Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction
Analyzing Grammar is a clear introductory textbook on grammatical analysis, designed for students beginning to study the discipline. Covering both syntax (the structure of phrases and sentences) and morphology (the structure of words), it equips them with the tools and methods needed to analyze grammatical patterns in any language. Students are shown how to use standard notational devices such as phrase structure trees and word-formation rules, as well as prose descriptions. Emphasis is placed on comparing the different grammatical systems of the world's languages, and students are encouraged to practice the analyses through a diverse range of problem sets and exercises. Topics covered include word order, constituency, case, agreement, tense, gender, pronoun systems, inflection, derivation, argument structure and grammatical relations, and a useful glossary provides a clear explanation of each term. Accessibly written and comprehensive, Analyzing Grammar is set to become a key text for all courses in grammatical analysis.
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adjective adjuncts agreement allomorph argument structure aspect base form basic chapter Chichewa child circumfix classifier clitic complement clause constituent contain content questions context copula determined discussed elements English ergative event expressed following examples function gender Grammatical Relations head noun identify illustrated imperfective aspect indicate inflectional intransitive Isthmus Zapotec John Juma Kimaragang kind lexeme lexical category lexical entry linguistic makan Malay Malayalam marker marking Mary meaning Merrifield modifying clause morpheme morphophonemic node nominative normally noun class noun phrase number of languages oblique argument occur particle past tense pattern perfect person phonological word Phrase Structure rules plural position class chart possessor predicate complement prefix preposition properties refer relative clauses relativized root semantic semantic role sentence singular speaker specific stem subcategorization SUBJ suffix suppletion syntactic category Tagalog term transitive verb valence woman word order Yes—No questions
Page 2 - Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe: All mimsy were the borogoves. And the mome raths outgrabe.
Page 3 - It seems very pretty," sHe said when she had finished it, "but it's rather hard to understand!" (You see she didn't like to confess, even to herself, that she couldn't make it out at all.) "Somehow it seems to fill my head with ideas — only I don't exactly know what they are!
Page 4 - ... awhile in thought. And, as in uffish thought he stood, The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame, Came whiffling through the tulgey wood, And burbled as it came! One, two! One, two! And through and through The vorpal blade went snicker-snack! He left it dead, and with its head He went galumphing back. 'And hast thou slain the Jabberwock? Come to my arms, my beamish boy! O frabjous day! Callooh, Callay!