are authorized by a valued contributor to say knowledge. Take, for instance, chap. xvi., which treats that Mrs. Lynn Linton admits the accuracy of our con

of Lundy Island. It is a very careful and, we trust, jecture. “Corisande's gift of a rose and all that it im

accurate piece of work, but it bristles with statements plies,'' is her own account of the allusion.]

on which thoughtful persons in and out of Devonshire

are likely to seek for further knowledge. The very first AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (7th S. ii. sentence tells us something not a little wonderful. It 209). —

appears that in 1850 two stone kists were found, in one Far (not " for "] dark, along the blue sea glancing, &c. of which was a buman skeleton eight feet two inches in Byron, 'The Giaour,' 11. 167-8. FREDK. RULE,

length. Mr. Worth knowe, we are quite sure, that

the size of the men of the stone age, to which he tells us (7th S. ii. 190.)

these remains belonged, is a matter of great scientific God's finger touched him and he slept.

interest and some controversy. Anthropologists will See Tennyson's' In Memoriam,' lxxxv. 5. K. B. E.

desire to know where the best account of this giant is Very numerous replies to this effect are acknow. to be seen, and whether the bones have been preserved so ledged.]

that they may be inspected by those who might be able

to tell us of what race be came. (7th S. ii. 109, 159.)

After tracing the his

tory of the island in considerable detail through the I have seen how the pure intellectual fire, &c.

Middle Ages, we arrive at the year 1625, when the I thank MR. Rule for this reference. The quotation author tells us that “the island seems to bave fallen as sent by me was intended to be written

into the hands of a Turkish squadron, and thenceforward I bave seen how the pure intellectual fire

for many years it was nothing is not piratical." " Seems” In luxury loses its heavenly ray;

is a very vague word to use in a case like this. Surely it And bow, in the lavishing cup of desire,

did or did not fall into Turkish hands; one of two The pearl of the soul may be melted away.

things must have been true. If it did so fall, are we to I am sorry my want of care has led to the variations assume that the Lundy Island piracies " for many from this. The stanza was thus quoted by Lord Justice years ” took place because the song of Islam continued Bowen in his address to the Birmingham law students to hold possession of it? If true, it is a most strange January 8, 1884. I have consulted the reference given thing that a part of England should have remained, by MR. RULE, and in the edition of Moore's works, col- even for a short time, sulject to a Moslem power. We lected by himself (10 vols., Longman, 1853), I find the are, however, quite in the dark on everything concern. verde runs thus :

ing these Turks and their doings, as no reference of any

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kind is given to the documents on which this curious of some of the inscriptions from that cave which are
statement is founded. One thing only can we surmise, given in his . Prehistoric Annals of Scotland,' The sug-
and that is, of course, a mere guess. Our ancestors were gestion, incidentally thrown out by Dr. Daniel Wilson,
not ethnologists. To them everybody was a Turk who that the origin of the interlaced ornament, commonly
followed the religion taught by the great prophet of called the Runic knot, may be due to the " knitting and
Mecca. Arabs, Moors, and Berbers were all Turks to netting of primitive industrial arts," seems to be taken
them. This might be shown by a hundred examples, up and amplified by Canon Taylor in his suggestion of
the best known of which is the third collect for Good crosses of wattles or wickerwork as the originals of the
Friday, when we pray for the conversion of all “Jews, ornamented stone crosses. We prefer Dr. Daniel Wil.
Turks, Infidels, and Hereticks." Either Mr. Worth is son's other suggestion, pointing to the prevalence of a
in the same pre-scientific state of mind, or he has similar ornamentation among the Greeks and Romans,
slavishly followed the authorities which remain hidden. and thus leading us up to a source for Celtic art on the
If Lundy Island were ever occupied by a Moslem power shores of the Midland Sea.
at all, it is probable that its occupants were North

