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Kamschatka, now in progress of being finished in New York, were wrought at Ridgely's forge, on the Gunpowder river, about seventeen miles from Baltimore, each shaft being 22 feet 8 inches in length, 18 inches in diameter, and weighing 18,000 lbs. The ore known as the Elk Ridge Hone,* is of superior quality ; it is used much for the better and finer descriptions of casting ; and large parcels are shipped weekly, mostly to New York. This and the other ores in the vicinity of Baltimore yield from 35 to 50 per cent. There is an ore denominated the bog-ore, which is found in Worcester county, on the eastern shore of the state, which was worked a few years since, but the furnace is probably not in operation at this time. The ore yielded only 29 per cent.f

Copper ore is found in considerable quantities in Frederick county, principally near the village of New London, in mines belonging to Isaac Tyson, jr., of Baltimore. In 1839, about forty tons of pig were obtained from this ore, which yielded about thirty per cent of pure metal ; and the lot was taken by a manufacturer in Baltimore at the same price of the best Peruvian, and was found on working it to be equal in quality to any other description. Another mine is worked on a small scale in the same county, near Liberty, which is not quite so rich a vein, it is thought, as the first-named; but either might afford more profit to the parties inte. rested, if they were worked with more energy ; in such case, however, a considerable outlay would be previously necessary, and this again would probably make the formation of a company requisite, which event would be likely to check operations sooner than if the whole devolved upon an individual with ample means, which he could employ as best comported with his views.

The other minerals of the state consist of anthracite, granite, marble, quartz, soapstone, limestone, flint, sandstone, slate, potters' fire and pipe clay, asbestos, ochres of various kinds, chromes, aluminous earth, &c.; and on analyzing one or more springs, in several of the western counties, the waters were found to possess sulphate of magnesia, muriate of soda, sulphate of lime, muriate of lime, and carbonate of lime.

In reference to manufactures, it has already been stated that they are one of the characteristics by which Maryland is distinguished; it was so meant in part, because of the great water privileges which exist, and might be made productive ; and because to a certain extent they are im. proved, as will be shown in the sequel. An examination of the water power, particularly in the vicinity of Baltimore, was made some years

* The authorities of Harrisburg, Pa., in constructing the works necessary for supply. ing that city with water, procured their pipes from the iron works of the Messrs. Ellicott of Baltimore. These pipes they pronounce to be “the best manufactured in this or any other country.”

A New York paper, speaking of the extensive water works going on near that city, alludes to the excellence of the pipes manufactured by the Messrs. Ellicott, and says

The Common Council of this city have contracted with these gentlemen for a large supply. We lately saw a cargo of their pipes, of various sizes, landing on the wharf, and being somewhat of a judge of the article, do not hesitate to pronounce them beauti. ful castings. The iron, made from the Maryland ore, is celebrated for its strength, and acknowledged by mechanics to be as well, if not better, calculated for the purpose than any other manufactured in the country.”

† J. H. Alexander, Top. Eng. Rep., 1840.

since by an engineer, for the purpose of imparting information to gentle. men in an eastern section of our country; and those who read the report, now speak of it as very favorable, as well on account of their never failing sources, as from their elevated courses, healthy climate, and the moderate expenses of labor. Some of the sites have since been improved, but there is yet room for hundreds more. It is no longer ago than last March, that a gentleman who had visited Baltimore and its environs, and informed himself, it would appear, pretty correctly of the spirit which he found existing, wrote, after his return, to the following effect : « There is another subject which I should like to see ably handled, the unrivalled advantages of Baltimore and its neighborhood for the purpose of manufactures. . . There is not on the continent a location more favorable for manufacturing enterprise. Every thing is cheap; and ready access can be had to all the markets in the Union. Nothing is wanting but enterprise and industry to make the whole nation tributary to your city. I am surprised at the apathy which seems to prevail on the subject. There appears not even sufficient interest in it to lead to the investigation of the facts.” The foregoing extract comes so near to the truth, that it will be in vain to attempt a diversion : but the object at present is, not to show solely what may be done, but what has been done; and this will be shown in the tables at the conclusion of this article. It may not be amiss to remark here, in reference to the silk business, that no official report having been made on the subject, the inference is, that it is left to take care of itself pretty much, under the auspices only of a few private families. The mania appears to have died with the morus multicaulis.

Agricultural Productions, Stock, f-c., and Value on the Farm. Wheat bushels. 3,541,433

$2,655,075 Corn

8,356,565

3,133,613 Oats

3,579,950

919,988 Rye

784,303

392,151 Buckwheat

47,858

35,894 Barley.

3,614

1,450 Potatoes

1,058,901

211,780 Tobacco

lbs. 21,916,012

1,095,800 Hay

tons. 110,816

1,100,000 Hemp

117

14,140 Cotton

lbs. 7,108

700 Hops

2,368

473 Orchards

114,238 Market Gardens

133,197 Nurseries

10,591 Horses and Mules

No. 94,054

4,000,000 Neat Cattle

238,827

2,000,000 Swine

419,520

1,252,000 Sheep

262,807

394,210 Poultry

218,243 Wool

lbs. 502,499

100,500 Dairies .

