Foreign Policy as Nation Making: Turkey and Egypt in the Cold War
After the Second World War, Turkey and Egypt were among the most dynamic actors in the Middle East. Their 1950s foreign policies presented a puzzle, however: Turkey's Democrat Party pursued NATO membership and sponsored the pro-Western Baghdad Pact regionally, while Egypt's Free Officers promoted neutralism and pan-Arab alliances. This book asks why: what explains this divergence in a shared historical space? Rethinking foreign policy as an important site for the realisation of nationalist commitments, Abou-El-Fadl finds the answer in the contrasting nation making projects pursued by the two leaderships, each politicised differently through experiences of war, imperialism and underdevelopment. Drawing on untapped Turkish and Arabic sources, and critically engaging with theories of postcolonial nationalism, she emphasises local actors' agency in striving to secure national belonging, sovereignty and progress in the international field. Her analysis sheds light on the contemporary legacies of the decade which cemented Turkey's position in the Western Bloc and Egypt's reputation as Arab leader.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
Abdel Malek Adnan Menderes Ahmad Al-Ahram al-Baghdadi Al-Deeb alliance ambassador American Ankara Arab Nationalism Arab world army Atatürk Baghdad Pact Bayar Beirut Britain British Cairo Cold War colonial cultural defence Democrat Party dilemma diplomatic discourse DP’s economic Egypt Egyptian Eisenhower Doctrine elites emphasised Europe European foreign policy Free Officers freedom FRUS Gamal Abdel Nasser Global South Heikal Ibid identity imperial international field International Relations Iraq Islam Israel Israeli Istanbul Kemal Kemalist leaders leadership liberal London Meanwhile Middle East military Misr mobilisation modern Mudhakirat Mahmud Riyad Muhammad Muhyi al-Din Muslim narratives national belonging nationalist commitments NATO organisation Ottoman Empire Palestine Palestinian pan-Arab pan-Arabist political President Radio regional religious Revolution role Salah Sawt al-‘Arab social sovereignty Soviet Speech Syria Syrian Crisis Tahrir Thawrat Yulyu tion Turkey Turkey and Egypt Turkey’s Turkish Turkish nation Turks University Press Western bloc Zafer