To the series of illustrations of old Southwark, equally
African pirates, who went by the name of Salee rovers, interesting from an artistic and an antiquarian stand-
and were in those days terrible to the commerce of the point, Mr. Drewett, of Northumberland Avenue, has
whole Christian world.
During the siege of Exeter, when the West rose in (Talbot) Inn in the Borough. A more faithful repro-

added an etching by Mr. Percy Thomas of the old Tabard arms for the restoration of the rites of the old worship, duction of a spot which has been probably the object of Mr. Worth tells us that the citizens were reduced by more pious pilgrimages than any other in London which famine to eat “ horse bread.”. A note is required here. does not appeal to the vulgar as a " sight” is not to be Very few of his readers will be aware that until quite hoped. The accessories are well disposed, and the exe. recent

times bread was commonly made for horses, as it cution is thoroughly competent. It is difficult to imagine is in Sweden at the present. In Ben Jonson's 'Every a souvenir of “vanishing London" more satisfactory and Man out of his Humour,' Sogliardo calls a rustic “ You more precious than this. The history of the “Tabard" thread-bare, horse-bread-eating rascal”. (III. ii.), but it and its associations with Chaucer and the Canterbury pilwas well known long after Jonson's time; recipes for grimage are meanwhile explained in an interesting making it are given in the Sportsman's Dictionary,' a monograph by Mrs. Charlotte G. Boger, by which the book the third edition of which was issued in 1785.

etching is accompanied. It seems but yesterday that The Manx Runes. By Isaac Taylor, M.A., LL.D. Re- the “ Tabard” was in existence, and the traveller might

turn out of the noise and turmoil of London streets to printed from the Manx Note Book for July, 1886.

gaze upon a scene which, in spite of the effects of fire (Douglas, Johnson.)

and re-edification, preserved, it may be supposed, not a In this interesting essay, which is itself a testimony to few of the characteristics of mediæval time. of this the high standard of excellence of the matter contri- quaint and picturesque spot this illustration is now the buted to the Manz Note Book, Canon Taylor discusses best memorial. Fortunately for our successors, who will some of the vexed questions relating to the antiquity of not have seen the original, the reproduction is as exemthe Manx crosses bearing Runic inscriptions. He de plary in fidelity as it is attractive as art. cides, rightly, as we believe, in favour of the superior antiquity of those bearing Celtic names and ornament over those which bear Scandinavian names and orna. “THE DIVERSIONS OF A BOOKWORM’ is the title of a ment. He decides, on less sure grounds, as we believe, small volume, about to be issued immediately through in favour of a relatively modern date for the entire Mr. Elliot Stock, by the author of The Pleasures of a Maux group

of ornamented and inscribed crosses. The Bookworm.' question of the actual antiquity of a given cross or group of crosses is, however, one of difficult solution, on account of the continuance to a very late period of a traditional

Notices to Correspondents. school of art in regard to the ornamentation of these crosses, It is impossible, we think, regarding the

We must call special attention to the following notices : question scientifically, to separate the consideration of

On all communications must be written the name and the Manx crosses from that of the Celtic and Celto address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but Scandinavian crosses of the West of Scotland, to which as a guarantee of good faith, Canon Taylor does not refer, just as it is impossible to We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. separate the consideration of any of them from that of

To secure insertion of communications correspondents the parent school of art in Ireland. Crosses with Celto. must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, Scandinavian ornamentation of the school of Iona are

or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the found in Argyleshire with memorial inscriptions of the signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to fourteenth century, and even of a later date. But similar ornamentation is found on crosses in Strathclyde and appear, Correspondents who repeat queries

are requested

to head the second communication " Duplicate." Cumbria, as well as in the islands of the Clyde, in connexion with ecclesiastical remains of a very high anti- H. N, G, B. (“ French and German Jest-Books ").quity, and in close proximity, in some cases, to pre. Many such exist. historic remains. Oghams, as is well known, occur on CORRIGENDUM.-P. 204, col. 1, 1. 10, for "p. 243" read some of the crosses bearing the interlaced ornamentation

343, and zoomorphic designs found on the Manx crosses, and

NOTICE. Oghams have lately been discovered in Man.

Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The We observe that Canon Taylor seems to assume all the Editor of Notes and Queries'"- Advertisements and Runic inscriptions in the cave of St. Molio, or Molios, Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office, 22, Holy Isle, Lamlash, to be of the thirteenth century. This Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. assumption, apparently a part of his argument, is cer. We beg leave to state that we decline to return comtainly not in accordance with the statements of Dr. munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and Daniel Wilson, nor does it harmonize with the engravings to this rulo e can make no exception,

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