470,561 Beeswax

los. 3,684

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Manufactures, f-c., and their value. Mills, Flouring

. No. 212 bls. flour 460,220* do Grist

433 do Saw

423

$61,000 do Oil

9 do Powder

5

669,000 73,590 do Paper

16

195,100 Paints, Drugs, &c.

80,050 Factories, Cotton

15

2,348,580 do Woollen

29

235,900 Goods manufactured at home

182,530 Furniture

305,360 Potteries

22

61,240 Machinery

348,365 Hardware and Cutlery

15,670 Carriages and Wagons

336,672 Printing offices

47 Binderies

15 Soap lbs. 1,857,416

92,870 Candles, tallow

722,355

93,903 do sperm and wax 35,000

14,000 Distilleries

No. 73
gals. 342,813

68,562 Breweries

11
529,640

105,928 Wine

7,610

7,610 Furnaces, Forges, and Rolling mills

30 Castings

tons. 11,370

637,900 Bar Iron

9,900 Glass manufactory 1

40,000 Tanneries

159 Sides, sole

No. 189,965 1,142,500

291,867 Shipbuilding

tons. 7,890

279,771 Cordage, Ropewalks

61,240 Bricks and lime . (bricks, no. 31,000,000)

384,356 Granite and marble, manufactures of

155,750 Tobacco, manufactures of

232,000 Sugar refineries 6

176,000 Chocolate

11,400 Confectioneries

68,400 Estimated proceeds of Mechanical labor, including the raw material, in

some of the leading branches, viz : Of 2 Copper Mills

$500,000 3 Shot Towers

250,000 Carpet Factories

300,000 Blacksmiths' work

450,000 Tinners and Sheet Iron workers

250,000 Plumbers and Coppersmiths

100,000 Coopers

200,000

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* Already estimated in the wheat, before grinding.

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Basket makers

$18,000 Hat and Cap makers

680,000 Boot and Shoe makers

1,500,000 Tailors, Habit and Dress makers

4,500,000 Saddlers and Harness makers

840,000 Morocco and Skin dressers

25,000 Others, miscellaneous

1,000,000 Inspections in, and Shipments from, the Port of Baltimore, of certain lead

ing articles for the year 1840. Tobacco inspected, Maryland, hhds. 31,225 Ohio,

8,436 Other denominations, 977

Total, hhds. 40,638
Portion of previous stock, 3,574

Exported 44,212 Flour inspected, received from various places,

bls. 780,770 do 624,815 Wheat,

do
bush.

435,783 Corn, do do

1,816,952 Oats and Rye, do

do

394,614 FISH—Herrings, inspected, (caught in Maryland waters,) bls. 72,370 Shad,

do (small part from N. Carolina,) 10,937 Oysters, amount sold in Baltimore estimated-Forwarded to different places, by wagons, in the shell,

bush. 170,000 Forwarded after being opened and pickled, 320,000 Consumed in Baltimore

220,000

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Total, bush. 710,000

Commercial. Total number of vessels built in the state,

129 do amount of tonage,

116,20433 do amount of imports for the year 1839,

$6,995,285 do do exports do

4,576,561 do number of barrels of flour, inspected in the city of

Baltimore for ten years, ending June 30th, 1840, 5,179,628

Averaging 517,962 barrels per year.
The Population of Maryland, according to the last census,

consists of
White males,

157,926 White females, 158,645 Free colored males, 29,114 Free colored females, 32,823 Slave, do 45,970 Slave, do 43,749

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6,621

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Baltimore, grand total, 102,513 The number of primary and common schools in the state is 562 do Scholars

16,321
do do at public charge
Number of white persons over twenty years

of
age

who cannot
read and write,

11,580
In the city of Baltimore, one male child, on an average, out of every
26f children under five years of age, lives to the age seventy-five years;
and one female out of every 157 reaches that period of life. But the dis.
parity is greater in the following counties; which are selected as the
greatest antagonists in the state :
In Carroll county,

1 male child out of every 10% reaches 75 years.
In Queen Anne's co. 1 do do do
In Harford co. 1 female do do 7
In Calvert co. 1 do

do 39

51

do

do

do

do

ART. V.-FREE TRADE.

WHEN I furnished an article a few months ago for the Merchants' Magaazine, under the head of “ Free Trade,” I had no thought of pursuing the subject any further: but the tone of the reply which appeared in the May number, seems to demand a few remarks. In making them, I shall be as brief as the nature of the subject will admit, and shall confine myself entirely to the matter at issue, without attempting to answer the discour. teous language of my opponent's article.

I. The first position of the “remarks,” is that “government may often confer a vast benefit on the whole nation, by extending to the struggling infant [any new business) its fostering, protecting aid, by means of a discriminating duty on the importation of the foreign article."

The author has furnished in another part of his “remarks” a reply to this position, which will relieve me from the necessity of repeating the arguments by which it was fully met in my former article. ' He says: “ Undoubtedly there are imposts, levied by this or that nation, which oper. ate injuriously, and ought to be taken off.Now here he is undoubtedly right. All governments are composed of men, and frequently of very weak and selfish men; consequently, they are far from being infallible. If any thing is proved by experience, it is that governments are quite as likely to extend their “ fostering, protecting aid" to a branch of industry to which the country is not at af adapted, as to one for which it has a natural capacity.

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